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Questions tagged [wago-and-kango]

和語と漢語. The difference between a native-Japanese word (wago, yamato-kotoba) based on kun-reading and a Sino-Japanese word (Sino-loanwords, kango) based on on-reading. 和語 includes most i-adjectives and (u-/ru-) verbs. 漢語 includes most na-adjectives and suru-verbs.

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41
votes
3answers
5k views

What's the difference between 女性 and 女の人?

As far as I'm aware, both words translate into English as "woman". What's the difference in meaning between 女性 and 女の人?
19
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2answers
4k views

The verbs of learning: 勉強する, 習う and 学ぶ

How are the following verbs which are related to learning different to each other? 勉強する 習う 学ぶ
17
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the difference between [友達]{とも・だち} and [友人]{ゆう・じん}?

From a quick google search, they both refer to friend. Are they completely identical or is there any difference between [友達]{とも・だち} and [友人]{ゆう・じん}?
16
votes
3answers
498 views

Are 漢語 always more formal than 和語?

It seems that in response to questions regarding the differences between 漢語 and their 和語 equivalents, it is often explained that the 漢語 is "more formal" than the 和語. As a result, I get the feeling ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

貧しい【まずしい】 poor 貧乏【びんぼう】な poor What's the difference?

Example sentences do not suggest a big difference. Is there? 貧しい【まずしい】 poor 貧乏【びんぼう】な poor [貧乏]{びんぼう}だけれど[彼]{かれ}は[幸福]{こうふく}だ。 Poor as he is, he is happy. [貧]{まず}しいといえども[彼女]{かのじょ}は[幸]{しあわ}せだ。...
13
votes
2answers
7k views

Nuances in the word “smile”

So as the title indicates, I'm wondering about exactly what is the difference between all the existing words that mean "smile", I originally learned only 笑い, which I feel is the most regularly used ...
12
votes
3answers
480 views

Do people actually ever say みょうにち?

I've heard people using あした (the common one) and あす (rather uncommon) to refer to "tomorrow". I was wondering does anyone actually uses the reading みょうにち ?
11
votes
2answers
617 views

What is the difference between 石{いし}、岩{いわ} and 岩石{がんせき}?

I'm just a beginner. I think all of them meaning the same, rock. Can anyone explain it for me?
11
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the difference between 腹切り and 切腹?

I need to add a body to submit my question, so I'll just say the Mortal Kombat seemed to believe that the term 腹切り (はらきり harakiri) was more appropriate for self slaughter (i.e., throwing a boomerang ...
10
votes
2answers
754 views

Difference between もっとも and 一番

When expressing a superlative meaning ("the most ..."), what is the difference between the usage of もっとも and 一番? (e.g. もっとも大きい vs. 一番大きい)
10
votes
2answers
312 views

Heuristics for identifying Japanese-origin words (和語)

Given a word and its reading, I'm interested in having it be automatically be identified as Japanese-origin (和語, but excluding 和製英語 and 和製漢語) or not. False negatives and positives aren't really a ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between 「名前【なまえ】」 and 「名称【めいしょう】」?

I am learning the word 「名称【めいしょう】」. According to the dictionary, it means "name", but so does 「名前【なまえ】」. What are the differences in terms of meaning and usage between both words? I noticed that the ...
7
votes
2answers
219 views

Is 年月 (months and years) read 【としつき】or【ねんげつ】and is there a difference?

Is 年月 (months and years) read 【としつき】or【ねんげつ】? Is there a difference? I found it in the following sentence in WWWJDIC: 年月が過ぎるのは早い。
6
votes
4answers
960 views

「横断する」と「横切る」の違い

Could you explain the difference between 通りを横断する and 道路を横切る?
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What's the difference between 親切 and 優しい?

In my text books they were both translated as "friendly, kind", so I'm wondering if they can be used interchangeably or if they are different somehow. I tried to ask some people but although they ...
6
votes
1answer
230 views

Difference between 沸騰する and 沸く

I don't really get the difference since the two of them seem to be translated as "boiling". Do we have to use them in different situations?
6
votes
2answers
699 views

What is the difference between [新規]{しんき} and [新]{あたら}しい?

