Questions tagged [word-usage]

語法. The usage of the words.

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2answers
4k views

What is the difference between 失礼します and すみません?

失礼します and すみません。Is one form more polite or does it depend on the amount of time involved before someone leaves a situation? It seems like 失礼しますis used in preparation for leaving and すみません is used when ...
4
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2answers
406 views

What is the difference between 振る and 揺る?

Both of these words seem to mean "to shake". From what I got: 振る is "higher frequency" shaking. 揺る is more like a swaying or rocking motion, "lower frequency". Is this correct? An explanation would ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Usage of 付き合う in context

I have heard the word 付き合う used to mean "interact with/hang out with" but I have heard it more often to mean steadily dating someone. How can you tell the meaning from context and how could you say ...
4
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1answer
235 views

manzai vs banzai

In ancient times people usually said 'banzai, banzai'. But the kanzi 万歳, according to the context in dictionary, has two different ways of reading, banzai and manzai. So which one is correct in which ...
4
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1answer
93 views

How do the Japanese refer to passage of time in pregnancy?

Though my wife's two pregnancies, I've struggled to describing how much time has passed. Usually, I just revert to just saying how many months she's been pregnant, but in English there are other ways ...
4
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1answer
189 views

Can について be used in the sense of “(judging) from”?

Can について be used in the sense of "judging from" and, if so, would the sentence "話し方について、あの男は昔先生だったはずです。" be correct?
3
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4answers
486 views

Difference between おかあさん and ははおや

What is the difference between these two terms for the word «mother»? おかあさん ははおや Is there a difference in politeness/register in addressing someone, our some other form of difference between these ...
3
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3answers
865 views

Usage of やばい and 危ない

As I know, Both words mean Dangerous. Japanese people use sometimes やばい, other times 危ない. When should I use one over other?
3
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2answers
232 views

How to talk about completing a series?

I was wondering how to convey "today I've completed reading a manga series" or "I've completed watching a TV series". Does "Verb(ます stem)+終わる" sound wrong? Should I use &...
3
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1answer
799 views

面 and 顔 difference?

There are two words for face or is there a slight difference?
3
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1answer
621 views

What is the proper response to いらっしゃいませ?

The term is used in shops and stores to welcome customers. It seems impolite to ignore the greeting.
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2answers
2k views

Can ガム mean “bubble gum”?

A quick Edict, Kotobank, Excite.co.jp, and Goo search on ガム shows that it is an abbreviation for チューインガム. Google results for ガム also seems to suggest so. (Notice that the results only show チューインガム ...
3
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1answer
203 views

Meaning of おまちする

From: https://www.serebii.net/blackwhite/subwaymaster.png Context: The character who says this to you (the player) is on the subway along with you. They are also about to battle you. ようこそ ...
3
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2answers
325 views

How to connect words that describe a person?

I'm currently studying with Genki 1. And i came across an excersise that tells us to describe a person based on his picture. I choosed a man named Mizuno. I want to say: "Mizuno is fat, short (in ...
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2answers
1k views

Subtle differences between だれ and どなた?

I would like to know what the subtle differences are between the interrogative pronouns だれ and どなた. Is the latter more subtle or something? What is the exact difference? Also, how compatible are ...
3
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1answer
183 views

Why is 料理 used?

On page 158 of Genki 1, it has the sentence ロバートさんは料理を作るのが上手です Robert is good at cooking meals. If I take the definitions of a couple of the words: 料理 = cooking 作る = making/preparing (food) Then the ...
3
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1answer
125 views

About the differences between 貯金 and 節約

As the title says, I would like to know differences between 貯金{ちょきん} and 節約{せつやく}. Both mean "saving money" and have the irregular する verb ending: 貯金する{ちょきんする} : To save money 節約する{せつやくする} :...
3
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1answer
170 views

Sentences without topic particles?

how common is it for there to be sentences like 「私、死んでるよ!」or 「これ、怖い」? is it super informal? any guidelines on when to speak like this?
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2answers
135 views

捨てても捨てても - what does this phrase mean?

