Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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12
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1answer
2k views

Do all verbs have an honorific and humble form?

I was reading about this phenomenon in a few places and saw, for instance, this table of transformations and substitutions for various verbs. Is it only these common verbs which change, or do all ...
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1answer
299 views

Meaning of this sentence by a yakuza

Context: in this manga, an ex boxer now working for a yakuza group has just attended the funeral of his boss (組長). After the funeral, he sits alone and watches his pinkie. Then thinks: 何考えてんだ俺は… ...
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812 views

masu/masho, desu/desho, and -tai forms of verbs

Let's take some rather trivial and also rather casual sentences such as: (1) Want to meet up at X o'clock? (2) Let us meet up at X o'clock. (3) Want to grab (something to eat / dinner) later? / Want ...
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3answers
152 views

Meaning of 率いる in the following sentence

Context: in a manga, a boxer is talking about the president of a boxing gym. What is the meaning of 率いる in the following sentence? I know it means to lead or to command, but I don't think it is the ...
2
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1answer
125 views

Verbs for animal noises in Japanese?

This is specifically about verbs not onomatopoeia. I understand that you can say 「(動物)は(音)という」, e.g. 「犬がワンという」。But beyond that I've come to two words 吠える and 鳴く, which both seam to be generalised ...
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1answer
185 views

Usage of に after verbs

彼は川へ泳ぎに行った。 In this sentence, the 連用形 of 泳ぐ is placed in front of に, with the action verb 行く/行った, thus indicating the verb (to swim) for which the action (to go) is taken. My first question is if this ...
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0answers
260 views

Why is it 入っている not 入れてある [duplicate]

I was wondering about this expression 入っている for something being inside. I always wondered about it, since it literally should mean being in the process of entering.. It would make more sense to me if ...
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341 views

Did I use NI/DE/WO correctly in these examples?

Previous question got deleted because I apparently worded it wrong so here's another attempt. Just started with verbs and particles that come with them and it took me a while to get the structure, ...
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1answer
159 views

usage of 「こってるな」

This is from a scene in the movie クリーピー 偽りの隣人. In the scene, the wife has made a nice meal and it is laid out on the table. The husband sees it and says 「お!すごい。こってるな。」and the subtitle translation is "...
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145 views

What is the meaning of 壊れる when referring to a person?

Context: a mangaka is talking about a character of a manga who is a psychopathic killer called Crazy Rascal. そのネーミングに関しては、僕が個人的に尊敬している、とある“プロ”の方のあだ名?からいただきました。ご本人は当然こんなにぶっ壊れていませんのでご注意を。 What is ...
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591 views

行っています versus 行きました

The 1993 4級 test had this vocabulary question: ちちは いま、しんぶんを ____ いって います。 1 ぬぎに  2 よびに  3 ききに  4 かいに Am I right to say that the answer is 4, かいに, with the sentence as My dad went to buy a ...
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1answer
727 views

Meaning of 感じる in sexual context

Context: a character of a manga is being interviewed in the extra section at the end of the manga. She receives a question about a chapter in which she had sex with another character after talking to ...
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1answer
108 views

「~れば」 form for 「です」

A question came up recently that made me wonder how this form is for the verb です. I know that です has a ~たら form that is conjugated as だったら。But, does it have a ~れば form? Is it でれば? (I don't think so ...
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1answer
258 views

How do you say “stopped playing piano” by using やめる?

Is it ピアノを弾いてやめました。 or ピアノを弾きやめました。 Thanks
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2answers
490 views

What is the difference between 憧れる{あこがれる} and 焦がれる{こがれる}?

From Jisho.org, the words 憧れる{あこがれる} (akogareru) and 焦がれる{こがれる} (kogareru) appear to have the same meaning: to yearn for, to long for, to be attracted by. What is the difference between them? Note: ...
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2answers
292 views

Meaning of 拝む in the following sentence

Context: after winning a match, a boxer goes at the hospital to visit the opponent he defeated, but there he finds the loser's girlfriend too. The boy tries to ask how his opponent is doing, at which ...
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1answer
174 views

What does とした mean?

