Questions tagged [word-usage]

語法. The usage of the words.

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6
votes
1answer
529 views

ならでは vs. ぐらいのもの

I understand that both means to emphasize the uniqueness of the word before it (i.e. "only ~") but in the following sentence, I don't know which one fits. この難しい手術ができるのは、渡辺先生__のものだ。 Both ならでは and ...
6
votes
1answer
317 views

Why is はじめ written with the kanji 初 as opposed to 始 to convey “the beginning”?

I frowned upon my textbook when I saw the word 初【はじ】め (the beginning) for the first time (no pun intended). The reason is that so far, I understood the idea of "start" is conveyed by 始, ...
6
votes
2answers
690 views

What does らん in 「強からん事を祈る」 mean?

I came across this sentence while reading Osamu Dazai's Ningen Shikkaku. The sentence is pretty long, so I have only included the relevant part. あまりに人間を恐怖している人たちは、かえって、もっともっと、...
6
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1answer
316 views

Why is “移民” labelled as a sensitive word in the dictionary? (in relation with or without the history behind the word)

I stumbled again on a word that is labeled as sensitive. This time it's 移民 which means: Noun, Suru verb, No-adjective emigration; immigration [sensitive] (only the suru verb is labeled ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Which is the correct phrase to say saving money?

I like to tell that I am saving money to buy Mac Book . So two sentence come to my mind , which one is more suitable to use .. 僕はMACBOOKを買うためにお金を貯金しています。 僕はMACBOOKを買うためにお金を節約しています。
6
votes
1answer
440 views

What is the difference between 原因 and 要因, 解析 and 分析?

When I search meaning, both 原因 and 要因 mean cause. 解析 and 分析 mean analysis. But I think there will be little different meaning.
6
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1answer
262 views

A question about 直る and 修理

I am trying to say something like: Could you tell me where I could get my glasses repaired ? My first try was to use 直れる (potential form of 直る) to say something like 直れるところ place where ...
6
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1answer
111 views

Non-literal bringing of something to somewhere

I understand that to bring an object to somewhere would roughly translate to ~にXを持って来て I've used this sentence structure for physical objects on numerous occasions, and have wondered if it would ...
6
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1answer
2k views

How to represent percentage and ratio in Japanese?

For the sake of simplicity, assume that there are 60 women and 40 men in my class. I want to say the following statements. Are they correct? The ratio of men to women is 2 to 3. ...
6
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2answers
419 views

Should I include my step-siblings as 兄弟?

If I'm asked, "兄弟がいますか。" and my only siblings are a younger step brother and younger step sister, should/can I respond "はい、いもうととおとうとがいます。"? Do I need to specify but still answer in the affirmative? Or ...
5
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1answer
610 views

Meaning of「〜てみたいと思います」

I've gathered that と思う means to think about but isn't it a little redundant to add the みたい? 彼らに聞いてみたいと思います。 The みたい adds the sense of looking like or seeming but so does 思う so I don't quite ...
5
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2answers
268 views

Is 片方 only used for things that come in twos?

Is 片方 only used for things that come in pairs? For example I can say: 彼は片方の眉を吊り上げた。 He raised an eyebrow. But can I say: 彼は左の手の片方の指を折れていた。 He broke one of the fingers on his left hand. or ...
5
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1answer
280 views

Word select: 食べます?/飲みます?

食べ物の場合は動詞「食べる」を使いますが、飲み物の場合は動詞「飲む」を使います。ところが、食べ物と飲み物をいっしょに出た場合はどの動詞を使いますか。 例①:パンとミルクを...(食べます?/飲みます?)… 例②:コーヒーとりんごを...(食べます?/飲みます?)…
5
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2answers
432 views

What's the difference between complaints 不満 不平 文句?

I tried reading explanations in Japanese on hinative, but they tend to use one of these words to describe the other two. Usually I only distinguish formal complaints (苦情) and verbal informal ...
5
votes
2answers
359 views

Why is こと used in 「私に何かできること」?

How does it turn this into a noun clause? All I get from it is “I can do something” but I don’t see where こと fits in.
5
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2answers
422 views

そんな used in disbelief

I know that そんな means "like that", but as I read more and more mangas, I get the feeling that it used as an expression of disbelief. Can someone elaborate and do similar words like こんな or どんな have ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Difference among evening words 夕方, 夕べ, 晩, 夕?

