Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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5
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4answers
172 views

“i form” usage doubt

i've recently bought a japanese scroll, for decoration, with a famous quote from " the last samurai": 吐く息一つにも生命が宿り . but i think this is incorrect: in the film this was part of a speech, and there was ...
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2answers
326 views

Why あります instead of です in this sentence?

In the following sentence (from here), 北海道札幌市の円山動物園に、ミャンマーから来た3頭の象をみんなに見せるための広い場所と建物ができました。[...] 広さは5000m²以上あります。 I would have expected です instead of あります: 広さ = 5000m²以上.
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1answer
84 views

Following a train of thought

I was listening to an English conversation yesterday and had a question. The speaker was having a conversation, and then suddenly made a comment that didn't seem to relate to the previous topic. I ...
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2answers
393 views

What is the etymology of モテる?

Where does モテ come from? モテる to be popular with opposite sex.
2
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1answer
208 views

Meaning of 前を歩いてた人

Context: in the manga りくどう, a girl named Naeshiro is thinking over the friendship between her boyfriend Riku and a boy named Mihara. Both of them are boxers, but Mihara is older than Riku and is ...
2
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2answers
166 views

Is there a rough variant of 飲む{のむ}?

Just as there are so-called rough synonyms for 食べる{たべる}, namely, 食う{くう}, 食らう{くらう} and 食む{はむ}, to represent eating with different nuance, are there any known variants of 飲む{のむ} for drinking?
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0answers
107 views

Sleeping verbs and まで vs までに

So I was wondering, pretty much all of the sleep related verbs switch meaning with まで and までに. Was it always like that? Or was there a time when 8時まで寝る meant "going to bed at 8"? Or take the even ...
7
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1answer
562 views

How would you say “I like to go bowling” and other suru verbs?

I would like to learn how to say "I like to go bowling" rather than "I like bowling." That is, I want to emphasize that I like to do it, rather than that I like the sport in general. I believe 「...
0
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1answer
111 views

Can「確立する」function as an intransitive verb?

Was casually browsing through the Wikipedia page on modern Japanese literature and came across this line that has been bugging me for a bit. For context, I've included a bit of the beginning of the ...
3
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2answers
197 views

Meaning of the construction ~て〇〇年/〇〇か月になります

I saw the construction ~て〇〇年/〇〇か月になります and it looks strange to me. Here is my question: does this construction mean that the action continues until now? For example: この 会社に 入って 10 年に なります。 My ...
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3answers
335 views

Meaning of 寒くなる vs. 寒くなっています

Today it crossed my mind how I could translate this, and some confusion arose with the verbal forms to use. If I wanted to say "I got cold", I would say 寒くなった However, for "I'm getting cold", I ...
3
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2answers
139 views

Difference between 泊まる and 留まる [duplicate]

I'm just studying Japanese, and i know that 泊まる is like you Staying a night like hotel / some place that temporary , but i just found 留まる is also meaning stay/staying too in Basic Kanji book , but i ...
2
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2answers
196 views

Confused on verb conjuation U-verbs ru-verbs or godan ones?

I am doing japaneese N5 lessons for second time and I get REALLY confused. As far as I know there are 3 categories of verbs: Irregular verbs Ichidan verbs Godan verbs But the sensei tells us that ...
2
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1answer
102 views

Verb form before そうです

今、新しい仕事を探しているみたいですよ。奥さんとも離婚するそうですよ。 I'd say 離婚しているそうですよ. Why is the form する used here? If he has already got divorced, perhaps, it's better to say 離婚したそうですよ. Does this make sense?
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1answer
220 views

Meaning of「残るは」in a sentence

Came across this sentence in a memoir and I have a grammar question about it. For context, a person is thinking about someone sleeping nearby: さっき声をかけてきたヤツは当分寝ないだろ。残るは寝ているか寝ていないかわからない隣の隣。 ...
2
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1answer
86 views

What is grammar of strange form of やめる verb like “やめたくなったら”?

I found the word やめたくなったら. I think it's a conditional past form of やめる. Or maybe it's やめた conjugated with なったら (conditional form of なる). But the く in the middle distracts me: I can't find this form in ...
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1answer
80 views

乗り換え verbal noun does not take -する, instead 乗り換える?

