Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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4
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1answer
85 views

Use of の in article about beetle

I was reading this article and there are a couple of spots that I don't understand when it comes the grammar. 専門家は「雄と雌の体を持ったカブトムシが生きているところを見たのは初めてです」と話しています。 Roughly: The specialist said 'It is ...
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1answer
86 views

Which is the main meaning of 与える? [duplicate]

I would like to know which is the main meaning of the verb 与える ? According to the dictionary it means several things: "give", "feed", "bestow", "set homework", "harm". Are all these actions frequently ...
0
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1answer
114 views

What do verbs missing their -る mean? [duplicate]

When I read a light novel, sometimes I see some weird verb that does not have る like it's supposed to. For example, I see 越え instead of 越える, or 抱え instead of 抱える. From the first page of 生徒会探偵キリカ: ...
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1answer
74 views

Meaning of いいようにしなさい

Someone did tell me this: 龍ちゃんの、いいようにしなさい。 However, how is it actually translated? Could it be: It's alright if it's Ryu's I don't mind if it's Ryu's Thank you
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2answers
457 views

Japanese phrase for “Eyes wide open in surprise”

So I'm a bit confused because I'm still learning Japanese, and I have learned there are shortened words or small phrases that take a lot more to say in English, so I was wondering if there is an ...
0
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1answer
98 views

What is the difference between「働かせる」and 「使う」?

What is the difference between the two sentences? 「その特のなぞを解くに、自分の頭を働かせた。」 「その特のなぞを解くに、自分の頭を使った。」
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2answers
184 views

Nが好き vs Vのが好き what form should be used?

Some nouns can be converted to verbs with する I'm wondering which form should be used in cases like that? Or is it same as in English and can be easily swapped? 旅行するのが好きです 旅行が好きです Also is ...
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2answers
97 views

Differences between いる and まつ

I understand what the verb まつ (wait) means fairly clearly but my book has no example of いる in a sentence and its definition seems to be similar except it uses が and に as particles for some reason? ...
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1answer
402 views

How do you say “ 14 days left and will finish the vacation ”?

I'm a little bit confused , I tried to find a good answer of how to say 2 days left +verb like 2 days left and will start dieting or 2 minutes left and will be ready or 14 days left and will ...
2
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2answers
70 views

Having trouble parsing out 「私は今までの私ではない」

I've been struggling with the possessive and the statement of existence in the following phrase: 私は今までの私ではない The easy part is "I am until now"...but then I get stuck on 「の私ではない」. By itself, I ...
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1answer
97 views

The verb after conjugation in たり compound sentence, is still a verb? And if so, why is it despite する being the verb?

雨の日は滑ったり、転んだりする。 If する is the verb, then what is the role of the 転んだり in the grammatical sense? I understand that it is a verb which is transformed into 転んだり in a compound sentence but is it still ...
2
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1answer
60 views

Meaning of 徹している in this sentence

After watching a boxing match, a spectator says about the winner: 相手にボクシングをさせないように自分の全てを発揮してる… 勝つための〝確実さ〟に徹している 徹す seems to have so many meanings that I don't know how to interpret it here. First ...
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3answers
230 views

How to translate 'She was made to make him give me the book'?

How to translate 'She was made to make him give me the book'? (as in: 'someone made her make him give me the book.') Can I translate it to: Kanojo wa watasi-ni kare-ni hon-o kure-sase-sase-rare-ta. ...
4
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2answers
231 views

She said she thought he was handsome

How do you translate "She said she thought he was handsome" into Japanese? I wonder whether it might be 「彼女は彼はハンサムだと思うと言いました。」, but I am not sure whether I should use 思う or 思っている in this context.
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Meaning of 重なる in this sentence

Context: a young criminal is not a member of a yakuza clan (半グレ) but he is happy to be their dogsbody (使いっぱしり). After he kills a member of an enemy yakuza clan, a member of the clan he works for ...
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4answers
154 views

あ、バス、(a. 行かないと b. 行っちゃった)。How come answer a is not right?

I am currently preparing for the N3 with the 日本語総まとめ books and one question confuses me: あ、バス、(a. 行かないと b. 行っちゃった)。 Supposedly, a. is wrong while b. is correct. But doesn't a. sound more ...
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1answer
222 views

How to express “play on guitar”?

