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Questions tagged [word-choice]

使い分け. The differences between two or more words or phrases and how to select the best one for a given situation.

7
votes
3answers
84 views

How is 修業 different than 練習 or 訓練?

In my understanding from this post, 訓練 is a training you do when you start learning something, vs. 練習 which you do to improve continuously. How does 修業 compare to these? I think they're all translated ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

How to say “give some space”

How does one say "if you need some space, that's OK"? Looking through ALC, もし考える時間{じかん}が必要{ひつよう}あれば、大丈夫{だいじょうぶ}ですよ。 Which translates as "if you need time to think, that's OK", is there an expression ...
6
votes
1answer
161 views

Difference between 沸騰する and 沸く

I don't really get the difference since the two of them seem to be translated as "boiling". Do we have to use them in different situations?
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Desperation 死に物狂い

I came across a sentence that said : 死に物狂いになれる環境が相応しい but i don't understand what he means by saying "死に物狂い", an enviorment where he can struggle to the death or to make him desperate?
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Is it legitimate to say「意味する」to mean “to mean”?

So like the title asks, I'm wondering if it's legitimate to say 「意味する」 to mean "to mean". I know 意味 is meaning, and I was wondering what the verb version of 'to mean' would be. An example sentence ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

What Is The Difference Between 「好きじゃないです」and 「好きではないんです。」?

I understand that they both mean I do not like, but I'm not sure what exactly 「好きではない」means. Moreover, does the particle 'では'make a difference, or could you have just used 'は'? Thank you
5
votes
1answer
131 views

I need help with those sentences: 「~と思われる」「~ように思われる」

日本語を習う時はローマ字を使わない方が良いと思われる。 日本の将来の見込みは暗いように思われる。 彼は金持ちであるように思われる。 Why does the first one use と and the second and third one use ように?
1
vote
1answer
83 views

What is the difference between ぶらつく and ふらつく?

Looking at the デジタル大辞泉 definition for ふらつく, it gives as a synonym ぶらつく. They seem very related, but is there any usage difference between them perhaps due to differing etymology?
3
votes
2answers
148 views

I need help with locating nuances in translation for the phrase 錆の浮いた

I'm trying to translate the following sentence, and I need some help with locating and understanding possible nuances for translating 錆の浮いた. The two best possible translations of it ("become loose" ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

What is the difference between [上手]{じょうず} and [上手い]{うまい}?

I've read that [上手]{じょうず} is formal and [上手い]{うまい} is casual... nothing else?
3
votes
1answer
265 views

Distinction between 早速 and さっさと

Both 早速【さっそく】 and さっさと are adverbs with the meaning "immediately, quickly, at once." What distinction in connotation or usage exists between the two terms?
1
vote
1answer
246 views

Still trying to get my head around に and で

I've been trying to understand those two particles when applied to these phrases: 私は朝ご飯にお茶を飲みます 私は朝ご飯でお茶を飲みます 私は朝ご飯の時にお茶を飲みます What I more or less understand is: the only/...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Difference between てもらう and てくれる

I'm trying to figure out the difference between the two. I think てくれる can be used when talking about others but then why not just use てあげる for others and てもらう for yourself
4
votes
4answers
294 views

お世話になってます vs お疲れ様です

I work in Company A, and mailing within Company A usually starts with: 〇〇さん、 お疲れ様です、〇〇です。 We have a joint dev team with Company B, and mailing to Company B starts with: 〇〇さん or 〇〇...
-1
votes
1answer
96 views

What would be the correct way to say “Moose” in Japanese? Ty in advance [closed]

I go by “Moose” as my online alias or online name in video games and have friends that call me moose as a nickname. I recently decided that I want to get a tattoo of the word “Moose” on my wrist but ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

How to convey the image of the surrounding L.A. desert via translation of 愕然?

I'm trying to find a suitable word/phrase in English that will convey the image shown below while also being suitable for a translation of 荒野, as I want to properly convey the image of a.... rather ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

What’s the difference between “用” (you) and “使​っ​て” (tsukatte)?

