Questions tagged [wago-and-kango]

和語と漢語. The difference between a native-Japanese word (wago, yamato-kotoba) based on kun-reading and a Sino-Japanese word (Sino-loanwords, kango) based on on-reading. 和語 includes most i-adjectives and (u-/ru-) verbs. 漢語 includes most na-adjectives and suru-verbs.

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日(ひ) は大昔からdayの意味持っていたのか

日本は漢人に接触し漢字と漢語を輸入した前に大和言葉はもう存在していたから、きっとその時にもうdayを指す語はもうあった。現代の視点から見ると、和語のdayの意味の言葉は「日(ひ)」なんですけど(例えば その日、あの日、出会った日)、これも漢語の影響なんですか? 詳細に言うと、昔の大和言葉の一日を指す語は「日(か)」だったと思うのは正しいですか。一ヶ月の中の日付も(二日ふつか、三日みっか等)、暦(...
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What’s the difference between 時(とき) and 時間(じかん)

I’m very confused when to use which because they both mean “time” and if any of you could help me out it would mean a lot
レイー's user avatar
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What's the difference between saying "試験を受ける" and "試験を受験する"

Recently I asked a question on HiNative and said "試験を受けました" but a native Japanese speaker corrected it to "試験を受験しました". I'm positive I've seen someone say 試験を受ける before, so why did ...
Koll's user avatar
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Any significant difference between 比較する (hikaku suru) and 比べる (kuraberu) for meaning "compare"?

In a jdrama I'm watching (Kazoku Game, for those who're curious), a little boy tells his older brother "兄ちゃんと比較されなければもっと普通に生きられたんだよ!" (if I wasn't compared to nii-chan, I'd've been able to ...
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Difference between 接続 and つなぐ

In the context of connecting things, like a printer to a computer or a computer to the internet, is there a difference between these or are they interchangeable?
Velogirl's user avatar
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Is "bamboo grove" pronounced 竹林【ちくりん】 or 竹林【たけばやし】?

Is "bamboo grove" pronounced 竹林【ちくりん】 or 竹林【たけばやし】? I found some pages here https://www.weblio.jp/content/竹林#:~:text=竹林(たけばやし、ちくりん,、たかやぶ)とも言う。 https://zatugaku-gimonn.com/entry2020.html ......
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遠くに vs 遠方に for physical distance. Interchangeable in practice?

I thought I understood this but suddenly I felt confused looking at Jisho's example sentences. 私達は遠くに船を 見つけた。 We caught sight of a ship in the distance. 彼は遠方に船を見つけた。 He caught sight of a ship in the ...
usagimaru's user avatar
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Do 白雪{しらゆき} and 白雪{はくせつ} mean the exact same thing?

I always add context to my flashcards and use different sources to find suitable ones from high-quality bilingual dictionaries. Kenkyusha offer examples for 白雪{はくせつ} but not 白雪{しらゆき}. I know some ...
timseb's user avatar
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Express that something is trendy with 流行

Do these three sentences are right to express that something is trendy? What is the difference in meaning or nuances? 青色が流行になっている 青色が流行りになっている 青色が流行っている
Poulp's user avatar
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Understanding the Reading of 近道

Why is 近道 read/pronounced as ちかみち and not きんどう? My first assumption is that the word originated before the kanji was introduced, but I don't have this sort of information on tap.
wanwandrew's user avatar
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What is the difference between 努める and 努力する?

I don't understand the difference between 努める{つとめる} and 努力する{どりょくする}。 I encountered the two following sentences: ごみを少なくするように努める{つとめる}。I will try to reduce waste. テストで百点が取れるよう努力する{どりょくする}。I will try ...
blaoi's user avatar
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What is the difference between 新規 with 新しい and 新た?

I know 新しい{あたらしい} and 新た{あらた} and I understood that the latter is usually used in newspaper because it brings more politeness/formality. However, I encountered 新規{しんき} in a newspaper article: ...
blaoi's user avatar
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Difference between 生き物 and 生物

I had assumed that 生物 was just a fancier word for 生き物 in the way that onyomi compounds often are. But when I looked in the dictionary I became less sure. For 生物 I see: 動物・植物・微生物など生命をもつものの総称。 Animals, ...
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Strictly speaking, are 重箱読み and 湯桶読み mostly 漢語 or 和語, or 50-50?

Today in a comment on a Japanese forum I said: 日本語には主に「漢語」、「和語」、「外来語」三つの語彙体系があります。漢語というのは中国語から借用された語彙体系です。例:漢語、高校、勉強。 二文字の言葉はほとんど漢語です、カタカナ語がほとんど外来語のように。ファン:外来語。質問:漢語。分かる:和語。 Then someone said I was ...
Eddie Kal's user avatar
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What is the difference in usage between 港 and 港湾?

