Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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982 views

Is 死ぬ the only verb ending in -ぬ? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Plain verbs that end with ぬ other than 死ぬ 死ぬ{しぬ} is the only verb that I know that is ending in -ぬ. So, are there any other verbs ending in -ぬ?
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Verb +「じ」pattern? [duplicate]

I read a book and I found verb pattern which I don't know meaning and how to used it. 「他に負けじと競争相手に対して対抗心を抱いて。」 How 負ける as a dictionary based pattern can be turned into 負けじ ?
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50 views

How to understand 「数えりゃ」in a song lyric [duplicate]

For a project for school (compulsory song research), I have chosen 緑黄色社会の『sabotage』 (time 1:48); a requirement is that I understand what is being said, so I proceeded with the translation process. I ...
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65 views

Why are there so many カ行、サ行、ラ行五段活用 verbs?

If you go into a dictionary like Weblio, and you look through their list of verbs, you'll see that each of the consonant 行s of 五段 are in separate categories. However, there are a ton of カ行、サ行、ラ行 verbs,...
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43 views

What does “でいる” mean? [duplicate]

I've heard the sentence "一人でいるのが好きです", meaning "I like to be alone". Is this a substitute of "です", could I for example say "学生でいるのが好きです"? If so, how is it different from "である"? Thanks in advance.
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235 views

ます Verb Stem + another verb grammar meaning?

I was practicing writing and got corrected by a few native speakers. They all had a correction in common where they took the ます Verb Stem and then just added a different verb on the back. What ...
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30 views

Can 終わる be used as a transitive verb? [duplicate]

I came across this sentence in my textbook (上級へのとびら): 電話を終わるあいさつ As far as I'm concerned, 終わる is an intransitive verb and as such, it can't be used with the particle を, but with が. The transitive ...
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45 views

Usage of とwhere it seems てshould be used [duplicate]

I recently started playing Pokémon: Let's Go, Eevee! in Japanese, and I have seen this grammar come up a few times. Most recently in the following dialog. この ポケモンジムは 閉まっとる To me it seems as if the ...
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130 views

が vs は for intransitive verbs

In my textbook it says that to say: There is a good restaurant in this building. the translation is: このたてものにいいレストランがあります。 However, why is が used and not は? Would は be indicating a contrast (...
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49 views

What form is 急がば in 急がば回れ? [duplicate]

What form is this. how do you use it and is it only used for proverbs? The closest I know for the verb Isogu is Isoganai or Isogeba, but not Isogaba.
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Making adverb form of verb + なります

I was reading an NHK article and came across this line: お金{かね}を払{はら}うとき「キャッシュレス」を利用{りよう}する人{ひと}が増{ふ}えて、現金{げんきん}をあまり使{つか}わなくなっているためです。 It comes after a line that says "This is the first time the ...
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72 views

ます form vs ています form to describe habitual actions [duplicate]

I know that ています basically means that the verb is in progress (-ing), but I don't understand why the form is used in these sentences. 私【わたし】はあの会社【かいしゃ】で働【はたら】いています。 姉【あね】は毎日【まいにち】ジョギングをしています。 Can ...
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54 views

Correct translation of sentence with できていません [duplicate]

I am confused with the use of できていません in sentence : 明日の宿題のレポートがまだ1枚もできていません When I checked the dictionary it shows that できる means CAN(DO)/ BE ABLE TO while ている is for present progressive so I ...
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63 views

What is the meaning and utility of the “Koto” in the end of these five Karate-Do Principles? [duplicate]

The Japanese martial art Karate-Do has five principles on conduct that should be pursued by its practitioners. In all books it comes with the koto at its end, just after the principal verb. I've read ...
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114 views

Sleeping verbs and まで vs までに

So I was wondering, pretty much all of the sleep related verbs switch meaning with まで and までに. Was it always like that? Or was there a time when 8時まで寝る meant "going to bed at 8"? Or take the even ...
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101 views

What is the meaning of はった when modifying a noun?

I found the following sample sentence in an Anki deck: 食い意地のはった少年は料理を全部たいらげた。 The greedy little child ate all the food. I am wondering what the function of はった is here. The meaning of the ...
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1answer
188 views

Help with a few sentences using 許す

I'm currently translating a chapter of a manga (SERVAMP) and I only have a few dialogues left to finish it and while I was helped by someone, some particular lines left us confused and we haven't ...
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299 views

How to express “play on guitar”?

