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Questions tagged [word-usage]

語法. The usage of the words.

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10
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1answer
246 views

What is nuance of using 外来語 for simple nouns?

I've been wondering lately about the usage of 外来語 that seem especially redundant, such as ドライバー instead of ねじ回し, ヘア instead of 毛, or マップ instead of 地図. I understand many of the purposes of 外来語 when a ...
3
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1answer
184 views

The meaning and nuance behind the phrase “話は通してある”

話は通してある This is a phrase I've come across a few times recently in manga. For example: 「ユキにも話は通してある」 I'm not familiar with it so I'm not quite sure of it's correct meaning and usage, looking ...
7
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3answers
2k views

Difference between 者{もの} and 人{ひと}

I never heard 者{もの} alone, just for work profession. Both means person right? Is 者{もの} old-fashioned, when used alone? Example: [...] 居る者
8
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4answers
3k views

What's the difference between そうです and そうでしょう?

In 『よつばと!』, よつば says 「ここ家がいっぱいある」 to which her father replies 「そうだろう」. What's the difference between そうです and そうでしょう? I know when we use そうです but I can't figure out the other. I know ましょう is used to ...
7
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1answer
3k views

What are the differences between 金、料、代、and 費?

For example, 入学金 is correct; we can't use 入学費・代・料; that's not 日本語. But all of them mean costs for something. Could someone please explain this?
6
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3answers
410 views

Can ところで be ambiguous (time vs. location)?

I was studying the usage of ところ with particles and came across the following sentence and translation (linked at the bottom): 駅の近くでケーキを買ったところで彼女に偶然{ぐうぜん}会った。 I met her by chance when I just ...
2
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1answer
532 views

The differences between そうです ・ ようです

I'm recently revising my Japanese for the upcoming JLPT this July (I'm taking N4), and I came up with difficulties in using these 2 items. For example: 気分が良くなりました。やっとねつが (下がりました...)。 (I ...
10
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1answer
400 views

Existence verbs in the Kansai Dialect

In this part of this Wikipedia article, it states In other areas such as Hyogo and Mie, いる /iru/ is hardly used and おる /oru/ does not have the negative usage. What I want to know is, does this ...
4
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2answers
275 views

What's the difference between complaints 不満 不平 文句?

I tried reading explanations in Japanese on hinative, but they tend to use one of these words to describe the other two. Usually I only distinguish formal complaints (苦情) and verbal informal ...
7
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1answer
410 views

Ways to specify “intra-” or “extra-” usage of 北・南・東・西

I Was trying to describe that a certain castle was located south of Kyoto, I would expect the phrase to be: 「伏見桃山城が京都の南にある。」 I was then thinking, how would I say that it is in Kyoto, but the ...
2
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1answer
152 views

What does 「ニゴでした」mean?

I was reading an article at Tomojuku. Link At the very end of the article, it says, ではでは ニゴでした。 What does ニゴでした mean ? I searched online but I couldn't find anything about this.
2
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1answer
336 views

Is there a difference between 嘘つき and 嘘つけ ?

Any subtle differences in meaning or respect? Which is more common? Or is it just another one of those words like やはり/やっぱり/やぱり, しょうがない/しかたない、あんまり/あまり etc. with no difference at all other than ...
4
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3answers
2k views

What does '…でしょう' mean?

I am not good at using '...でしょう', and do not fully understand its meaning and usage. For example: 彼はアメリカへ行くんでしょう そのことをわからないんでしょう Such sentences always make me confused. Could you explain it ...
4
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1answer
293 views

Difference between だの and など/とか

I'm reading an old book (こころ by 夏目漱石) and there's an unfamiliar grammatical phrasing that has fallen out of fashion and/or that he was rather fond of: ~だの~だの, e.g.: 。。。イサベラ何何の墓だの、神僕ロギンの墓だのというかたわらに。。。 ...
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3answers
504 views

What do いっぱいいっぱい and 余裕 mean in this context?

I'm translating this manga, but I'm having a hard time because I don't know what's the best way to translate these words Context: see pics... sorry that there are 7 pics, but I felt that explaining ...
9
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2answers
1k views

Why is ば in this sentence?

そんなトコで何ばしよる。 I'm reading a manga and from the context of the pictures I think this sentence reads, "What are you doing up there," but I have no idea what part ば plays. The character speaks in a ...
7
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1answer
141 views

Titles for family

What I've learned is Japanese refer to their family differently than they would refer to other peoples family. Like 'Haha' being mother, but also 'Okasan' is mother. However, everything I've seen in ...
6
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1answer
207 views

What is そんでもって?

