Questions tagged [word-usage]

語法. The usage of the words.

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2
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1answer
62 views

About the differences between 貯金 and 節約

As the title says, I would like to know differences between 貯金{ちょきん} and 節約{せつやく}. Both mean "saving money" and have the irregular する verb ending: 貯金する{ちょきんする} : To save money 節約する{せつやくする} : ...
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36 views

What does 「教えてもえらなかった」 mean? [on hold]

Context: 坂本さんのいとこも、抑留された一人。樺太での様子を「話すと頭が混乱する。残酷だから言えない」と教えてもえらなかった。 Source: https://www.sankei.com/premium/news/190821/prm1908210001-n2.html I first read it as 教えてもらえなかった but I re-read it again ...
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2answers
424 views

Which is the correct phrase to say saving money?

I like to tell that I am saving money to buy Mac Book . So two sentence come to my mind , which one is more suitable to use .. 僕はMACBOOKを買うためにお金を貯金しています。 僕はMACBOOKを買うためにお金を節約しています。
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1answer
87 views

How is it written deposit money by coin? [closed]

Recently I want to change my massive coin into money . I heard about I can change coin to bank account money at ATM in Tokyo , so I went to bank ATM . But I couldn't choose English language on screen ...
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1answer
180 views

Which honorific is correct, oshumi or goshumi?

I want to ask a person about their hobbies. Go/O shumi ha nan desu ka? 趣味
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1answer
272 views

How to order an individiual item instead of a set?

I say 「セット」 when I order a set, and I say 「これだけ」 when I just want to order an individual item. Is there any common way to order an individual item instead of a set?
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1answer
241 views

でようか slang for で良いか? [closed]

This is the sentence I heard in an anime. コーヒーでようか or コーヒーでよか. I definitely did not mishear it for yoi 良い. Is this some slang for yoi? If so, which is the correct one? Stress or no vowel stress.
2
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1answer
100 views

Difference between ばかり, ところ, and 今?

I’ve gathered that these all can be used like “just” (right?) so I’m wondering what the difference in usage is between them. 今終わった。 終わったばかり。 終わったところ。 Are these all basically the same? (...
2
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1answer
141 views

How politely to say “you”?

I found many variants in the internet, but they include あなた, which as I know isn't polite and better not to say it to a stranger. So, if I don't know the name/last name of the person, don't know the ...
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2answers
146 views

What's the difference between 知り合い & 付き合い?

I have answered this 知り合い but in answer's sheet it was 付き合い and I don't get the difference.
2
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1answer
119 views

Particle to use with 順番

I am writing a report in Japanese, describing how I conducted an experiment. The first two lines are (some information changed for NDA stuff): Aを30gぐらい秤量し、すり鉢で細粒化しました。受皿、粉砕用ふるいの順番でふるい振とう器に乗せ、...
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1answer
2k views

Why is 一日 used instead of 日 to ask how your day is?

I spoke with someone from Japan on Tandem and she said to me “今日はどんな一日でしたか?” and I’m wondering why 一日 was used since I thought that meant the first of the month?
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2answers
237 views

What is the meaning of ゴト in the context of 鮎

I ate in a place with 鮎ラーメン. The store employee can't explain it but I think it's something to do with the cut of the 鮎. It was butterfly cutted. For cutting what would be the kanji for go-to. 毎? 丸毎 ...
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1answer
88 views

Order of sentence's parts in building sad-mooded rhetorical question

太陽を最後に我々は見たのはいつだ? literally: The Sun last time we saw-state when are? meaning: When did we last time saw the Sun, f**k!? context: it is a sad rhetorical question about bad rainy weather. It is not a ...
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1answer
82 views

歩道 vs 舗装 when meant part of road for people to walk (sidewalk, pavement, footpath)

As I understand 道 [michi] means any road or street, where people can walk and cars may drive. But when we mean that part of road which was build to be used only by people to walk: sidewalk, pavement, ...
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55 views

お つくる こと に しました - proper way to say “and decided to create”

Is this the proper way to say "and I decided to create"? For instance: "and decided to create a list of Japanese Colours" soshite nihon no iro no risuto o tsukuru koto ni shimashita そして にほん の ...
3
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1answer
180 views

Is なきにしもあらず~なきに a set phrase?

