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Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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9
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1answer
1k views

Can a verb be modified too many times?

Several years ago, I was taking a Japanese course and was given an assignment to translate an English sentence of my choosing. (There was probably more to the assignment than that, but I don't recall....
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3answers
227 views

How to translate わからない in the following sentence

Context: a boxer named Yanagi is fighting against an opponent named Hyodo. Although Hyodo is really young, he is considered a very talented boxer and is often called genius (天才). Yanagi is thinking ...
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1answer
144 views

What does 「夢{ゆめ}に触{ふ}れる」 mean?

It's part of the lyrics of a song. The actual line is: どれほど夢{ゆめ}に触{ふ}れている? I checked the definitions of 触れる as an intransitive verb on Weblio and came to the conclusion that this is most likely ...
2
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1answer
68 views

What’s the difference between “書けるか” and “書けますか“?

What’s the difference between “書けるか“ and “書けますか” (Can you write?). I read the rule for the potential form, but then in an example it said ます on the end instead of る. So do both work and what’s the ...
3
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1answer
97 views

“服を汚した” vs “服を汚くした”

Now that I know it's not natural to say “服を汚くした” given no results found, I am just wondering is it more common to directly use the verb itself than to change its adjective form into an adverb to ...
1
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1answer
111 views

が vs は for intransitive verbs

In my textbook it says that to say: There is a good restaurant in this building. the translation is: このたてものにいいレストランがあります。 However, why is が used and not は? Would は be indicating a contrast (...
-2
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1answer
55 views

What is the difference between しました and した

週末に何をしましたか。 Here what is the grammer of しましたか. Shouldn't it simply be したか, where した is the た format of する ?
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3answers
3k views

Which verb means “to pet <an animal>”?

I was trying to translate "May I pet the dog?", but I'm having trouble finding what word means "to pet". Looking it up on jisho.org I get 可愛がる, but translating it back using various services gives me ...
2
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1answer
139 views

I don't understand this correction to my sentence. Please explain!

でも今ほとんどすべての暇は日本語を勉強することを過ごしています。 "I spend most of my free time studying Japanese" A couple people corrected me and said it should be: 日本語を勉強して過ごしています。 I know you connect 2 verbs with the te form, ...
11
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3answers
672 views

What are some examples of three-mora atamadaka verbs besides 帰る?

I couldn't find a good way to research this on my own, I'm afraid. I'm not looking for a comprehensive list by any means (in before it turns out 帰る is the only one...), but rather just a few examples ...
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0answers
48 views

What form is 急がば in 急がば回れ? [duplicate]

What form is this. how do you use it and is it only used for proverbs? The closest I know for the verb Isogu is Isoganai or Isogeba, but not Isogaba.
2
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0answers
77 views

む archaic volitional? Translated as Imperative [duplicate]

While watching Konosuba I came across following sentence: 「我が真紅の流出もて 白き世界を覆さん」 What troubles me is the 「覆さん」. The translation used an imperative here, what fits most of the other spells in the ...
6
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1answer
123 views

Is V2 + ころ / ごろ a pattern or not

Xは食べごろだ。 Time to eat X. X is ready to be eaten. Question: Can -koro/-goro be used as a general pattern by adding to masu-stem of the verb to produce meaning, that it is time to do this? For ...
3
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1answer
95 views

Kanjied 出した vs kananed だした in -dasu/dashta pattern

雪が降り出した。 It started to snow (unexpectedly). In Maggie's article on this pattern "How to use V + 始める ( = hajimeru) / だす ( = dasu) / かける ( = kakeru)" she uses hiragana for this verb. In jisho.org ...
0
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1answer
64 views

Full っている vs shorter ってる: slang or official tool

I know, that I can skip い in building continuous form of a verb. For example: 雪が降っている。 雪が降ってる。 are equal and mean: [It's snowing.] Question: how legal is it to skip い in case like this? ...
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2answers
127 views

~くて on a verb? How do you indicate desire?

