Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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6
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2answers
698 views

What's the difference between 信じる, 信用する and 信頼する?

What's the difference between 信じる, 信用する and 信頼する ? How can I know which one to use? According to my dictionary they all mean "to trust". Are they interchangeable? For example, I trust you.
6
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2answers
912 views

What does いけません mean here?

犬は電車に乗ってはいけません。 Does this sentence mean something like this: "The dog can't get on the train"? Is いけません the negative potential form of 行く?
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What's the difference between “plain form + とき” and “ta-form + とき“?

According to the book I'm reading, both of these sentences translate to: “I bought a bag when I went back to my country”. 国へ帰るとき、かばんを買いました。 国へ帰ったとき、かばんを買いました。 Now the nuance, if I understand ...
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2answers
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When an -i form (連用形{れんようけい}) of a verb seems to be a suffix rather than a prefix?

In a previous question about コーヒー割り I learned that 割り is a form of the verb 割{わ}る "to dilute". Now I'm trying to understand the grammatical process by which this 割り form of 割る can be added to nouns ...
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0answers
170 views

repeated verb in 雪が降りに降っていました [duplicate]

I have recently encountered this construction: 雪{ゆき}が降{ふ}りに降{ふ}っていました Someone translated it as "The snow was falling in waves." After some research, I discovered similar constructions with ...
5
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1answer
195 views

Can なっている represent an ongoing change as well as a resultant (completed) change?

From reading a bunch, I've been under the vague impression that [adverb]+なる can be interpreted both progressively and resultatively; according to this chat log, since it can take time, it is a ...
5
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1answer
151 views

How does 出てます here translate?

Came across this dialogue while reading Japanese writings online. Boy 1: オタクにじみ出てますよ Boy 2: 違うっつってんだろ My Japanese beginner skills would translate it as "Your otaku-ness is bleeding out." But I'm ...
4
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2answers
453 views

Meaning of しっかり頑張ってこい

I would like to know what しっかり頑張ってこい means and if it has any difference (any extra nuance) with がんばって. Also: Why is こい (command form of くる) used? In which situation do you use this expression?
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4answers
11k views

How do you use “omou” in the past tense? [closed]

For example, how would you say "I thought you were in Japan"? How about any other samples on how to use omou in past tense?
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1answer
173 views

入り and 付き in these sentences

I saw some sentences like this, but I couldn't understand them. What do they mean? 砂糖入りのお茶。 胡椒付きのサラダ。
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Use of verb ます-stem when て-form seems possible

I saw this line is a song: 時計塔の頂上椅子に座り微笑んでるあなたは I'm curious why it uses すわり rather than 座って? Since it's a sequence of actions I would've thought 座って would be more applicable, but since 座り ...
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1answer
955 views

Four different verbs meaning “to release”: 放す, 放つ, 解き放す, 解き放つ

Consider the following four verbs: 放{はな}す - hanasu (view in jisho.org) 放{はな}つ - hanatsu (view in jisho.org) 解{と}き放{はな}す - tokihanasu (view in jisho.org) 解{と}き放{はな}つ - tokihanatsu (view in jisho.org) ...
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2answers
263 views

Meaning of the construction ~て〇〇年/〇〇か月になります

I saw the construction ~て〇〇年/〇〇か月になります and it looks strange to me. Here is my question: does this construction mean that the action continues until now? For example: この 会社に 入って 10 年に なります。 My ...
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3answers
3k views

できる vs ~えます form for “can”, “able to” [duplicate]

A couple of days ago I tried to express "I can ..." where "..." was some some verb or verb phrase. I used the ~て form of the ... verb followed by 出来ます but was told instead to change the form of the .....
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1answer
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Difference between 上げる and 与える [duplicate]

I have some notes from many years back when I began to do Japanese. As you might expect, I am suspicious of my understanding at the time and of what I've written. I have two verbs for "to give" and ...
3
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1answer
650 views

In “[Vます stem] + し+ [noun]” what does し mean? [duplicate]

I've seen this in multiple combinations, but the one I was specifically looking at was: 「背負いし者」 ...from 「宿命を背負いし者」. Similarly, 「かつて来たりし者」 Scouring through all my grammar books, I can't find ...
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2answers
174 views

Translating causative forms of 食べる (taberu)

Kim Tae tries to explain the difference between the "make" and "let" usage of causative verbs. I need a bit of help translating the various possibilities into English. What would ...
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3answers
782 views

「食らう」と「食え」の違いは何ですか。

Overwatchっていうゲームでヒローがよく使う言葉は「敵を食らう」でも、普通の命令形はどうしを最後に「え」を変わります。「食らう」って特別ですか?
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How do I know when to read the kanji 抱 as 「だ・く」, and when to read it as 「いだ・く」, or even 「うだ・く」?