I've seen this question on Yahoo and couldn't figure out what とした exactly meant. デスノートの主人公、夜神月(ヤガミ・ライト)ですが、この名前、なかなか素敵でミステリアスで良いと思いますが、実際に自分の子供に「月(読み方はライト)」とした場合役所では、認めてもらえるのでしょうか?
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1answer
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あるき vs あるく to say walk

I learnt that walk is あるく in japanese, however http://jtalkonline.com/the-basics-of-grammar/ site mentions it as あるき constantly. Is the site wrong or are those two interchangable?
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3answers
763 views

Ending なくなる being positive?

I basically have two questions: When we use なくなる we basically force the verb to be in negative so that we can replace い by く and then add なる. For example: 見えなくなる (to become not visible). My question ...
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1answer
87 views

Concatenating two verbs to describe a noun

I would like to say "Alive animals that arrive to Europe" and my attempt would be something like ヨロッパに着く生きている動物が.." but it seems kinda wrong to concatenate the two verbs in that way. I'm not sure if ...
2
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1answer
70 views

Which clause(s) does といい modify in this sentence?

自然な話し方で話せるようになるためには、多くの日本人と色々な場面で話したり、日本の映画やドラマを見て、どんな場面で、どんな人が、どんな相手に、どんな話し方をしているかをよく観察するといいでしょう。 This is from the first reading of Tobira's second chapter. I actually have two questions: Which ...
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2answers
95 views

あたまのいいところよ - Having ideas?

I am reading some easy manga for kids as an exercise. I am stuck on this sentence for quite some time and I would like an input on my translation : But how are we going to find it since we don't know ...
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2answers
88 views

Difference between : 今見える vs 見えてきた

Which one sounds more natural? I'm trying to learn when to use verb+くる but it's not that intuitive. It's very easy to understand the meaning, especially when it's なってくる but for some reason I find it ...
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1answer
184 views

What does 夢を作る mean here?

Here is the full sentence: 夢を作っている僕の深層心理が、彼の顔を固定できない。 I gather that the main meaning of this sentence is "My subconscious can't fix this face into [itself/memory].", but the main question for me ...
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1answer
841 views

How can I conjugate a past-potential verb?

The conjugation rules for present-potential and past verb forms are well-documented online, but there doesn't seem to be as much information about past-potential conjugations. If we can conjugate the ...
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1answer
176 views

「私は日本語会話を分かってみますからTwitchに日本のゲーマーズをみます。」

I wanted to write a short biography on my twitch account which I'm going to use to get used to spoken Japanese, but I am a beginner so I had to write this sentence with my Japanese grammar handbook ...
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1answer
63 views

Help with Particles and Verb Form

I was watching the first episode of Terrace House and got confused at something at the beginning. 1"僕は筧さんがずっと一途に思われてたじゃないですか" 2"ああいうのとかが好きでした" In the show a presenter is asked if anyone on ...
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1answer
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How can the ~たい form of a verb be modified for past/present or positive/negative use?

Background I'm aware that the ~たい form of a verb indicates wanting to do something, though - until recently - I hadn't thought about how I could say that I didn't want to do something. A quick ...
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1answer
246 views

Meaning of 贅沢を言う

I know all the separate meanings/translations of the sentence but I can't think of a translation which makes sense. 「贅沢{ぜいたく}を言{い}わなければ。」 I thought of: "Must tell luxury"? The whole sentence is: ...
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3answers
371 views

「食らう」と「食え」の違いは何ですか。

Overwatchっていうゲームでヒローがよく使う言葉は「敵を食らう」でも、普通の命令形はどうしを最後に「え」を変わります。「食らう」って特別ですか?
4
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1answer
96 views

What does 開けたかった mean?

From the novel The Old Man and the Sea. Japanese translation on Aozora: http://www.aozora.gr.jp/cards/001847/files/57347_57224.html 「食ったほうがいいか?」 「そう言ってるじゃないか」少年は優しく答えた。「サンチャゴの用意ができてから蓋を開けたかったんだ」 ...
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1answer
159 views

Help translating a sentence with オレにあった

I'm having trouble translating this sentence (from the manga Banana Fish, if anyone knows that awesome series): もしオレにあったとしても… オレはそんなものほしいと思ったことは1度だってない!! The part I'm having trouble with is オレにあった, ...
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1answer
360 views

Genki question. Translating a roleplay conversation [closed]

I'm "learning" Japanese and I need a bit of help regarding an exercise from the Genki I Textbook. Lesson 6, Question 6, Example 3. I need to make a conversation between 2 people (A and B). This is ...
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3answers
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Verb for “adjusting” glasses?