I've found several words in the book, which means evening. What's the difference among them? I've found only this information: 夕 - 5pm to 7pm 晩 - 7pm to 10pm 夜 - 10pm onwards (night, late evening) ...
5
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1answer
2k views

How to say “X movies” that are movies about X

How do I say 'X movies' in Japanese? By this I mean a movie about X, not X made that movie. An example to illustrate what I mean is: There are a lot of Steve Jobs movies It is clear that Steve ...
5
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1answer
191 views

Parsing ふりする in song lyrics

I recently started watching 宇宙よりも遠く場所 on Netflix and there's a catchy reoccurring insert song that gets stuck in my head. Looking at the lyrics, I'm confused by the second to last line: ...
5
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1answer
136 views

Using つける for wearing undies? (Clothes question)

I know it's for accessories that don't fall under head,torso and legs portion of the body. Shouldn't underwear (パンツ) be used with はく? I saw it in a J-drama where a girl says パンツがつけてない to make the guy ...
5
votes
1answer
211 views

Meaning of “足生やす”

I was wondering if the above is some kind of expression or set phrase? I saw this in in a novel actually where the speaker was remarking about his opponent in battle who was summoning hundreds of ...
5
votes
1answer
618 views

differences between 簡単 and 単純

簡単{かんたん} and 単純{たんじゅん} seem to both mean simple. Are they used in different situations or have slightly different meanings?
5
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3answers
3k views

What does '…でしょう' mean?

I am not good at using '...でしょう', and do not fully understand its meaning and usage. For example: 彼はアメリカへ行くんでしょう そのことをわからないんでしょう Such sentences always make me confused. Could you explain it ...
5
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1answer
219 views

To learn English vocabulary, I ate a dictionary page-by-page

I was reading an article on ohtabooks.com which had the following sentence: 英単語を覚えるため、1ページごと辞書を食べた To me, this looks like: To learn English words, I ate a dictionary page-by-page. Usually, 食べる ...
5
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1answer
157 views

Verbs conjugated with しましょう ending

I am confused with verbs using Shimashou. At first I thought it meant to do something together (Let's do x...) because in most of the examples I heard that was the case. 食べましょう。/ 歩きましょう。 Then I ...
5
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2answers
210 views

Are です and あります/います ever interchangeable?

I feel like (私は)彼の前です。 means the same thing as (私は)彼の前にいます。 (I am in front of him.) Also 本はどこですか。and 本はどこにありますか。 (Where is the book?) Correct me if I'm wrong, but is there a rule for determining ...
5
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0answers
82 views

暮らし and 生活: meaning and usage [duplicate]

Are 暮らし and 生活 interchangeable? For example: 日本での暮らし (is 日本での生活 OK?) 日本の生活に慣れた。(is 日本の暮らしに慣れた OK?)
5
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2answers
354 views

What is the difference between 限る and 限定する?

I'm pretty sure that there's a lot more you can do with 限る than there is with 限定する, (When I looked up 限る, I saw a lot of different usages, such as it meaning "is the best," or "nothing is better than,"...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Use of さ as a filler

how often is さ used as a filler like our “like”? is it very common? for example, could i say 「私さスタバへさ行ったさ…」?
4
votes
1answer
215 views

So I understand 人外 is an anagram of 外人, but does 外人人外 mean evil foreigner?

Title says all. This is purely 100% out of curiosity and by no means meant to offend anyone. Problem is, I very rarely see 人外 used anywhere.
4
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2answers
195 views

Is there any difference between 速さand 速度?

From what I understood, both 速さ{はやさ} and 速度{そくど} means "speed". Some say that they are synonyms (just like speed and velocity in English), but I guess there is a nuance between them, isn't it ? 速さ{...
4
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3answers
649 views

Can もっともっと be used as more and more?

I understand you can say something like “彼は強くなるばかり” To express this meaning but could you say “もっともっと強くなっている“ Sorry if this seams like a stupid question I think I just heard it somewhere and I ...
4
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2answers
1k views

What is this 10^40 thing?

While checking out "正" (as in 正坐, specifically) I found that apparently one of the associated meaning would be 10^40 (i.e. 10 elevated at the 40th power). Example -taken from Tangorin.com: sei 【正】 ...
4
votes
3answers
233 views

Difference and usage between こちら and 私

I would like to know the difference between the two sentences こちらを見ていた and 私を見ていた The translation is the same I think She was looking at me is こちら and 私 interchangeable when using を after ? EDIT:...
4
votes
2answers
330 views

What's the difference between 記号 and しるし?

