Questions tagged [words]

言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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Usage of 焚き付ける in this sentence

The topic is Gilgamesh here. 「英霊の座」スレ住民。タンクトップにジャージのズボン、バンダナに指抜きグローブ姿の立派な引きこもりニートで、その上セイバーのストーカーでもある。遠坂邸に居候しており、カソックにフリルのエプロン姿の家政婦のおじさんが生活全般の面倒を見ている。 いつも自信満々に全く説得力皆無のアドバイスを戦車男に焚き付けては、...
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3 votes
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126 views

Does 逆さまにする ever mean rotation on the Y-axis? a twist?

I've thought さかさま to mean to rotate 180" over the X-axis. In dictionaries, I see the definition "to invert, upside down; to flip" ok. But "to reverse, back to front" is also included in some ...
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3 votes
0 answers
128 views

Why are the South China Sea and East China Sea still referred to as "南シナ海 " and "東シナ海" when "シナ" is considered derogatory when referring to China?

If China is usually referred to as [中国]{ちゅうごく}, then why do the names for the seas still use the old Japanese name? Is there a reason?
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3 votes
2 answers
598 views

Why is the same English meaning of ため tied to different Japanese meanings in different dictionaries?

Jisho gives "consequence; result; effect" with an example sentence それは、おまえの声をよく聞くためだよ。(It is in order to hear your voice well.) Tangorin gives "consequence;  result;  effect" ...
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  • 759
2 votes
0 answers
74 views

Suffix as defined in romanized Japanese morphological analysis

Older grammar books tend to rely on a lot of romanization to teach the nitty-gritty of morphology, which is also reflected in some of @snail's answers like this one. I was reading Samuel Elmo Martin's ...
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  • 9,654
2 votes
0 answers
102 views

Synonym for「として」

I remember using a word that means "as (a role/identity)", roughly synonymous with 「として」. It was a word/phrase that I learned from writings that I had seen occasionally and adopted in my own ...
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2 votes
0 answers
106 views

Why are some terms for relative time irregular?

For current time the Kanji 今{いま} for "now" can always used. Why is it that Kanji for previous (去 / 昨 / 先) and next (来 / 明) times are different and have irregular readings? In some cases it ...
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  • 1,338
2 votes
0 answers
109 views

Difference in words for saying "how + adjective"

I would like to know which is the difference between the structure いかに~か and{どんなに/いくら/どれだけ/どれほど/なんと}~か? I know that いかに is the old version of どんなに, but what about the rest of words? Could I say the ...
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2 votes
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86 views

Polar connotations in the same word: 断り and 惜しい

Recently I bumped into two words「断り」and「惜しい」. Accordingly to Jisho:「断り」can mean permission; consent​ but it also can mean rejection; refusal; nonacceptance; declination; declining​... As for「惜しい」 ...
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2 votes
0 answers
113 views

Expressing “huh” tag?

How would you express this type of tag? For example: Lovers, huh? That’s what you think they are? Would って work? 恋人って?そうと思う?
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2 votes
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88 views

Is there any difference between 「精々」 and 「たかだか」?

Like mentioned in the title, I would like to know if there are any subtle differences between 「精々」 and 「たかだか」. As an example, are all these sentences grammatically correct? Is there any change in ...
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2 votes
0 answers
491 views

「いくらか」と「若干」の使い分けを教えていただけないでしょうか。

「いくらか」と「若干」の違いは何ですか。ただ「いくらか」は話し言葉で「若干」は書き言葉ですか。正しいですか。もし、正しかったら、他の違いがありますか。
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1 vote
0 answers
152 views

How do I read this kanji from an old book?

It is from a book titled ガンビアの春, or Spring in Gambier, that I am translating for my senior capstone project. I can read 活, but I couldn't tell you what the second character is. This author tends to ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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What does the word 「でやんして」mean?

I also would like to know if it relates to any dialect. A: またそんなことでこそこそやてるのか。 B: なんせ 我々にとっては重大{じゅうだい}問題{もんだい}でやんして...
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1 vote
0 answers
77 views

襲名 - Successing to your own name?

