Questions tagged [words]

言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

4
votes
1answer
224 views

What does 「1歳遅らせる」 mean?

Context: 5月の素案で示した「70代での発症を10年間で1歳遅らせる」という初めての数値目標は参考値に格下げし、患者の精神的負担にならないよう配慮した。 Source: https://www.sankei.com/life/news/190618/lif1906180018-n1.html I understand the sentence in bold as, ...
1
vote
2answers
420 views

How to determine 大都市 vs 都市

As I understand 都市 [toshi] means [city]. And therefore it could be any city, which is not town. In Russia town means over 12K population. 100-250K pouplation = big town. 250-500K pupulation = small ...
5
votes
1answer
279 views

Has anyone come across the word 畸端?

I've started reading my first Japanese book and the word 畸端検査官 keeps popping up. I know 検査官 means inspector, but I can't find a reference anywhere to 畸端. Can anyone help?
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Meaning of 「これはこれで」, and the difference between it and 「それはそれとして」

I came across the following lines. ・・・俺としては、下駄箱の中に手紙が入っているみたいなほうが好みだった。でもこれはこれで、少なくとも相手が積極的だってことはわかる。 I am wondering about the meaning of 「これはこれで」 here. As one might expect, it does not have any ...
3
votes
1answer
269 views

What does the word 「こい」mean?

I'm not sure if it is an adjective meaning strong, a noun meaning intention or neither. Here is the sentence I came across. 僕なんとしても選手になりたかったので申しこむと沼田さんが腕ずくでこいというから... Additional context: The ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Japanese word meaning “sister” if the position in the family is unknown [duplicate]

I am translating the sentence from English into Japanese: On Christmas I get toys from my sister. I have no idea if the sister is older or younger than the speaker. So, if I don't want to be ...
4
votes
2answers
419 views

How do I say what something is made out of?

The exact thing I want to know how to say is 'The wristwatch is made out of gold' and 'The wristwatch is gold and black in colour'. Would saying this be the same as talking about a house being made of ...
7
votes
1answer
197 views

Three ways of saying 'mother': 母, お母さん, 母親

お[母]{かあ}さん is used to address one's mother and [母]{はは} to talk about her (related: Titles for family). Since [母]{はは} already means 'my mother', is 私の母 redundant? And when/how/why is [母親]{ははおや} used?
3
votes
2answers
733 views

The use of かります in a sentence

This is the sentence I'm having troubles with: シェリーちゃんが助かりますよーに! I know that シェリーちゃん is Sherry-chan and, 助 is help/rescue/assist. The only part I want to know about is the かりますよーに。I have been ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Japanese Learning Order [closed]

I am an absolute beginner in Japanese so I would like to ask for some advice! So far I have learned the kanas and some common words and phrases, now I am at a loss on what should I study first. ...
5
votes
2answers
147 views

what is the Japanese word for “Walk-in Appointment”?

For example: "My doctor's bookings were full today, so I had to go early to try and catch a walk-in appointment."
3
votes
1answer
80 views

古代のロマン ultimate dream

Hi everyone on this community forum! In the video game Ehrgeiz, there is a sentence which is spoken is Japanese, then subtitled, which was localized well, but I'd like to know what the sentence is ...
2
votes
1answer
316 views

Should I use 円 or 輪 here?

I am trying to paraphrase Plato's description of Atlantis. He says that there is a centre island surrounded by two rings of land and two of water. He later says that the outer ring of land has an ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Help identifying a Kanji character from image

I've been struggling to identify this Kanji for 30 minutes now. Tried looking up radicals, stroke order, etc. but can't figure it out. More context:
1
vote
1answer
107 views

How do Japanese speakers say “no commentary” in Youtube video titles?

Most Youtube videos showing videogames have people talking over the gameplay. To show potential viewers that their videos aren't like that and were made with only the actual sounds from the game, ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Meaning of 水洗式 other than flush toilet

In an article about penetrant testing (浸透探傷検査) I found the following sentence: 浸透液は水洗式でハケ塗りとし,極力溶接部以外に浸透液が付着しないようにすること. In this kind of test, a penetrant liquid is used on a surface (in this case ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Meaning of 全数 when talking about frequency

In an article about quality control, I found the following expression: 検査頻度: 全数 I read in the dictionary that 全数 means "total, complete". Since we are talking about frequency, I thought it could ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Can わけがわからない be used as adjective?

