Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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Is there a general rule for deriving xasu→xaseru intransitives such as 死なせる from 死なす?

There are a number of verbs where there is a 〜xasu → xaseru transformation to produce an transitive verb from an intransitive, eg: 死なす→死なせる 生かす→生かせる 飲ます→飲ませる Is this some kind of generalized rule? (...
3
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0answers
87 views

When is it okay to not use desu?

I've been looking around for this, but all I can find is pretty basic stuff about desu. I've studied Japanese, but writing texts in Japanese still stumps me sometimes. Right now I'm wondering about ...
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1answer
54 views

Why is the volitional form used here?

このアカウントをフォローして、写真や動画をチェックしよう。 Why was しよう used instead of して? I was thinking して because it appears to be a request.
3
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2answers
93 views

Verb (とどめる) and its meaning in these sentences

I was looking for the meaning of the verb (とどめる) and how it differs from (とめる). I understood that (とどめる) means (to stop "potentially" from moving). But how does that meaning relate to the following ...
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1answer
91 views

なりますintransitive verb - volitional/non-volitional

なります is an intransitive verb, but it could either be volitional or non-volitional, right? Please see the below examples; are they correct? 日本語が上手になるように、毎日勉強しています。(なります is non-volitional) 弁護士になるために、...
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1answer
785 views

masu/masho, desu/desho, and -tai forms of verbs

Let's take some rather trivial and also rather casual sentences such as: (1) Want to meet up at X o'clock? (2) Let us meet up at X o'clock. (3) Want to grab (something to eat / dinner) later? / Want ...
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0answers
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I form in japanese [closed]

So in japanese we have conjugation as well but what confuses me is the I form .Been searching on the web but nothing shows up instead it shows 連用形 or text form which makes me frustruated .I found it ...
3
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1answer
84 views

What does 歩けというの mean in this song?

In the song Cry by Garnidelia there're two lines that go: ひとり どこへ 歩{ある}けというの The second line is what I don't get. I've tried looking up というの but didn't see anything about it at the end of a ...
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3answers
6k views

~ておく or ~とく for preparation (conjugation and nuance)

A few quick questions regarding ~ておく and the casual form ~とく Firstly, when changing from ~ておく to the more casual ~とく I'm assuming the verb is first conjugated to the ~て form then the ~て is dropped ...
2
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1answer
215 views

Doubts about 判明する and verb tenses

I was checking the example sentences of 判明する on the Weblio EN-JA dictionary and it seems that, when it means "to turn out (that)", 判明する is written in the dictionary form (it turns out) or in the past ...
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1answer
50 views

Difference in meaning between 掴む and 捕まえる [duplicate]

掴{つか}む and 捕{つか}まえる both mean to catch and both are transitive verbs. Is there a difference in meaning or usage? Note that there is an intransitive to be arrested: 捕{つか}まる - to be caught/arrested, ...
2
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1answer
103 views

Difference between「のびる/のばす」and「のべる」

With the use of a dictionary, along with reading some web pages, I understood the meaning as well as the proper usage of 「延びる/延ばす」and 「伸びる/伸ばす」. But I noticed an overlapping in meaning regarding「延べる」...
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0answers
47 views

The verb いる (居る) with an inanimate subject? [duplicate]

In a novel I’m reading, I’ve come across a usage of いる that surprises me. The context is that a woman is driving along, deep in thought about an encounter she has just had with another character, when ...
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0answers
54 views

Making adverb form of verb + なります

I was reading an NHK article and came across this line: お金{かね}を払{はら}うとき「キャッシュレス」を利用{りよう}する人{ひと}が増{ふ}えて、現金{げんきん}をあまり使{つか}わなくなっているためです。 It comes after a line that says "This is the first time the ...
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1answer
92 views

Negative adjective 恐怖せず [duplicate]

恐怖せず I think it means “fearless”, but I don’t know the particle sezu. Is this old-fashioned?
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3answers
2k views

How to say “that” as in “the cow that ate” in Japanese?

I'm sure there are plenty of resources on this topic, but I don't know what keywords to use to find them. I want to know how you might create a noun by saying that the noun does something. For ...
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0answers
60 views

ます form vs ています form to describe habitual actions [duplicate]

I know that ています basically means that the verb is in progress (-ing), but I don't understand why the form is used in these sentences. 私【わたし】はあの会社【かいしゃ】で働【はたら】いています。 姉【あね】は毎日【まいにち】ジョギングをしています。 ...
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2answers
163 views

Can you answer the question 何を飲みますか? with 水です。?

It doesn’t seem that natural, as 水です seems to mean “It is water”, rather than a shorter form of 水を飲みます.
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2answers
263 views

「んだって」と「って」どう違いますか。

例えば「彼が結婚してるんだって」と「彼が結婚してるって」どう違いますか。
3
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1answer
92 views

What part of speech is the 「〜たい」 form of a verb?