What is the difference between [新規]{しんき} and [新]{あたら}しい? Both mean "new". What are the nuances here?
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How to tell if a word is Sino-Japanese or Yamato

How can I tell if a word is Sino-Japanese (漢語), or Yamato (和語)? An answer to How 「えい」 should be pronounced in the words like 英語, 先生, etc? talks about the pronunciation of Sino-Japanese words and ...
6
votes
1answer
343 views

影 vs 形 vs 形状. What's the difference between them?

I've been reading a text and all three of these come up 影 vs 形 vs 形状. I know they mean shape/figure, but is there a more nuanced difference between them? I can see the logic of where they are in the ...
6
votes
1answer
191 views

Why are there very few non-する gairaigo verbs in Japanese?

I can think of many gairaigo noun + する verbs in Japanese, like ゴルフする, but I can think of only a handful of non-する verbs in Japanese, such as ググる (mentioned in Are there words which consist of katakana ...
5
votes
2answers
864 views

終了 and 終わり, is there a difference?

I don't think this is a duplicate . . . So can someone tell me if there is a difference between the two? I know they both mean end, but are they interchangeable? I came across this sentence ...
5
votes
1answer
111 views

What's the difference between 時間がいる and 時間が必要?

In this thing I'm reading, I see the following sentence: 心の傷だって、治るには時間がいるでしょ The speaker is talking about a long standing problem that the protagonist has. It seems like it's 時間が要る, but is there ...
5
votes
1answer
299 views

When would you use 相互 as opposed to お互い?

I'm thinking the former is slightly more hard/archaic, and for written style japanese, where was the latter is more conversational? But they both seem to have the same meaning.
5
votes
1answer
206 views

Romanizing doubled-up kango

I am reading some old prewar books that smush two kango together to create a complex noun, for example 伝説伝統 for "legends and traditions". An academic citation, by an author who I am finding a bit ...
5
votes
0answers
129 views

How can I differentiate if a word is (either fully or preferentially) used for spoken or written language?

Sorry if this has been answered before, but I couldn't find it. I understand that when the on'yomi reading is used, this is associated with words with a more "literary" feeling or with written usage. ...
4
votes
2answers
131 views

Is there any difference between 速さand 速度?

From what I understood, both 速さ{はやさ} and 速度{そくど} means "speed". Some say that they are synonyms (just like speed and velocity in English), but I guess there is a nuance between them, isn't it ? 速さ{...
4
votes
3answers
210 views

Word Choice: 咽喉 vs. 喉

http://jisho.org/word/%E5%92%BD%E5%96%89 http://jisho.org/word/%E5%96%89 I came across 咽喉【のど】 while reading. Jisho doesn't have「のど」listed as a reading of 咽喉, but it does have it under 喉. So now I'...
4
votes
1answer
452 views

Should I use 無料 (muryou) or 只 (tada) for a free chatsite?

I have a free chatsite, and people ask me if there is a charge. Should I use muryou or tada? I want to indicate that my site is free. I see the term muryou written on free weekly magazines. Is the ...
4
votes
2answers
394 views

The difference between 詳しい and 詳細 when used adverbially or adjectivally

While I know that 詳しい and 詳細 both have unique meanings, there are some cases where I am not able to tell the difference between them. Here are two I've stumbled upon: Adverbially: 我々の研究計画を詳しく述べた ...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

汗をかくvs 発汗する - is there a difference?

Is there any difference between 汗をかく and 発汗する? Are there any subtle nuances between the two or is one more common than the other? I've checked WWWJDIC and I can't find any way to distinguish between ...
4
votes
1answer
87 views

What is the reading of 弓形?

The word 弓形 has three different readings which are きゅうけい, ゆみがた, and ゆみなり. Unfortunately, there does not seem to be much distinction between these three readings. Is this simply a case wherein all ...
4
votes
2answers
458 views

Difference between 維持{いじ}する and 保{たも}つ (to maintain)

I've learnt two verbs which seem to mean the same thing, and I keep confusing them: 維持{いじ}する (to maintain; to preserve;  to improve) and 保{たも}つ (to preserve; to maintain; to support) Can someone ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

Did labialized consonants remain in Ryūkyūan?

The labialized consonants are rare even in historical Japanese; beside (possible) one verb (kweru), they (kwa-, gwa-, kwe-, gwe-) occur only in some Sino-Japanese morpheme. In Japanese, they merged ...
4
votes
2answers
201 views

What is the difference between 限る and 限定する?