Sorry if I'm asking too many questions here (I do wonder, is there a place where one could ask simple questions like these without having to open a new thread everytime? - I feel kinda stupid ;) To ...
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1 vote
0 answers
119 views

Question about the kanji 兵

When I was sixteen I got my first tattoo and I choose this kanji " 兵 " because I saw that stands for warrior. A couple of years after, I saw that the kanji stands more for "soldiers" than "warrior" (...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Multiple words with same definition

I am seeing pairs of words with similar meanings (where one of the words has a single kanji and the other has two kanji). Examples include: 豊か、豊富 保つ、保存する 防ぐ、予防する Do these pair of words share the ...
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1 vote
0 answers
61 views

Do 最愛の人 and ダーリン mean the same thing?

I looked up for the word "darling" and got two different answers and I just want to know if they both mean the same thing.
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1 vote
0 answers
76 views

単語 ヤバイ origin and comparaision

is there any other same words? i mean the origin of this word.
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1 vote
0 answers
222 views

それぞれ and ずつ use and differences

I'm a bit confused by それぞれ and ずつ. What would the difference be between these three sentences: それぞれの生徒にオレンジを二個ずつあげた 生徒にオレンジを二個ずつあげた それぞれの生徒にオレンジを二個あげた
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1 vote
0 answers
197 views

What is a term for an attitude/life that eschews luxury or comfort?

A while back I had read an article (in English) online about an Japanese ceramics artist and his work, with the writer describing the artist's rather spartan furnishings as a result of his attitude or ...
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1 vote
1 answer
175 views

Why 厚かましい is not 厚がましい

I usually encounter adjectives of this form adj+がましい which means similar to adj+らしい based on my understanding. I recently discovered this word 厚かましい. I find it peculiar that it ends with かましい not がましい....
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1 vote
1 answer
424 views

Questions about の→ん contraction, でござる→でございます shift

【原文】Original version 各これらの語の特徴はいつからなの?何時代ですの? 第一、「のです」と「なのです」を書いて「んです」と「なんです」を書かなかったことはいつからなの? 第に、「でござる」を書いて「でございます」を書かなかったこともいつからなの? 私の日本語がよくないですと、すみません! Edited version I have two questions ...
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  • 3,334
1 vote
1 answer
379 views

How would I ask for a persons Age, Sex, and Location (ASL) in Japanese?

The abbreviation means age, sex and location, and is used frequently in English speaking chatsites during introductions. Is there a similar term used in Japanese chatsites?
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0 answers
65 views

ひらがなで書くかわりに、カタカナで書く中国とかんごく

Why are the Japanese names for the countries "China" and "Korea" written in Hiragana instead of the usual katakana?
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How do you construct the grammar "The way you..." + Verb in Japanese?

I was coming up and practicing with Japanese sentences. I found myself wondering on how to construct this kind of grammar... THE WAY YOU + Verb "The way you look at me..." "The way you ...
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  • 1
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0 answers
135 views

What's a good way to say "liminal"?

I speak a fair amount of Japanese (from America, live in Kobe, Japan), but am having a hard time finding a good way to say liminal. The best I can think of is things like gap or transition 間 【あいだ】
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0 votes
0 answers
150 views

Why are もらう、習う、教わる、借りる and 聞くthe only transitive verbs that behave like they are in passive conjugation? Is there a name for this category of verb?

もらう、習う、教わる、借りる and 聞く (in its "to hear from" meaning) and their honorifics I'm pretty sure are the only verbs where に and から are somewhat interchangeable in their active form, in that に ...
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0 votes
0 answers
180 views

'Legs only' when performing a karate kata

In our karate trainings we often do exercises to perform only leg movements and leg techniques: stances, kicks and jumps from a kata. (Only footwork and foot techniques) My question is: What would be ...
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0 answers
91 views

Are forms of address and kinship terms pronouns/代名詞 in Japanese? Why or why not?

It hit me when I was editing this question which had the pronouns tag. I wasn't sure if 「娘」 is considered a pronoun in Japanese. Looking for relevant examples of kinship terminology in English, I ...
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  • 9,654
0 votes
1 answer
121 views

やつらも生き物だ、死して横たわる権利はあろう

The main character in this game enters a pact with a dragon which allows them to communicate with each other and the MC to take control of the dragon. The MC is depicted as bloodthirsty simply out for ...
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0 votes
0 answers
67 views

What are the phonotactic rules of 促音 in lexical items?