According to my dictionary, 港湾{こうわん} and 港{みなと} both means harbour. What is the difference between the usage of these two words ?
blaoi's user avatar
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Difference between 見つける and 発見する

I would like to know the difference between 見つける and 発見する Some partial answer has been given in: (~を)見つける means "to find ~~". Source: What is the difference between 見つける and 探す But I found ...
Makoto's user avatar
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What is the difference between 訪ねる and 訪問する?

I know the difference between 訪ねる and 訪れる, but I don't understand when 訪問する is used.
DarkMeowlord's user avatar
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634 views

Difference between 店{みせ} and 店{てん}舗{ぽ}

What is the difference between 店{みせ} and 店{てん}舗{ぽ}? Both mean shop?
Ernestas Gruodis's user avatar
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Is there any difference between 旅行者 and 旅人?

Is there any difference between the words 旅行者 and 旅人? Which one is more frequently used?
marcosprins's user avatar
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Native Japanese vocabulary, pure Wago/Yamato Kotoba

Can you still speak Japanese while avoiding to use most Chinese loan words? The native portion of the Japanese language is called Yamato Kotoba or Wago, but how fluent could you still be without the ...
unknown_person_1000's user avatar
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1 answer
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Should I use 無料 (muryou) or 只 (tada) for a free chatsite?

I have a free chatsite, and people ask me if there is a charge. Should I use muryou or tada? I want to indicate that my site is free. I see the term muryou written on free weekly magazines. Is the ...
Jack Bosma's user avatar
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使用して and 使って difference

what is the difference between these two terms.The actual use of them ? for eg. are トランジスタを使用して and トランジスタを使って same ?
Sam's user avatar
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What is the reading of 弓形?

The word 弓形 has three different readings which are きゅうけい, ゆみがた, and ゆみなり. Unfortunately, there does not seem to be much distinction between these three readings. Is this simply a case wherein all ...
Kai1212's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
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What is the difference between 山道【さんどう】 and 山道【やまみち】?

To provide context, I stumbled upon this new term for me when reading this sentence: 田舎の山道を車で走っていたら、突然サルが飛び出してきた。 I looked 山道 up in a dictionary and I saw there are two possible readings. さんどう and ...
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Did labialized consonants remain in Ryūkyūan?

The labialized velar consonants are rare even in historical Japanese; besides (possibly) one verb (kweru), they (kwa-, gwa-, kwe-, gwe-) occur only in some Sino-Japanese morphemes. In Japanese, they ...
Alexander Z.'s user avatar
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Do the terms 紅葉{こうよう} and 紅葉{もみじ} mean the same thing?

What is the difference between 紅葉{こうよう} and 紅葉{もみじ}? I want to chat about the autumn colors of leaves and I found these terms in Jisho. The definition reads only こうよう or only もみじ which is confusing ...
Jack Bosma's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
116 views

What is the difference between these sentences?

I was trying to write "Half of the population will die" in Google Translate. I wrote: 「人口の半分は死にます。」 But Google decided this was better: 「人口の半分が死亡します。」 Are these just different ways to write the ...
Ashes 7727's user avatar
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1 answer
973 views

Can さくじつ and きのう be used the same way?

Can さくじつ and きのう be used the same way? I know the terms mean yesterday. Thank you!
Jack Bosma's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
287 views

Difference between 絶滅, 消滅 and 滅ぶ

My vocabulary textbook lists the three following words: 滅び行く種族 Endangered species 種族の絶滅 The extinction of species 消滅した種族 Extinguished species (Hope the English translations are correct idioms, my ...
Right leg's user avatar
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How can I differentiate if a word is (either fully or preferentially) used for spoken or written language?

Sorry if this has been answered before, but I couldn't find it. I understand that when the on'yomi reading is used, this is associated with words with a more "literary" feeling or with written usage. ...
JPB's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is the difference between 「名前【なまえ】」 and 「名称【めいしょう】」?

I am learning the word 「名称【めいしょう】」. According to the dictionary, it means "name", but so does 「名前【なまえ】」. What are the differences in terms of meaning and usage between both words? I noticed that the ...
jarmanso7's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
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What is the difference between 限る and 限定する?

I'm pretty sure that there's a lot more you can do with 限る than there is with 限定する, (When I looked up 限る, I saw a lot of different usages, such as it meaning "is the best," or "nothing is better than,"...
Josh S's user avatar
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1 answer
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Romanizing doubled-up kango

I am reading some old prewar books that smush two kango together to create a complex noun, for example 伝説伝統 for "legends and traditions". An academic citation, by an author who I am finding a bit ...
Avery's user avatar
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2 votes
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左に曲がる/右に曲がる v/s 左折/右折

That's it, essentially. What differentiates these two ways to indicate a turn? So far, I had only heard 左に曲がる/右に曲がる, but recently I heard 左折/右折 in the GPS of a car. At first I thought that the latter ...
JPB's user avatar
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1 answer
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What's the origin of the title 親王?

