Questions tagged [wago-and-kango]

和語と漢語. The difference between a native-Japanese word (wago, yamato-kotoba) based on kun-reading and a Sino-Japanese word (Sino-loanwords, kango) based on on-reading. 和語 includes most i-adjectives and (u-/ru-) verbs. 漢語 includes most na-adjectives and suru-verbs.

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2
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1answer
407 views

Native Japanese vocabulary, pure Wago/Yamato Kotoba

Can you still speak Japanese while avoiding to use most Chinese loan words? The native portion of the Japanese language is called Yamato Kotoba or Wago, but how fluent could you still be without the ...
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1answer
451 views

Should I use 無料 (muryou) or 只 (tada) for a free chatsite?

I have a free chatsite, and people ask me if there is a charge. Should I use muryou or tada? I want to indicate that my site is free. I see the term muryou written on free weekly magazines. Is the ...
2
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1answer
123 views

使用して and 使って difference

what is the difference between these two terms.The actual use of them ? for eg. are トランジスタを使用して and トランジスタを使って same ?
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1answer
86 views

What is the reading of 弓形?

The word 弓形 has three different readings which are きゅうけい, ゆみがた, and ゆみなり. Unfortunately, there does not seem to be much distinction between these three readings. Is this simply a case wherein all ...
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0answers
83 views

Did labialized consonants remain in Ryūkyūan?

The labialized consonants are rare even in historical Japanese; beside (possible) one verb (kweru), they (kwa-, gwa-, kwe-, gwe-) occur only in some Sino-Japanese morpheme. In Japanese, they merged ...
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1answer
157 views

Do the terms 紅葉{こうよう} and 紅葉{もみじ} mean the same thing?

What is the difference between 紅葉{こうよう} and 紅葉{もみじ}? I want to chat about the autumn colors of leaves and I found these terms in Jisho. The definition reads only こうよう or only もみじ which is confusing ...
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1answer
89 views

What is the difference between these sentences?

I was trying to write "Half of the population will die" in Google Translate. I wrote: 「人口の半分は死にます。」 But Google decided this was better: 「人口の半分が死亡します。」 Are these just different ways to write the ...
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1answer
245 views

Can さくじつ and きのう be used the same way?

Can さくじつ and きのう be used the same way? I know the terms mean yesterday. Thank you!
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3answers
150 views

Difference between 絶滅, 消滅 and 滅ぶ

My vocabulary textbook lists the three following words: 滅び行く種族 Endangered species 種族の絶滅 The extinction of species 消滅した種族 Extinguished species (Hope the English ...
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How can I differentiate if a word is (either fully or preferentially) used for spoken or written language?

Sorry if this has been answered before, but I couldn't find it. I understand that when the on'yomi reading is used, this is associated with words with a more "literary" feeling or with written usage. ...
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What is the difference between 「名前【なまえ】」 and 「名称【めいしょう】」?

I am learning the word 「名称【めいしょう】」. According to the dictionary, it means "name", but so does 「名前【なまえ】」. What are the differences in terms of meaning and usage between both words? I noticed that the ...
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2answers
200 views

What is the difference between 限る and 限定する?

I'm pretty sure that there's a lot more you can do with 限る than there is with 限定する, (When I looked up 限る, I saw a lot of different usages, such as it meaning "is the best," or "nothing is better than,"...
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1answer
206 views

Romanizing doubled-up kango

I am reading some old prewar books that smush two kango together to create a complex noun, for example 伝説伝統 for "legends and traditions". An academic citation, by an author who I am finding a bit ...
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1answer
95 views

左に曲がる/右に曲がる v/s 左折/右折

That's it, essentially. What differentiates these two ways to indicate a turn? So far, I had only heard 左に曲がる/右に曲がる, but recently I heard 左折/右折 in the GPS of a car. At first I thought that the latter ...
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1answer
248 views

What's the origin of the title 親王?

As far as I know, prior to the adoption of the title "Emperor" in ancient China by Shihuangdi (who claimed to be the first 皇帝 (huangdi), from the titles of 8 ancient godly beings), 王 was the sole ...
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4answers
1k views

貧しい【まずしい】 poor 貧乏【びんぼう】な poor What's the difference?

