Questions tagged [word-choice]

使い分け. The differences between two or more words or phrases and how to select the best one for a given situation.

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9
votes
1answer
393 views

Differences between ひ弱い and か弱い

How did the prefixes ひ and か come about and what are the differences in meaning between ひ弱い and か弱い? Are either of the prefixes pejorative like how ド is in the examples in dainichi's answer to '...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Difference between いたします and させていただきます

When writing in humble 謙譲語{けんじょうご} language, I see いたします and させていただきます. What is the difference between these two forms? For example both mean "I will contact you" in humble language, what is the ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

What are simple “No” responses?

I've learned from textbooks and online sites like Duolingo that "no" is いいえ, but I've rarely heard native speakers say that. I learned さあ today as sort of an "I don't know" response. I saw a ...
1
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1answer
175 views

“applause”: What's the difference between 「喝采」 and 「拍手」?

My dictionary translates both 喝采{かっさい} and 拍手{はくしゅ} as "applause". Are they interchangeable or do they have different nuances?
4
votes
1answer
267 views

Interpreting 流石に

The word 流石{さすが} is a bit tough to convey sometimes and I came across a sentence as I started reading a light novel: 作り話に使う名前は流石に選べよ I'll try to give a bit of context. Someone (let's call him A) ...
3
votes
0answers
130 views

What's the difference between 調整する and 整える?

Both meanings are about adjust or fix, but I can't manage to understand why 温度を調整した ( right ) 温度を整えた ( wrong ) If 整える usually means fix something to the right condition/state the second ...
2
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2answers
581 views

Would a native say 心底から申し上げる? What's a better way to say “speaking with genuine sincerity…”

I've always thought / said that "心底から申し上げる" means "I am saying this with highest level of sincerity (bottom of my heart)" "心底から申し上げて、お詫びいたします。" I very sorry for what I have done. Google search ...
1
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1answer
82 views

ファーストネーム vs. 名/名前 for first name?

I'm in the middle of doing a translation project for a website that has UI elements for filling out forms. The pre-programmed UI has 「ファーストネーム」, but I would think 「名」or「名前」 would make more sense. ...
5
votes
2answers
221 views

best phrase choice for a derogatory reference to the “young generation”?

which is the natural way to refer to the "young generation" (ex: now its the "millennial generation") in a derogatory way: 若い連中 若連中 // don't say the い 若者 若者達 若者ら Maybe say something like: ...
7
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1answer
142 views

Difference between 店{みせ} and 店{てん}舗{ぽ}

What is the difference between 店{みせ} and 店{てん}舗{ぽ}? Both mean shop?
0
votes
0answers
118 views

Differences between ways to express obligation?

1) I know that, to express something that you must do, you can use 方{ほう}がいい and, for a stronger feeling, べき. 2) I am also aware you can use conditionals like 〜なくちゃ、〜なきゃ、〜ないと to express that you need ...
8
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2answers
1k views

Is there any difference between 旅行者 and 旅人?

Is there any difference between the words 旅行者 and 旅人? Which one is more frequently used?
1
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2answers
107 views

Te form for consecutive verbs

I came across with this term "使われ始めて". It was translated as "Started to use". My question is why the first verb is not in TE form, ie. 使われて始めて ? Thanks a lot.
2
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1answer
100 views

What is the difference between 刹那主義 and 快楽主義?

The dictionary says that 刹那主義 means "principle of living only for the moment" and 快楽主義 means "hedonism/epicureanism", but I also found entries that say epicureanism for the former. I don't think they ...
3
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1answer
103 views

A little help with the usage of 「……わけだよ」

I came across the following sentence in my dictionary : 下手なわけだよ,習い始めたばかりなんだから Because of the absence of context, I imagined one by myself. Suppose I ‘m cooking unskillfully and a friend who sees ...
6
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2answers
158 views

Differences Between 興味深い & 面白い?

面白い has the meaning of fun or interesting, whereas 興味深い appears to represent a similar state of "interesting". What are the differences between these two adjectives, and when should 興味深い be employed?
4
votes
1answer
175 views

What's the difference between 繁盛 and 隆盛?

