Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Why are there sepearte passive versions of so many verbs? How do they differ in meaning from the regular passive conjugation?

The example I came across today (though I've seen this with many other verbs): 「潰れる」 – "to be crushed" which, as far as I can tell, means exactly the same as 「潰される」, the passive form of「潰す」. ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

What's the difference between 済ませる【すませる】 and 終える【おえる】?

What's the difference between 済ませる【すませる】 and 終える【おえる】? I've tried looking at jisho.org, goo.ne.jp, ALC, HiNative and here, but I'm still unsure about the difference between these two words. I think it ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

Uses of で and から in these sentences [closed]

1-スーパーで牛乳を買ってきます。 2- 台所からコップを取ってきます。
1
vote
2answers
104 views

Unknown verb form (typo?) in manga

I've been trying to translate Touhou doujinshi, when I came across this sentence: A man talks about events related to youkai's den down the road. The first part of the sentence is: なんでも綺麗【きれい】な女【おんな】...
2
votes
2answers
165 views

Can I use the word ちる when I want to say that ´the apples fell from the tree´?

It is usually used for leaves, blossoms
6
votes
1answer
175 views

Which categories of verbs (transitive, atelic, etc) can you use with ~そう (seems to; appears)?

I've just studied そう (as in: seems like; about to) in class and I wanted to know why you can use some verbs and not others. For instance, 雨が{あめが}降りそう{ふりそう} works out semantically and grammatically, ...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

What exactly are ア行-category verbs?

The question Why are there so many カ行、サ行、ラ行五段活用 verbs? is about different verb categories. I was surprised to find a ア行-category mentioned, and when I checked on weblio, they seemed to have listed ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Could anyone explain the grammatical structure of a sentence 僕の螺旋 ただならぬ手を繋ごうとしてる

Trying to understand the lyrics of Granrodeo song 君に One Way Love, I'm struggling to grasp how 僕の螺旋 ただならぬ手を繋ごうとしてる can mean "my spiral has my hands all tied up" (translation i found here ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

How to understand 「数えりゃ」in a song lyric [duplicate]

For a project for school (compulsory song research), I have chosen 緑黄色社会の『sabotage』 (time 1:48); a requirement is that I understand what is being said, so I proceeded with the translation process. I ...
0
votes
1answer
214 views

Does this mean “thank you”?

I've just starting learning Japanese last week. And I'm playing a video game in Japanese. One of the characters said: "礼を言う" (rewoiu) just by itself. The English translation was "Thank ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Grammar and verb use in a sentence

I was texted this message: わたしのニックネームはさとなので、さとって呼んでください I'm guessing it means "my nickname is Sato, please call me Sato" but I don't understand the grammar. What's "なので"? How does ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Transitive, Intransitive and Potential Verbs

Do all tadoshi verbs have a jidoushi verb to pair with?  How do you differentiate volitional and non-volitional form verbs? Do we categorise them like we do for jidoshi (intransitive form) eg. Action ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

「している」と「し続ける」の違い

活用のないままだと別物だと思われるのですが、例えば「want to keep doing something」と言いたい時、「していたい」とも「し続けたい」とも言うことができそうです。違いはあるでしょうか。それから先日、「英語で話しましょうか」と申し出してくださった相手に、そちらは英語でも構いませんが「こちらは日本語を使っていさせていただきたいです」という言い方をしてみたら、「...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Why are there so many カ行、サ行、ラ行五段活用 verbs?

