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Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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5
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2answers
1k views

What is the Japanese verb for “to flex” (one's muscles)?

I would like to know the Japanese verb for "to flex", but I haven't found much information and the few dictionary options I have found are a bit unclear to my understanding so I think that some people ...
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1answer
87 views

How does adding んで to verb stem change it

For example 学 - 学んで & 死 ー 死んで
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1answer
114 views

Can いそぐ be used transitively, as in べんきょうをいそぎます?

Is べんきょうをいそぎます。 a proper sentence construction? Are there others way to use いそぎます in a sentence?
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2answers
868 views

What conjugation of what word is 出なく?

牛からミルクが出なくなって I'm having trouble working out the conjugation of the bold characters. I assume that なって is the -te/connective form of なる... but what the heck is 出なく? Logic tells me it should be some ...
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3answers
336 views

Use of 掛ける vs する for 眼鏡 or サングラス

Which is more common in spoken Japanese? 眼鏡【めがね】を掛ける【かける】or 眼鏡をする? I've heard both verbs used, which is why I'm curious. Would the answer be different if it's サングラス instead?
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2answers
675 views

Difference between 〜に限らない and 〜に限られていない?

I'm a bit puzzled by the use of 〜に限らない vs 〜に限られていない. Here are example sentences from a textbook: 日本語を勉強している学生は、日本語専攻に限りません。 最近、プロの相撲の力士は日本人に限られていない。 These both mean "not limited to", and ...
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1answer
418 views

Difference between aruku, arukimasu and arukimasen and such

Kinda new to this and i'm confused regarding verb variations such as this. From what I understand aruku and arukimasu are the same just the latter is more polite while arukimasen is more the opposite ...
5
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1answer
282 views

Patterns (and exceptions) for 自動詞 - 他動詞 pairs

As a 3rd year student of Japanese, I don't have all that wide a vocabulary yet, but have noticed that, typically, the following patterns are observable in terms of the word endings for transitive-...
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0answers
62 views

Why is this verb in -masu stem form? [duplicate]

太陽が強く照らすから川の水がもうすぐ無くなりそうだ。 Can anyone explain for me why the verb in bold is in -masu stem form and not fully conjugated? (it's a sentence from a graded reader) conjugation of the verb: https://www....
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1answer
152 views

V + n-janai vs -ne vs -n-desu-ne

What's the difference between these 3 forms of a verb: 1) 勝てるんじゃない 2) 勝てるね 3) 勝てるんですね ?
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1answer
179 views

Presumptive form and 居ろう

I have a couple of questions about the presumptive form. 「それは誰が定めたの?」 「フュシィアに決まって居ろう。」 Above are some lines from a game that got me pondering about this: Am I correct in that the V+おう form could ...
3
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1answer
110 views

Why the ta-form is used here?

The sentence: "息子は一年浪人しました。" The translation provided(I don't know if this translation is really correct though) :"My son failed his university exams so he's retaking them in a year."
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2answers
319 views

U/RU verbs vs Noun+Suru verbs

When I learn new words in Japanese (using jisho.org), I often see a verb like for example "to drive" as 乗り回す and 運転する, "to study" as 学ぶ and 勉強する, "to understand" 分かる and 了解する, why ?? Why is there for ...
7
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1answer
239 views

Do you call the feeling of acid burns as 燃える too?

Doesn't have to be the kind that melts your face off. Like your detergent(alkali but nvm that) prickling your hand after leaving it for a bit too long on your hand. Would toothpaste or menthol's ...
2
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1answer
116 views

What verb should I use for “match”? E.g. Please match the answers

I'm writing some instructions on a worksheet, and I want to translate the English instructions into Japanese. I'm trying to say something along the lines of Please match the genre in English to ...
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1answer
374 views

Stative verbs treatment

I'm currently going through a review-all Japanese Linguistics reading. Now I've got to the part where verb types are described and it's been bothering me how this particular topic has been addressed. ...
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2answers
325 views

Why are dogs asked to 「おすわり」 instead of 「すわれ」

In the manga Inuyasha, the heroine Kagome acquires the ability to force the titular Dog-Yokai to fall over by saying 「おすわり」. I figured this must be a typical dog training command, but I wondered why ...
2
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1answer
275 views