What’s the difference between “用” (you) and “使​っ​て” (tsukatte)? Both mean “to use”, but when would you use one over the other? Are they interchangeable? Please explain by making reference to the ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

How does さっきまで = “as before” in さっきまでと同じ部屋

As the title explains, how does さっきまでと in さっきまでと同じ部屋 . mean "as before" in English? (I know that all together from the context of the sentences that come before and after さっきまでと同じ部屋 that the ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

Are there more casual ways to say “flowery speech/language” aside from 美辞麗句?

I came across a situation where I wanted to use a phrase like "flowery language" or "flowery speech", I looked it up and found 美{び}辞{じ} online. - I did a little research: Initially I looked for ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Expressing difference between “fluent” and “native speaker” in Japanese

I want to explain the difference between the English linguistic terms "fluent" and "native speaker". I could do this in English, but I'd also like to know if it's possible to do so in Japanese. To be ...
5
votes
3answers
156 views

Is it possible to express the difference between the English phrases “I don't want to do that” and “I don't want to have to do that”?

Is it possible to express the difference between the English phrases "I don't want to do that" and "I don't want to have to do that"? Where I don't want to do that can simply be それがしたくありません。 I don't ...
2
votes
2answers
158 views

Is there a rough variant of 飲む{のむ}?

Just as there are so-called rough synonyms for 食べる{たべる}, namely, 食う{くう}, 食らう{くらう} and 食む{はむ}, to represent eating with different nuance, are there any known variants of 飲む{のむ} for drinking?
7
votes
1answer
351 views

Are 清酒{せいしゅ} and 日本酒{にほんしゅ} two words for the same thing?

As well as the several other kinds of Japanese alcoholic drinks I seem to have found two words which both mean the drink known in the west as "saké". Now I know 酒{さけ} can be used for many kinds of ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

What is the Japanese word for a judge in a court of law?

I have looked up judge, but I am finding a number of words and am not sure how they are different. Is there a general word that is most common? Words I found include: saibankan 裁判官 saibannin ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the difference between まで and までに?

I'm studying for N3 Japanese test. I'm stuck in a sentence of an exercise in which is written 帰国{きこく}するまでになんとか日本語{にほんご}を習得{しゅうとく}したい。 Why is it wrong to say 帰国するまでなんとか日本語を習得したい。? I really don'...
10
votes
2answers
452 views

“外で遊びに行く” vs “外へ遊びに行く”

I saw the following 2 options in an exam question: 私は__に行く a. 外で遊び b. 外へ遊び The answer is '外へ遊びに行く' Does 'で' also work here? What's the difference here?
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Unknown Japanese saying: 世に孵ることを拒む卵はなく、 芽吹くことを拒む種子もあり得ない

I'm having some issues translating the first part (bolded) of this metaphor/saying(?) into English. 世に孵ることを拒む卵はなく、 芽吹くことを拒む種子もあり得ない. How does the verb 孵る work on the こと part of the sentence, and ...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

What's the difference between 時間がいる and 時間が必要?

In this thing I'm reading, I see the following sentence: 心の傷だって、治るには時間がいるでしょ The speaker is talking about a long standing problem that the protagonist has. It seems like it's 時間が要る, but is there ...
7
votes
1answer
416 views

Replying to お帰りなさいませ in a hotel setting

Recently I was in Japan and stayed at a certain hotel for a few days. I was surprised to see the level of customer service that I received. There were many cultural differences that surprised me, ...
12
votes
2answers
320 views

恥知らず【はじしらず】 versus 厚顔無恥【こうがんむち】

The lack of examples makes me difficult to understand well the difference between 恥知らず and 厚顔無恥. Both seem to mean "shameless". For example, can I use both as follows? Are there any differences? ...
5
votes
0answers
70 views

Usage of 手伝う and お手伝いをする

I want to say "If I can help with your English studies ...". I thought of three ways, none of which I'm sure is natural: 英語の勉強を手伝ってあげられたら... 英語の勉強のお手伝いをしてあげられたら... 英語の勉強のお手伝いができたら... I looked up ...
5
votes
3answers
581 views

「床屋」と「髪床」の違いは何ですか?