This sentence recently appeared in one of my N1 training books: 彼女が合格する可能性はなきにしもあらずだが、彼がパスする可能性はなきにひとしい。 My translation: While she may have a slight chance of passing the exam, it is hopeless ...
4
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1answer
252 views

What does 「1歳遅らせる」 mean?

Context: 5月の素案で示した「70代での発症を10年間で1歳遅らせる」という初めての数値目標は参考値に格下げし、患者の精神的負担にならないよう配慮した。 Source: https://www.sankei.com/life/news/190618/lif1906180018-n1.html I understand the sentence in bold as, ...
5
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1answer
199 views

Meaning of “足生やす”

I was wondering if the above is some kind of expression or set phrase? I saw this in in a novel actually where the speaker was remarking about his opponent in battle who was summoning hundreds of ...
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1answer
391 views

Ways to specify “intra-” or “extra-” usage of 北・南・東・西

I Was trying to describe that a certain castle was located south of Kyoto, I would expect the phrase to be: 「伏見桃山城が京都の南にある。」 I was then thinking, how would I say that it is in Kyoto, but the ...
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1answer
57 views

What does this sentence containing 「犯人意識」 mean in Osamu Dazai's 「人間失格」?

また、犯人意識、という言葉もあります。自分は、この人間の世の中に於いて、一生その意識に苦しめられながらも、... I understand this as, There's something called criminal consciousness. Even if I am suffering from this consciousness in this world of ...
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1answer
116 views

What does 「自分の生きている姿勢」 mean?

I am reading Osamu Dazai's 「人間失格」. また、犯人意識、という言葉もあります。自分は、この人間の世の中に於いて、一生その意識に苦しめられながらも、しかし、それは自分の糟糠の妻の如き好伴侶で、そいつと二人きりで侘びしく遊びたわむれているというのも、自分の生きている姿勢の一つだったかも知れないし... When I read this sentence as a ...
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1answer
80 views

Meaning and use of 悪くないか

悪くないか Scenario 1: a young boy comes home and says (to his sick mother)「母さん悪くないか」。 Scenario 2: two men are moving a tv and one thinks 「なんかバランス悪くないか?!」。 I’m not following the meaning of it
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3answers
5k views

What is the 中 in ダウンロード中?

I was downloading an update for a phone game I set in Japanese and on the screen it said 「ダウンロード中」and I don’t understand the use of 中. Middle? In the middle of downloading?
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68 views

暮らし and 生活: meaning and usage [duplicate]

Are 暮らし and 生活 interchangeable? For example: 日本での暮らし (is 日本での生活 OK?) 日本の生活に慣れた。(is 日本の暮らしに慣れた OK?)
2
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1answer
79 views

Difference of 減量 and 減少

What is the difference between 減量 and 減少? What about 増量 and 増加? I found these following examples on my workbook, but there is no explanation whatsoever about how to use them. 人口が減少する。 ...
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1answer
158 views

Which is more common for “I miss you”: 会いたい or 寂しい?

When saying “I miss you” which of these is more frequently used? Do they have different nuances?
7
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1answer
133 views

Comparing the usage of というのは and ということは

As far as I know, both というのは and ということは can be used to give definition/explanation. 留学するということは、海外で勉強するということだ。 ユートピアというのは理想郷の意だ And are also used to make inferences. ご意見がないということは賛成ということですね。 ...
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2answers
117 views

What are some special ways to use よく besides “often” and “well”?

I’ve seen よく used in a variety of contexts outside of the basic “often” and “well”. 「よくよくのことがないと実家には帰らない。」 「よく聞いたら試験は、明日だった。」 「よく言うよ!」 Just a few examples. What are some different ways it can be ...
4
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1answer
108 views

Are です and あります/います ever interchangeable?

I feel like (私は)彼の前です。 means the same thing as (私は)彼の前にいます。 (I am in front of him.) Also 本はどこですか。and 本はどこにありますか。 (Where is the book?) Correct me if I'm wrong, but is there a rule for determining ...
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93 views

How to use the colloquial word 「アリ」? [duplicate]

Recently I saw it used and I don’t quite get it. The only source i found said it was like asking if you would do something or if it’s normal to do something? Please help!
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2answers
193 views

Why is こと used in 「私に何かできること」?