This sentence was in a grammar textbook: 彼{かれ}は同僚{どうりょう}にライバル意識{いしき}、ひいては殺意{さつい}すら抱いていた ... it means: "He regarded his colleague as a rival, even to the point of considering murder." My ...
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1answer
661 views

When to use 〜す verbs or their する verb counterparts

Consider the verb pairs 表【ひょう】する and 表【ひょう】す、or 訳【やく】する and 訳【やく】す。 I realize the distinction may be academic(for example, either way the ます form is always spelled 訳します), but what is the functional ...
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Why do road signs have 止まれ, not 止まる, 止める or 止めて?

From what I know ending verb in え makes it sound rough and very casual. I checked in tangorin.com online dictionary - it's said there it is actually a noun. To me, though, it looks like a rough ...
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1answer
485 views

Usage of 合える with verb stems

Occasionally I come across an interesting usage of 合える with a verb stem, mostly when I listen to music. One such example can be found here at approximately 0:42: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...
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1answer
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What does '~にゃい' mean?

What does the 'にゃい' mean in the phrase '働きたくにゃい' or 'はたらきたくにやい'? (not sure if it's a small ya or not). It's in a line sticker.
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3answers
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Why is 来る spelled with kanji and する is not?

来る and する are two irregular and most commonly used verbs. From my observations, 来る is spelled with kanji. Even though there is a kanji version of する 為る it is usually not used and I wonder why. Are ...
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4answers
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Have you tried XYZ before?

I English I can ask somebody if they've experienced or sampled a food or drink, or even an activity with this verb: Here try this and tell me if you like it. I tried koregusu once but I didn't like ...
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1answer
3k views

How to understand the contractionしていて、/-てて

I am trying to better understand this sentence: 金さんは、微妙なニュアンスまで気にされてて、すごいですね。 It's amazing how interested you are in these subtle nuances. Is the following an accurate understanding of this ...
6
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2answers
871 views

落としちまった - what form is this?

The phrase is pretty simple: デスノート 落{お}としちまった Which is obviously, "I dropped my Death Note". The verb (and the kanji) is for おとす or おちる, which is "to drop" or "to let fall", yet this is a ...
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1answer
795 views

For 知る what is the difference between the simple present (知る) and 知っている forms?

あなたは電話番号を知りますか (anata wa denwa bangou wo shirimasu ka)? あなたは電話番号を知っていますか (anata wa denwa bangou wo shitte imasu ka)? In my book "あなたは電話番号を知っていますか" (anata wa denwa bangou wo shitte imasu ka) ...
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1answer
364 views

Why are there very few non-する gairaigo verbs in Japanese?

I can think of many gairaigo noun + する verbs in Japanese, like ゴルフする, but I can think of only a handful of non-する verbs in Japanese, such as ググる (mentioned in Are there words which consist of katakana ...
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2answers
7k views

Difference between お腹がすいた and お腹がすいている ― 「お腹がすいた」と「お腹がすいている」の違いは?

A few weeks ago a Japanese friend told me the way to say I'm hungry is お腹がすいた, and today, doing an exercise in my textbook, I found the following sentence: はい、食べたいです。お腹が空いていますから。 Is there any ...
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1answer
182 views

How to understand 態度を片付け

私は奥さんの態度をどっちかに片付けてもらいたかったのです。 これも usage of ぎりで in this sentence とおなじで、夏目漱石の「こころ」の一文です。 この「てもらいたかった」はこれによると「てもらいたい」の過去時制だとわかっています。 質問は、 この「てもらいたい」は「てほしい」と同じ意味ですか。 「片付け」は「部屋」や「書類」などに使う語のはずです。いみは「...
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1answer
164 views

What does te form of verbs mean in these two sentences?

犬は雪の中を走ってボールを取りに行く。 時間がありまして、映画を見ました。 Are the grammar in these two the same? If yes, why is there a comma in the second one and not in the first one?
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2answers
235 views

Meaning of 欲ばっから and help with the following sentence

Context: Riku, the protagonist boxer of this manga, is fighting against an evasive opponent that is really good at dodging punches and who always tries to win on points rather than KOs. Riku tries to ...
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1answer
960 views

What does the word 「しおって」 mean?

