Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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3
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1answer
312 views

This line sounds peculiar, I would appreciate your opinions (it uses the verb 許される)

First of all, to give you some context, there are 3 characters that will be referred to as A, B, and C. The following lines are from a dialogue between A and B about C. The character C has done things ...
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1answer
272 views

Help with a few sentences using 許す

Although I was helped by someone, some particular lines left me and a friend confused and we haven't reached a conclusion. The verb 許す has been used a lot, mostly in the negative 許せない because the plot ...
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2answers
122 views

How can 突き抜けた be interpreted in this sentence?

I was reading an interview for a video game (if it helps, the genre is action) and the producer says this: シナリオをつなげていくと、どうしても突き抜けたプレイ感覚が減ってしまうんですよ。 これが痛い。 What is he trying to say by 突き抜けた? I ...
4
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2answers
549 views

What does ワインを買っていくよ mean?

I am very confused about the meaning of the expressions 'ていく' and 'てくる' and seems that every website I look has a different explanation. Translations that I think are good: 'Go in order to buy wine'; '...
6
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1answer
563 views

What's な doing in 絶えなんとする?

I'm reading Harry Potter in Japanese and it goes: 力は失せ、命も絶えなんとする姿で、ヴォルデモートは逃げ去った。 His powers gone, his life almost extinguished, Voldemort had fled; 命も絶えんとする姿で would make sense to me, but it's a bit ...
3
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2answers
140 views

Nuances and correct usage of verbs modifying nouns

I found this very interesting older post and there are couple of things I am uncertain about. Could I also technically write "ロックしたSIM/ロックしているSIM" to mean "ロックされたSIM/ ロックされているSIM", ...
2
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1answer
89 views

List of Two-Mora Ichidan Verbs

I've been looking for an exhaustive list of them, but I can't seem to find one in English. So far I've got these: いる/居る 得る 出る 似る 煮る 寝る 着る 干る 鋳る 射る 癒る 経る/歴る みる's variants, 見る/観る/視る/診る/看る Are there ...
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2answers
149 views

To be hit by the sun verb

I found three ways to say "If I'm too exposed to the sun, I get a headache". Can you confirm that these three sentences are right? And if there are some nuances between them? ...
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2answers
217 views

Trouble with the ambiguous verb 控える

I don't know how to differentiate between these 2 meanings of 控える: 〔止める,見合わせる〕 勝手な発言は控えてください Please refrain from speaking without permission. 〔少なめにする〕塩分を控えなさい Cut down on your intake of ...
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2answers
80 views

Is Okotowarishimasu for a politer Kotowarimasu a type of form that can be used for other verbs?

Or just a special case for Kotowaru? For the changing verbs to -ri + shimasu. Is this a standard form?
4
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2answers
251 views

に versus を with 会いました verb

I casually used を in the sentence クマを会いました。I was corrected with クマに会いました。Checking references and sample sentences I found no を examples. I think there is something fundamental about を and に that I do ...
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1answer
124 views

Qual o significado de ようで e ような na seguinte frase? | What is the meaning of ようで and ような in this sentence?

Estou analisando a letra de uma música chamada 君が好きだと叫びたい. Cheguei em um ponto de dúvida na frase 恋をしているようで 躍らされてるような. Mais especificamente eu gostaria de entender o conceito por traz de ようで, o ...
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1answer
3k views

思っている/言っている with a third person subject?

So I was reading A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, and in the part where it explains the uses of いる as an auxiliary verb after て it says something like that: "(...) Also, verbs like 言う and ...
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0answers
27 views

What does すらない mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

「今までは、あいさつすらなかったから、なんだか少しうれしい。」 I'm assuming すらなかった here is supposed to mean しなかった, however why would すらない be used instead of しない? Also, is my assumption correct? This was a sentence from a light ...
3
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1answer
179 views

the difference between ル and タ when the verb shows status

I am wondering how ル (original form of a verb) and タ work when it comes to a status verb. For example: 絵を目立つ場所にかける I think 絵を目立った場所にかける is natural, because I often see 青目をしたお人形, 優れた人になりたい, 際立った特徴 ...
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1answer
184 views

「ぶられる」とは「ぶる」の受動態? What does it mean to be ぶる-ed? [duplicate]

I can't find a related discussion, not here, not on the Internet at large, so I am surprised this seemingly hasn't been asked or discussed. 純真ぶるのはやめろ。この数週間、僕たちはいつ情熱的なキスを交わしてもおかしくなかった。君もそれはわかっているはずだ。...
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2answers
180 views