Example sentences do not suggest a big difference. Is there? 貧しい【まずしい】 poor 貧乏【びんぼう】な poor [貧乏]{びんぼう}だけれど[彼]{かれ}は[幸福]{こうふく}だ。 Poor as he is, he is happy. [貧]{まず}しいといえども[彼女]{かのじょ}は[幸]{しあわ}せだ。...
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2answers
250 views

Why is 'no smoking' 禁煙, whereas 'to smoke' is 吸う?

Why is 'no smoking' [禁煙]{きんえん} (lit. 'smoke is prohibited'), whereas 'to smoke' is [吸]{す}う (lit. 'to inhale (smoke)')? In English (and some other languages), the verb 'to smoke' is related to the noun ...
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1answer
116 views

Difference between 帰宅{きたく}する and 帰{かえ}る

Is there any difference between 帰宅{きたく}する and 帰{かえ}る (return home) or are they just exact synonyms? For example, in that sentence from Tatoeba : 夜{よる}になったので、帰宅{きたく}した。 Can 帰宅{きたく}した be replaced ...
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Is 年月 (months and years) read 【としつき】or【ねんげつ】and is there a difference?

Is 年月 (months and years) read 【としつき】or【ねんげつ】? Is there a difference? I found it in the following sentence in WWWJDIC: 年月が過ぎるのは早い。
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2answers
117 views

Difference between 反射(する) and 映る

I've been reading some Murakami and came across 反射(する) and 映る。I've never given them much thought other than that they mean reflection but I was wondering if there's some subtle nuance that I'm not ...
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1answer
111 views

What's the difference between 時間がいる and 時間が必要?

In this thing I'm reading, I see the following sentence: 心の傷だって、治るには時間がいるでしょ The speaker is talking about a long standing problem that the protagonist has. It seems like it's 時間が要る, but is there ...
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0answers
77 views

Multiple words with same definition

I am seeing pairs of words with similar meanings (where one of the words has a single kanji and the other has two kanji). Examples include: 豊か、豊富 保つ、保存する 防ぐ、予防する Do these pair of words share the ...
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2answers
130 views

Is there any difference between 速さand 速度?

From what I understood, both 速さ{はやさ} and 速度{そくど} means "speed". Some say that they are synonyms (just like speed and velocity in English), but I guess there is a nuance between them, isn't it ? 速さ{...
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1answer
187 views

Why are there very few non-する gairaigo verbs in Japanese?

I can think of many gairaigo noun + する verbs in Japanese, like ゴルフする, but I can think of only a handful of non-する verbs in Japanese, such as ググる (mentioned in Are there words which consist of katakana ...
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2answers
170 views

difference between 血 and 血液?

Both mean blood according to my dictionary but what is the difference? If [血]{ち} by itself means blood, then why use [血液]{けつえき}? What is the difference in their usage?
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2answers
111 views

Can you use そうだ (appear, seem) with kango adjectival nouns?

Of course it is common to attach そうだ to na-adjectives or i-adjectives (高そうな車, 元気そうな人 etc), but it doesn't seem to be the case for kango words which can operate as either nouns or adjectives. For ...
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2answers
76 views

What is the proper way to use 初回?

How would you say, I saw that movie for the first time? Would you use 初回 or a different word like 第一回? What are the differences between using these words to describe the "first time" doing something ...
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1answer
59 views

What is the difference between 織機(しょっき) and 機 (はた)?

Does 織機 mean the device, while 機 means the concept? Or maybe one of them is more formal than the other?
3
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2answers
279 views

What is the difference between 問い and 質問?

I found this explanation but I don't really understand it. 【1】「問い」は、単に尋ね聞くこと。 【2】「質問」は、広く一般的に疑問点を問う場合に用いる。教室や会議など公の場での問いに用いることが多いが、私的、個人的な場でも用いる。(source)
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1answer
110 views

What is the difference between 勝利 and 勝ち?

Both mean "victory" so I would like to know when is it more convenient to use 勝ち, and when shoud I use 勝利 ? Is one of them more polite ?
3
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1answer
153 views

Difference between 同一 and 同じ?