I know that 記号 is translated as 'symbol' or 'code' while しるし is 'mark' or 'sign' but I can't seem to figure out when to use the appropriate one. 地図にたくさん記号がある。 地図にたくさんしるしがある。 What's the difference ...
4
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3answers
604 views

「五輪に向けて」か「五輪に向かって」か。。。

「オリンピックに向けて…」 Is this phrase interchangeable with 向かって? 「オリンピックに向かって…」 What's the difference?
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Is there any difference in usage between 参加 and 加盟?

参加{さんか} and 加盟{かめい} are both translated as participation. Are these two words completely interchangeable or is there some nuance in their usage?
4
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2answers
189 views

Difference between 標高 and 海抜

Is there any difference at all here? (I read one of them in a Wikipedia article and the other one in my textbook)
4
votes
2answers
144 views

Are 頂きます and ご馳走さま used when eating in public?

I have heard these words used when dining in a person's home, but I am not sure if it's appropriate to use them in a restaurant.
4
votes
1answer
375 views

Difference between だの and など/とか

I'm reading an old book (こころ by 夏目漱石) and there's an unfamiliar grammatical phrasing that has fallen out of fashion and/or that he was rather fond of: ~だの~だの, e.g.: 。。。イサベラ何何の墓だの、神僕ロギンの墓だのというかたわらに。。。 ...
4
votes
1answer
303 views

What is the difference between 祖先 and 先祖?

From my dictionary, both mean ancestor so I am wondering about what is the difference between them. Is the difference in politeness ? For example [息子]{musuko} and [子息]{shisoku} both mean son, but the ...
4
votes
2answers
371 views

When do I use which word for admission? 入場 vs. 入所

I came across the both words in the title and wondered, if there is a general difference in their usage and/or meaning. In which cases do I use 入場, and when is it 入所? Thank you!
4
votes
1answer
7k views

Use of 遊ぶ (asobu)

I noticed several times that japanese people use 遊ぶ (play) when talking about meeting someone (usually friends or partners) instead of 会う (meet). For example: 1) 明日、友達と遊ぶ。 or 2) 遊びに来てね。 Is it just a ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Can 自身 be used to refer to 2 people in the same sentence?

Starting from the sentence: それにもかかわらず、新渡戸と内村は女性の状況や権利に特別な関心を抱き、これについての文書を多数残している。 Do I need to add 2「自身」to give the meaning "Nitobe and Uchimura themselves"? それにもかかわらず、...
4
votes
1answer
259 views

What does 「1歳遅らせる」 mean?

Context: 5月の素案で示した「70代での発症を10年間で1歳遅らせる」という初めての数値目標は参考値に格下げし、患者の精神的負担にならないよう配慮した。 Source: https://www.sankei.com/life/news/190618/lif1906180018-n1.html I understand the sentence in bold as, ...
4
votes
1answer
277 views

Sentence order: Where to put もう

This is the sentential question I found in Sou Matome : 母親「さあ、もうねなさい。」 こども「この_ _ * _ ちょっとまって。」 A. おわる、B. もう、C. ゲームが、D.まで I answered: ゲームがもう終わるまでちょっとまって。 but the answer is : ...
4
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1answer
186 views

What is the difference between 未満 and 不足?

Both 未満 and 不足 have the meaning of insufficient in JMDict. What is the difference in their usage?
4
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1answer
156 views

Please help me understand 言えば

I'm struggling to understand what 言えば in a question. The sentence is: お前ら 何度言えば分かるんだ I understand the general idea of what is being said, but I don't know which part 言えば relates to and I'm feeling ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

The difference between ありきたり and 平凡?

Both of them are Na-adjectives and both mean "ordinary, common". Are there any differences? I saw a sentence: そんな平凡でありきたりなことじゃないのかも Why "平凡" and "ありきたり" are both used here?
4
votes
1answer
108 views

What does 微温い mean in this context?

I read a line in a book where the speaker is berating another party. 悪く言われてるのは、誰のせいだと思ってやがる。お前が微温いこと言ってるからだろうが I can't figure out the appropriate way to parse this without understanding the ...

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