Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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7 views

Difference between 虫取り and 虫取りをする?

I'm a beginner, so I'm sorry if this is obvious: I was just reading a text which said 虫取りをしました which, according to google, means "I took insects", which confused me at first because 取り is already ...
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Why is 探そう not 探しそう?

In a manga I am reading, I came across the following sentence. 注目集めてるな。早くミクを探そう。 The speaker just crashed on his skis and a crowd of people started to gather around, thus garnering a lot of attention ...
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119 views

What is the meaning of している in this sentence?

I know from looking at the title many of you are thinking "Frey, you should KNOW THIS by now." And to be honest I should, its just a matter of the more research I did only served to further confuse me....
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「んだって」と「って」どう違いますか。

例えば「彼が結婚してるんだって」と「彼が結婚してるって」どう違いますか。
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289 views

Japanese equivalent for “get to do something”?

I'm looking for a natural way to express that you're happy or surprised about an action. In English, "I got to spend the whole day reading", or "I get to interview him tomorrow". Does something like ...
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必要{ひつよう} vs 要{い}ります

It should be mentioned I can't read kanji, so please keep that in mind when answering I've just encountered the verb [必要]{ひつよう}, in the Rosetta Stone sentence [私]{わたし}はチケットを[二枚]{にまい}[買]{か}...
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Meaning of ~てやる

Does ~てやる work the same way as ~てあげる does? Does ~てやる have any other meanings?
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67 views

Use of 抱く in “聞かせていただいてありがとうございました”

In my textbook the sentence: 聞かせていただいてありがとうございました is translated as "Thank you for telling us about all these things" I know: 色々 is "various" so probably means "all these things" 聞かせていた means "...
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わける vs 振り分ける — What is the ふり doing here?

Consider the following example: divide the main folder into sub folders (in case of mail) フォルダを振り分ける フォルダをわける What I want to know is why do we add "ふり"? Why can't we just use "フォルダをわけて"?
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Is the pattern V + に行く used with -する verbs?

Is it natural to say, for example 散歩しに行く? Or would you rather say 散歩に行く? If both are acceptable, is there any difference in meaning or usage? よろしくお願いします。
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Which categories of verbs (transitive, atelic, etc) can you use with ~そう (seems to; appears)?

I've just studied そう (as in: seems like; about to) in class and I wanted to know why you can use some verbs and not others. For instance, 雨が{あめが}降りそう{ふりそう} works out semantically and grammatically, ...
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Which is more appropriate? 大学院に入る/入学する/進学する?

Please explain which of the following (or any other) is more appropriate to say "enter postgraduate school/studies": 大学院に入ります 大学院に入学します 大学院に進学します
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When are 止める, 停める and 留める read as とめる, やめる or とどめる?

When are 止める, 停める and 留める read as とめる or とどめる (and in the case of 止める, やめる)? I think 止めてください could be read as both やめてください and とめてください, which I think could maybe be translated as "cut it out" and "...
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How to use ふと correctly?

I am struggling in understanding how to use ふと ふと: suddenly, unexpectedly, unintentionally Based on the brief explanation on this post, ふと is used to express something unimportant that you don't ...
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〜くて form of a verb

I ask here my question because I couldn't find anything on internet. My problem is about 〜くて form for a verb. I asked a Japanese friend what for example "会いたくて" means. She told me that there is a ...
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Difference between 呼ぶ声がします and 呼びます

The full context of the first original phrase is: 「・・・浦島{うらしま}さん、・・・浦島さん」と、誰かが呼{よ}ぶ声{こえ}がします。 I was just wondering, why is 声がする in the sentence when there is already 呼ぶ? Or rather, what would be ...
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What's the difference between the constructs [adverb] なる (naru) and [adverb] する (suru)?

For example, what makes 相手になる different from 相手にする. I know that 「~になる」 is to be/become something, and 「~をする」 is to do something, but what does each imply when used?
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Is the function of this ある a pre-noun adjectival, or is it a verb that forms a relative clause?