Is anyone able to explain why the verbal noun 乗り換え does not take -suru, but instead becomes 乗り換える? Cheers, Luke
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2answers
153 views

「彼は瞳をキラキラさせながら言った。」 Why させながら, and not しながら?

彼は瞳をキラキラさせながら言った。 I think that it is "He said with shining eyes", but what's a word "させ"? Why "させ+ながら", and not "しながら"?
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1answer
1k views

How to say “to work for”

I would like to say "I work for" company X. I have found two ways of saying that: 仕える -> company-name に仕える 勤める -> company-name に勤める But I can't find which one is correct or where to correctly use ...
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1answer
247 views

Why are there very few non-する gairaigo verbs in Japanese?

I can think of many gairaigo noun + する verbs in Japanese, like ゴルフする, but I can think of only a handful of non-する verbs in Japanese, such as ググる (mentioned in Are there words which consist of katakana ...
4
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1answer
104 views

How to write a sentence with several verbs associated to different objects?

I have searched the internet for help on using several verbs in one sentence when they are connected with different objects and performed by different people, but every search comes back with an ...
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1answer
138 views

「を」Vてある - Typo or actual construction?

Seen in the introduction to a book entitled 日本語文法ハンドブック, so it would greatly surprise me if it's a typo. Each section in the book is broken into parts and one is entitled "これだけは", being described ...
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1answer
434 views

When I need to say “I develop software” in Japanese which verb is the appropriate one?

I want to say "I develop software" in Japanese so I thought that I should use the verb する. But I can also say "I write software" and use the verb かく. So which of the following sentences is the correct ...
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0answers
74 views

How to wear clothes? [duplicate]

There are several Japanese verbs for 'to wear', depending on the kind of clothes. What if one wears several? What is 'wear' if 'I wear a shirt, pants, glasses and a hat'? Does one of かぶる, 着る, 履く and ...
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1answer
144 views

The particle へ in 山へ面している

tl;dr: Should へ be replaced with に here? I was reading Imabi and found the following example: 小屋は山へ面している。 As far as I know, へ is used with motion verbs especially when transition from one (...
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1answer
130 views

Use of 当たる in this sentence

Character A and B (A's coach) discuss C (A's opponent), who is known for having an amazing defense. Then C joins in and positively talks with B about A's potential. Then C drops this line: ...
4
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2answers
189 views

Metaphorical meaning of 買う

Context: in the manga Rikudou, Riku follows his trainer risky instructions in order to win (the trainer had told him to take a lot of punches in order to understand his opponent's fighting style). ...
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1answer
152 views

Unsure of meaning for sentence found in article about an automatic train test

I'm reading this article and there is a sentence towards the end that looks like this 自動で走る電車の研究は、JR東日本が将来働く人が足りなくなると考えて始めました I'm not entirely sure about the meaning of this sentence as I could ...
2
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1answer
379 views

Why we should use “を” instead of “に” when talking about a place?

I have a question regarding this sentence: かのじょといっしょにこうえんをさんぽします。 If the "を" marks a direct object of a sentance, why we use it the way it looks above. Could we use here "に" instead of "を"? ...
2
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2answers
122 views

Verb woes; two or three questions

I'm working on a translation and there's this one line I can get through but can't get a handle on. こんなヤツに負けおって いままで何のために練習 してきたと思っておる! Problem 1 is that I can't figure out if this is one sentence ...
4
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1answer
124 views

Grammaticality of two kanji verbs without their conjugating part

A friend told me he's going to get a tattoo with "頑張". 頑張 doesn't exist on the dictionary without its -る conjugating part, so is it grammatically correct using it alone, as if it was a noun? Does it ...
2
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1answer
103 views

Can an adjective come after a verb?

I was trying to say "I write slow". I figured it would be: おそい(が)かく。 But a native speaker didn't understand me and said it was: かくのがおそい。 Now I understand how の after a verb makes it a noun, ...
1
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1answer
95 views

follow up on: Can ような mean “To make”?

a follow up on: Can ような mean "To make"? X は仰け反り、聞いてるこちらが悲しくなるような悲鳴を上げた。 X shrieked in a way that made me become sorrowful Person talking to the speaker was singing before ...
3
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1answer
134 views

Difference between “じゃない” and “ない”

I would like to ask what is the difference between "じゃない" and "ない"? I know that "ない" is an i-adjective (info from dictionary). But we have a sentence for example: 近くも遠くもないです。 Can we say: ...
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1answer
121 views

Verb past tense [duplicate]

Why do some past tense ru verbs conjugate with た(食べた) and others with った(帰った)?
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2answers
119 views

What is the correct verb for “packing up?”

