Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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1answer
72 views

I don't understand Genki1's explanation of using の after verbs [duplicate]

Can someone explain? I just don't quite understand it. Thanks.
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48 views

Linking two verbs --> 送り始める

I just stumbled across the following sentence: 来週から家庭に布のマスクを送り始める And was wondering what kind of construct this 送り始める is. 送り is no verb-ending known to me but looks like the stem of the -masu form (...
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Explanation of 「雪も降ってきて」

What does it mean to have も plus the て form and きて?A translation gives me “Now that it’s snowing...” so does するもしてきて mean “Now that it’s X...”? Or is there another meaning to it?
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114 views

Can「確立する」function as an intransitive verb?

Was casually browsing through the Wikipedia page on modern Japanese literature and came across this line that has been bugging me for a bit. For context, I've included a bit of the beginning of the ...
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1answer
123 views

Verb past tense [duplicate]

Why do some past tense ru verbs conjugate with た(食べた) and others with った(帰った)?
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123 views

A sentence's meaning

About the sentence 北海道では雪が降っています。 Does it mean: It is snowing in Hokkaido, or It is still going to be snowing in Hokkaido?
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102 views

what does the character say in this video?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RcR7Vr5Miv4&t=1m38s What I hear is something similar to "saa ute koi". The phrase is translated as "hit me!" . I know ute is "shoot!" I guess here it could be "hit ...
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301 views

“compound verbs” in the following sentences

I am confused about the 'double/compound verbs' when used in a sentence. For example in the following phrases... 自分をファーストネームで呼んでもらいたい... ルーカスさんが車でアパート探しに連れて行ってくれた。 ...
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317 views

「う」 for future tense

So, I looked up in a dictionary that the suffix「う」can indicate will. So, could this possibly indicate future tense? If so, is there a special case?
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542 views

Te form standing alone

If て form is used alone what can it mean? from what I've found on my own it can be a request similar to てください as well as a direct command, but are there other ways to use it alone besides to link two ...
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164 views

Understanding かなでたり

I was reading a page (http://kids.goo.ne.jp/shirabemono/detail.html?id=153), but I couldn't understand this phrase: 音楽は、音をきいたりかなでたりして楽しむものだね。 I understand the "tari form" (or whatever it is called)...
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infinitive verb form + よ

What is the effect of putting よ after an infinitive verb form? Example: 世界一のパティシエになりよ! Thanks in advance! ありがとうございます! ^^
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What does the verbal contraction/suffix -kkya or -kya at the end of a clause mean? [duplicate]

I seem to hear and read this construction often, but can't seem to find any information about it on Google (or other search engines), as well as other sites I've checked. I've tried several different ...
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Meaning of 融着 in metal plating

Context: production of a copper-plated stainless steel sheet (Cuめっきステンレス鋼板) What is the meaning of 融着 in the following sentence? 多重巻きパイプ造管時のロールとの摺動によるCuめっき層のはく離を抑制し、Cuめっき層同士を加熱により融着させる際に起こる未融着部(...
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merging 2 verbs such as 返す and 遅れる into 返し遅れる?

Merging two verbs into one is a common structure: 繰り返す、書き直す、思い出す、乗り換える、etc. sometimes the new verb mixes the meaning of the 2 verbs as well, sometimes not. What about merging 2 verbs into a new verb ...
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乗り換え verbal noun does not take -する, instead 乗り換える?

Is anyone able to explain why the verbal noun 乗り換え does not take -suru, but instead becomes 乗り換える? Cheers, Luke
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What do verbs missing their -る mean? [duplicate]

When I read a light novel, sometimes I see some weird verb that does not have る like it's supposed to. For example, I see 越え instead of 越える, or 抱え instead of 抱える. From the first page of 生徒会探偵キリカ: ...
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When asking if someone wants something. . .

Alright, so when asking if someone wants something do you always use ほしがっています? Specifically, I'm thinking when you're trying to communicate with someone that cannot communicate back what they want. (...
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What is the difference between the imperative forms of the -aru verbs?

