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Questions tagged [wago-and-kango]

和語と漢語. The difference between a native-Japanese word (wago, yamato-kotoba) based on kun-reading and a Sino-Japanese word (Sino-loanwords, kango) based on on-reading. 和語 includes most i-adjectives and (u-/ru-) verbs. 漢語 includes most na-adjectives and suru-verbs.

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What's the origin of the title 親王?

As far as I know, prior to the adoption of the title "Emperor" in ancient China by Shihuangdi (who claimed to be the first 皇帝 (huangdi), from the titles of 8 ancient godly beings), 王 was the sole ...
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貧しい【まずしい】 poor 貧乏【びんぼう】な poor What's the difference?

Example sentences do not suggest a big difference. Is there? 貧しい【まずしい】 poor 貧乏【びんぼう】な poor [貧乏]{びんぼう}だけれど[彼]{かれ}は[幸福]{こうふく}だ。 Poor as he is, he is happy. [貧]{まず}しいといえども[彼女]{かのじょ}は[幸]{しあわ}せだ。...
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Why is 'no smoking' 禁煙, whereas 'to smoke' is 吸う?

Why is 'no smoking' [禁煙]{きんえん} (lit. 'smoke is prohibited'), whereas 'to smoke' is [吸]{す}う (lit. 'to inhale (smoke)')? In English (and some other languages), the verb 'to smoke' is related to the noun ...
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Difference between 帰宅{きたく}する and 帰{かえ}る

Is there any difference between 帰宅{きたく}する and 帰{かえ}る (return home) or are they just exact synonyms? For example, in that sentence from Tatoeba : 夜{よる}になったので、帰宅{きたく}した。 Can 帰宅{きたく}した be replaced ...
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Is 年月 (months and years) read 【としつき】or【ねんげつ】and is there a difference?

Is 年月 (months and years) read 【としつき】or【ねんげつ】? Is there a difference? I found it in the following sentence in WWWJDIC: 年月が過ぎるのは早い。
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Difference between 反射(する) and 映る

I've been reading some Murakami and came across 反射(する) and 映る。I've never given them much thought other than that they mean reflection but I was wondering if there's some subtle nuance that I'm not ...
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What's the difference between 時間がいる and 時間が必要?

In this thing I'm reading, I see the following sentence: 心の傷だって、治るには時間がいるでしょ The speaker is talking about a long standing problem that the protagonist has. It seems like it's 時間が要る, but is there ...
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Multiple words with same definition

I am seeing pairs of words with similar meanings (where one of the words has a single kanji and the other has two kanji). Examples include: 豊か、豊富 保つ、保存する 防ぐ、予防する Do these pair of words share the ...
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Is there any difference between 速さand 速度?

From what I understood, both 速さ{はやさ} and 速度{そくど} means "speed". Some say that they are synonyms (just like speed and velocity in English), but I guess there is a nuance between them, isn't it ? 速さ{...
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Why are there very few non-する gairaigo verbs in Japanese?

I can think of many gairaigo noun + する verbs in Japanese, like ゴルフする, but I can think of only a handful of non-する verbs in Japanese, such as ググる (mentioned in Are there words which consist of katakana ...
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difference between 血 and 血液?

Both mean blood according to my dictionary but what is the difference? If [血]{ち} by itself means blood, then why use [血液]{けつえき}? What is the difference in their usage?
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Can you use そうだ (appear, seem) with kango adjectival nouns?

Of course it is common to attach そうだ to na-adjectives or i-adjectives (高そうな車, 元気そうな人 etc), but it doesn't seem to be the case for kango words which can operate as either nouns or adjectives. For ...
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What is the proper way to use 初回?

How would you say, I saw that movie for the first time? Would you use 初回 or a different word like 第一回? What are the differences between using these words to describe the "first time" doing something ...
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What is the difference between 織機(しょっき) and 機 (はた)?

Does 織機 mean the device, while 機 means the concept? Or maybe one of them is more formal than the other?
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What is the difference between 問い and 質問?

I found this explanation but I don't really understand it. 【1】「問い」は、単に尋ね聞くこと。 【2】「質問」は、広く一般的に疑問点を問う場合に用いる。教室や会議など公の場での問いに用いることが多いが、私的、個人的な場でも用いる。(source)
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What is the difference between 勝利 and 勝ち?

Both mean "victory" so I would like to know when is it more convenient to use 勝ち, and when shoud I use 勝利 ? Is one of them more polite ?
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Difference between 同一 and 同じ?

I would like to know the difference between 同一 and 同じ. They both mean 'the same'. Please feel free to provide example sentences so I can see clearly the difference.
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Is there a difference in connotation between 森林 and 森? [duplicate]

I've checked in a couple of dictionaries already, and they describe bot 森林 and 森 as "forest." Are there any major differences in meaning between these words?
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What is the difference between koi, ai, and renai? 恋、愛、恋愛

I've been listening to a lot of music, and I've always seen Ai 愛 Koi 恋 and ren'ai 恋愛 used the same. Any help? Thanks! :)
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Difference between 着用する and 着る

As the title says, what is the difference between these two words? Do they both mean "to wear [clothes]"? When would it be appropriate to use one over the other?
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Word Choice: 咽喉 vs. 喉

http://jisho.org/word/%E5%92%BD%E5%96%89 http://jisho.org/word/%E5%96%89 I came across 咽喉【のど】 while reading. Jisho doesn't have「のど」listed as a reading of 咽喉, but it does have it under 喉. So now I'...
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concrete nouns and abstract nouns. いadj なadj

gday guys. Im looking at the nouns used in the いadj and なadj. I won't say this with 100% confidence - not by a long shot (n5𝘪𝘴𝘩 here). I'm noticing the nouns in the: *なadj are all like '...
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Difference between 沸騰する and 沸く

I don't really get the difference since the two of them seem to be translated as "boiling". Do we have to use them in different situations?
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U/RU verbs vs Noun+Suru verbs

When I learn new words in Japanese (using jisho.org), I often see a verb like for example "to drive" as 乗り回す and 運転する, "to study" as 学ぶ and 勉強する, "to understand" 分かる and 了解する, why ?? Why is there for ...
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When would you use 相互 as opposed to お互い?

