Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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2answers
85 views

When to use verb ます vs plain form

I have come across the two following sentences: 遊ぶことは犯罪です | Playing is a crime 遊びは終わりだ。 | Fun and games are over (lit. playing is ending) Why is 遊ぶ in plain/dictionary form in the first, and then ます ...
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124 views

話します vs 話しています in a News Article

国は「中止していた特定技能の試験を外国でいつ始めることができるか考えたいと思います」と話しています。 Source: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10012450361000/k10012450361000.html At the end, the sentence says: 話しています but I don’t get why the ...
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Difference between 聞こえる and 聞かれる / 見える and 見られる

I came across this problem when I was studying, and I couldn't really understand the difference between using the passive form of 聞く or 見る and using the verbs 聞こえる and 見える, considering that, in my ...
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1answer
122 views

How was 出さず conjugated from 出す?

When I was sentence mining, I found the following sentence: 自分の名前も顔も出さず ただ傷つけるためだけに Could someone explain how 出さず was conjugated from 出す?
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Newspaper sentence translation and interpretation [closed]

I would like to know if my translation of the sentence below is accurate in meaning. If not, could you point out the problematic area? Simply pointing out where I went wrong would be great. No need to ...
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132 views

「見つかりません」v.s.「見つけません」

In my Japanese textbook, there’s a fill-in-the-blank question (and here I will modify it into a multiple-choice question for better comparison and contrast): さっきから携帯電話を探しているのですが、 A. 見つかりません。 B. ...
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138 views

What's the difference between 解凍(する) and 溶ける

I was studying some new words when I encountered 解凍 which can mean "melt". This reminded me of 溶ける. How do these words differ? In the case of ice melting, both can be used right? How about chocolate ...
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泣けばいいと思ってて綺麗事ばかりな主人公にイライラする。

The excerpt in the title of this question is a comment someone made about a manga I’m reading, ブラックジャックによろしく. I have two questions: ① What is the て preceding て綺麗事 for? Is it a typo to have two て like ...
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なく after a verb, what are the uses?

夕暮れで 二人 少しずつ見えなくなっていって In this case I suppose it 見えなく(invisible) + 成っていって(becoming). But in this case below how would it work? サヨナラ 会えなくなったって 僕らは続きがあるから
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I don't understand Genki1's explanation of using の after verbs [duplicate]

Can someone explain? I just don't quite understand it. Thanks.
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115 views

'I will GO to (verb)' vs. 'I will (verb)'

In sentences like 2時ごろ子どもを迎えに行きます。I will go to meet/greet my child around 2 O'clock. Is the sentence structure of verb(Stem form)に行く/来る/帰る, ever strictly necessary? Or following the example, ...
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1answer
83 views

Can the auxiliary verb Vteみる along with Vteいる i.e. Vteみている make the imperfect verb into a perfect verb

I just got a hang of Vteいる form, and was studying Vteみる and I wanted to ask whether, the Vteみる form causes the imperfect verb to become perfect (for that purposes). Background of the concept ている: ...
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129 views

Why is the verb 教える in this form? [closed]

In the sentence "スーさんは高校に英語を教えに行きます" listen here Why is the verb to teach like this: "教え". Instead of "教えり"? I thought that because it is a Godan verb ending in る it gets changed to り. I know it does ...
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Usage of ある with animate things [duplicate]

I was going through some other uses of the verb ある and then, I came across the use of ある with animate object. Following are the statements of the book which I am referring to. If we indicate the ...
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255 views

Difference between です and をする in the following passage

I just came across this sentence while studying verb する 山田さんは英語の先生をしている - (As per the book it translated to " Yamada-san is an English Teacher) My question is why did not we use です instead of する and ...
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1answer
59 views

Difference between 怒鳴る and 怒鳴りつける

Jisho says 怒鳴る is an intransitive verb and that 怒鳴りつける is transitive. But I have come across the following phrases: 止めようとしても母親は自分を怒鳴りつけるだけでした。 彼女は私を怒鳴った。 If Jisho is really right, why "私を怒鳴った” and ...
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130 views

How do you describe or specify a person with verbs? (convert verbs to adjectives)

How do you describe or specify a specific target person by their current verb in action? Or perhaps more simply, how do you use a verb as an adjective? Here are some examples: The man wearing a hat ...
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What is the meaning of できる in 「影{かげ}がどこにできる」?