「右手【みぎて】で描【か】いた、今ここに避難所【ひなんじょ】はないんだ。息【いき】を吸【す】いこんだ。つまらない世界【せかい】壊【こわ】したくて。」 Translation: Drawn with my right hand, here, now, as for the shelter, there is none. I inhaled. The boring world wants to be ...
2
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1answer
394 views

Meaning of 小せェもんに縛られてる

Context: in a flashback, a Cuban boxer is thinking back to when he was in Cuba before seeking asylum (亡命) and migrating to America. He had just won a gold medal for his country in the Olympics. ...
1
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1answer
70 views

~め ending, apparently not imperative?

Context is the song 「その血の記憶」: 空白のラストページに…       Into [dative of motion towards] a blank LAST PAGE, そのこぶしを叩き込めーッ!     [Star Platinum] will throw that fist (???) End of THE WORLD!その血の記憶! ...
2
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1answer
198 views

What is the Japanese verb for vaping?

Is there a term for vaping? The use of flavored type devices for vaping. I found the word denki tabako for the device. I was wondering what the verb would be. Thank you.
4
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2answers
132 views

What does やられてる mean in this sentence?

I came across this line today which left me a bit confused: 彼らには子分を二人もやられてる。 The speaker is referring to men from a gang. I've struggled with the meaning of やる outside of its most basic usage, but ...
5
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1answer
976 views

What is the meaning of 上げて落としたみて?

I'm reading this manga, and came accross the following monologue: たかが弦ごときで世界の終わりみてーなツラしやがって 俺が上げて落としたみてーで後味ワリーだろがッ 俺の昼寝返せ!!! I can't understand what 上げて落としたみて means. Is this an ...
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2answers
186 views

Meaning of もったいぶらず in the following sentence

Context: while talking about himself, a boxer says: 今持ってるモノはもったいぶらず全て出す。それが俺の武器に繋がるんでねェ。拳に表れるんだよォ ――――[生き方]【スタイル】ってヤツは。 According to dictionaries, the meaning of もったいぶらない is unpretentious, modest. ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Difference between 虫取り and 虫取りをする?

I'm a beginner, so I'm sorry if this is obvious: I was just reading a text which said 虫取りをしました which, according to google, means "I took insects", which confused me at first because 取り is already ...
0
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1answer
80 views

Why is 探そう not 探しそう?

In a manga I am reading, I came across the following sentence. 注目集めてるな。早くミクを探そう。 The speaker just crashed on his skis and a crowd of people started to gather around, thus garnering a lot of attention ...
0
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1answer
131 views

What is the meaning of している in this sentence?

I know from looking at the title many of you are thinking "Frey, you should KNOW THIS by now." And to be honest I should, its just a matter of the more research I did only served to further confuse me....
6
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1answer
298 views

Japanese equivalent for “get to do something”?

I'm looking for a natural way to express that you're happy or surprised about an action. In English, "I got to spend the whole day reading", or "I get to interview him tomorrow". Does something like ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Use of 抱く in “聞かせていただいてありがとうございました”

In my textbook the sentence: 聞かせていただいてありがとうございました is translated as "Thank you for telling us about all these things" I know: 色々 is "various" so probably means "all these things" 聞かせていた means "...
6
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2answers
156 views

わける vs 振り分ける — What is the ふり doing here?

Consider the following example: divide the main folder into sub folders (in case of mail) フォルダを振り分ける フォルダをわける What I want to know is why do we add "ふり"? Why can't we just use "フォルダをわけて"?
3
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1answer
81 views

Is the pattern V + に行く used with -する verbs?

Is it natural to say, for example 散歩しに行く? Or would you rather say 散歩に行く? If both are acceptable, is there any difference in meaning or usage? よろしくお願いします。
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Which is more appropriate? 大学院に入る/入学する/進学する?

Please explain which of the following (or any other) is more appropriate to say "enter postgraduate school/studies": 大学院に入ります 大学院に入学します 大学院に進学します
4
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1answer
103 views

Which categories of verbs (transitive, atelic, etc) can you use with ~そう (seems to; appears)?

I've just studied そう (as in: seems like; about to) in class and I wanted to know why you can use some verbs and not others. For instance, 雨が{あめが}降りそう{ふりそう} works out semantically and grammatically, ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

How to use ふと correctly?