As far as I know, prior to the adoption of the title "Emperor" in ancient China by Shihuangdi (who claimed to be the first 皇帝 (huangdi), from the titles of 8 ancient godly beings), 王 was the sole ...
Vun-Hugh Vaw's user avatar
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14 votes
4 answers
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貧しい【まずしい】 poor 貧乏【びんぼう】な poor What's the difference?

Example sentences do not suggest a big difference. Is there? 貧しい【まずしい】 poor 貧乏【びんぼう】な poor [貧乏]{びんぼう}だけれど[彼]{かれ}は[幸福]{こうふく}だ。 Poor as he is, he is happy. [貧]{まず}しいといえども[彼女]{かのじょ}は[幸]{しあわ}せだ。 Though ...
Ned Reif's user avatar
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Why is 'no smoking' 禁煙, whereas 'to smoke' is 吸う?

Why is 'no smoking' [禁煙]{きんえん} (lit. 'smoke is prohibited'), whereas 'to smoke' is [吸]{す}う (lit. 'to inhale (smoke)')? In English (and some other languages), the verb 'to smoke' is related to the noun ...
Mathieu Bouville's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
666 views

Difference between 帰宅{きたく}する and 帰{かえ}る

Is there any difference between 帰宅{きたく}する and 帰{かえ}る (return home) or are they just exact synonyms? For example, in that sentence from Tatoeba : 夜{よる}になったので、帰宅{きたく}した。 Can 帰宅{きたく}した be replaced ...
norbjd's user avatar
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2 answers
700 views

Is 年月 (months and years) read 【としつき】or【ねんげつ】and is there a difference?

Is 年月 (months and years) read 【としつき】or【ねんげつ】? Is there a difference? I found it in the following sentence in WWWJDIC: 年月が過ぎるのは早い。
Ned Reif's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
308 views

Difference between 反射(する) and 映る

I've been reading some Murakami and came across 反射(する) and 映る。I've never given them much thought other than that they mean reflection but I was wondering if there's some subtle nuance that I'm not ...
Samuel Bell's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
182 views

What's the difference between 時間がいる and 時間が必要?

In this thing I'm reading, I see the following sentence: 心の傷だって、治るには時間がいるでしょ The speaker is talking about a long standing problem that the protagonist has. It seems like it's 時間が要る, but is there ...
Ringil's user avatar
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0 answers
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Multiple words with same definition

I am seeing pairs of words with similar meanings (where one of the words has a single kanji and the other has two kanji). Examples include: 豊か、豊富 保つ、保存する 防ぐ、予防する Do these pair of words share the ...
Gengar's user avatar
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2 answers
424 views

Is there any difference between 速さand 速度?

From what I understood, both 速さ{はやさ} and 速度{そくど} means "speed". Some say that they are synonyms (just like speed and velocity in English), but I guess there is a nuance between them, isn't it ? 速さ{...
blaoi's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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Why are there very few non-する gairaigo verbs in Japanese?

I can think of many gairaigo noun + する verbs in Japanese, like ゴルフする, but I can think of only a handful of non-する verbs in Japanese, such as ググる (mentioned in Are there words which consist of katakana ...
Golden Cuy's user avatar
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3 votes
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difference between 血 and 血液?

Both mean blood according to my dictionary but what is the difference? If [血]{ち} by itself means blood, then why use [血液]{けつえき}? What is the difference in their usage?
diffusiondiver11's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
196 views

Can you use そうだ (appear, seem) with kango adjectival nouns?

Of course it is common to attach そうだ to na-adjectives or i-adjectives (高そうな車, 元気そうな人 etc), but it doesn't seem to be the case for kango words which can operate as either nouns or adjectives. For ...
kandyman's user avatar
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What is the proper way to use 初回?

How would you say, I saw that movie for the first time? Would you use 初回 or a different word like 第一回? What are the differences between using these words to describe the "first time" doing something ...
Keri Doogs's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
71 views

What is the difference between 織機(しょっき) and 機 (はた)?

Does 織機 mean the device, while 機 means the concept? Or maybe one of them is more formal than the other?
blaoi's user avatar
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5 votes
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What is the difference between 問い and 質問?

I found this explanation but I don't really understand it. 【1】「問い」は、単に尋ね聞くこと。 【2】「質問」は、広く一般的に疑問点を問う場合に用いる。教室や会議など公の場での問いに用いることが多いが、私的、個人的な場でも用いる。(source)
Jirei's user avatar
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What is the difference between 勝利 and 勝ち?

Both mean "victory" so I would like to know when is it more convenient to use 勝ち, and when shoud I use 勝利 ? Is one of them more polite ?
blaoi's user avatar
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