If you go into a dictionary like Weblio, and you look through their list of verbs, you'll see that each of the consonant 行s of 五段 are in separate categories. However, there are a ton of カ行、サ行、ラ行 verbs,...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Verb する in this sentence

A building collapsed, but everyone had already evacuated it. Then someone says the following sentence: 全員が避難した後でしたので 幸い 死者はなし I did not understand the meaning of the verb する after 後で. Could someone ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Grammar of Negative Verb + 限り

I would like help with how 限り is used with a negative verb: 奇跡でも起きない限り あり得ないわよね Jisho.org translate it as "unless". But how would this translation make sense then: Unless (限り) even if ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Differences between 返る and 帰る

So, here's another nuances question: what are the differences between 返る and 帰る? Apparently, they have different "secondary" meanings, but are they interchangeable when referring to "...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Verb stem plus や meaning

I came across the following sentence: ワタシをわすれちゃいやだよ I'm guessing it means something like: You forgot me! But what is happening / what is the meaning with the や being attached to ちゃう's verb stem?
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Confusion about まっとうに, 青春をする and the subject and object of this sentence

I'm re-reading a light novel and I don't think I'm going to figure this sentence out anytime soon... Quick context: one day a man meets a teenage girl, makes it clear that although he finds her cute, ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Help with the breakdown of this sentence?

I was chatting in Hellotalk. From what I looked up and understood It means writing in a clear and concise manner is difficylt isn't it. 分かりやすく簡潔に書くのは難しいですよね But, I thought connecting i-adjetives was ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Using progressive when connecting verbs

When connecting two progressive actions, are you supposed to connect them using progressive in both or only the last one, as tense should be determined by the last verb? Example: He was sitting in the ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Mnemonic to remember different “to wear” verbs

Does anyone have suggestions for a mnemonic or other memory device for the different verbs meaning "to wear" in 日本語? かぶる (kaburu) - hat / headwear 着る (kiru) - Tops / jackets and all-over clothes 履く (...
20
votes
3answers
5k views

What form is あり?

On the road outside my daughter's nursery is painted 保育園アリ. I guess this is a form of ある, but what's it called, and why is あり used not ある?
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Understanding questions with ommited words

I'm trying to read an internet novel, but I got stuck on some questions with omitted words. The text and my partial translation is below. It's the very beginning of the novel, so it's all the context ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Did the られる potential form come from 得る?

One of the shows I've been watching lately kept using some more classical forms of Japanese for style purposes, that I was not too familiar with ; this led me to notice how 得る{える} was often used as an ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Difference between しゃべんだったら and しゃべったら?

I’ve stumbled upon the sentence しゃべんだったら, which was translated as “if you are talking”. I get it’s the past conditional, but then why wouldn’t you say しゃべったら or like why does it say んだった?
0
votes
1answer
78 views

そういう全てを含めて包み込む度量

A「俺達の戦はもう終わったんだよ。それをいつまでもネチネチネチネチ京都の女かお前は」 Our fight has already ended. Stop being so persistent about it, what are you, a Kyoto girl?B「バカか貴様は!京女だけでなく女子はみんなネチネチしている。そういう全てを含めて包み込む度量がないから貴様はモテないんだ」 Are ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

How many true verbs and i-adjectives are there in Japanese?

I have read that verbs in Japanese are a closed class. That is to say: not counting inflections, there is some relatively fixed number of "true verbs" in the language. By "true verbs&...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Potential form of 言う - 言える - an ichidan verb?

The potential form of the godan verb [言]{い}う is [言]{い}える. I searched [言]{い}える in an online dictionary today, but it listed [言]{い}える, the potential form, as an ichidan verb. It even gave a conjugation ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

The difference between の中で vs の中から

This comes from a previous previous question with what I find to be a confusing explanation. Generally, の中で is presented in all of the English language resources I could find to be an atomic thing ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

居る (いる) vs 居る (おる)

In most online dictionaries, if you look up 居る, it gives you two readings: いる, formerly ゐる, and おる, formerly をる. However, I can't tell what the difference in connotation or usage would be. I couldn't ...
0
votes
0answers
94 views

The uses of verb + ん apart from simple negation

醜い浮世を 意地で生きるぞ 汗水たらし 身を削り ありつかん 尊くも儚き飯 Full lyrics here. This ugly world you need willpower to survive in; drenched in sweat and with lots of effort, that precious and fleeting meal is in sight ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

How to interpret the volitional form of です

I have read that the volitional form expresses the intent to do or not do an action. Afterwards I found a case where this doesn't seem to apply when conjugating the です verb. I read a sentence where a ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

infinitive verb form + よ

What is the effect of putting よ after an infinitive verb form? Example: 世界一のパティシエになりよ! Thanks in advance! ありがとうございます! ^^
19
votes
3answers
39k views

What's the difference between Ichidan/Godan and Ru/U verbs classification?