I don't understand what this verb conjugation is: 見えなくなった

This is a quote from Tae Kim's Guide 下に入って、富士山が見えなくなった Can someone explain what this form of 見える is? It almost seems like they are trying to make a negative verb into an adverb but is that ...
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2answers
255 views

I need help translating as I'm confused with word usage

I need some help with a bit of the Japanese-English translation I'm currently working on. Here is the full Japanese sentence: 返事をした女の子がこちらに近づき、僕の手にナイフを握{にぎ}らせる。 The following is the bit of what I ...
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1answer
5k views

Why does “hajimete” mean “for the first time”?

はじめて(hajimete) is the te-form of the verb はじめる(hajimeru) - to begin. How come it means "for the first time" and is used appropriately to mean the whole phrase? Is it an idiom?
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2answers
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Question about using the past form verb 「まった」 in this sentence

It is a situation that a boxing fight will begin very soon. Suddenly, a trainer of a boxer thought that his man could be knocked out very easily. He then said the following sentence. Anyway, the ...
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1answer
75 views

How does あるのですか work in this gramatically?

A Japanese friend wrote to me: なぜsomethingsomethingに興味あるのですか。 Shouldn't she have used が before ある? Could you just say ありますか instead of あるのですか?
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1answer
206 views

What is the difference between the imperative forms of the -aru verbs?

What is the difference between these imperative forms: nas-ai nas-are nas-aimase nas-aimashi (As far as I understand these verb forms apply only to the honorific –aru verbs irassharu, ossharu, ...
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2answers
283 views

Unknown implied verb with さよならを

In this song (https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/pages/31606.html) that I was translating, there's a part where there seems to be an implied verb, but I can't figure out what it's supposed to be. ...
2
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1answer
172 views

Questions relating to連体修飾

I know it's hard to explicate , so please just tell me the nuance and may be the difference.I am really confused with 「連体修飾」. I even don't know when should I use 「辞書形」 and 「タ」,after I know 「タ」is not ...
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0answers
890 views

Verb + shi vs verb + tari --> what's the difference? [duplicate]

After a verb, they both used to imply "...and other things" or "among other things". What's the difference between them? When is used one and not the other? Which is more common? Are they really more ...
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1answer
269 views

思っています・思います・思いました

Q.この日記を書いた人は、数学のテストについてどう思いましたか。 A.この日記を書いた人は、数学のテストはとてもむずかしかったと思いました。 This is a test question and a sample of a student response to it. I am wondering if the form 思いました used with この日記を書いた人 clearly ...
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1answer
331 views

Can you use 洗うwhile talking about a specific part you are washing while showering?

Usually you use 浴びる for showering or bathing (not too sure about bathing) right? And you use 洗う for washing in general right? Can you ever use 洗う in a shower/bath scenario like my example below? 例:...
2
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1answer
380 views

経つvs過ごす/過ぎる Tatsu vs Sugiru/sugosu?

For the passage of time are both of these interchangeable? What nuances does using either over the other have?
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2answers
112 views

How would you say you “stopped wearing” something?

How would you go about saying you "stopped wearing" something? I'm trying to say "I stopped wearing uniforms at X high school." and I'm incredibly tripped up by how to put verbs into this sentence. ...
2
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1answer
135 views

Use (or meaning) of masu form of verb plus つく

What is the use and/or meaning when adding つく to the -ます form of a verb? Here is a sample sentence ... たぬきは なんとか 浜辺に 泳ぎつくと、 すたこら さっさと 逃げていました。 ”Tanuki somehow swam?? to the beach (then) helter-...
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1answer
1k views

How to say change from A to B

Is it: AはBに変わる。 If I want to say A changes to B Thanks
3
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2answers
152 views

Can you explain この建物は築100年以上たっている to me?

I was studying the word 以上 and I found some examples with them. The meaning of 以上 in my textbook is "or more" and they put an example: 30度以上の日 = A day of 30 degrees or more. Then I was searching ...
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1answer
2k views

Do all verbs have an honorific and humble form?