Here are the sentences including the word. では おまえたちがここへくるまでのいきさつをいちおう記録するから正直にのべるんだ。 まあ こんなところでよかろう まったくよくもくだらん まねばかりしおって I'm not sure if it is a colloquial form of 「しまう」.
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2answers
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Kana causing translation difficulty: 「きれている」

Ok, so I've been having trouble with a passage. It's mostly written in kana, and I can get most of it, but because of the kana, I have no idea what a certain word is. At the beginning of the music ...
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3answers
312 views

What does the word 「とくら」 mean?

Here is the context said by a boy who was training in boxing. 左ジャブで敵の体勢をくずし 突破口を見いだしたらば すかさず右ストレートを打つべし これ拳闘の攻撃における基本なり...とくら I have found some sites explaining that it is changed from と来る but I ...
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1answer
430 views

Verb classification of honorific/humble verbs

These verbs: いらっしゃる おっしゃる くださる なさる More? Are all listed as 五段 verbs, but they don't follow the usual conjugation rules for them. For example: 命令形: いらっしゃる -> いらっしゃい, not いらっしゃれ 連用形: Same as above, ...
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2answers
2k views

Which verb for “get off” / “leave” the Shuto Expressway?

I'm not sure which way to say something like exit/leave/depart/get off/escape is most appropriate when the thing I want to get off is the system of expressways in Tokyo called the Shuto 首都高. I'm not ...
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2answers
160 views

「彼は瞳をキラキラさせながら言った。」 Why させながら, and not しながら?

彼は瞳をキラキラさせながら言った。 I think that it is "He said with shining eyes", but what's a word "させ"? Why "させ+ながら", and not "しながら"?
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2answers
330 views

Omitting を in writing

I came across the sentence その子は指で十数えました in writing, and I was under the impression that, in written Japanese particles are not omitted. I can see that that sentence means, "That child counted to ten ...
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1answer
688 views

Meaning of さすれば as a verb

In the passage, この救済の光を さすればここは幸福な場所となる what is the meaning of さすれば? Is it the kana for 然すれば? In this context, I would have expected 射せば to be written instead.
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2answers
302 views

What does やられてる mean in this sentence?

I came across this line today which left me a bit confused: 彼らには子分を二人もやられてる。 The speaker is referring to men from a gang. I've struggled with the meaning of やる outside of its most basic usage, but ...
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3answers
1k views

Usage of ~まんねん (関西弁)

Steven Seagal stars in two TV advertisements for the energy drink アリナミン, as seen here and here. In the first commercial he is shown using martial arts two dispatch his opponents, while in the second ...
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1answer
3k views

Use of ことです in this sentence

This is the example sentence: 私の趣味はギターを弾くことです。 My translation - Playing the guitar is my hobby. However, why is it not: '私の趣味はギターを弾きます。’ Basically I don't understand this use of 'ことです'.
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1answer
378 views

How to choose between 「いれる」 and 「はいれる」?

The questions is how to choose between 「いれる」 and 「はいれる」. As far as I know, the same kanji is used for both (入れる). How can one make the distinction when reading a text?
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2answers
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Reading 捻る: when is it ねじる or ひねる?

How can I tell whether 捻る is read as ひねる (P. ・ N.C.) or ねじる (P. ・ N.C.)? I assume the answer is "based on which verb is appropriate", so I've been trying to learn the difference between them. Based ...
4
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3answers
4k views

How to say “I found my glasses”

I know it's a simple question but I want to be sure if the answer so I don't get confused. I know to search is 探す but what about "I found (something)"? Because 探した doesn't seem correct and ...
4
votes
1answer
716 views

What's this -れり ending?

I'm really a 初心者 when it comes to Classical Japanese, and I guess that is what I have here... 一日の苦労は一日にて足れり. 【聖】 Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof. Please, can someone tell me what ...
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2answers
931 views

What is the etymology of モテる?

Where does モテ come from? モテる to be popular with opposite sex.
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1answer
131 views

What does 歩けというの mean in this song?

In the song Cry by Garnidelia there're two lines that go: ひとり どこへ 歩{ある}けというの The second line is what I don't get. I've tried looking up というの but didn't see anything about it at the end of a sentence,...