I searched jisho and found 整える but doing a google search for メガネを整える came up with practically no results so I feel that it's not the appropriate verb. メガネを繕う came up with more hits, is that ...
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2answers
423 views

What is the difference between ~してる and ~している?

When do you omit the い? Is it ungrammatical to use してる?
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1answer
169 views

Meaning of verbal suffix ~てくたっとしてしまう

I've come across several cases of verbs with the suffix ~てくたっとしてしまう, but am unsure how to break this suffix down, or what it means exactly. It seems that this is the て-form of the base verb, followed ...
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0answers
332 views

the difference among “開く(あく)、開く(ひらく)、開ける(あける)” [duplicate]

i know that "開ける" involves subject and object, like : "窓を開けました"( windows opened, & implied someone did it ), and "開く(あく)" only involves the subject, like : "窓が開きました" ( windows opened, &...
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2answers
167 views

Why is いる used with 才能?

才能を隠すのにも卓越した才能がいる。 This is a translation of a quote from Réflexions ou sentences et maximes morales. The original text is as follows: C'est une grande habilité que de savoir cacher son habileté. ...
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1answer
83 views

How can I apply た form to -すぎ for conditional clause?

I want to say the following: "Please excuse if there was too little context." I am wondering about two things now. First, whether -すぎ is a suitable means to express "too little". By now, I only ...
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3answers
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How to describe screaming in a happy/excited sense?

I am trying to describe the action of screaming in excitement, kind of like a stereotypical fan-girl. But I'm concerned that the translations I'm finding are more along the lines of screaming in ...
3
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2answers
348 views

How to express feelings about a performed action?

I am wondering how I express my feelings about an action that has already occurred/been performed. For example, how would I state the following: I am happy to have returned home. I am sad that I ...
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2answers
519 views

Mnemonic to remember different “to wear” verbs

Does anyone have suggestions for a mnemonic or other memory device for the different verbs meaning "to wear" in 日本語? かぶる (kaburu) - hat / headwear 着る (kiru) - Tops / jackets and all-over clothes 履く (...
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0answers
48 views

What does 言われよう mean? [duplicate]

In the following sentence, what exact conjugation is 言う? 何を言われようと気にしない. I know that 言われる is the passive, but I have no idea what the よう(と) means.
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どうしてこの「が」は動詞に付いていますか。 [duplicate]

「手さぐり」という章を読んでいる最中、ややこしい助詞の用法にあいました。 (前略)  目の見えない人は手さぐりで歩む。一歩一歩が慎重である。謙虚である。そして一足歩むために全神経を集中する。これほど真剣な歩み方は、目の見える人にはちょっとあるまい。  人生で思わぬケガをしたくなければ、そして世の中でつまずきたくなければ、この歩み方を見習うがいい。 (後略) 「...
2
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2answers
521 views

〜たいと思う — What does this mean?

I'm experiencing a little confusion with the verb form meaning "to want", and am a little confused as to how to say "would like to" instead. In Japanese, are the two meanings combined into the ending 〜...
5
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2answers
470 views

Why is intentional form used in 「カラオケに行こうと誘われました」?

近所のひとにカラオケに行こうと誘われました。 I can easily understand what this sentence wants to tell me, but I don't really understand why intentional form is used here. I usually would just use plain form いく.
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1answer
82 views

Problem with 傷つく: who is hurt in this dialogue?

Context: in a manga a girl kisses a boy. He is so scared that he pushes her away. Then the girl says (I divided the sentences as they are divided in the balloons): あぁ… ファーストキス?ゴメンゴメン。/ でも傷つくなぁー ...
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2answers
149 views

Is the construction 'Verb + adjective + noun' possible?

I saw a scan of an official manga that's to be released, however the first speech bubble's grammar confused me. I am unsure if it is to be read as: 1) 水も滴るイイ男!! or as 2) 水も滴る。イイ男!! (1) makes ...
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1answer
89 views

What does おり mean in this sentence?

Is it from the verb 居る? If it's so, why is not it ております? 怪人による被害はこれまでにない規模の拡大を続けており。
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1answer
280 views

Why is シャワー used with 浴びる?

I'm a little confused as to why it's 浴びる as opposed to する. In nouns like 掃除 or ゲーム, the verb used is する. Can anyone clarify?