According to コトバンク, it is the exact same as two different definitions of それで。 Then there is this ベストアンサー which gives many usage examples. Again, it seems to be a very casual filler word meaning それで。...
5
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2answers
302 views

そんな used in disbelief

I know that そんな means "like that", but as I read more and more mangas, I get the feeling that it used as an expression of disbelief. Can someone elaborate and do similar words like こんな or どんな have ...
4
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2answers
219 views

Why is こと used in 「私に何かできること」?

How does it turn this into a noun clause? All I get from it is “I can do something” but I don’t see where こと fits in.
10
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1answer
903 views

What's the difference between 変態 and 痴女 (or 痴漢)?

In the Dead Tube manga, a girl is being accused of being a 痴女【ちじょ】, at which she replies: 私変態だけど痴女じゃないもん!! What's the difference between the two words? Is 変態 just a pervert and 痴女 someone that ...
8
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2answers
403 views

What is the reasoning behind picking お or ご as an honorific prefix?

We've learnt that お is used for 訓読み and ご is used for 音読み. I want to know why we use お上手 and お電話. Why can't we use ごじょうず and ごでんわ?
7
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3answers
269 views

あかひげ [赤髭] modern usage?

So I started watching the movie あかひげ the other night and intrigued by the title I looked it up in the dictionary where one of the definitions was: Westerner (derogatory) Does it really contain ...
5
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1answer
2k views

How to say “X movies” that are movies about X

How do I say 'X movies' in Japanese? By this I mean a movie about X, not X made that movie. An example to illustrate what I mean is: There are a lot of Steve Jobs movies It is clear that Steve ...
5
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2answers
455 views

Which is the correct phrase to say saving money?

I like to tell that I am saving money to buy Mac Book . So two sentence come to my mind , which one is more suitable to use .. 僕はMACBOOKを買うためにお金を貯金しています。 僕はMACBOOKを買うためにお金を節約しています。
4
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1answer
201 views

Why is はじめ written with the kanji 初 as opposed to 始 to convey “the beginning”?

I frowned upon my textbook when I saw the word 初【はじ】め (the beginning) for the first time (no pun intended). The reason is that so far, I understood the idea of "start" are conveyed by 始, whereas the ...
3
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1answer
434 views

What is the proper response to いらっしゃいませ?

The term is used in shops and stores to welcome customers. It seems impolite to ignore the greeting.
3
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3answers
565 views

Usage of やばい and 危ない

As I know, Both words mean Dangerous. Japanese people use sometimes やばい, other times 危ない. When should I use one over other?
3
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4answers
394 views

Difference between おかあさん and ははおや

What is the difference between these two terms for the word «mother»? おかあさん ははおや Is there a difference in politeness/register in addressing someone, our some other form of difference between these ...
3
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1answer
379 views

面 and 顔 difference?

There are two words for face or is there a slight difference?
3
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1answer
118 views

What does 「自分の生きている姿勢」 mean?

I am reading Osamu Dazai's 「人間失格」. また、犯人意識、という言葉もあります。自分は、この人間の世の中に於いて、一生その意識に苦しめられながらも、しかし、それは自分の糟糠の妻の如き好伴侶で、そいつと二人きりで侘びしく遊びたわむれているというのも、自分の生きている姿勢の一つだったかも知れないし... When I read this sentence as a ...
2
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1answer
77 views

About the differences between 貯金 and 節約

As the title says, I would like to know differences between 貯金{ちょきん} and 節約{せつやく}. Both mean "saving money" and have the irregular する verb ending: 貯金する{ちょきんする} : To save money 節約する{せつやくする} : ...
2
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1answer
93 views

What is the meaning of 「一人」in the following sentence?

今、女性一人が生む子どもの数が減ってきている。つまり、少子化が進んできている。 Now, the amount of women that give birth to a child is decreasing. That is to say, the declining birth rates are advancing. What is the role of 「一人」? To me, ...
2
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1answer
149 views

What's the difference among 夜中, 真夜中 and 夜?

I've found 3 words with the definition of the night/midnight. But some difficulties appeared. This is the answer have found: Is 夜中 or 真夜中 is more correct for exactly midnight? At about 00:00. ...
1
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1answer
183 views

What does it mean to end a sentence with ひとつだけ?

I came across a sentence that ends with ひとつだけ in a book and searching on jisho gave me zero results (https://jisho.org/search/ひとつだけ); nor did searching for the individual parsing of what I remember ...
1
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2answers
131 views

What is the meaning of どうの?

Context: a former swordsman takes his daughter to attend kendo lessons. She doesn't seem happy, so he reminds her that she decided herself to go, at which che replies: んだよ!...