I wanted to say the following: "I am trying to learn to play Mexican songs on the guitar." I know how to express try to, but I am not sure about the rest. Perhaps メキシカンな歌{うた}...
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1answer
107 views

What is the meaning of 「れど」 in the waka poem title 「忍ぶれど」?

「忍ぶれど」 is the title of Taira no Kanemori's waka poem in Ogura Hyakunin Isshu and I'd like to know the translation of this title in English. I already looked up the meanings and 「忍ぶ」 means to ...
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1answer
131 views

Is omou transitive verb or intransitive? [duplicate]

I learned that it's transitive from a dictionary but i can't see any "を" before the word 思うthat's why I'm not completely convinced that it's transitive. Is it intransitive or is there exceptions?
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1answer
106 views

meaning of 振り回す in this context (referred to a person)

Context: summer vacation started and a boy is thinking of asking her crush to spend some time with him, but when he checks his phone he notices that she has not replied to his texts yet. He gets ...
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1answer
136 views

Is 二人の顔はそっくりだ a possible way to say “Both of their faces look the same”?

This is my attempt at translating the sentence "Both of their faces look the same": 二人の顔はそっくりだ Does it make sense or is it completely wrong?
7
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1answer
148 views

What does the へさうな mean in “逢へさうな”

I've come across this phrase (逢へさうな) and don't really understand what's going on grammatically. It's in the context of haiku poetry, I'm assuming the kanji reading is just "a" as in "逢う", but I can't ...
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1answer
121 views

Differences between 出発する and 出る

Both mean "to leave" but when do you use one instead of another ? Does 出発する implies "leaving and go on a trip" ? Or maybe is one more formal than the other ?
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2answers
877 views

Does the verb 表紙する exist?

After looking on an online dictionary I figured out that we can add する to 表紙 meaning "To appear on the cover". However, after talking with a native Japanese speaker, she told me that this verb doesn't ...
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1answer
501 views

Meaning of かまって in the following title

At the end of each tankōbon, the manga DEAD Tube has always an extra page with a funny drawing/short story. Every time it has a different title. In the volume in question the title of the extra page ...
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1answer
207 views

What are the differences between 落{お}とす, 失{うしな}う and 無{な}くす?

The first verb I learned to mean "to drop" was 落{お}とす (otosu) as the transitive form of the verb 落{お}ちる (ochiru) (which means "to fall"). But recently I met the verb 失{うしな}う (ushinau) which according ...
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1answer
169 views

Why isn't the verb “to have” common in Japanese and how do people phrase things without using it?

In any previous language I have studied (mostly European languages), the verb "to have" is always one of the top 5 most common verbs alongside others like to be, to go, to come, etc. In Japanese, this ...
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1answer
105 views

How to combine the honourific conjugation and て form?

I was trying to use combined verbs like 忘れてしまう, 連れて行く or 持ってくる with the honourific conjugation お stem になる. What is the correct way to use that conjugation with these types of verbs?
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1answer
815 views

When asking if someone wants something. . .

Alright, so when asking if someone wants something do you always use ほしがっています? Specifically, I'm thinking when you're trying to communicate with someone that cannot communicate back what they want. (...
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1answer
134 views

Is 結晶 a verb and a noun?

I've seen it being used as a noun for 'crystals' in a game and it's also been used as a verb in the form of 'Kesshou!(crystallize!)' for a superhero transformation call in Spielban. Is simply saying ...
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1answer
85 views

Is the couple 解ける / 溶ける related to the English solve/ dissolve?

I've noticed that 解ける which means 'to be solved' and 溶ける, 'to dissolve' are pronounced the same way. Furthermore the second one can be written using the kanji of the first one. That relation between ...
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1answer
117 views

What do these sentences mean? And why are there no verbs at the end?

To be more specific, they have no verb at the end so it kinda seems incomplete. Also, I do know that verbs can modify nouns when placed before them. 自分を世界さえも変えてしまえそうな瞬間は何時も直ぐそばに。 and the second ...
2
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1answer
105 views

Can someone please explain the に particle in this sentence: 'そして急ぐ君の目に焼き付いてはなれない'?

I have 2 question really: What is the に particle's job in this sentence?, And when I put this sentence on Jisho.org it identifies 焼き付いてはなれない as 2 verbs, is it true?.
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2answers
494 views

Is 寝る a stative or active verb?