I am not sure what verb I would use for "packing up" (e.g. Packing clothes into a suitcase). Would I use the verb 詰める {つめる}, which is "to stuff into?"
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1answer
158 views

What does te form of verbs mean in these two sentences?

犬は雪の中を走ってボールを取りに行く。 時間がありまして、映画を見ました。 Are the grammar in these two the same? If yes, why is there a comma in the second one and not in the first one?
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1answer
140 views

Difference between 会う and 集まる

I don't know exactly the difference between those two? What are the most commons use for those ones? For example, what are the difference between these sentences? 友達に会った 友達に集まった
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2answers
649 views

「んだって」と「って」どう違いますか。

例えば「彼が結婚してるんだって」と「彼が結婚してるって」どう違いますか。
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2answers
3k views

Auxiliary verbs in Japanese

What are auxiliary verbs in Japanese language? Which verbs are auxiliary and how to tell which are auxiliaries, and which are normal? It looks like the word です is an auxiliary verb. But why? What ...
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1answer
186 views

How to use 生かす to express “you'll do your best”?

I have to answer the question "日本には「好きこそものの上手なれ」という 諺 がありますが、どんな意味だと思いますか。" using 生かす and my idea is to answer that if you are interested in something, you'll do your best. I started writing "...
5
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2answers
188 views

Trouble with the ambiguous verb 控える

I don't know how to differentiate between these 2 meanings of 控える: 〔止める,見合わせる〕 勝手な発言は控えてください Please refrain from speaking without permission. 〔少なめにする〕塩分を控えなさい Cut down on your intake of ...
4
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1answer
214 views

Verb after な-adjective, is it necessary to complete the sentence?

I read somewhere that 形容動詞 are a special subclass of nouns. Contrarily 形容詞, the い adjectives, are actually a lot more similar to verbs. During the time that I have been learning Japanese language (...
3
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2answers
234 views

Meaning of 瞳だけはぶっ飛ばない

Context: in a gym, a boxer attacks another boxer saying that he was provoking him with his eyes. After punching him, he thinks: 瞳だけはぶっ飛ばねーでやんの 甘ちゃんのクセに 人殴って拳が潤わなかったなんて ねーのに…… What is the ...
3
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1answer
79 views

Meaning of 掃き溜める

Context: a boxer is telling another one that he is too weak to participate in a tournament. 潰し合いさせられるトーナメントに浮かれてんの出場者ん中でお前だけだぞ?掃き溜められたコトにムカつくけどよ… お前みてェな甘ちゃんと肩並ばされんのはもっとハラが立つ。 Looking in the ...
4
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1answer
134 views

What does this 数えてみたら mean?

The following sentence is from this article on NHK Web特集 数えてみたら、息子と一緒に過ごせる時間がとても限られていることに気がつきました。 My attempt at translation: When one tries to count it, they took care that the time shared with ...
4
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2answers
290 views

Meaning of しっかり頑張ってこい

I would like to know what しっかり頑張ってこい means and if it has any difference (any extra nuance) with がんばって. Also: Why is こい (command form of くる) used? In which situation do you use this expression?
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2answers
230 views

Is there a name for verbs written as: Katakana+る?

The number of verbs that have the pattern KATAKANA + る seems to be increasing. Some examples include ググる, ダブる, トラブる, バグる, パニクる, etc. Is there some kind of official name (or even informal name) for ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

「あまもり」と一段動詞「もれる」

天井などに欠陥があって,あめがふったときなどに,みずがもれだしてくることは「あまもり」といいます.しかし,この語の後半「もり」と関係があるとおもわれる動詞「もれる」は一段活用です.その連用形を名詞としてもちいているのだとすれば「もれ」でなくてはなりません.このことから,かつては,「もれる」とおなじ意味の「もる」という五段動詞があったのではないかとおもいたくなります....
5
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0answers
122 views

repeated verb in 雪が降りに降っていました [duplicate]

I have recently encountered this construction: 雪{ゆき}が降{ふ}りに降{ふ}っていました Someone translated it as "The snow was falling in waves." After some research, I discovered similar constructions with ...

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