According to Jisho they both mean "prosperity; flourishing; thriving", but unfortunately it doesn't give any example for 隆盛 and a Google search isn't helpful, I wasn't able to find any discussion ...
2
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0answers
122 views

What are the differences between うちに、間に、同時に, ながら & ついでに

These all generally mean whilst & during but I still (after ages of trying) make mistakes on where to use which one. For anyone who knows the ins-and-outs of these grammar points, please explain ...
1
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0answers
79 views

Interpretation of にはな in this sentence

I know that based on the title it might sound a bit odd, but thing is, there's a video game I like and it only has an English dub and Japanese subtitles. There's a line (which is spoken by a guy), ...
0
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1answer
158 views

how much use of カタカナis good or bad in Japanese?

While learning Japanese we students have a secrete weapon called カタカナ。We use katakana words even though there are perfectly fitting Japanese words which we obviously don't know. Just because we ...
13
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1answer
1k views

Is 忍者/忍び also used for women?

I was discussing with a friend, who asked me if 忍者 is also used for women, or if くノ一 is used/preferred. I know 者 means "person", so it seems to be neutral; and Weblio defines the word using 者, which ...
1
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1answer
96 views

Which verb can I use with the word “散文”?

So basically, what I want to say is something along the lines of, "He begins his story with a rhyme" or, "He tells a poem and begins his story". What's the word for "tell" here? Is there a verb phrase ...
3
votes
3answers
146 views

Is there a rule for deciding if we should write こんばんは or 今晩は?

I always have problems deciding if I must write a word in hiragana or in kanji. For example, should I write こんばんは or 今晩は ? I know children would rather write in hiragana but what about for adults ? ...
6
votes
2answers
263 views

Should I include my step-siblings as 兄弟?

If I'm asked, "兄弟がいますか。" and my only siblings are a younger step brother and younger step sister, should/can I respond "はい、いもうととおとうとがいます。"? Do I need to specify but still answer in the affirmative? Or ...
9
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1answer
341 views

分{わ}かる vs. 分{わ}かっている

What's the difference between 分かる and 分かっている? Based on my experience and this answer on HiNative, I assume 分かっている means something more like "I already know that (so you don't have to tell me)" and ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

くせに when the subject is the first person?

I'm quite baffled by what a character in a manga says. I'll try to explain the context as best as I can so you can get the picture:There are 2 characters, A previously said (in the last chapter of the ...
2
votes
1answer
510 views

Native Japanese vocabulary, pure Wago/Yamato Kotoba

Can you still speak Japanese while avoiding to use most Chinese loan words? The native portion of the Japanese language is called Yamato Kotoba or Wago, but how fluent could you still be without the ...
3
votes
2answers
154 views

Please illustrate the differences between 数 and 量. Also 番号?

数 refers to something's corresponding number. For example, a reading on a monitor. 量 refers to an amount, something that can be measured. However, if you wanted to say that the number of something ...
4
votes
1answer
182 views

湿度 as “humidity” in general

I'm using materials I found on the Internet to learn grammar points. This source includes examples, which is really nice, but I reckon there are many mistakes - mostly typos, but sometimes worse. What ...
5
votes
1answer
141 views

Confusion between 誰でも and 誰か

I was practicing and tried to write the following sentence in Japanese: Anyone playing games on PS4 or Switch? 誰でもPS4でゲームをやっていますか。スイッチでゲームをやっていますか。 A few minutes later my sentence was corrected to ...
4
votes
1answer
497 views

Should I use 無料 (muryou) or 只 (tada) for a free chatsite?

I have a free chatsite, and people ask me if there is a charge. Should I use muryou or tada? I want to indicate that my site is free. I see the term muryou written on free weekly magazines. Is the ...
3
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2answers
319 views

鶏肉【とりにく】? 鶏肉【けいにく】? 鶏肉【ちょうにく】? チキン? for chicken meat

Others have asked about "chicken meat" in general, but I do not see any answer to this question: what is the usage difference between: 鶏肉【とりにく】, 鶏肉【けいにく】, 鶏肉【ちょうにく】, and チキン? Thanks.
1
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1answer
85 views

What's the difference between 身寄り, 親類 and 親戚?