The context is the following: 日時計{ひどけい}は太陽{たいよう}の位置{いち}が変{か}わるのを利用{りよう}して、影{かげ}がどこにできるかで時間{じかん}が分{わ}かる時計{とけい}です。 My best guess is that できる takes the meaning of growing, as the place where the ...
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1answer
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Verb with association with single verbs

I often see the same verbs used in different forms, for example: 取り受けます and 取ります. Both verbs mean to accept. In general 取り受けます means to take and accept. Like this example, there are a lot of verbs ...
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276 views

Why is the potential form of 滑る 滑れる and not 滑られる?

For る-verbs we usually drop る and replace it with られる but I noticed this exception?
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ないと attached to a verb

I know that 頑張らないと would mean "I have to work hard" (as if I am forced to work hard). What if I see someone (my friend) working hard and I am motivated to work hard too. In this case, would 頑張らないと or ...
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107 views

Is it possible to attach になる to a verb

Is it possible to attach になる to a verb. For example: I got tired after table tennis ー 卓球やってから疲れ(て)‍になった I am not sure how to link 疲れる to になる. Is this not possible in Japanese?
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Why should one use the dictionary form instead of the potential form in this case?

The question: 映画が好きなので、時間とお金が _ 限り見に行っている。 Both "許す" and "許せる" are offered as choices, and the answer is "許す". Is it because "時間とお金" are impersonal, so the potential form "許せる" would not be ...
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Linking two verbs --> 送り始める

I just stumbled across the following sentence: 来週から家庭に布のマスクを送り始める And was wondering what kind of construct this 送り始める is. 送り is no verb-ending known to me but looks like the stem of the -masu form (...
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1answer
113 views

Why choose 見てからでないと in this question?

I came across the following question when preparing for the N2 exam: マンションを買うときは実際に_、心配だ。 a 見た上で b 見て以来 c 見てからでないと I thought the answer is a but it's given as c. That doesn't seem to be right since ...
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121 views

What does 弁当箱をしまった mean?

I was playing a Japanese video game when I came across this line: 私は立ち上がり、お弁当箱をしまった I was just wondering, can I translate お弁当箱をしまった as "carry the bentou box"?
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1answer
107 views

Why does one have to use ながら instead of つつ in this sentence?

I'm going through an exercise book to prepare for the N2 exam, and I got confused by this question: _たばこを吸わないでよ There are choices for 歩きつつ and 歩きながら, and the answer is 歩きながら. What's the difference ...
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I'm having trouble understanding what “開き直った、とも言いますが” means

I wish I could formulate this question in a better way because there's a million people on here who have posted similar "don't know what this means, please tell me" and I don't mean this to be low ...
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102 views

What does the verbal contraction/suffix -kkya or -kya at the end of a clause mean? [duplicate]

I seem to hear and read this construction often, but can't seem to find any information about it on Google (or other search engines), as well as other sites I've checked. I've tried several different ...
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1answer
82 views

Meaning of 融着 in metal plating

Context: production of a copper-plated stainless steel sheet (Cuめっきステンレス鋼板) What is the meaning of 融着 in the following sentence? 多重巻きパイプ造管時のロールとの摺動によるCuめっき層のはく離を抑制し、Cuめっき層同士を加熱により融着させる際に起こる未融着部(...
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Difference between shimatte arimasu and shimete arimasu

In this link, it is explained that shimeru is a transitive verb and so it can take the -te aru ending but shimaru is an intransitive verb so it can take the -te imasu ending. However, in some grammar ...
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2answers
121 views

Use of adverb with いる

I was reading an explanation online regarding the difference between いつも, いつでも and いつまでも. At the bottom of the article there was this sentence, which seems to be taken from a banner ad: ...
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覚えました - Can it mean “I learned”?

俺サーブとブロックはあの人を見て覚えました The above sentence is taken straight from Haikyuu!! S01E07. The subs translate to "I learned serving and blocking by watching him play". Does 覚えました give the "I learned" part ...
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248 views

What is the difference between 振る and 揺る?

