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Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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2answers
196 views

What does “僕の分も君が振ってくれ。” mean?

The title is self explanatory. I don't seem to understand this sentence as a whole. Can somebody please explain this word by word for me? Also what form is "振ってくれ" in? "振る" in this context means "to ...
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1answer
1k views

Can a verb be modified too many times?

Several years ago, I was taking a Japanese course and was given an assignment to translate an English sentence of my choosing. (There was probably more to the assignment than that, but I don't recall....
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3answers
230 views

How to translate わからない in the following sentence

Context: a boxer named Yanagi is fighting against an opponent named Hyodo. Although Hyodo is really young, he is considered a very talented boxer and is often called genius (天才). Yanagi is thinking ...
6
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3answers
287 views

Characteristics of 'loan word root + る' verbs

This question follows on from these others: What are the principles behind turning foreign language words into verbs? Why are there very few non-する gairaigo verbs in Japanese? Are there words ...
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1answer
144 views

What does 「夢{ゆめ}に触{ふ}れる」 mean?

It's part of the lyrics of a song. The actual line is: どれほど夢{ゆめ}に触{ふ}れている? I checked the definitions of 触れる as an intransitive verb on Weblio and came to the conclusion that this is most likely ...
2
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1answer
68 views

What’s the difference between “書けるか” and “書けますか“?

What’s the difference between “書けるか“ and “書けますか” (Can you write?). I read the rule for the potential form, but then in an example it said ます on the end instead of る. So do both work and what’s the ...
12
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1answer
6k views

Usage (correctness) of だと after verbs

I've noticed だと showing up after verbs for a while now in various forms of media, such as blogs, anime, regular TV shows & also when speaking to Japanese people. However, I was originally told ...
3
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97 views

“服を汚した” vs “服を汚くした”

Now that I know it's not natural to say “服を汚くした” given no results found, I am just wondering is it more common to directly use the verb itself than to change its adjective form into an adverb to ...
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1answer
111 views

が vs は for intransitive verbs

In my textbook it says that to say: There is a good restaurant in this building. the translation is: このたてものにいいレストランがあります。 However, why is が used and not は? Would は be indicating a contrast (...
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1answer
55 views

What is the difference between しました and した

週末に何をしましたか。 Here what is the grammer of しましたか. Shouldn't it simply be したか, where した is the た format of する ?
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3k views

Which verb means “to pet <an animal>”?

I was trying to translate "May I pet the dog?", but I'm having trouble finding what word means "to pet". Looking it up on jisho.org I get 可愛がる, but translating it back using various services gives me ...
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3answers
675 views

What are some examples of three-mora atamadaka verbs besides 帰る?

I couldn't find a good way to research this on my own, I'm afraid. I'm not looking for a comprehensive list by any means (in before it turns out 帰る is the only one...), but rather just a few examples ...
2
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1answer
139 views

I don't understand this correction to my sentence. Please explain!

でも今ほとんどすべての暇は日本語を勉強することを過ごしています。 "I spend most of my free time studying Japanese" A couple people corrected me and said it should be: 日本語を勉強して過ごしています。 I know you connect 2 verbs with the te form, ...
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1answer
573 views

What's the difference between 落す and 落とす?

Both 落す and 落とす seem to be pronounced おとす and have the same meaning. Are they variants? Different words? Is one of them technically wrong?
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48 views

What form is 急がば in 急がば回れ? [duplicate]

What form is this. how do you use it and is it only used for proverbs? The closest I know for the verb Isogu is Isoganai or Isogeba, but not Isogaba.
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0answers
77 views

む archaic volitional? Translated as Imperative [duplicate]

While watching Konosuba I came across following sentence: 「我が真紅の流出もて 白き世界を覆さん」 What troubles me is the 「覆さん」. The translation used an imperative here, what fits most of the other spells in the ...
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1answer
123 views

Is V2 + ころ / ごろ a pattern or not

Xは食べごろだ。 Time to eat X. X is ready to be eaten. Question: Can -koro/-goro be used as a general pattern by adding to masu-stem of the verb to produce meaning, that it is time to do this? For ...
3
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1answer
95 views

Kanjied 出した vs kananed だした in -dasu/dashta pattern

雪が降り出した。 It started to snow (unexpectedly). In Maggie's article on this pattern "How to use V + 始める ( = hajimeru) / だす ( = dasu) / かける ( = kakeru)" she uses hiragana for this verb. In jisho.org ...
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1answer
65 views

Full っている vs shorter ってる: slang or official tool

I know, that I can skip い in building continuous form of a verb. For example: 雪が降っている。 雪が降ってる。 are equal and mean: [It's snowing.] Question: how legal is it to skip い in case like this? ...
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~くて on a verb? How do you indicate desire?