Looking at past questions I am still confused with the answers given: The answer to this post suggests that 寝る is a continuation of some state. 昨日も全然寝てない。 Yesterday I didn't sleep at all. ...
2
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2answers
105 views

Confused when determining the correct subject with 思います [duplicate]

I met the following sentence : あなたのお母さんは私が好きじゃないと思います I think your mother doesn't like me. As far I can tell, あなたのお母さん is the subject or topic marker of the sentence. But at the end of the ...
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3answers
219 views

How do you differentiate between “I have” and “There is”?

My confusion surfaced when I came across a song named 「君がいるから」which I could either interpret as "Because you are mine." or "Because you are here." Is there a different way to say "You are mine" in ...
2
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1answer
133 views

Question about verb 「ひっこんでろい」

Here is the full sentence said by a young boxer to draw his coach out of the boxing ring. へっぽこセコンドはひっこんでろいっ If it is imperative form, I would like to know the grammatical difference between this ...
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2answers
223 views

What does the verb after なくちゃ or なくては mean?

If なくちゃ is followed by another verb, is it read as "you must do X or else Y will happen" or "you must do X and then Y will happen"? Example: In this sentence (from よだかの星): おまえは、曇ってうすぐらい日か、夜でなくちゃ、...
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2answers
1k views

What is the Japanese verb for “to flex” (one's muscles)?

I would like to know the Japanese verb for "to flex", but I haven't found much information and the few dictionary options I have found are a bit unclear to my understanding so I think that some people ...
0
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1answer
86 views

How does adding んで to verb stem change it

For example 学 - 学んで & 死 ー 死んで
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1answer
114 views

Can いそぐ be used transitively, as in べんきょうをいそぎます?

Is べんきょうをいそぎます。 a proper sentence construction? Are there others way to use いそぎます in a sentence?
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2answers
867 views

What conjugation of what word is 出なく?

牛からミルクが出なくなって I'm having trouble working out the conjugation of the bold characters. I assume that なって is the -te/connective form of なる... but what the heck is 出なく? Logic tells me it should be some ...
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3answers
320 views

Use of 掛ける vs する for 眼鏡 or サングラス

Which is more common in spoken Japanese? 眼鏡【めがね】を掛ける【かける】or 眼鏡をする? I've heard both verbs used, which is why I'm curious. Would the answer be different if it's サングラス instead?
5
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2answers
643 views

Difference between 〜に限らない and 〜に限られていない?

I'm a bit puzzled by the use of 〜に限らない vs 〜に限られていない. Here are example sentences from a textbook: 日本語を勉強している学生は、日本語専攻に限りません。 最近、プロの相撲の力士は日本人に限られていない。 These both mean "not limited to", and ...
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1answer
395 views

Difference between aruku, arukimasu and arukimasen and such

Kinda new to this and i'm confused regarding verb variations such as this. From what I understand aruku and arukimasu are the same just the latter is more polite while arukimasen is more the opposite ...
5
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1answer
270 views

Patterns (and exceptions) for 自動詞 - 他動詞 pairs

As a 3rd year student of Japanese, I don't have all that wide a vocabulary yet, but have noticed that, typically, the following patterns are observable in terms of the word endings for transitive-...
3
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0answers
62 views

Why is this verb in -masu stem form? [duplicate]

太陽が強く照らすから川の水がもうすぐ無くなりそうだ。 Can anyone explain for me why the verb in bold is in -masu stem form and not fully conjugated? (it's a sentence from a graded reader) conjugation of the verb: https://www....
2
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1answer
144 views

V + n-janai vs -ne vs -n-desu-ne

What's the difference between these 3 forms of a verb: 1) 勝てるんじゃない 2) 勝てるね 3) 勝てるんですね ?
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1answer
174 views

Presumptive form and 居ろう

I have a couple of questions about the presumptive form. 「それは誰が定めたの?」 「フュシィアに決まって居ろう。」 Above are some lines from a game that got me pondering about this: Am I correct in that the V+おう form could ...
3
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1answer
109 views

Why the ta-form is used here?

The sentence: "息子は一年浪人しました。" The translation provided(I don't know if this translation is really correct though) :"My son failed his university exams so he's retaking them in a year."