I'm going over my previously done translations to see if any need further editing, and the following comes up. 背後で聞き覚えのある声がして、思わず一歩後ずさってしまった。 I relearned yesterday that a relative clause/...
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follow up on: Can ような mean “To make”?

a follow up on: Can ような mean "To make"? X は仰け反り、聞いてるこちらが悲しくなるような悲鳴を上げた。 X shrieked in a way that made me become sorrowful Person talking to the speaker was singing before ...
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218 views

Transforming (conjugating) verbs

So I am studying from an online site called Memrise but they seem to teach pretty straightforward stuff that you have to memorize in order to do them. Yeah I can ask and say things but I can notice ...
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118 views

Do you always need the passive voice when saying what happened to you?

For example if I wanted to say “He told me what I needed to know.” would I say 彼に知らなきゃことを教えられた? Or would it be something different? And do I always need to use it if I’m telling someone what ...
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102 views

Verb Classification of あげる (to give)

I've been doing some housecleaning for the sake of correct grammatical conjugation, which includes classifying verbs. Jisho.org's top result doesn't have あげる as meaning 'to give' (granted it's ...
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161 views

Explanation of 「雪も降ってきて」

What does it mean to have も plus the て form and きて?A translation gives me “Now that it’s snowing...” so does するもしてきて mean “Now that it’s X...”? Or is there another meaning to it?
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Meaning of 荷重が乗りきる

Context: a boxer has just landed a great uppercut with an upward movement. His father describes the punch in this way: 荷重が乗りきってからの急激な〝縦〟一閃 I think here 乗りきる means "to overcome", so my rough ...
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Meaning of 身分をわきまえず

Context: a martial arts master is talking (offensively, I think) about one of his students: たばこを栽培する山から降りて来たサルですよ。うちの武術学校にスカウトされたからと身分をわきまえず李【り】と組んで演武を狂わす厄介者なんです。 What is the meaning of 身分をわきまえず? ...
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103 views

past tense vs non-past in a book

I'm reading 大きな森の小さな家 (Little House in the Big Woods). This sequence of sentences are all describing a particular occurrence in the past, but some sentences are in non-past forms: ある晩、父さんは、...
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Translating “different”?

I’m having trouble figuring out how to translate “different.” I know the words 違う and 違い but I don’t know how to incorporate those to mean “different” or if that would even be correct. 「違う色がきれいだね。」...
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Explanation of でもあります? [duplicate]

I saw this in my Genki I book and I don’t quite understand how to use でもあります. Also, how would I say this informally? パットはアメリカ人でもある?
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explanation verbs form 座る 座って 座り

Hi may I ask for explanation of the following, I read here form verb 座る (sit) and polite form 掛ける for form Please sit down there is this forms 座る -> 座れ (very rude) -> 座って (better form) -> 座ってください (...
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Reason for と particle after adverb さっき in sentence about something previously mentioned

I came across this sentence and I believe I understand what it is saying, but I don't understand why there is a と particle being used after さっき. Why is it not just さっき言ってる? As there is nothing that ...
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110 views

Is there any rule for hiraganas after the kanji in a verb

The hiraganas go after the kanji in a verb are so confusing. I know there's always an U character, like 行く, 話す ... but sometimes i see there are 2 characters after the kanji, like 終わる. My question is ...
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115 views

言ってた I said or You said

While translating something, I was wondering how should I do a certain a line because I can't determine exactly whether the speaker says it in a way talking about himself or is referring to another ...
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Don't understand meaning of verb stem + ちぎれない

I'm playing a game and looking at an item description. But for the life of me I cannot find out what grammar concept is behind the bold portion of the description. I know the verb being used is 噛む (...
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だ and です godan or ichidan

Can we say, that だ and です are godan verbs with ru-ending, because they are just simplyfied versions of である and であります?
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Is there a general rule for deriving xasu→xaseru intransitives such as 死なせる from 死なす?