「右手【みぎて】で描【か】いた、今ここに避難所【ひなんじょ】はないんだ。息【いき】を吸【す】いこんだ。つまらない世界【せかい】壊【こわ】したくて。」 Translation: Drawn with my right hand, here, now, as for the shelter, there is none. I inhaled. The boring world wants to be ...
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Why do road signs have 止まれ, not 止まる, 止める or 止めて?

From what I know ending verb in え makes it sound rough and very casual. I checked in tangorin.com online dictionary - it's said there it is actually a noun. To me, though, it looks like a rough ...
2
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1answer
394 views

Meaning of 小せェもんに縛られてる

Context: in a flashback, a Cuban boxer is thinking back to when he was in Cuba before seeking asylum (亡命) and migrating to America. He had just won a gold medal for his country in the Olympics. ...
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1answer
70 views

~め ending, apparently not imperative?

Context is the song 「その血の記憶」: 空白のラストページに…       Into [dative of motion towards] a blank LAST PAGE, そのこぶしを叩き込めーッ!     [Star Platinum] will throw that fist (???) End of THE WORLD!その血の記憶! ...
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1answer
198 views

What is the Japanese verb for vaping?

Is there a term for vaping? The use of flavored type devices for vaping. I found the word denki tabako for the device. I was wondering what the verb would be. Thank you.
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132 views

What does やられてる mean in this sentence?

I came across this line today which left me a bit confused: 彼らには子分を二人もやられてる。 The speaker is referring to men from a gang. I've struggled with the meaning of やる outside of its most basic usage, but ...
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2answers
186 views

Meaning of もったいぶらず in the following sentence

Context: while talking about himself, a boxer says: 今持ってるモノはもったいぶらず全て出す。それが俺の武器に繋がるんでねェ。拳に表れるんだよォ ――――[生き方]【スタイル】ってヤツは。 According to dictionaries, the meaning of もったいぶらない is unpretentious, modest. ...
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1answer
977 views

What is the meaning of 上げて落としたみて?

I'm reading this manga, and came accross the following monologue: たかが弦ごときで世界の終わりみてーなツラしやがって 俺が上げて落としたみてーで後味ワリーだろがッ 俺の昼寝返せ!!! I can't understand what 上げて落としたみて means. Is this an ...
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1answer
77 views

Difference between 虫取り and 虫取りをする?

I'm a beginner, so I'm sorry if this is obvious: I was just reading a text which said 虫取りをしました which, according to google, means "I took insects", which confused me at first because 取り is already ...
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1answer
80 views

Why is 探そう not 探しそう?

In a manga I am reading, I came across the following sentence. 注目集めてるな。早くミクを探そう。 The speaker just crashed on his skis and a crowd of people started to gather around, thus garnering a lot of attention ...
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1answer
131 views

What is the meaning of している in this sentence?

I know from looking at the title many of you are thinking "Frey, you should KNOW THIS by now." And to be honest I should, its just a matter of the more research I did only served to further confuse me....
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2answers
427 views

「んだって」と「って」どう違いますか。

例えば「彼が結婚してるんだって」と「彼が結婚してるって」どう違いますか。
6
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1answer
298 views

Japanese equivalent for “get to do something”?

I'm looking for a natural way to express that you're happy or surprised about an action. In English, "I got to spend the whole day reading", or "I get to interview him tomorrow". Does something like ...
10
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1answer
3k views

必要{ひつよう} vs 要{い}ります

It should be mentioned I can't read kanji, so please keep that in mind when answering I've just encountered the verb [必要]{ひつよう}, in the Rosetta Stone sentence [私]{わたし}はチケットを[二枚]{にまい}[買]{か}...
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3answers
4k views

Meaning of ~てやる

Does ~てやる work the same way as ~てあげる does? Does ~てやる have any other meanings?
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1answer
71 views

Use of 抱く in “聞かせていただいてありがとうございました”

In my textbook the sentence: 聞かせていただいてありがとうございました is translated as "Thank you for telling us about all these things" I know: 色々 is "various" so probably means "all these things" 聞かせていた means "...
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2answers
156 views

わける vs 振り分ける — What is the ふり doing here?