I was reading about this phenomenon in a few places and saw, for instance, this table of transformations and substitutions for various verbs. Is it only these common verbs which change, or do all ...
3
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1answer
307 views

Meaning of this sentence by a yakuza

Context: in this manga, an ex boxer now working for a yakuza group has just attended the funeral of his boss (組長). After the funeral, he sits alone and watches his pinkie. Then thinks: 何考えてんだ俺は… ...
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1answer
923 views

masu/masho, desu/desho, and -tai forms of verbs

Let's take some rather trivial and also rather casual sentences such as: (1) Want to meet up at X o'clock? (2) Let us meet up at X o'clock. (3) Want to grab (something to eat / dinner) later? / Want ...
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3answers
157 views

Meaning of 率いる in the following sentence

Context: in a manga, a boxer is talking about the president of a boxing gym. What is the meaning of 率いる in the following sentence? I know it means to lead or to command, but I don't think it is the ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Verbs for animal noises in Japanese?

This is specifically about verbs not onomatopoeia. I understand that you can say 「(動物)は(音)という」, e.g. 「犬がワンという」。But beyond that I've come to two words 吠える and 鳴く, which both seam to be generalised ...
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1answer
222 views

Usage of に after verbs

彼は川へ泳ぎに行った。 In this sentence, the 連用形 of 泳ぐ is placed in front of に, with the action verb 行く/行った, thus indicating the verb (to swim) for which the action (to go) is taken. My first question is if this ...
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0answers
276 views

Why is it 入っている not 入れてある [duplicate]

I was wondering about this expression 入っている for something being inside. I always wondered about it, since it literally should mean being in the process of entering.. It would make more sense to me if ...
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0answers
414 views

Did I use NI/DE/WO correctly in these examples?

Previous question got deleted because I apparently worded it wrong so here's another attempt. Just started with verbs and particles that come with them and it took me a while to get the structure, ...
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1answer
164 views

usage of 「こってるな」

This is from a scene in the movie クリーピー 偽りの隣人. In the scene, the wife has made a nice meal and it is laid out on the table. The husband sees it and says 「お!すごい。こってるな。」and the subtitle translation is "...
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1answer
153 views

What is the meaning of 壊れる when referring to a person?

Context: a mangaka is talking about a character of a manga who is a psychopathic killer called Crazy Rascal. そのネーミングに関しては、僕が個人的に尊敬している、とある“プロ”の方のあだ名?からいただきました。ご本人は当然こんなにぶっ壊れていませんのでご注意を。 What is ...
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2answers
651 views

行っています versus 行きました

The 1993 4級 test had this vocabulary question: ちちは いま、しんぶんを ____ いって います。 1 ぬぎに  2 よびに  3 ききに  4 かいに Am I right to say that the answer is 4, かいに, with the sentence as My dad went to buy a ...
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1answer
829 views

Meaning of 感じる in sexual context

Context: a character of a manga is being interviewed in the extra section at the end of the manga. She receives a question about a chapter in which she had sex with another character after talking to ...
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1answer
111 views

「~れば」 form for 「です」

A question came up recently that made me wonder how this form is for the verb です. I know that です has a ~たら form that is conjugated as だったら。But, does it have a ~れば form? Is it でれば? (I don't think so ...
2
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1answer
283 views

How do you say “stopped playing piano” by using やめる?

Is it ピアノを弾いてやめました。 or ピアノを弾きやめました。 Thanks
2
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2answers
543 views

What is the difference between 憧れる{あこがれる} and 焦がれる{こがれる}?

From Jisho.org, the words 憧れる{あこがれる} (akogareru) and 焦がれる{こがれる} (kogareru) appear to have the same meaning: to yearn for, to long for, to be attracted by. What is the difference between them? Note: ...
5
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2answers
301 views

Meaning of 拝む in the following sentence

Context: after winning a match, a boxer goes at the hospital to visit the opponent he defeated, but there he finds the loser's girlfriend too. The boy tries to ask how his opponent is doing, at which ...
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1answer
179 views

What does とした mean?

I've seen this question on Yahoo and couldn't figure out what とした exactly meant. デスノートの主人公、夜神月(ヤガミ・ライト)ですが、この名前、なかなか素敵でミステリアスで良いと思いますが、実際に自分の子供に「月(読み方はライト)」とした場合役所では、認めてもらえるのでしょうか?