There are a number of verbs where there is a 〜xasu → xaseru transformation to produce an transitive verb from an intransitive, eg: 死なす→死なせる 生かす→生かせる 飲ます→飲ませる Is this some kind of generalized rule? (...
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When is it okay to not use desu?

I've been looking around for this, but all I can find is pretty basic stuff about desu. I've studied Japanese, but writing texts in Japanese still stumps me sometimes. Right now I'm wondering about ...
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Why is the volitional form used here?

このアカウントをフォローして、写真や動画をチェックしよう。 Why was しよう used instead of して? I was thinking して because it appears to be a request.
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Verb (とどめる) and its meaning in these sentences

I was looking for the meaning of the verb (とどめる) and how it differs from (とめる). I understood that (とどめる) means (to stop "potentially" from moving). But how does that meaning relate to the following ...
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なりますintransitive verb - volitional/non-volitional

なります is an intransitive verb, but it could either be volitional or non-volitional, right? Please see the below examples; are they correct? 日本語が上手になるように、毎日勉強しています。(なります is non-volitional) 弁護士になるために、...
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masu/masho, desu/desho, and -tai forms of verbs

Let's take some rather trivial and also rather casual sentences such as: (1) Want to meet up at X o'clock? (2) Let us meet up at X o'clock. (3) Want to grab (something to eat / dinner) later? / Want ...
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What does 歩けというの mean in this song?

In the song Cry by Garnidelia there're two lines that go: ひとり どこへ 歩{ある}けというの The second line is what I don't get. I've tried looking up というの but didn't see anything about it at the end of a ...
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~ておく or ~とく for preparation (conjugation and nuance)

A few quick questions regarding ~ておく and the casual form ~とく Firstly, when changing from ~ておく to the more casual ~とく I'm assuming the verb is first conjugated to the ~て form then the ~て is dropped ...
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221 views

Doubts about 判明する and verb tenses

I was checking the example sentences of 判明する on the Weblio EN-JA dictionary and it seems that, when it means "to turn out (that)", 判明する is written in the dictionary form (it turns out) or in the past ...
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Difference in meaning between 掴む and 捕まえる [duplicate]

掴{つか}む and 捕{つか}まえる both mean to catch and both are transitive verbs. Is there a difference in meaning or usage? Note that there is an intransitive to be arrested: 捕{つか}まる - to be caught/arrested, ...
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117 views

Difference between「のびる/のばす」and「のべる」

With the use of a dictionary, along with reading some web pages, I understood the meaning as well as the proper usage of 「延びる/延ばす」and 「伸びる/伸ばす」. But I noticed an overlapping in meaning regarding「延べる」...
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The verb いる (居る) with an inanimate subject? [duplicate]

In a novel I’m reading, I’ve come across a usage of いる that surprises me. The context is that a woman is driving along, deep in thought about an encounter she has just had with another character, when ...
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Making adverb form of verb + なります

I was reading an NHK article and came across this line: お金{かね}を払{はら}うとき「キャッシュレス」を利用{りよう}する人{ひと}が増{ふ}えて、現金{げんきん}をあまり使{つか}わなくなっているためです。 It comes after a line that says "This is the first time the ...
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Negative adjective 恐怖せず [duplicate]

恐怖せず I think it means “fearless”, but I don’t know the particle sezu. Is this old-fashioned?
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2k views

How to say “that” as in “the cow that ate” in Japanese?

I'm sure there are plenty of resources on this topic, but I don't know what keywords to use to find them. I want to know how you might create a noun by saying that the noun does something. For ...
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ます form vs ています form to describe habitual actions [duplicate]

I know that ています basically means that the verb is in progress (-ing), but I don't understand why the form is used in these sentences. 私【わたし】はあの会社【かいしゃ】で働【はたら】いています。 姉【あね】は毎日【まいにち】ジョギングをしています。 ...