I came across this sentence in my JLPT mock test book: 今の暮らしにはモノが溢れ、捨てても捨てても増え続ける。 I don't understand what kind of grammar and what is the meaning of the bold phrase. It looks like an expression.
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2answers
7k views

Turning on the light

Do younger Japanese people really use 電気をつける to mean "turn on the light"? It sounds like something that your Grandad would say in the times when electricity was new and exciting. I know it's taught in ...
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2answers
147 views

Question about Kana writing

Is the name Shinya written as しにゃ or しんや?
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3answers
580 views

Is お帰り only used in the home environment?

I use the term at home, but can it be used in other situations outside of the home? Thank you.
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1answer
300 views

Shiai (試合?) vs kyousou (競争?) in martial arts

Within Shodokan Aikido, we practice something we call Randori (乱取り) in which two players fight one vs the other. Mostly, it is a tool for learning how to use Aikido versus a strongly resisting ...
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2answers
125 views

Can 故の mean “because” without a が preceding it?

I came across this line while reading a manga but was stuck on the 故の portion. 知識欲が行き過ぎた故の職業病なのぉ? I understood this sentence as, "It's an occupational disease because of (your) excessive thirst ...
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1answer
74 views

How should I understand 何回目か in this sentence?

One assignment for my Japanese class is this Japanese elementary reader, which contains the story of Kenta and his dog, Koro. They are playing catch with a ball, and the previous sentence I translated ...
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1answer
77 views

Specific meaning of 屋上

Coming from a place that gets lots of snow, I think of roofs as being slanted and inaccessible. For me, the word 'roof' does not conjure an image of usable space. However, from the looks of it, the ...
3
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1answer
291 views

What does 「選挙を追った」 mean here?

選挙カーも走らない静かな選挙戦だったが、投票率は何と89・41%。 飛び地の村の不思議な選挙を追った。 Source: https://www.sankei.com/premium/news/191209/prm1912090002-n1.html An enclave town with a quiet election campaign without any cars running ...
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1answer
127 views

What does 「自分の生きている姿勢」 mean?

I am reading Osamu Dazai's 「人間失格」. また、犯人意識、という言葉もあります。自分は、この人間の世の中に於いて、一生その意識に苦しめられながらも、しかし、それは自分の糟糠の妻の如き好伴侶で、そいつと二人きりで侘びしく遊びたわむれているというのも、自分の生きている姿勢の一つだったかも知れないし... When I read this sentence as a ...
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2answers
158 views

Difference between 泊まる and 留まる [duplicate]

I'm just studying Japanese, and i know that 泊まる is like you Staying a night like hotel / some place that temporary , but i just found 留まる is also meaning stay/staying too in Basic Kanji book , but i ...
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1answer
79 views

What is the あと in 努めてあとを濁さないように

水面から飛び立つ鳥は努めてあとを濁さないように。 Sentence from jisho for 努めて. Can anyone help clarify what the あと here means?
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1answer
205 views

What's the difference between particles と and も?

From what I understand, they both can mean "and" and "also" or something, but I don't entirely get the difference. Please try to explain in as simple of terms as possible!
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2answers
336 views

What is the difference between ぶつ, 叩く, and 殴る?

I have found a question regarding these words here: たたく versus ぶつ in a JLPT question Which mostly deals with idioms, however. So far as I understand it 殴る means somewhat violent beating and ...
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1answer
225 views

The meaning and nuance behind the phrase “話は通してある”

話は通してある This is a phrase I've come across a few times recently in manga. For example: 「ユキにも話は通してある」 I'm not familiar with it so I'm not quite sure of it's correct meaning and usage, looking ...
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2answers
254 views

Is お needed before 誕生日おめでとう?

お誕生日おめでとう vs 誕生日おめでとう What's the difference? And is it needed?
3
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2answers
137 views

Does 仕事があれば bear a notion of “if you pay me”?