Help with monomorphic, polyphonic verbs

OK, I kind of invented that term. But I'm referring to verbs that have identical kanji and okurigana; have nearly identical meanings; but have different readings. I'm sure there are many others out ...
3
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2answers
127 views

イ音便 Outside of the て and た Forms

I understand that a lot of the time the consonants in き, ぎ, し and り were dropped, making 書きて into 書いて, 焼き刃 into やいば, 良し into 良い, etc. When it comes to verbs, it affected their て form as well as た/たら/...
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2answers
579 views

Is おくれ interchangeable with くれ?

Suppose a boss is telling his/her subordinates not to be angry by saying 怒らないでおくれよ。 What is the meaning of おくれ in this context? And is it interchangeable with the sentence "怒らないでくれよ。" ?
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2answers
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Can someone please explain how to use 出会い/出会う correctly?

I really can't understand the difference. As far as I understand it, 出会い is a noun and 出会う is the verb. But I can't get my head around how to use them in a sentence! Too add to the confusion, when I ...
2
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1answer
101 views

Difference using そう with various verb forms?

I'm doing some reviews on Bunpro and I got this sentence: 今晩雨が___。 And I knew it wanted the verb 降る, and that it wanted me to use そう. So I put in ふりそう, and was surprised to see that it actually ...
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2answers
880 views

What's the rule for "にしている"?

The sentence that that I heard was 頼りにしている。 Google Translate tells me that means "I'm counting on you". My understanding of Japanese tells me "this doesn't compute". Is there a general rule for ...
2
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1answer
219 views

Question about the verb 「いただき」

Here is the sentence from an instruction manual of hair iron. ここに示した注意事項は、製品を安全に正しくお使いいただき、あなたや他の人々への危害や損害を未然に防止するためのものです。 My translation is below. For the warning indicated in this part, use the ...
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2answers
2k views

Use of verb ます-stem when て-form seems possible

I saw this line in a song: 時計塔の頂上椅子に座り微笑んでるあなたは I'm curious why it uses 座り rather than 座って? Since it's a sequence of actions I would've thought that 座って would be more applicable, but since 座り ...
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4answers
6k views

What is the difference between ~すぎ and ~すぎる?

When I was playing a video game a few months ago, I noticed that some of the characters (mostly young teen females, in case it matters) kept saying ~すぎ instead of ~すぎる. For example, when one of the ...
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1answer
124 views

What is the difference between 切り替える and 変える?

I'm trying to figure out which verb to use if I want to say "Let's switch between speaking English and Japanese", but in general I would just like to know.
3
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1answer
343 views

Progressive form of movement verbs (or other stative verbs)

This is a fork from the question What's the progressive form of 来る, 帰る and 行く. So the question explained that when ている is conjugated with these movement verbs (or other verbs that are more or less ...
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1answer
155 views

"Continuous" vs "Discontinuous" verbs: What to call them in English and Japanese?

On my trip home today, I was thinking about how うちに帰っている would be incorrect for my current situation, as I'm currently travelling home and not already at home. I'll walk through my thought process ...
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1answer
104 views

Why is とき used with instantaneous verb 気づく?

気づいたときには たまっているもの You'll save [enough money] before you know it. At least based on the dictionary definition and examples, 気づくseems to be an instantaneous verb, "realize". How then does とき ...
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2answers
989 views

「んだって」と「って」どう違いますか。

例えば「彼が結婚してるんだって」と「彼が結婚してるって」どう違いますか。
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1answer
2k views

When asking if someone wants something. . .

Alright, so when asking if someone wants something do you always use ほしがっています? Specifically, I'm thinking when you're trying to communicate with someone that cannot communicate back what they want. (...
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1answer
56 views

What does the word もえる mean in the following sentence and what is the kanji for it? [closed]

Here's the sentence: もえるごみと一緒に毎週土曜日に集めます。 That sentence has been taken from the text explaining different ways of garbage disposal. What does the word もえる mean here and is there a kanji for it?
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1answer
44 views

Why is ~ましょう form used in the following situation?