I've come across two different ways (at least, apparently for me) to classify verbs. Please note that this question is fundamentally different from Verb classifications by japanese learners. The first ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

Translating causative forms of 食べる (taberu)

Kim Tae tries to explain the difference between the "make" and "let" usage of causative verbs. I need a bit of help translating the various possibilities into English. What would ...
11
votes
6answers
2k views

How can you divide verbs into conjugation groups easily?

I have been learning the verb list for the N4 exam but I do not know how to tell the group of a verb. Until now I have memorized them by heart. Nevertheless I still have trouble telling the group of a ...
4
votes
2answers
482 views

What does 'ワインを買っていくよ。' mean?

I am very confused about the meaning of the expressions 'ていく' and 'てくる' and seems that every website I look has a different explanation. Translations that I think are good: 'Go in order to buy wine'; '...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Problem with understanding the action of いる in 決まった場所にいる代わりに

In a recent article 仕事で外国に行く前にPCR検査の予約ができるようにする from NHK Easy Japanese I found this sentence, (which I give here in a bit abbreviated form): [...]着いてからしばらくの間、決まった場所にいる代わりに、PCR検査で[...]...
3
votes
1answer
884 views

What are the different ways of saying to agree or disagree with a person?

There seems to be many different ways of saying either to agree or to disagree with a person. Which words are there, in what circumstances should they be used, and are there any relevant examples of ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Meaning of 言われ + ても

I was looking up the conjugation of 言う, and the passive form of it is 言われる. In the sentence below, which I did not write, ても gets attached to that verb form after first dropping る. Can someone please ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

~たform / ~辞書form + 場合は

In「みんなの日本語」, the first part of this sentence, with the た-form verb, is translate in simple present tense : 時間に遅れた場合は、会場に入れません。 If you are late, you will not be able to enter in the room. Si vous êtes ...
4
votes
2answers
250 views

What is the difference between 振る and 揺る?

Both of these words seem to mean "to shake". From what I got: 振る is "higher frequency" shaking. 揺る is more like a swaying or rocking motion, "lower frequency". Is this correct? An explanation would ...
3
votes
0answers
67 views

Semantic classification of verbs

Lately, I've been spending a lot of focus in how to translate certain verbs in the form ~ている. Mostly comes from the fact that, depending on the verb, it can have a meaning of prolonged action (e.g. ...
7
votes
1answer
645 views

Meaning of 崩れかける

I'm having some difficulties understanding the construction 崩れかけた in 博士たちは崩れかけた門をくぐり、中へ入っていった。 I couldn't find it as a single word, so I take it is constructed from 崩れる and かける. My guess is that it'...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Inserting も inside a suru verb

I know that しょくじします means "to have a meal". I have trouble understanding the bolded sentence in the following text: たたみのへやでしごとをします。しょくじもします。 Does it mean that the person also has meals in ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

what does いずる mean?

what does "いずる (izuru)" mean when it's combined with verbs such as "萌えいずる" ? Can I say "Sprouting" as a translation of "萌えいずる" ? Thank you so much in advance.
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Difference between も兼ねて・を兼ねて

Someone asked her friend (in a TV show) 「宿題の答え合わせも兼ねて 勉強会をやりませんか?」 in the sense of "Want to do a study session, and compare our homework answers while we're at it?". Would the meaning change ...
7
votes
3answers
469 views

Meaning of 寒くなる vs. 寒くなっています

Today it crossed my mind how could I translate this, and some confusion arose with the verbal forms to use. If I wanted to say "I got cold", I would say 寒くなった However, for "I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
294 views

What is the proper way to say “to use/open an umbrella”?

I have the following options: 傘を_______ かけます します あびます 差します (さします) But I'd like to know which is the correct one and why. Thanks in advance!

1
2 3 4 5
21