I am struggling in understanding how to use ふと ふと: suddenly, unexpectedly, unintentionally Based on the brief explanation on this post, ふと is used to express something unimportant that you don't ...
3
votes
2answers
166 views

Difference between 呼ぶ声がします and 呼びます

The full context of the first original phrase is: 「・・・浦島{うらしま}さん、・・・浦島さん」と、誰かが呼{よ}ぶ声{こえ}がします。 I was just wondering, why is 声がする in the sentence when there is already 呼ぶ? Or rather, what would be ...
1
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1answer
95 views

Is the function of this ある a pre-noun adjectival, or is it a verb that forms a relative clause?

I'm going over my previously done translations to see if any need further editing, and the following comes up. 背後で聞き覚えのある声がして、思わず一歩後ずさってしまった。 I relearned yesterday that a relative clause/...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Do you always need the passive voice when saying what happened to you?

For example if I wanted to say “He told me what I needed to know.” would I say 彼に知らなきゃことを教えられた? Or would it be something different? And do I always need to use it if I’m telling someone what ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Verb Classification of あげる (to give)

I've been doing some housecleaning for the sake of correct grammatical conjugation, which includes classifying verbs. Jisho.org's top result doesn't have あげる as meaning 'to give' (granted it's ...
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2answers
163 views

Explanation of 「雪も降ってきて」

What does it mean to have も plus the て form and きて?A translation gives me “Now that it’s snowing...” so does するもしてきて mean “Now that it’s X...”? Or is there another meaning to it?
1
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1answer
68 views

Meaning of 荷重が乗りきる

Context: a boxer has just landed a great uppercut with an upward movement. His father describes the punch in this way: 荷重が乗りきってからの急激な〝縦〟一閃 I think here 乗りきる means "to overcome", so my rough ...
1
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1answer
60 views

Meaning of 身分をわきまえず

Context: a martial arts master is talking (offensively, I think) about one of his students: たばこを栽培する山から降りて来たサルですよ。うちの武術学校にスカウトされたからと身分をわきまえず李【り】と組んで演武を狂わす厄介者なんです。 What is the meaning of 身分をわきまえず? ...
3
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1answer
113 views

past tense vs non-past in a book

I'm reading 大きな森の小さな家 (Little House in the Big Woods). This sequence of sentences are all describing a particular occurrence in the past, but some sentences are in non-past forms: ある晩、父さんは、...
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0answers
46 views

Explanation of でもあります? [duplicate]

I saw this in my Genki I book and I don’t quite understand how to use でもあります. Also, how would I say this informally? パットはアメリカ人でもある?
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4answers
252 views

Translating “different”?

I’m having trouble figuring out how to translate “different.” I know the words 違う and 違い but I don’t know how to incorporate those to mean “different” or if that would even be correct. 「違う色がきれいだね。」...
1
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1answer
55 views

Reason for と particle after adverb さっき in sentence about something previously mentioned

I came across this sentence and I believe I understand what it is saying, but I don't understand why there is a と particle being used after さっき. Why is it not just さっき言ってる? As there is nothing that ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Is there any rule for hiraganas after the kanji in a verb

The hiraganas go after the kanji in a verb are so confusing. I know there's always an U character, like 行く, 話す ... but sometimes i see there are 2 characters after the kanji, like 終わる. My question is ...
2
votes
0answers
105 views

explanation verbs form 座る 座って 座り

Hi may I ask for explanation of the following, I read here form verb 座る (sit) and polite form 掛ける for form Please sit down there is this forms 座る -> 座れ (very rude) -> 座って (better form) -> 座ってください (...
1
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1answer
121 views

言ってた I said or You said

While translating something, I was wondering how should I do a certain a line because I can't determine exactly whether the speaker says it in a way talking about himself or is referring to another ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Don't understand meaning of verb stem + ちぎれない

I'm playing a game and looking at an item description. But for the life of me I cannot find out what grammar concept is behind the bold portion of the description. I know the verb being used is 噛む (...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

だ and です godan or ichidan

Can we say, that だ and です are godan verbs with ru-ending, because they are just simplyfied versions of である and であります?
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Why is the volitional form used here?

このアカウントをフォローして、写真や動画をチェックしよう。 Why was しよう used instead of して? I was thinking して because it appears to be a request.
3
votes
0answers
123 views

When is it okay to not use desu?

I've been looking around for this, but all I can find is pretty basic stuff about desu. I've studied Japanese, but writing texts in Japanese still stumps me sometimes. Right now I'm wondering about ...