この部屋は図書室です。本やCDを借りたり、宿題をしたり出来ます。日本語の本が2000冊あります。外国語の本は1000冊あります。CDは500枚あります。CDを聞くときはヘッドホンをしましょう。友達と話すときは小さい声で話すようにしましょう。 Why do we have to use the ~ましょう form here instead of just using the ~ます form? ...
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2answers
338 views

Unknown implied verb with さよならを

In this song (https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/pages/31606.html) that I was translating, there's a part where there seems to be an implied verb, but I can't figure out what it's supposed to be. ...
2
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1answer
179 views

What does 'し' mean in these scenarios

何しに原宿に来ましたか I understand what the sentence generally means, but I am unclear what し means in the sentence above. Is the し just a conjugation of する, and if so, when should I use し instead of する? Can ...
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2answers
386 views

Omitting を in 十数えました

I came across the sentence その子は指で十数えました in writing, and I was under the impression that, in written Japanese particles are not omitted. I can see that that sentence means, "That child counted to ...
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1answer
347 views

Did I say "I shall bring glory to God in all that I do." right?

I have to write a list of goals for this year for my Japanese class and one of them is "I shall bring glory to God in all things" or something of similar meaning. Using my many Japanese grammar, ...
5
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2answers
285 views

Can 決めてない mean "crazy"?

Context: after the commander of a platoon (小隊長) says some apparently incomprehensible things, one of the soldiers whispers to another: 「こいつ、なんか決{き}めてないか?」 What is the meaning of 決める/決めてない here? ...
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0answers
80 views

Nuance of 在る for a person in this song

In the song "my code" by GARNiDELiA, there're these two lines: 噛{か}み締{し}めた痛{いた}みも 消{け}せない傷跡{きずあと}も 私{わたし}が私として在{あ}るために I understand what the second line means, and I've read other posts on ...
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2answers
721 views

Do 気が付く{つく} and 気[付く]{づく} have the same meaning?

Do 気が付く{つく} and 気[付く]{づく} have the same meaning? If they both mean the same, is the が optional?
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1answer
630 views

Do stative (as opposed to eventive) predicates have an object which is marked by が?

Do stative (as opposed to eventive) predicates have an object which is marked by が? I'm just curious to see what other people actually think, and to hear of any sources where this may be analysed ...
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1answer
51 views

Is 茂る a stative verb?

Why don't dictionaries include this kind of things? Do Japanese ones do?
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3answers
3k views

When using もう and まだ does a negative verb always have to be in the (ている) present continuous form?

When using もう and まだ in a negative sense, does the negative verb always have to be in the present continuous form i.e. 来ていません、食べていません etc? If so why is that? Example sentences: いいえ、まだ買っていません。- ...
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1answer
159 views

Use verb in -masu form + kana to wonder about something instead of using the -darou form

The following sentence (in a context which is speaking about a woman): 青いワンピースを着て、どこに行くんだろう。 Can be translated as: Where is she going in a blue dress? Could I use「かな?」instead of the「ーだろう」form? E.g....
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2answers
97 views

Don't understand past tense used as present perfect in Japanese

I'm reading a Japanese beginners book in which I have found a 'present perfect' sentence for the first time, but I don't understand it very well: The sentence 見たことがある女の人がいます according to my book, is ...
4
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2answers
151 views

What tense to use for verbs describing abstract actions?

Here are 3 examples of 重きを置く. 昔は徳育に重きを置いた。People used to attach weight to moral culture. [斉藤和英大辞典] 聞くことと話すことに重きを置いた言語獲得の体系 system of language acquisition focusing intensively on listening and ...
2
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1answer
207 views

Why do all Japanese verbs in dictionary form end with -u?

Most of the search results while trying to research this question turned up with tutorials on verb conjugation. Why do all Japanese verbs in dictionary form end with -u? What is the reason, ...
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1answer
61 views

What does "ふってきて mean in the sentence "これが、突然空からふってきて..."? [duplicate]

I know the sentence means something like "This suddenly came out of the sky...". "これが" means "this is" (side question: why add "が" instead of just keeping it as ...
5
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1answer
1k views

What is the meaning of 上げて落としたみてー?

I'm reading this manga, and came accross the following monologue: たかが弦ごときで世界の終わりみてーなツラしやがって 俺が上げて落としたみてーで後味ワリーだろがッ 俺の昼寝返せ!!! I can't understand what 上げて落としたみて means. Is this an expression? Are those ...
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1answer
470 views

Does "礼を言う" mean "thank you"?

I've just started learning Japanese last week. I'm playing a video game in Japanese. One of the characters said: "礼を言う" (rewoiu) just by itself. The English translation was "Thank you.&...

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