I wanted to say the following: "I am trying to learn to play Mexican songs on the guitar." I know how to express try to, but I am not sure about the rest. Perhaps メキシカンな歌{うた}...
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2answers
272 views

I need help translating as I'm confused with word usage

I need some help with a bit of the Japanese-English translation I'm currently working on. Here is the full Japanese sentence: 返事をした女の子がこちらに近づき、僕の手にナイフを握{にぎ}らせる。 The following is the bit of what I ...
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1k views

Verb + shi vs verb + tari --> what's the difference? [duplicate]

After a verb, they both used to imply "...and other things" or "among other things". What's the difference between them? When is used one and not the other? Which is more common? Are they really more ...
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1answer
102 views

Concatenating two verbs to describe a noun

I would like to say "Alive animals that arrive to Europe" and my attempt would be something like ヨロッパに着く生きている動物が.." but it seems kinda wrong to concatenate the two verbs in that way. I'm not sure if ...
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106 views

Causative verbs: when does the doer take を or に? [duplicate]

父は わたしに/を 大学へ行かせました。 I'm confused about what particle I should put after わたし. When it is correct to put を (and に) after the doer in a sentence with a causative verb?
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113 views

When do i have to use yaru instead of suru [duplicate]

They are both "to do" and i know that やる is only used with phsysical actions, but i cannot say 想像やる because is not a phsysical action. And i also know that やる is also "to give" like 「プレゼントをやる」but i ...
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2answers
293 views

Verb (nai form) + れ or passive voice without ます/る?

I'm confused with unknown for me verb form, which I faced on two sentences in a row. It looks like Verb (nai form) + れ or passive voice without ます/る. The examples with the full context: 雲は流され ...
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33 views

What is the correct なさる masu form? [duplicate]

Im getting two different conjugations of なさる masu form from different sites some say なさります some say なさいます I know that the conjugation rule for godan verbs ending in る is to convert the る into り and ...
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34 views

Why can an intransitive verb 出る take an object? [duplicate]

Consider the following sentences: ボタンを押すとジュースが出ます。 6時に家を出て8時に帰ります。 I don't understand why the verb 出る which is an intransitive (as in the first example) can take an object (as in the second example)....
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What is the difference between 判{わか}る and 分{わ}かる? [duplicate]

Until now, I though the only verb for "to know" was 分かる. I saw the verb 判る used for the same meaning today. 判{わか}ってるから言{い}ったんだけどね。 I knew that. That's why I said it. (source) It has the same ...
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490 views

Forms and conjugation of Intransitive Verbs

Can Intransitive verbs be used in Meirei form, Volitional form, ください form and other forms? According to my knowledge, Intransitive verbs are just used to state facts. So these forms should not exist....
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126 views

Why is 燃える + ゴミ = burnable? But the verb is not in ta-form

I saw this in the book. 管理人{かんりにん}: 燃{も}える ごみは 月{げつ}・水{すい}・金{きん}の 朝{あさ} 出{だ}して ください。 I remember that If we want to use a verb as an adjective, we need to change a verb into the Ta-form, but this ...
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205 views

Is the function of this ある a pre-noun adjectival, or is it a verb that forms a relative clause?

I'm going over my previously done translations to see if any need further editing, and the following comes up. 背後{はいご}で聞{き}き覚{おぼ}えのある声{こえ}がして、思{おも}わず一歩後{いっぽあと}ずさってしまった。 I relearned yesterday that ...
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378 views

Two different polite forms of the conditional conjugation

I've noticed some dictionaries give two different results for the polite form of the conditional form, I'll use the verb 戦う for example. I am familiar with 戦いませば but not with 戦いますれば. Some ...
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Why is 探そう not 探しそう?