I'm thinking the former is slightly more hard/archaic, and for written style japanese, where was the latter is more conversational? But they both seem to have the same meaning.
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What is the difference between 鋼{はがね} and 鋼鉄{こうてつ} (two ways to say “steel”)?

From Jisho.org, both 鋼{はがね} and 鋼鉄{こうてつ} mean steel. Are there any differences between them?
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Heuristics for identifying Japanese-origin words (和語)

Given a word and its reading, I'm interested in having it be automatically be identified as Japanese-origin (和語, but excluding 和製英語 and 和製漢語) or not. False negatives and positives aren't really a ...
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Difference between もっとも and 一番

When expressing a superlative meaning ("the most ..."), what is the difference between the usage of もっとも and 一番? (e.g. もっとも大きい vs. 一番大きい)
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What are the differences between 田{た}, 水田{すいでん}, and 田圃{たんぼ}?

Jisho indicates that all three of the words are common, and gives me the following definitions: 田{た}: rice field 水田{すいでん}: (water-filled) paddy field 田圃{たんぼ}: paddy field; farm Other than 田圃 ...
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Nuances in the word “smile”

So as the title indicates, I'm wondering about exactly what is the difference between all the existing words that mean "smile", I originally learned only 笑い, which I feel is the most regularly used ...
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「横断する」と「横切る」の違い

Could you explain the difference between 通りを横断する and 道路を横切る?
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1answer
150 views

汗をかくvs 発汗する - is there a difference?

Is there any difference between 汗をかく and 発汗する? Are there any subtle nuances between the two or is one more common than the other? I've checked WWWJDIC and I can't find any way to distinguish between ...
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終了 and 終わり, is there a difference?

I don't think this is a duplicate . . . So can someone tell me if there is a difference between the two? I know they both mean end, but are they interchangeable? I came across this sentence ...
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What is the difference between 石{いし}、岩{いわ} and 岩石{がんせき}?

I'm just a beginner. I think all of them meaning the same, rock. Can anyone explain it for me?
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What is the difference between [新規]{しんき} and [新]{あたら}しい?

What is the difference between [新規]{しんき} and [新]{あたら}しい? Both mean "new". What are the nuances here?
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How to tell if a word is Sino-Japanese or Yamato

How can I tell if a word is Sino-Japanese (漢語), or Yamato (和語)? An answer to How 「えい」 should be pronounced in the words like 英語, 先生, etc? talks about the pronunciation of Sino-Japanese words and ...
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What's the difference between 親切 and 優しい?

In my text books they were both translated as "friendly, kind", so I'm wondering if they can be used interchangeably or if they are different somehow. I tried to ask some people but although they ...
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Difference between 維持{いじ}する and 保{たも}つ (to maintain)

I've learnt two verbs which seem to mean the same thing, and I keep confusing them: 維持{いじ}する (to maintain; to preserve;  to improve) and 保{たも}つ (to preserve; to maintain; to support) Can someone ...
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Are 漢語 always more formal than 和語?

It seems that in response to questions regarding the differences between 漢語 and their 和語 equivalents, it is often explained that the 漢語 is "more formal" than the 和語. As a result, I get the feeling ...
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What is the difference between [友達]{とも・だち} and [友人]{ゆう・じん}?

From a quick google search, they both refer to friend. Are they completely identical or is there any difference between [友達]{とも・だち} and [友人]{ゆう・じん}?
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影 vs 形 vs 形状. What's the difference between them?

I've been reading a text and all three of these come up 影 vs 形 vs 形状. I know they mean shape/figure, but is there a more nuanced difference between them? I can see the logic of where they are in the ...
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The difference between 詳しい and 詳細 when used adverbially or adjectivally

While I know that 詳しい and 詳細 both have unique meanings, there are some cases where I am not able to tell the difference between them. Here are two I've stumbled upon: Adverbially: 我々の研究計画を詳しく述べた ...
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What's the difference between 女性 and 女の人?

As far as I'm aware, both words translate into English as "woman". What's the difference in meaning between 女性 and 女の人?
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What's the difference between 腹切り and 切腹?

I need to add a body to submit my question, so I'll just say the Mortal Kombat seemed to believe that the term 腹切り (はらきり harakiri) was more appropriate for self slaughter (i.e., throwing a boomerang ...
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Do people actually ever say みょうにち?

I've heard people using あした (the common one) and あす (rather uncommon) to refer to "tomorrow". I was wondering does anyone actually uses the reading みょうにち ?
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The verbs of learning: 勉強する, 習う and 学ぶ

How are the following verbs which are related to learning different to each other? 勉強する 習う 学ぶ