In comparison to 連濁, finding rules on 促音 seems much harder. If possible, I would like to figure out what the rules are, that is, in which positions 促音 can occur, and in which positions 促音 is likely to ...
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0 votes
0 answers
82 views

How to politely ask if a specific person (by name) is available in a professional setting/store

I couldn’t find the right search terms to trigger an existing answer. I often go to a store where I have somewhat of a regular relationship with one of staff members. Sometimes they’re in the back, ...
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0 votes
0 answers
48 views

a question about お預かりいたします

また、通常の売買の際にも、釣り銭があるような場合に、「お預かりいたします」が用いられるようです。このような場面でも、受け取った金銭のすべてを所有するのでないという意味から、「いただきます」「頂戴します(頂戴いたします)」に替わって使用されているものと考えられます。 ご指摘の「○○円からお預かりいたします」という表現は、文字どおりには「○○円から幾らかを一時的に保管します(...
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0 votes
0 answers
88 views

Meaning of こそすれ

Could somebody tell me the meaning of こそすれ? I've searched it on Google, but I still don't understand what does it mean or what function it has. Sometimes the meaning of こそすれ seems to be "to do ...
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0 votes
0 answers
57 views

in this sentence what function does と take

here is the sentence i know と can have multiple functions ごめんね 私さごめんね 人に合わせないと不安っていうか
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  • 289
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0 answers
171 views

What is the point of 一名 in this sentence?

(Taken from ジョジョ6部) 「女性受刑者が一名頭部を砕かれ変死をとげたというのに…」 I don't really get the point behind 「一名」in this sentence. My guess is that the sentence (badly) translates to something like: "And although one/a ...
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  • 1,035
0 votes
0 answers
122 views

What does 測る mean here?

前に「知るタイミング」みたいなこと言ってましたよね、それってどうやって測ればいいんですか。 I can't understand what 測る means here. I know its dictionary definition is to measure or to weigh, but it seems to have another meaning in this sentence.
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0 votes
0 answers
73 views

The meaning of 一時期繁く

I've been reading a book and met a phrase I don't understand. I have translated it like that: 一時期繁く通った程度のことらしいが、そこに居を定める人間に出会ってみると、懐かしくなったものとみえる。 It seems to a degree of being there for one hour ...
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0 answers
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Understanding the meaning of 事情がわって

First, I would like to yet thank all the community for your great exchange work ! I wish I can participate one day when I get a better understanding of japanese language. I am learning japanese as an ...
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0 answers
110 views

When is 下 alone read げ outside of a handful of idiomatic usages (if ever)?

Dictionary definition: 1 程度・価値・等級・序列などが低いこと。標準より劣っていること。下等。した。「中の下の成績」⇔上 (じょう) 。 2 書物や文の章段などで、二つまたは三つに分けたものの最後のもの。「下の巻」⇔上 (じょう) 。 Edit: I think 巻 is not read かん, but まき. Sometimes, a word ...
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  • 1,202
0 votes
1 answer
155 views

Exact definition of 針千本 in the 指切り idiom

I'm trying to learn more about idioms and expressions, and I came across this (which is apparently said when making a [pinky] promise): 指切拳万{ゆびきりげんまん}、嘘ついたら針千本{はりせんぼん}呑ます Casting the first part ...
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  • 276
0 votes
1 answer
199 views

"自然な流れ" and "サボろう" mean

In this sentence "自然な流れでサボろうと思ったのにちょっと言い過ぎたかな" ,there are two phrases i don't know the meaning "自然な流れ" and "サボろう" . "自然な流れ" I think it means "natural flow" but what is " natural flow". Also, "サボろう" ...
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  • 101
0 votes
1 answer
470 views

Is しごと pronounced as 'shingocto'?

I downloaded Genki and the CDs that came with it. しごと was pronounced as 'shingocto' instead of 'shigoto.' Why is that?
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-1 votes
1 answer
131 views

Meaning of 道々 and 口々

I wanna clarrified meaning of these words. Is that right 道々 is 'along the way' and mean of 口々 is 'bad mouthing'? Is there any chance that both of them have another means?
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  • 197
-2 votes
1 answer
630 views

How do you say " 14 days left and will finish the vacation "?

I'm a little bit confused , I tried to find a good answer of how to say 2 days left +verb like 2 days left and will start dieting or 2 minutes left and will be ready or 14 days left and will ...
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  • 11
-4 votes
1 answer
218 views

Do you think using original Japanese words is out of date?

The more I learn Japanese, the more I think Japanese is a subtype of English, now every Japanese Word are replaced by English words, some words I learned from textbook seems out of date. For example, ...
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