Both of these words seem to mean "to shake". From what I got: 振る is "higher frequency" shaking. 揺る is more like a swaying or rocking motion, "lower frequency". Is this correct? An explanation would ...
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1answer
116 views

Struggling with identifying the 'correct' verb here (+intransitivity)

This sentence is giving me a hard time ... 「下り坂を休まれちまった、残りは1000と数百...」 (The sentence was uttered during a horse race when the speaker was passed by other competitors as he was saving his horse's ...
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1answer
109 views

merging 2 verbs such as 返す and 遅れる into 返し遅れる?

Merging two verbs into one is a common structure: 繰り返す、書き直す、思い出す、乗り換える、etc. sometimes the new verb mixes the meaning of the 2 verbs as well, sometimes not. What about merging 2 verbs into a new verb ...
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What is the meaning of ついて in ついてしまう

I have this sentence 勝負はついてしまったらしい I guess it comes from 付く which would be in my opinion a similar form to 付いて来る. Is my guess OK, or is has the ついて here a different origin? Thanks a lot!
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「上一段・下一段」活用動詞 - why are these groups separate?

My understanding is that the Japanese equivalent of "-iru/eru" verbs or "group 2 verbs" are the groups 上一段活用動詞{かみいちだんかつようどうし} and 下一段活用動詞{しもいちだんかつようどうし}, where 上一段活用動詞 represents the -iru verbs and ...
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1answer
150 views

Meaning of “かぶらず” and usage of に

I came across a sentence which had かぶらず. As, per the picture, the meaning is nothing to wear on head. However, I was trying to figure out whether かぶらず is part of conjugation of the verb かぶる, however, ...
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120 views

Is there a difference between ”をなる” and ”なっていて”

I was understanding なる verb today, as well as adjectives. I know the fact that adjective + verb can be mixed together with each other. So, I came across an example stating: "家が赤くなっています" (House is ...
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1answer
84 views

Can な Adjectives be also used for combination with verbs

I am new to Japanese and found out that Adjectives can also be used along with verbs in て forms. I came to know that there are two adjectives い-adj and な-adj. い is an adjectival verb. Whereas, な is an ...
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130 views

就く in sports jargon

I know that 就く{つく}means “to be hired”. But does it have a separate meaning in sports jargon (soccer, baseball...) I’m referring to the following sentence: 全員、守備に就くため走った。
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340 views

Why use と言っている instead of と言います?

In the following sentence: アカネは菜食主義者だと言っているが、魚は食べる。 それって、筋が通るかな? Why it uses the てform of the verb 言う and not its ますform? If I wanted to say the same sentence but in the past tense should I use ...
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1answer
124 views

Question about conjugating verb + たい

Why is 帰る conjugated 帰りたい and not 帰たい when adding たい to it? Is it conjugated this way because 帰る is a godan verb?
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135 views

What is the meaning of 過ぎる in this sentence?

The verb 過ぎる shows up in the following sentence: 二年間の景気後退期を過ぎれば、この国の経済は最悪の状態を脱するかもしれません。 I think I understand the sentence but the problem is that I'm not sure what 過ぎる exactly means. It is in ...
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1answer
233 views

ます Verb Stem + another verb grammar meaning?

I was practicing writing and got corrected by a few native speakers. They all had a correction in common where they took the ます Verb Stem and then just added a different verb on the back. What ...
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3answers
166 views

What does 勝ったな mean?

I’ve stumbled upon the phrase 勝ったな and it was translated there as “he will win” but what conjugation is that?
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30 views

Can 終わる be used as a transitive verb? [duplicate]

I came across this sentence in my textbook (上級へのとびら): 電話を終わるあいさつ As far as I'm concerned, 終わる is an intransitive verb and as such, it can't be used with the particle を, but with が. The transitive ...
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114 views

Meaning of verb + つもりも + potential verb + 程

In a letter by a mangaka at the end of a manga, I encountered the following sentence: 〝正しいこと〟なんて描くつもりも描ける程、自分を上等とも思っていないけど〝つまらないこと〟だけはしないようにしていきたいなって思います Is verb + つもりも + potential verb + 程 a ...
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45 views

Usage of とwhere it seems てshould be used [duplicate]

I recently started playing Pokémon: Let's Go, Eevee! in Japanese, and I have seen this grammar come up a few times. Most recently in the following dialog. この ポケモンジムは 閉まっとる To me it seems as if the ...

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