Jisho gives "relative, relation" for both; I found this answer saying that 身寄り it's like a place where you belong and can stay, but it's not clear by the examples provided if it's something more broad ...
6
votes
1answer
121 views

DIfferences between 限定 and 制限

I was trying to understand the differences between 限定 and 制限, but I don't really get it: I found that the former is generally a business term seen as positive and special, yet as example sentences I ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

オレンジ色のズボンを履きます vs オレンジ色ズボンを履きます

I came across this simple definition in my lesson, and I was wondering what the difference between these statements is. Both of them have the same meaning, "I wear orange pants". Is it a difference in ...
3
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0answers
43 views

Why is 今年 written in hiragana in this NHK news article? [duplicate]

Article in question (Note that it's not NHK easy news, but the regular nhk news) ことしのノーベル賞の受賞者の発表が7日から始まり、日本人としては去年、医学・生理学賞を受賞した京都大学特別教授の本庶佑さんに続き、アメリカ国籍を取得した人を含め27人目の受賞者がでるか注目されます。 I thought at ...
1
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3answers
269 views

What is the right translation and saying for ”Paper World”

I would like to know the right translation and saying "紙界"(Paper World) in Japanese. Should it be "pepa kai", "kami kai" or something else? Google translate "紙" as "Kami", and "Kami" as "神" when ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

事に感ず and Shigin vocabulary

I recently heard of the poem named Koto ni Kanzu, and I came across this page that provides the poem's text, along with a pretty convincing interpretation. The poems reads as follows (I only added the ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

そのものだ how is it translated?

So, I recently was reading something and I found the structure そのものだ, which at first glance it is not quite mean "that thing" as I thought, and the best explanation of it that I could find was in the "...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Differences between 場所 and どこの場所

In a short story the protagonist says this sentence: そして僕は突然、自分が知っている誰からも、自分が知っているどこの場所からも、信じられないくらい遠く隔てられ、引き離されているんだと感じる I was wondering: why 自分が知っている**どこの場所** instead of just 自分が知っている**場所**.
4
votes
2answers
155 views

Are 「ないで」(when used adverbially) and 「ずに」 absolutely interchangeable?

I have been browsing the related questions in this site that deal with ず, ない, ずに and ないで and they are very informative. However, I couldn't find a post dealing with ずに and ないで (adverbially) ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

What is the suitable phrase/word to say “break time”

I currently use "休憩時間" to refer to break time, however not sure whether it is correct. "break time" here is interval for rest/food etc. for employees, students etc.
2
votes
2answers
346 views

Difference between 「移行」and 「移動」

「移行」 「移動」 What is usage difference between these two words. Many times not able to judge why one of those used and not the other one?
3
votes
1answer
96 views

What is the difference between 編修 and 編集?

According to the translator, 編修 and 編集 are pronounced as "Henshū" and given the same meaning of "Edit". Also, both can be used as a noun. So are there any specific situations to use these words? ...
6
votes
1answer
173 views

How best to respond to 「ご無沙汰しています」

I just received an email from a good friend in Japan, who has notably over the past few months been instrumental in connecting me to various people, for some research interviews I've been conducting. ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

What is the difference between 売女 vs 街娼?

After reading, What's the difference between 変態 and 痴女 (or 痴漢)?, I did a few word searches. Jisho lists multiple words when searching for the term Whore: 売女 - prostitute; whore​ 街娼 - prostitute; ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Word choice between 並々ならぬ and 並外れた

When I asked a Japanese about the difference between 並々ならぬ and 並外れた, he gave me a couple of examples how he uses the words: 並々ならぬ身体能力(✕) 並はずれた身体能力(〇) 並々ならぬお世話 (〇) 並はずれたお世話 (✕) I also consulted the ...
-3
votes
1answer
202 views

Can 参加 be used to invite someone to a chat?

Context: I invited a person to participate in a chat. チャットに参加してください was my original sentence. Is my sentence and word choice correct? I was considering the word 関与.
1
vote
1answer
104 views

What is the difference between 動画 and 映画?

My research indicates that both terms refer to movies, 動画 and 映画. Is there a difference in usage? Does 映画 refer to film/videotape based movies and 動画 refer to everything else?
0
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0answers
34 views

Difference of お送りください and 送ってください。 [duplicate]

Seems that both phrase can be used when you are saying about sending mail, doc etc. What is difference?

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