Excuse my seemingly dumb question. I was reading a fan comment: (please feel free to read just the first paragraph, i just put the rest for some context but it may not be necessary) 第40話では、「わけがわからない『...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

What is the correct reading of 心底?

The word 心底 has 2 readings which are しんそこ and しんてい. Both seem to be interchangeable with one another. Searching online has this page popping up. https://detail.chiebukuro.yahoo.co.jp/qa/...
5
votes
1answer
307 views

modern meaning of “おやつ”?

The dictionary definition of おやつ is an afternoon snack . However, that is not what I remember about its usage. White-collar workers never do "おやつ"? They might use it as euphemism for briefly standing ...
7
votes
1answer
263 views

Why is graduating from graduate school 修了 instead of 卒業?

I noticed that on Japanese 履歴書s, graduating from graduate school is marked with 修了 instead of 卒業 like for undergraduate and primary/secondary education. I'm curious as to the reason this difference ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

What word describes the concept of worldwide time zones?

The world is covered in the necessary evil known in English as "time zones". Given that, historically, it originated in England (some 300 or so years ago), the concept of a time zone was probably not ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

What are the illustrations used in Japanese TV called?

What are the illustrations they use to show information in Japanese TV called? I don't know if I'm describing them well, so I've included a picture.
1
vote
2answers
149 views

Are there any words which use 'カ', the on-yomi of 何?

I started finally learning kanji's readings not only meanings and words. And in two sources I use I see that 何's kun'yomi is なん、なに and on' is カ. I've seen 何 in many words as なん: 何度、何と、何で なに: 何人、何か ...
7
votes
2answers
233 views

Cardinal and intermediate directions

The four cardinal directions are the directions north, east, south, and west. The intermediate directions are northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest. In English it would be incorrect to say ...
2
votes
1answer
332 views

What does the word 「ごねだした」 mean?

I'm not sure if it is a nuance of the word 「ごねる」 which means to make difficulties or to grumble. Here is the sentence containing the word. なんせ... 青山が五人の選手の中に入れてくれってごねだしたのは知ってるんだ
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Just come across the words 習々年 and 習年 - but what do they mean? [closed]

I've just read these in a book but I'm not quite sure what these words mean - there's not much at all on the Internet about them either. I think 習々年 might mean "over the years" as 習々 seems to mean "...
3
votes
2answers
180 views

How to say “photobomb” in Japanese

Is there a word for "photobomb" in Japanese? In English, to photobomb someone is to spoil a photograph (of a person or thing) by unexpectedly appearing in the camera's field of view as the picture ...
4
votes
0answers
63 views

Are です and あります/います ever interchangeable?

I feel like  (私は)彼の前です。 means the same thing as  (私は)彼の前にいます。 (I am in front of him.) Also  本はどこですか。 and 本はどこにありますか。 (Where is the book?) Correct me if I'm wrong, but is there a rule for determining ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

っていうことになったんですけど - meaning?

I had just received a somewhat rushed 'transliteration' of a 1 minute video. To me, Shigeru Miyamoto speaks in a way which is extremely difficult to understand. I am adding the full transcript just ...
6
votes
2answers
153 views

「呆れる」とはどういう意味ですか?

呆れるとはどういう意味か今一つわからないのです。goo辞書で調べると、「あまりに意外なことに驚く」というのが出てきますが、今まで見てきた例を考え合わせてみると、やはり納得がいかないところが残っています。特に、「呆れる」には必ず「驚き」の要素が入っていますか?「ショック」「衝撃」と同じくらい、爆発的な印象がありますか? そして、三つの例について聞かせてください。 ①「...
5
votes
1answer
871 views

Is there a way to say the two best?

Is there a way to say the two best? Like "the two best seasons are..." or something similar. I'm trying to say The two best times to visit Nara are October/November (fall) and March/April/May (...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Meaning of 人同士 in these sentences

I often hear "ひとどうし" in casual conversation, and I am never sure of its exact meaning. I am not talking about 恋人同士, 大人同士, 日本人同士, 他人同士, etc. Surprisingly, 人同士 is not in my dictionary nor ALC, almost ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Confirming someones plans?