What is the difference between these imperative forms: nas-ai nas-are nas-aimase nas-aimashi (As far as I understand these verb forms apply only to the honorific –aru verbs irassharu, ossharu, ...
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Help with Particles and Verb Form

I was watching the first episode of Terrace House and got confused at something at the beginning. 1"僕は筧さんがずっと一途に思われてたじゃないですか" 2"ああいうのとかが好きでした" In the show a presenter is asked if ...
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What means 手伝いのしているのですか

I find this in a manga I understand that is "help doing" but have some questions 1) している is the verb します? If is, in what form are? 2) the か at the end of the sentence means that is a question? 3) why ...
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Is this the correct way to identify Group 1 verbs?

From what I have been able to find I came up with this: Verbs ending in: える ける せる てる ねる へる める れる げる ぜる でる べる ぺる いる きる しる ちる にる ひる みる りる ぎる じる ぢる びる ぴる but not these verbs: かえる はしる きる いる はいる ...
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what kind/conjugation of verb is used in this pattern? [duplicate]

In this pattern: Vばいいのに. (literally, it would be good if you ~). What conjugation of verb should I use here? Is this correct: お腹空いた時、お食事を食べればいいのに。?
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Why are verbs written in kanji and kana combinations instead of all kanji?

All verbs are written in kanji and kana combinations, but I am not able to find the reason for them to be written in this way.
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2answers
117 views

Why this negative form ends in く?

This is the sentence: 彼は英語を勉強したことがなく、アルファベットさえ読めない I would write something like: 彼は英語を勉強したことがないのでアルファベットさえ読めない I understand that you don't necessarily need ので, but why does it terminate the negative ...
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I don't understand the meaning and “naran” in this sentence 早く日曜日にならんかな

I don't understand the meaning of ならん in this sentence: 早く日曜日にならんかな Does ならん come from ならぶ? Or come from なる? How it's conjugated? What's that ん in ならん...?
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How to express a verb acting upon another verb?

How would I express a verb acting upon another verb? For example, 'I love to dance', or 'I hate to fight!' Would you say: 喧嘩するを憎むよ 喧嘩してを憎むよ 喧嘩するのを憎むよ 喧嘩しを憎むよ Are any of these correct? If not, how ...
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Do all the meanings of 掛ける and 掛かる tally?

WWWJDIC does not tally their meanings of 掛ける and 掛かる so i find it hard for a beginner like me to properly learn these 2 words.. Do all these meanings of 掛ける and 掛かる tally: (is this list correct): 1a)...
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Difference between しゃべんだったら and しゃべったら?

I’ve stumbled upon the sentence しゃべんだったら, which was translated as “if you are talking”. I get it’s the past conditional, but then why wouldn’t you say しゃべったら or like why does it say んだった?
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Does this mean “thank you”?

I've just starting learning Japanese last week. And I'm playing a video game in Japanese. One of the characters said: "礼を言う" (rewoiu) just by itself. The English translation was "Thank ...
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The difference between の中で vs の中から

This comes from a previous previous question with what I find to be a confusing explanation. Generally, の中で is presented in all of the English language resources I could find to be an atomic thing ...
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The uses of verb + ん apart from simple negation

醜い浮世を 意地で生きるぞ 汗水たらし 身を削り ありつかん 尊くも儚き飯 Full lyrics here. This ugly world you need willpower to survive in; drenched in sweat and with lots of effort, that precious and fleeting meal is in sight ...
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meaning of “おくる” in this sentence [duplicate]

I just listened to 高気圧ガール by Tatsuro Yamashita and I came across 連れておくれ for the first time. So I was just wondering what role the おくれ part plays here. First verse for context: なめらかな白い 砂は 溜息の 照り返し ...
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Negative verb form vs Verb + ない stem + ぬ [duplicate]

What's the difference? For example: 気付かない vs 気付かぬ
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Usage of ある with animate things [duplicate]