How does it turn this into a noun clause? All I get from it is “I can do something” but I don’t see where こと fits in.
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1answer
175 views

Meaning of とか and こう in context なんかお店とかに、こう歩ってて

なんかお店とかに、こう歩ってて、なんかっす、こう、スベッ、スベッて転んだことが。痛い! What is the meaning of こう how it’s used in this context? And what is the purpose of とか?I know なんか is similar to “like” and っす is short for です so it seems ...
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36 views

やっぱり to mean “after all” + other uses? [duplicate]

i just saw やっぱり used to mean “after all” and another place it was translated as “definitely”. later on was the sentence 「やっぱりこういう風になると」and the translation was “But, when you became like this” ...
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84 views

How often are です and 〜ます used among friends?

since they are polite forms are they ever often used in informal settings among friends? or would people think you’re being overly polite?
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2answers
121 views

Difference between 〜といい and 〜ように for “I hope…”

I've learned that both of these can be used to mean “I hope that...” or “I wish that...” but what is the difference in meaning? 「明日晴れといいな。」vs 「明日晴れように。」 Do these have the same meaning?
2
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1answer
66 views

Uses of 「四つ角」in quizlet as intersection?

I am making my way through a very large quizlet flashcard deck that has already had a few mistakes that I have caught. I just came across[ 四つ角]{よつかど} which it lists as intersection and shows a picture ...
4
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2answers
874 views

Use of さ as a filler

how often is さ used as a filler like our “like”? is it very common? for example, could i say 「私さスタバへさ行ったさ…」?
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1answer
78 views

Using ダメ with なくては?

I read that しなくてはダメ means “to have to do something” but someone said ダメ cannot be used with なくては to mean “have to”. I get different answers from different sources, both being Japanese speakers. What ...
4
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1answer
406 views

Meaning of「〜てみたいと思います」

I've gathered that と思う means to think about but isn't it a little redundant to add the みたい? 彼らに聞いてみたいと思います。 The みたい adds the sense of looking like or seeming but so does 思う so I don't quite ...
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1answer
116 views

Saying “I don’t have to…”

would this be 〜なくていい? I don’t have to study - 勉強しなくていい?
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90 views

Difference between なきゃand なくちゃ [duplicate]

i understand that they’re short forms of なければ and なくて but i don’t understand the different nuances between them. thanks! ex. 勉強しなきゃ。 vs 勉強しなくちゃ。
4
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2answers
221 views

What does らん in 「強からん事を祈る」 mean?

I came across this sentence while reading Osamu Dazai's Ningen Shikkaku. The sentence is pretty long, so I have only included the relevant part. あまりに人間を恐怖している人たちは、かえって、もっともっと、...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Sentences without topic particles?

how common is it for there to be sentences like 「私、死んでるよ!」or 「これ、怖い」? is it super informal? any guidelines on when to speak like this?
2
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2answers
127 views

Usage of こいつ, あいつ, etc

When can I use こいつ, あいつ, etc? I’ve seen that they can mean he/she/this/that in various contexts but when is it appropriate to use them versus 彼 or 彼女?
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1answer
100 views

What does ぐいつ mean? [closed]

Can somebody help me, please?.
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1answer
116 views

Reason for using じゃないですか in this sentence?

「えとー、隣に人乗る時ありますけど、なんかこう前が壁じゃないですか。」 The translation in the subtitle was “Because, sometimes people do sit next to me but there’s a sort of wall in front of you.” I don’t understand where the じゃない ...
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1answer
62 views

What does it mean these symbols? [closed]

Levi is trying to clean the room with the vacuum cleaner
5
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1answer
1k views

What does のそ mean in this picture?

What does のそ mean in this picture? A friend of mine said that it was "a moment later...", but I'm not really sure if that's the real meaning. What does this annotation mean?
1
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1answer
96 views

Help translating English idioms

Can someone use 涙ぐむ in a way to say "could bring a man to tears" or something along those lines? Wanting to translate some English phrases or sayings into Japanese in a way that could be either ...