I sometimes hear a phrase 仕事があれば used in situations where a freelancer or an artist says something that in English would be "if you pay me I will do it" (まぁ、仕事があれば〜), "if you pay me I will go" (仕事があれば、...
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1answer
371 views

Usage and meaning of 召す【めす】 in different contexts

I am going through some Kanji and I was looking for the usage of 召す when I came across the following translation (from jisho.org): 1: (Honorific or respectful language) to call; to invite; to send ...
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1answer
133 views

About the usage of 借りる

I just learned (embarrassingly recently) that people say トイレお借り出来ますか. I suppose that means that in this case it is used instead of 使う. Are there other cases of using 借りる in this sense? Say, if I ...
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1answer
115 views

What is the meaning of キリ in this paragraph?

Reading in NHk I came across this paragraph, and I cannot make out the meaning of キリ: さらに堀埜社長は、7月、異例の値上げに踏み切りました。といってもほとんどは1円から数円の値上げ、中には値下げした商品もあります。看板メニューの「ミラノ風ドリア」は299円から、300円に。 値上げのねらいは、「釣り銭を減らす」...
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1answer
122 views

Leaving the Office for the Day(お先に vs お疲れ様vs ありがとう)

My workplace has guards that work at our main door checking IDs and the like. In the morning we exchange cheerful おはようございますs. But I'm not sure what evening parting to use. お先に失礼します seems out of place ...
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2answers
174 views

Can 集合 be used to refer to a meeting between 2 people only?

Not a lot of context is necessary I think, just this line a person said to their friend: じゃあ、今からいつもの場所に集合ね I'm not sure if this 集合 implies a group gathering between friends (more than 2) or if it ...
3
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1answer
293 views

Do the terms 紅葉{こうよう} and 紅葉{もみじ} mean the same thing?

What is the difference between 紅葉{こうよう} and 紅葉{もみじ}? I want to chat about the autumn colors of leaves and I found these terms in Jisho. The definition reads only こうよう or only もみじ which is confusing ...
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1answer
270 views

Is なきにしもあらず~なきに a set phrase?

This sentence recently appeared in one of my N1 training books: 彼女が合格する可能性はなきにしもあらずだが、彼がパスする可能性はなきにひとしい。 My translation: While she may have a slight chance of passing the exam, it is hopeless for him....
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2answers
128 views

I’m confused about the sentence 「何も悪い事は聞いた事がありません」

To my understanding the sentence 「何も悪い事は聞いた事がありません」means something along the lines of “I have’nt heard any bad things”. What I’m confused about though are these words: 「何も悪い事は聞いた事がありません」As far as I ...
3
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1answer
438 views

What’s the difference between 二親 and 両親?

I looked it up in my monolingual dictionary and I got the following: 両親【りょうしん】 二親。父母。 Which seems pretty straightforward, but then I got this: 二親【ふたおや】父と母。両親。(<>片親) As you can see it doesn’...
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1answer
65 views

店番 vs. 店員 - are these synonymous?

Does 店番{みせばん} have the same meaning as 店員{てんいん}? Can these words be used interchangeably?
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2answers
131 views

How is 所載 used?

WaniKani taught me 所載, for which it offers the meaning "published". On jisho I see: 1. printed; published; noted or mentioned (in a publication)​, but it is listed as a noun. And it definitely looks ...
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3answers
211 views

What does 勝ったな mean?

I’ve stumbled upon the phrase 勝ったな and it was translated there as “he will win” but what conjugation is that?
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1answer
5k views

How to say, “I major in computer science” or “I'm studying computer science”?

”私はコンピューターサイエンスを勉強してます。” Do they use the term "computer science" in Japanese or is there a formal term for this?
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1answer
92 views

Is this a correct usage of なら

I'm reading a page in a grammar book about the usage of なら. It says that S1ならS2 cannot be used if the completion or actualization of S1 brings about S2. For example: 春子のアパートへ行くなら一郎がいた。 I kind ...
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1answer
674 views

The differences between そうです ・ ようです

I'm recently revising my Japanese for the upcoming JLPT this July (I'm taking N4), and I came up with difficulties in using these 2 items. For example: 気分が良くなりました。やっとねつが (下がりました...)。 (I ...

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