Questions tagged [wago-and-kango]

和語と漢語. The difference between a native-Japanese word (wago, yamato-kotoba) based on kun-reading and a Sino-Japanese word (Sino-loanwords, kango) based on on-reading. 和語 includes most i-adjectives and (u-/ru-) verbs. 漢語 includes most na-adjectives and suru-verbs.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Difference between 帰宅{きたく}する and 帰{かえ}る

Is there any difference between 帰宅{きたく}する and 帰{かえ}る (return home) or are they just exact synonyms? For example, in that sentence from Tatoeba : 夜{よる}になったので、帰宅{きたく}した。 Can 帰宅{きたく}した be replaced ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

What is the difference between 織機(しょっき) and 機 (はた)?

Does 織機 mean the device, while 機 means the concept? Or maybe one of them is more formal than the other?
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Multiple words with same definition

I am seeing pairs of words with similar meanings (where one of the words has a single kanji and the other has two kanji). Examples include: 豊か、豊富 保つ、保存する 防ぐ、予防する Do these pair of words share the ...
1
vote
1answer
206 views

Is there a difference in connotation between 森林 and 森? [duplicate]

I've checked in a couple of dictionaries already, and they describe bot 森林 and 森 as "forest." Are there any major differences in meaning between these words?
0
votes
2answers
242 views

Why is 'no smoking' 禁煙, whereas 'to smoke' is 吸う?

Why is 'no smoking' [禁煙]{きんえん} (lit. 'smoke is prohibited'), whereas 'to smoke' is [吸]{す}う (lit. 'to inhale (smoke)')? In English (and some other languages), the verb 'to smoke' is related to the noun ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

What is the proper way to use 初回?

How would you say, I saw that movie for the first time? Would you use 初回 or a different word like 第一回? What are the differences between using these words to describe the "first time" doing something ...
0
votes
2answers
312 views

U/RU verbs vs Noun+Suru verbs

When I learn new words in Japanese (using jisho.org), I often see a verb like for example "to drive" as 乗り回す and 運転する, "to study" as 学ぶ and 勉強する, "to understand" 分かる and 了解する, why ?? Why is there for ...
0
votes
2answers
111 views

Can you use そうだ (appear, seem) with kango adjectival nouns?

Of course it is common to attach そうだ to na-adjectives or i-adjectives (高そうな車, 元気そうな人 etc), but it doesn't seem to be the case for kango words which can operate as either nouns or adjectives. For ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Difference between 着用する and 着る

As the title says, what is the difference between these two words? Do they both mean "to wear [clothes]"? When would it be appropriate to use one over the other?