Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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12
votes
0answers
968 views

Iterative / repetitive る evolving from classical 連体形【れんたいけい】

This is somewhat related to the discussion of classical auxiliary verb ふ, mentioned in the answer to snailboat's question, What is the わ in 忌まわしい and 嘆かわしい?. Another apparent iterative / repetitive ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Meaning of, Transitive verb in “te form” + iru vs Intransitive verb in “te form” + iru

When I learnt Japanese I was taught that a transitive verb in its "te form" followed by the verb "iru" represents a continuous action. However, this is not the case with intransitive verbs which ...
5
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1answer
150 views

Which categories of verbs (transitive, atelic, etc) can you use with ~そう (seems to; appears)?

I've just studied そう (as in: seems like; about to) in class and I wanted to know why you can use some verbs and not others. For instance, 雨が{あめが}降りそう{ふりそう} works out semantically and grammatically, ...
4
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2answers
245 views

What is the difference between 振る and 揺る?

Both of these words seem to mean "to shake". From what I got: 振る is "higher frequency" shaking. 揺る is more like a swaying or rocking motion, "lower frequency". Is this correct? An explanation would ...
4
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0answers
97 views

Understanding this usage of 「〜に変わって」

I am reading a selection from A Japanese Reader and am trying to figure out the meaning of this passage, especially the usage of 「これに変わって」: 古い行事のすべてをそのままに行うことは生活様式が異なってきた今日{こんにち}、無理であろうし、...
4
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1answer
219 views

Verb after な-adjective, is it necessary to complete the sentence?

I read somewhere that 形容動詞 are a special subclass of nouns. Contrarily 形容詞, the い adjectives, are actually a lot more similar to verbs. During the time that I have been learning Japanese language (...
3
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0answers
66 views

Semantic classification of verbs

Lately, I've been spending a lot of focus in how to translate certain verbs in the form ~ている. Mostly comes from the fact that, depending on the verb, it can have a meaning of prolonged action (e.g. ...
3
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0answers
199 views

When is it okay to not use desu?

I've been looking around for this, but all I can find is pretty basic stuff about desu. I've studied Japanese, but writing texts in Japanese still stumps me sometimes. Right now I'm wondering about ...
2
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0answers
123 views

explanation verbs form 座る 座って 座り

Hi may I ask for explanation of the following, I read here form verb 座る (sit) and polite form 掛ける for form Please sit down there is this forms 座る -> 座れ (very rude) -> 座って (better form) -> 座ってください (...
2
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1answer
100 views

The verb after conjugation in たり compound sentence, is still a verb? And if so, why is it despite する being the verb?

雨の日は滑ったり、転んだりする。 If する is the verb, then what is the role of the 転んだり in the grammatical sense? I understand that it is a verb which is transformed into 転んだり in a compound sentence but is it still ...
2
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1answer
164 views

How would you apologise for not inviting someone to an event?

In English I would say something along the line of 'Sorry! I forgot to invite you to the party'. This would be in conversation to a friend. How would this translate to Japanese? Edit (First post to ...
1
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0answers
80 views

Making adverb form of verb + なります

I was reading an NHK article and came across this line: お金{かね}を払{はら}うとき「キャッシュレス」を利用{りよう}する人{ひと}が増{ふ}えて、現金{げんきん}をあまり使{つか}わなくなっているためです。 It comes after a line that says "This is the first time the ...
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0answers
114 views

Sleeping verbs and まで vs までに

So I was wondering, pretty much all of the sleep related verbs switch meaning with まで and までに. Was it always like that? Or was there a time when 8時まで寝る meant "going to bed at 8"? Or take the even ...
1
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0answers
101 views

What is the meaning of はった when modifying a noun?

I found the following sample sentence in an Anki deck: 食い意地のはった少年は料理を全部たいらげた。 The greedy little child ate all the food. I am wondering what the function of はった is here. The meaning of the ...
0
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0answers
33 views

Could anyone explain the grammatical structure of a sentence 僕の螺旋 ただならぬ手を繋ごうとしてる

Trying to understand the lyrics of Granrodeo song 君に One Way Love, I'm struggling to grasp how 僕の螺旋 ただならぬ手を繋ごうとしてる can mean "my spiral has my hands all tied up" (translation i found here ...
0
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0answers
59 views

Why are there so many カ行、サ行、ラ行五段活用 verbs?

If you go into a dictionary like Weblio, and you look through their list of verbs, you'll see that each of the consonant 行s of 五段 are in separate categories. However, there are a ton of カ行、サ行、ラ行 verbs,...
0
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0answers
58 views

Difference between しゃべんだったら and しゃべったら?

I’ve stumbled upon the sentence しゃべんだったら, which was translated as “if you are talking”. I get it’s the past conditional, but then why wouldn’t you say しゃべったら or like why does it say んだった?
0
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1answer
212 views

Does this mean “thank you”?

I've just starting learning Japanese last week. And I'm playing a video game in Japanese. One of the characters said: "礼を言う" (rewoiu) just by itself. The English translation was "Thank ...
0
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0answers
64 views

The difference between の中で vs の中から

This comes from a previous previous question with what I find to be a confusing explanation. Generally, の中で is presented in all of the English language resources I could find to be an atomic thing ...
0
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0answers
94 views

The uses of verb + ん apart from simple negation

醜い浮世を 意地で生きるぞ 汗水たらし 身を削り ありつかん 尊くも儚き飯 Full lyrics here. This ugly world you need willpower to survive in; drenched in sweat and with lots of effort, that precious and fleeting meal is in sight ...
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0answers
79 views

I'm having trouble understanding what “開き直った、とも言いますが” means

I wish I could formulate this question in a better way because there's a million people on here who have posted similar "don't know what this means, please tell me" and I don't mean this to be low ...
0
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0answers
96 views

Don't understand meaning of verb stem + ちぎれない

I'm playing a game and looking at an item description. But for the life of me I cannot find out what grammar concept is behind the bold portion of the description. I know the verb being used is 噛む (...
0
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1answer
64 views

Transitive, Intransitive and Potential Verbs

Do all tadoshi verbs have a jidoushi verb to pair with?  How do you differentiate volitional and non-volitional form verbs? Do we categorise them like we do for jidoshi (intransitive form) eg. Action ...
0
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1answer
101 views

What is the difference between「働かせる」and 「使う」?

What is the difference between the two sentences? 「その特のなぞを解くに、自分の頭を働かせた。」 「その特のなぞを解くに、自分の頭を使った。」
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1answer
576 views

How do you say “ 14 days left and will finish the vacation ”?

I'm a little bit confused , I tried to find a good answer of how to say 2 days left +verb like 2 days left and will start dieting or 2 minutes left and will be ready or 14 days left and will ...
-2
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1answer
678 views

Difference between aruku, arukimasu and arukimasen and such

Kinda new to this and i'm confused regarding verb variations such as this. From what I understand aruku and arukimasu are the same just the latter is more polite while arukimasen is more the opposite ...