In Pimsler 2 they use the and expression something like えくん to confirm someones actions. Can someone help me find this word in a dictionary, or tell me what form it comes from. 飛行機{ひこうき}で えくん ですね。 ...
5
votes
1answer
164 views

What is the meaning of “超か” in this news headline?

I saw this in a news article saying that Toshiba had losses of \1T: 東芝、赤字1兆円超か http://www.asahi.com/articles/DA3S12867082.html What is the purpose of adding か at the end?
2
votes
1answer
116 views

『坊っちゃん』の「親譲り」と「損」の理解のし方

親譲りの無鉄砲で小供の時から損ばかりしている。 -夏目漱石『坊っちゃん』より この句において、 親譲りの意味はこれによると英語での inherit と理解できるはずです。が、 その辞書の解釈には 親から性格・財産などを受け継ぐこと。また、そのもの。 「そのもの」を英語での itself などの意味だと理解しても大丈夫ですか。大丈夫であるなら、その(親譲り)例はありますか。 ...
4
votes
1answer
223 views

Non-romantic way to say you “like” someone?

When talking about someone else, does 好き always mean that you have feelings for them? Or do people use it in a "you're cool dude, I like you" sense too? If 好き is always romantic when talking about ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Can「他【ほか】に」and「それに」be used interchangeably when conveying “in addition”?

I am looking for any difference in terms of nuance, usage or frequent collocations so I can tell in what situation I should use one instead of the other. On the other hand, if the case is that the ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

What does “回る” mean in this sentence?

公明党が容認に回ることで、両議会での議決が可能となることから、4年前に続いて、2度目の住民投票が行われる見通しとなりました。 Quoted from an NHK news article, which might not be accessible weeks after being published. Or to put my question in another way, how ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Peeing and pooping

What is (or are) the most common and natural way of saying "to pee" and "to poop". And a follow up question might be if there are any connotations in realtionship to keigo.
-3
votes
2answers
328 views

Why would parents ever want to name their daughters with the following names?

During my studying via Kanji Study app I came across the kanji for the word, pardon my French, vagina. Of course, I was curious whether the names with the kanji existed. "Nah," I thought. "There is no ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

How to describe switching individual 漢字? [duplicate]

Apologies if this question title is vague but, is there a word in Japanese that describes a new word which is formed by switching the 漢字 around? e.g 例文 -> 文例 運命 -> 命運 合併 -> 併合 How do ...
5
votes
1answer
149 views

What does 迎える translate to in this context?

When 迎える is used in the sense of marking a special occasion or time, I have trouble translating it to English. I imagined that 迎える always means to "welcome" "receive" "greet". But it can also take ...
0
votes
0answers
94 views

What does this sound effect mean?

Also can't find out the symbol...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

What is the difference between 考え、アイデア、発想 and 着想

These are all translated as "idea" in English. But I don't understand which context I should use each one in. If I had to guess: 考え means an imagining of a solution or an understanding of something,...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

What are some Japanese euphemisms for death and dying? [closed]

Could you list some euphemisms on death and dying used by Japanese people in everyday speech? I'm writing a paper on Japanese language euphemisms and would like to know more about expressions used by ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Can't find out what symbol this is

Any help? I've tried finding out what this is but I've hit a wall. :/
5
votes
1answer
132 views

What does むわりと mean?

I was reading something and saw the following: 小さな和室で、古い造りなので風呂とトイレは別になっている。換気があまりよくないので、白羽さんの入った後の風呂場のドアから、湿気と湯気がむわりと部屋にたちこめていた。 I can't find むわり or むわりと in any dictionaries. I'm guessing むわりと ...
1
vote
2answers
79 views

What implication does 臨まれた mean in this context?

同日午後に「退位礼正殿の儀」の実施を告げる「退位礼当日賢所大前の儀」に臨まれた。 Source: https://www.sankei.com/life/news/190430/lif1904300016-n1.html I understand this as, on the same day, there's going to be an announcement of ...
3
votes
1answer
413 views

What does 「再々起」mean?

6月には日本でのデビュー30周年を記念したコンサートを開き「再々起」を目指す Source: https://www.sankei.com/premium/news/190429/prm1904290009-n1.html (last line of first paragraph) I think it means most frequently sung songs but I am ...