I was going through some other uses of the verb ある and then, I came across the use of ある with animate object. Following are the statements of the book which I am referring to. If we indicate the ...
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I'm having trouble understanding what “開き直った、とも言いますが” means

I wish I could formulate this question in a better way because there's a million people on here who have posted similar "don't know what this means, please tell me" and I don't mean this to be low ...
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1answer
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Meaning of “仕掛ける機会”

I was reading something and I came across this sentence: それだって仕掛ける機会が得られなかったというだけで、殺しそのものを失敗したわけでも証拠を残したわけでもない。 My problem is that I don’t understand what 仕掛ける機会 means in this context. I know that ...
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What is the meaning of おちょくっとる? [duplicate]

This sentence here: "なっ… お前おちょくっとるのか!? I didn't understand おちょくっとる, is it a form of the verb おちょくる? What is the meaning in this sentence? Thanks.
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Explanation of でもあります? [duplicate]

I saw this in my Genki I book and I don’t quite understand how to use でもあります. Also, how would I say this informally? パットはアメリカ人でもある?
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Don't understand meaning of verb stem + ちぎれない

I'm playing a game and looking at an item description. But for the life of me I cannot find out what grammar concept is behind the bold portion of the description. I know the verb being used is 噛む (...
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1answer
108 views

Negative adjective 恐怖せず [duplicate]

恐怖せず I think it means “fearless”, but I don’t know the particle sezu. Is this old-fashioned?
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Can somebody give me the right pitch accent for the following verbal forms?

Can somebody give me the right pitch accent for the following verbal forms? As they are verbs, they should all be either accentless or accented on the penultimate syllable (although I am not sure how ...
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1answer
137 views

「~れば」 form for 「です」

A question came up recently that made me wonder how this form is for the verb です. I know that です has a ~たら form that is conjugated as だったら。But, does it have a ~れば form? Is it でれば? (I don't think so ...
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1answer
200 views

What does とした mean?

I've seen this question on Yahoo and couldn't figure out what とした exactly meant. デスノートの主人公、夜神月(ヤガミ・ライト)ですが、この名前、なかなか素敵でミステリアスで良いと思いますが、実際に自分の子供に「月(読み方はライト)」とした場合役所では、認めてもらえるのでしょうか?
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どうしてこの「が」は動詞に付いていますか。 [duplicate]

「手さぐり」という章を読んでいる最中、ややこしい助詞の用法にあいました。 (前略)  目の見えない人は手さぐりで歩む。一歩一歩が慎重である。謙虚である。そして一足歩むために全神経を集中する。これほど真剣な歩み方は、目の見える人にはちょっとあるまい。  人生で思わぬケガをしたくなければ、そして世の中でつまずきたくなければ、この歩み方を見習うがいい。 (後略) 「が」という助詞は、...
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31 views

How to differentiate potential form and passive voice for ru-verb? [duplicate]

The method for conjugation is exactly the same with replacement of る into られる
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0answers
88 views

What is the form of “売らん” in the sentence “ウランは売らん。”? [duplicate]

I'm not sure if "売らん" is acting as a verb in the dajare, "ウランは売らん。". If it is, please explain what conjugation or form of the verb that this is. If it isn't, can you tell me where "売らん" comes from and ...
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1answer
101 views

What is the difference between「働かせる」and 「使う」?

What is the difference between the two sentences? 「その特のなぞを解くに、自分の頭を働かせた。」 「その特のなぞを解くに、自分の頭を使った。」
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1answer
87 views

What verb form is the phrase '見上げたんだ' using? [duplicate]

From the song 'Nirvana' by Tia. I am currently working on translating this song as an exercise and I noticed that this phrase is different from the verb forms I already know. 見上げたんだ The meaning is ...
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2answers
260 views

What does “僕の分も君が振ってくれ。” mean?

The title is self explanatory. I don't seem to understand this sentence as a whole. Can somebody please explain this word by word for me? Also what form is "振ってくれ" in? "振る" in this context means "to ...