Consider the following example: divide the main folder into sub folders (in case of mail) フォルダを振り分ける フォルダをわける What I want to know is why do we add "ふり"? Why can't we just use "フォルダをわけて"?
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1answer
81 views

Is the pattern V + に行く used with -する verbs?

Is it natural to say, for example 散歩しに行く? Or would you rather say 散歩に行く? If both are acceptable, is there any difference in meaning or usage? よろしくお願いします。
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103 views

Which categories of verbs (transitive, atelic, etc) can you use with ~そう (seems to; appears)?

I've just studied そう (as in: seems like; about to) in class and I wanted to know why you can use some verbs and not others. For instance, 雨が{あめが}降りそう{ふりそう} works out semantically and grammatically, ...
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1answer
81 views

Which is more appropriate? 大学院に入る/入学する/進学する?

Please explain which of the following (or any other) is more appropriate to say "enter postgraduate school/studies": 大学院に入ります 大学院に入学します 大学院に進学します
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1k views

When are 止める, 停める and 留める read as とめる, やめる or とどめる?

When are 止める, 停める and 留める read as とめる or とどめる (and in the case of 止める, やめる)? I think 止めてください could be read as both やめてください and とめてください, which I think could maybe be translated as "cut it out" and "...
2
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1answer
89 views

How to use ふと correctly?

I am struggling in understanding how to use ふと ふと: suddenly, unexpectedly, unintentionally Based on the brief explanation on this post, ふと is used to express something unimportant that you don't ...
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3answers
18k views

〜くて form of a verb

I ask here my question because I couldn't find anything on internet. My problem is about 〜くて form for a verb. I asked a Japanese friend what for example "会いたくて" means. She told me that there is a ...
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2answers
166 views

Difference between 呼ぶ声がします and 呼びます

The full context of the first original phrase is: 「・・・浦島{うらしま}さん、・・・浦島さん」と、誰かが呼{よ}ぶ声{こえ}がします。 I was just wondering, why is 声がする in the sentence when there is already 呼ぶ? Or rather, what would be ...
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1answer
650 views

What's the difference between the constructs [adverb] なる (naru) and [adverb] する (suru)?

For example, what makes 相手になる different from 相手にする. I know that 「~になる」 is to be/become something, and 「~をする」 is to do something, but what does each imply when used?
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1answer
95 views

Is the function of this ある a pre-noun adjectival, or is it a verb that forms a relative clause?

I'm going over my previously done translations to see if any need further editing, and the following comes up. 背後で聞き覚えのある声がして、思わず一歩後ずさってしまった。 I relearned yesterday that a relative clause/...
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1answer
94 views

follow up on: Can ような mean “To make”?

a follow up on: Can ような mean "To make"? X は仰け反り、聞いてるこちらが悲しくなるような悲鳴を上げた。 X shrieked in a way that made me become sorrowful Person talking to the speaker was singing before ...
2
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1answer
223 views

Transforming (conjugating) verbs

So I am studying from an online site called Memrise but they seem to teach pretty straightforward stuff that you have to memorize in order to do them. Yeah I can ask and say things but I can notice ...
3
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1answer
119 views

Do you always need the passive voice when saying what happened to you?

For example if I wanted to say “He told me what I needed to know.” would I say 彼に知らなきゃことを教えられた? Or would it be something different? And do I always need to use it if I’m telling someone what ...
2
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1answer
105 views

Verb Classification of あげる (to give)

I've been doing some housecleaning for the sake of correct grammatical conjugation, which includes classifying verbs. Jisho.org's top result doesn't have あげる as meaning 'to give' (granted it's ...
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2answers
163 views

Explanation of 「雪も降ってきて」

What does it mean to have も plus the て form and きて?A translation gives me “Now that it’s snowing...” so does するもしてきて mean “Now that it’s X...”? Or is there another meaning to it?