In a manga I am reading, I came across the following sentence. 注目集めてるな。早くミクを探そう。 The speaker just crashed on his skis and a crowd of people started to gather around, thus garnering a lot of attention ...
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163 views

Help translating a sentence with オレにあった

I'm having trouble translating this sentence (from the manga Banana Fish, if anyone knows that awesome series): もしオレにあったとしても… オレはそんなものほしいと思ったことは1度だってない!! The part I'm having trouble with is オレにあった, ...
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117 views

泣けばいいと思ってて綺麗事ばかりな主人公にイライラする。

The excerpt in the title of this question is a comment someone made about a manga I’m reading, ブラックジャックによろしく. I have two questions: ① What is the て preceding て綺麗事 for? Is it a typo to have two て like ...
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207 views

Is the verb 「できる」also transitive verb?

As I know, the verb can only be intransitive verb but when I found the following sentence, I'm not sure if it can be both types. Homeメニューや内蔵ソフトで、機能やソフトの追加があるときに本体の更新を行うと、本体を最新の状態にできます。 What does it ...
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129 views

Why is the verb 教える in this form? [closed]

In the sentence "スーさんは高校に英語を教えに行きます" listen here Why is the verb to teach like this: "教え". Instead of "教えり"? I thought that because it is a Godan verb ending in る it gets changed to り. I know it does ...
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123 views

Differences between いる and まつ

I understand what the verb まつ (wait) means fairly clearly but my book has no example of いる in a sentence and its definition seems to be similar except it uses が and に as particles for some reason? ...
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176 views

Why isn't the verb “to have” common in Japanese and how do people phrase things without using it?

In any previous language I have studied (mostly European languages), the verb "to have" is always one of the top 5 most common verbs alongside others like to be, to go, to come, etc. In Japanese, this ...
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2answers
118 views

Difference between : 今見える vs 見えてきた

Which one sounds more natural? I'm trying to learn when to use verb+くる but it's not that intuitive. It's very easy to understand the meaning, especially when it's なってくる but for some reason I find it ...
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2answers
132 views

したい思った ? What is this odd construct?

I have a Question -> Response exercise in my textbook. The context is a job interview at a convenience store. I think the meaning is "why do you want this job?" but the way the Japanese is worded ...
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99 views

How is し used as a verb in this sentence?

I found these two sentences in "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar" under に(purpose): 学生が質問をしに来た。 A student came to ask questions. そこへ何をしに行くんですか。For what are you going there? When I ...
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84 views

かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。

I see a book saying let and make are the meaning of せる. However, I see that "enable" is a synonym of let and make. So I wonder if these statements are similar, in the meaning of かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。 She ...
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930 views

What is the らせ form of a verb?

I'm trying to understand this: 賞品?おそらく!リナちゃん.....私の後ろの笑い声輝くん​がたくさんで黙らせ The last word, 黙らせ, is confusing. Is this a combination of different forms?
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62 views

Differences between 返る and 帰る

So, here's another nuances question: what are the differences between 返る and 帰る? Apparently, they have different "secondary" meanings, but are they interchangeable when referring to "...
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88 views

Potential form of 言う - 言える - an ichidan verb?

The potential form of the godan verb [言]{い}う is [言]{い}える. I searched [言]{い}える in an online dictionary today, but it listed [言]{い}える, the potential form, as an ichidan verb. It even gave a conjugation ...
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72 views

How can I express “wearing multiple clothings” in a sentence?

Linked はく and きる or just きる? ぼうしをかぶるじょせい。 ワンピスをきるじょせい。 How can I express in Japanese the combinations of above sentences, eg: "woman that is wearing hat and onepiece" or, "woman that ...
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107 views

Is it possible to attach になる to a verb

Is it possible to attach になる to a verb. For example: I got tired after table tennis ー 卓球やってから疲れ(て)‍になった I am not sure how to link 疲れる to になる. Is this not possible in Japanese?
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75 views

Full っている vs shorter ってる: slang or official tool

I know, that I can skip い in building continuous form of a verb. For example: 雪が降っている。 雪が降ってる。 are equal and mean: [It's snowing.] Question: how legal is it to skip い in case like this? ...
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305 views

What is the meaning of している in this sentence?

I know from looking at the title many of you are thinking "Frey, you should KNOW THIS by now." And to be honest I should, its just a matter of the more research I did only served to further confuse me....
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82 views

How do you translate 作ってみたら in 妹がチーズドックを作ってみたら兄がwwww?

It would seem to me the sentence says "little sister makes cheese dokku (whatever that food is) and .. big brother ... ? I can't understand 作ってみたら . Is みたら the tara conditional form of 見る? Is it ...