「床屋」と「髪床」という単語の意味は何か違いますか? どちらが古いですか?もし両方とも古かったら、今の時代に「美容院」以外に髪を切る場所に関してどんな単語を使ったほうが良いですか? よろしくお願いします。
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Using the particle と or the particle に with あう

I've always thought that the only particle which is correct to use with 会う is に: 明日あなたに会います。 But I've come across the sentence: きのう田中さんと会いました。 Is it correct? If it is, when shall we use と with ...
6
votes
4answers
808 views

「横断する」と「横切る」の違い

Could you explain the difference between 通りを横断する and 道路を横切る?
2
votes
1answer
150 views

What is the difference between ~たい and ~ことを望む?

I have been trying to translate some English sentences into Japanese. I have been asking people on OKWAVE to translate these sentences. I am happy to say that the results have been mostly satisfactory....
5
votes
1answer
95 views

不味い versus 嫌い with food

I posted a sentence to be corrected which was: 私は辛い野菜が不味い。 and they told me to use 「嫌い」 instead of 「不味い」. What is the difference between the two when it comes to food?
8
votes
3answers
420 views

What difference is there between ディスカウント and バーゲン?

What difference is there between ディスカウント and バーゲン? In English, the verb "Discount" is commonly used when talking about a corporate store deciding without any negotiation with the buyer to reduce the ...
7
votes
3answers
754 views

What's the difference among [停]{と}める、[止]{と}める、and [留]{と}める?

How are they different in meaning and usage? I also would like to see samples of how each can be used in a sentence.
1
vote
0answers
62 views

The different 害? [duplicate]

What's the difference between 損害 and 被害. After reading sample sentences, these seem interchangeable?
2
votes
1answer
90 views

How to use 彼 and 彼女?

The first time I saw these two terms, they were used in a love context, to mean "boyfriend/girlfriend". Later, I came to know that you can also use these to refer to "that guy/girl". So, what I ...
4
votes
2answers
119 views

Is there any difference between 速さand 速度?

From what I understood, both 速さ{はやさ} and 速度{そくど} means "speed". Some say that they are synonyms (just like speed and velocity in English), but I guess there is a nuance between them, isn't it ? 速さ{...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Can どれ mean plain what/who without selection? [duplicate]

In a comic book (犬夜叉) I found a plain どれ… in a situation when a person sees that something bad happened. Somebody got injured and the spectator apparently asks, who could have possibly done this. ...
13
votes
1answer
4k views

How to use いかがですか?

So I've read that いかがですか means "How about it?" and "How is it?". So if I wanted to say, "How's the coffee?" would it be コーヒーはどうですか? or  コーヒーはいかがですか? Also is there an "informal" way of saying いかがです?
0
votes
1answer
85 views

When should I use どんどん and when should I use 速く?

Both are adverbs meaning "quickly", but what is the difference of use between them ?
6
votes
2answers
130 views

What is the difference between はみ出す and はみ出る?

They are both intransitive: シャツがズボンからはみ出していますよ。 Your shirt is coming out of your pants. 足が 線からはみ出ています。 Your foot is over the line.
9
votes
3answers
788 views

How ~てある and ~ておいた differs?

晩ご飯が作ってある Dinner has been made. (intentional) 晩ご飯を作っておいた. (I) made dinner (so I can eat it). They seem quite the same. Btw what are some cases in which -てあった are used? I can't recreate one.
4
votes
2answers
98 views

Use of から rather than に in 真っ昼間から

真っ昼間からふくろうが空を飛び交うのを、ダーズリー氏は見ないですんだが、... Mr Dursley didn't see the owls flying around in broad daylight but ... I don't understand why から is used in this sentence. What is the difference from ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

What is the difference between 旅する and 旅行する?

旅{たび}する and 旅行{りょこう}する both mean "to travel". What is the difference between these verbs ?
7
votes
1answer
99 views

は vs のほうが : when to use each one

In the Genki Workbook, it is asked to translate the sentence "My computer is slower than yours." I did so using the structure AのほうがBより~ and wrote 「私のパソコンのほうがあなたのより遅いです。」 However, in the answer ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

What's the exact meaning of とする in this sentence?

I'm trying to understand the construction もうろうとしてる in this line from Mob Psycho 100 Episode 12: もうろうとしてるようだけど。 It's translated as "he looks like he's about to pass out"。 I found a usage of ...