I would like to know the difference between 同一 and 同じ. They both mean 'the same'. Please feel free to provide example sentences so I can see clearly the difference.
1
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1answer
212 views

Is there a difference in connotation between 森林 and 森? [duplicate]

I've checked in a couple of dictionaries already, and they describe bot 森林 and 森 as "forest." Are there any major differences in meaning between these words?
2
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1answer
920 views

What is the difference between koi, ai, and renai? 恋、愛、恋愛

I've been listening to a lot of music, and I've always seen Ai 愛 Koi 恋 and ren'ai 恋愛 used the same. Any help? Thanks! :)
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1answer
125 views

Difference between 着用する and 着る

As the title says, what is the difference between these two words? Do they both mean "to wear [clothes]"? When would it be appropriate to use one over the other?
4
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3answers
209 views

Word Choice: 咽喉 vs. 喉

http://jisho.org/word/%E5%92%BD%E5%96%89 http://jisho.org/word/%E5%96%89 I came across 咽喉【のど】 while reading. Jisho doesn't have「のど」listed as a reading of 咽喉, but it does have it under 喉. So now I'...
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1answer
252 views

concrete nouns and abstract nouns. いadj なadj

gday guys. Im looking at the nouns used in the いadj and なadj. I won't say this with 100% confidence - not by a long shot (n5𝘪𝘴𝘩 here). I'm noticing the nouns in the: *なadj are all like '...
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1answer
230 views

Difference between 沸騰する and 沸く

I don't really get the difference since the two of them seem to be translated as "boiling". Do we have to use them in different situations?
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2answers
325 views

U/RU verbs vs Noun+Suru verbs

When I learn new words in Japanese (using jisho.org), I often see a verb like for example "to drive" as 乗り回す and 運転する, "to study" as 学ぶ and 勉強する, "to understand" 分かる and 了解する, why ?? Why is there for ...
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1answer
299 views

When would you use 相互 as opposed to お互い?

I'm thinking the former is slightly more hard/archaic, and for written style japanese, where was the latter is more conversational? But they both seem to have the same meaning.
3
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2answers
274 views

What is the difference between 鋼{はがね} and 鋼鉄{こうてつ} (two ways to say “steel”)?

From Jisho.org, both 鋼{はがね} and 鋼鉄{こうてつ} mean steel. Are there any differences between them?
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2answers
312 views

Heuristics for identifying Japanese-origin words (和語)

Given a word and its reading, I'm interested in having it be automatically be identified as Japanese-origin (和語, but excluding 和製英語 and 和製漢語) or not. False negatives and positives aren't really a ...
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2answers
751 views

Difference between もっとも and 一番

When expressing a superlative meaning ("the most ..."), what is the difference between the usage of もっとも and 一番? (e.g. もっとも大きい vs. 一番大きい)
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1answer
567 views

What are the differences between 田{た}, 水田{すいでん}, and 田圃{たんぼ}?

Jisho indicates that all three of the words are common, and gives me the following definitions: 田{た}: rice field 水田{すいでん}: (water-filled) paddy field 田圃{たんぼ}: paddy field; farm Other than 田圃 ...
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2answers
7k views

Nuances in the word “smile”

So as the title indicates, I'm wondering about exactly what is the difference between all the existing words that mean "smile", I originally learned only 笑い, which I feel is the most regularly used ...
6
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4answers
957 views

「横断する」と「横切る」の違い

Could you explain the difference between 通りを横断する and 道路を横切る?
4
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1answer
170 views

汗をかくvs 発汗する - is there a difference?

Is there any difference between 汗をかく and 発汗する? Are there any subtle nuances between the two or is one more common than the other? I've checked WWWJDIC and I can't find any way to distinguish between ...
5
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2answers
860 views

終了 and 終わり, is there a difference?

I don't think this is a duplicate . . . So can someone tell me if there is a difference between the two? I know they both mean end, but are they interchangeable? I came across this sentence ...
11
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2answers
616 views

What is the difference between 石{いし}、岩{いわ} and 岩石{がんせき}?

I'm just a beginner. I think all of them meaning the same, rock. Can anyone explain it for me?
6
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2answers
696 views

What is the difference between [新規]{しんき} and [新]{あたら}しい?

What is the difference between [新規]{しんき} and [新]{あたら}しい? Both mean "new". What are the nuances here?
6
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2answers
2k views

How to tell if a word is Sino-Japanese or Yamato

How can I tell if a word is Sino-Japanese (漢語), or Yamato (和語)? An answer to How 「えい」 should be pronounced in the words like 英語, 先生, etc? talks about the pronunciation of Sino-Japanese words and ...