Questions tagged [wago-and-kango]

和語と漢語. The difference between a native-Japanese word (wago, yamato-kotoba) based on kun-reading and a Sino-Japanese word (Sino-loanwords, kango) based on on-reading. 和語 includes most i-adjectives and (u-/ru-) verbs. 漢語 includes most na-adjectives and suru-verbs.

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How to tell if a word is Sino-Japanese or Yamato

How can I tell if a word is Sino-Japanese (漢語), or Yamato (和語)? An answer to How 「えい」 should be pronounced in the words like 英語, 先生, etc? talks about the pronunciation of Sino-Japanese words and ...
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What's the difference between 女性 and 女の人?

As far as I'm aware, both words translate into English as "woman". What's the difference in meaning between [女性]{じょせい} and [女の人]{おんなのひと}?
Golden Cuy's user avatar
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Are 漢語 always more formal than 和語?

It seems that in response to questions regarding the differences between 漢語 and their 和語 equivalents, it is often explained that the 漢語 is "more formal" than the 和語. As a result, I get the feeling ...
rintaun's user avatar
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恥知らず【はじしらず】 versus 厚顔無恥【こうがんむち】

The lack of examples makes me difficult to understand well the difference between 恥知らず and 厚顔無恥. Both seem to mean "shameless". For example, can I use both as follows? Are there any differences? ...
Display Name's user avatar
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「横断する」と「横切る」の違い

Could you explain the difference between 通りを横断する and 道路を横切る?
Melissa's user avatar
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2 answers
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The verbs of learning: 勉強する, 習う and 学ぶ

How are the following verbs which are related to learning different to each other? 勉強する 習う 学ぶ
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What's the difference between 腹切り and 切腹?

I need to add a body to submit my question, so I'll just say the Mortal Kombat seemed to believe that the term 腹切り (はらきり harakiri) was more appropriate for self slaughter (i.e., throwing a boomerang ...
Wolfpack'08's user avatar
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2 answers
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Is 年月 (months and years) read 【としつき】or【ねんげつ】and is there a difference?

Is 年月 (months and years) read 【としつき】or【ねんげつ】? Is there a difference? I found it in the following sentence in WWWJDIC: 年月が過ぎるのは早い。
Ned Reif's user avatar
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汗をかくvs 発汗する - is there a difference?

Is there any difference between 汗をかく and 発汗する? Are there any subtle nuances between the two or is one more common than the other? I've checked WWWJDIC and I can't find any way to distinguish between ...
Redbluefire's user avatar
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What is the difference between 山道【さんどう】 and 山道【やまみち】?

To provide context, I stumbled upon this new term for me when reading this sentence: 田舎の山道を車で走っていたら、突然サルが飛び出してきた。 I looked 山道 up in a dictionary and I saw there are two possible readings. さんどう and ...
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22 votes
2 answers
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What is the difference between [友達]{とも・だち} and [友人]{ゆう・じん}?

From a quick google search, they both refer to friend. Are they completely identical or is there any difference between [友達]{とも・だち} and [友人]{ゆう・じん}?
Zaenille's user avatar
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影 vs 形 vs 形状. What's the difference between them?

I've been reading a text and all three of these come up 影 vs 形 vs 形状. I know they mean shape/figure, but is there a more nuanced difference between them? I can see the logic of where they are in the ...
user6867's user avatar
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1 answer
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Difference between 沸騰する and 沸く

I don't really get the difference since the two of them seem to be translated as "boiling". Do we have to use them in different situations?
Marion Fuchs's user avatar
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1 answer
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When would you use 相互 as opposed to お互い?

I'm thinking the former is slightly more hard/archaic, and for written style japanese, where was the latter is more conversational? But they both seem to have the same meaning.
Pootan's user avatar
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貧しい【まずしい】 poor 貧乏【びんぼう】な poor What's the difference?

Example sentences do not suggest a big difference. Is there? 貧しい【まずしい】 poor 貧乏【びんぼう】な poor [貧乏]{びんぼう}だけれど[彼]{かれ}は[幸福]{こうふく}だ。 Poor as he is, he is happy. [貧]{まず}しいといえども[彼女]{かのじょ}は[幸]{しあわ}せだ。 Though ...
Ned Reif's user avatar
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12 votes
3 answers
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Do people actually ever say みょうにち?

I've heard people using あした (the common one) and あす (rather uncommon) to refer to "tomorrow". I was wondering does anyone actually uses the reading みょうにち ?
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Difference between もっとも and 一番

When expressing a superlative meaning ("the most ..."), what is the difference between the usage of もっとも and 一番? (e.g. もっとも大きい vs. 一番大きい)
Malper's user avatar
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What is the difference between 石{いし}、岩{いわ} and 岩石{がんせき}?

I'm just a beginner. I think all of them meaning the same, rock. Can anyone explain it for me?
Owl City's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
758 views

Heuristics for identifying Japanese-origin words (和語)

Given a word and its reading, I'm interested in having it be automatically be identified as Japanese-origin (和語, but excluding 和製英語 and 和製漢語) or not. False negatives and positives aren't really a ...
小太郎's user avatar
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What is the difference between koi, ai, and renai? 恋、愛、恋愛

I've been listening to a lot of music, and I've always seen Ai 愛 Koi 恋 and ren'ai 恋愛 used the same. Any help? Thanks! :)
ヤラユギ's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why are there very few non-する gairaigo verbs in Japanese?

I can think of many gairaigo noun + する verbs in Japanese, like ゴルフする, but I can think of only a handful of non-する verbs in Japanese, such as ググる (mentioned in Are there words which consist of katakana ...
Golden Cuy's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
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Is there any difference between 速さand 速度?

From what I understood, both 速さ{はやさ} and 速度{そくど} means "speed". Some say that they are synonyms (just like speed and velocity in English), but I guess there is a nuance between them, isn't it ? 速さ{...
blaoi's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Difference between 帰宅{きたく}する and 帰{かえ}る

Is there any difference between 帰宅{きたく}する and 帰{かえ}る (return home) or are they just exact synonyms? For example, in that sentence from Tatoeba : 夜{よる}になったので、帰宅{きたく}した。 Can 帰宅{きたく}した be replaced ...
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