I'm pretty sure that there's a lot more you can do with 限る than there is with 限定する, (When I looked up 限る, I saw a lot of different usages, such as it meaning "is the best," or "nothing is better than,"...
3
votes
2answers
172 views

difference between 血 and 血液?

Both mean blood according to my dictionary but what is the difference? If [血]{ち} by itself means blood, then why use [血液]{けつえき}? What is the difference in their usage?
3
votes
3answers
151 views

Difference between 絶滅, 消滅 and 滅ぶ

My vocabulary textbook lists the three following words: 滅び行く種族 Endangered species 種族の絶滅 The extinction of species 消滅した種族 Extinguished species (Hope the English ...
3
votes
2answers
274 views

What is the difference between 鋼{はがね} and 鋼鉄{こうてつ} (two ways to say “steel”)?

From Jisho.org, both 鋼{はがね} and 鋼鉄{こうてつ} mean steel. Are there any differences between them?
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Do the terms 紅葉{こうよう} and 紅葉{もみじ} mean the same thing?

What is the difference between 紅葉{こうよう} and 紅葉{もみじ}? I want to chat about the autumn colors of leaves and I found these terms in Jisho. The definition reads only こうよう or only もみじ which is confusing ...
3
votes
2answers
118 views

Difference between 反射(する) and 映る

I've been reading some Murakami and came across 反射(する) and 映る。I've never given them much thought other than that they mean reflection but I was wondering if there's some subtle nuance that I'm not ...
3
votes
2answers
280 views

What is the difference between 問い and 質問?

I found this explanation but I don't really understand it. 【1】「問い」は、単に尋ね聞くこと。 【2】「質問」は、広く一般的に疑問点を問う場合に用いる。教室や会議など公の場での問いに用いることが多いが、私的、個人的な場でも用いる。(source)
3
votes
1answer
254 views

concrete nouns and abstract nouns. いadj なadj

gday guys. Im looking at the nouns used in the いadj and なadj. I won't say this with 100% confidence - not by a long shot (n5𝘪𝘴𝘩 here). I'm noticing the nouns in the: *なadj are all like '...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

Difference between 同一 and 同じ?

I would like to know the difference between 同一 and 同じ. They both mean 'the same'. Please feel free to provide example sentences so I can see clearly the difference.
2
votes
1answer
411 views

Native Japanese vocabulary, pure Wago/Yamato Kotoba

Can you still speak Japanese while avoiding to use most Chinese loan words? The native portion of the Japanese language is called Yamato Kotoba or Wago, but how fluent could you still be without the ...
2
votes
1answer
245 views

Can さくじつ and きのう be used the same way?

Can さくじつ and きのう be used the same way? I know the terms mean yesterday. Thank you!
2
votes
1answer
570 views

What are the differences between 田{た}, 水田{すいでん}, and 田圃{たんぼ}?

Jisho indicates that all three of the words are common, and gives me the following definitions: 田{た}: rice field 水田{すいでん}: (water-filled) paddy field 田圃{たんぼ}: paddy field; farm Other than 田圃 ...
2
votes
1answer
248 views

What's the origin of the title 親王?

As far as I know, prior to the adoption of the title "Emperor" in ancient China by Shihuangdi (who claimed to be the first 皇帝 (huangdi), from the titles of 8 ancient godly beings), 王 was the sole ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

What is the difference between 勝利 and 勝ち?

Both mean "victory" so I would like to know when is it more convenient to use 勝ち, and when shoud I use 勝利 ? Is one of them more polite ?
2
votes
1answer
89 views

What is the difference between these sentences?

I was trying to write "Half of the population will die" in Google Translate. I wrote: 「人口の半分は死にます。」 But Google decided this was better: 「人口の半分が死亡します。」 Are these just different ways to write the ...
2
votes
1answer
931 views

What is the difference between koi, ai, and renai? 恋、愛、恋愛

I've been listening to a lot of music, and I've always seen Ai 愛 Koi 恋 and ren'ai 恋愛 used the same. Any help? Thanks! :)
2
votes
1answer
123 views

使用して and 使って difference

what is the difference between these two terms.The actual use of them ? for eg. are トランジスタを使用して and トランジスタを使って same ?