To say that one wants to do something, one uses the 「〜たい」 form of the verb, for example, 「日本に 行きたい です」. In the 「〜たい」 form, the word behaves like an adjective, using similar patterns such as 「〜くない」 ...
2
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1answer
123 views

How to interpret intransitives in non-past tense

I've been reading linguistics books lately and they've gotten me reexamining things I've learned in Japanese textbooks for foreign learners. Susumu Kuno's book The Structure of the Japanese Language ...
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1answer
118 views

What is the implied-verb represented by the sentence-ending を in the following context?

I am trying to understand the dialogue being spoken by the narrative character on the page below, specifically the fourth line of dialogue from the right in the picture. 「……さっきは何で、あんなことを?」 What is ...
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3answers
135 views

How does “suku” (empty) become “suite”?

Just started learning Japanese two weeks ago. I have so many questions. If my question sounds a little silly, please bear with me. I just learned that adjectives + desu and verb + imasu. But how do I ...
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2answers
73 views

The meaning of いた in this sentence related to be left surviving

The whole sentence is: だが、偶然にも生き残ったサイア人たちがいた。 Could it be: However, fortuitously surviving sayajins remained. In this case, this いた is the past of 居る? If this right, 居る could have the reading "...
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3answers
1k views

Purpose of のは in this sentence?

What is the purpose of のは in the sentence “今浮かんだのは”? The context is, I asked someone what their favorite English word was and they said “Hmm 今浮かんだのは bullshit. Just kidding!” Would the translation be ...
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1answer
105 views

Why is 燃える + ゴミ = burnable? But the verb is not in ta-form

I saw this in the book. 管理人{かんりにん}: 燃{も}える ごみは 月{げつ}・水{すい}・金{きん}の 朝{あさ} 出{だ}して ください。 I remember that If we want to use a verb as an adjective, we need to change a verb into the Ta-form, but this ...
4
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1answer
309 views

What does こした mean?

In the sentence: まあいいや、(列車は)空いているにこした事はないし What does こした mean? Is this 越す or 鼓する or something other? And does まあいいや mean "well" or "whatever"?
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2answers
159 views

How to translate a line with no apparent main verb

I was trying to translate a song (full lyrics here: https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/sp/pages/39203.html) and this one line confused me, primarily because of its lack of main verb. 過行く時の中 握る手が解けた ...
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0answers
53 views

Correct translation of sentence with できていません [duplicate]

I am confused with the use of できていません in sentence : 明日の宿題のレポートがまだ1枚もできていません When I checked the dictionary it shows that できる means CAN(DO)/ BE ABLE TO while ている is for present progressive so I ...
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3answers
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When using もう and まだ does a negative verb always have to be in the (ている) present continuous form?

When using もう and まだ in a negative sense, does the negative verb always have to be in the present continuous form i.e. 来ていません、食べていません etc? If so why is that? Example sentences: いいえ、まだ買っていません。- ...
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2answers
2k views

Difference between 勝つ and 勝てる?

What is the difference between 勝つ and 勝てる ? Also, how do I use these two different forms with ために and ように? Thank you.
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1answer
131 views

Characteristics of 'loan word root + る' verbs

This question follows on from these others: What are the principles behind turning foreign language words into verbs? Why are there very few non-する gairaigo verbs in Japanese? Are there words ...
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1answer
141 views

Difference between 見覚える / 覚える / 思い出す

I saw this sentence in a show 見覚えあるけど and I got confused with the differences between 見覚えある / 見覚える / 覚える / 思い出す? I saw this answer that explained the difference between 覚える and 思い出す but not the rest....
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1answer
206 views

Why does this Light Novel title get translated to the past tense?

The title of the light novel is: ひげを[剃]{そ}る。そして女子高生{じょしこうせい}を拾{ひろ}う。 The English translation is: I shaved. Then I brought a high school girl home. I get that not having the past tense in that title ...
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2answers
107 views

What conjugation is 熱せられる? [duplicate]

This is a sentence from ねじまき鳥と火曜日の女たち by 村上春樹. スチーム・アイロンの蒸気音とコットンが熱せられる独得の匂いを楽しみながら... 熱する is a "special suru verb". I am assuming 熱せられる is read as ねっせられる. What form of conjugation is this? It ...
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1answer
73 views

Dictionary form of verb as nouns

About verb modify as nouns Normally verb if want to treat as nouns is add こと/物 /の Today learned verb dictionary+に限る Why it is use dictionary form verb instead of stem form From what I learn before ...
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2answers
311 views

Why あります instead of です in this sentence?

In the following sentence (from here), 北海道札幌市の円山動物園に、ミャンマーから来た3頭の象をみんなに見せるための広い場所と建物ができました。[...] 広さは5000m²以上あります。 I would have expected です instead of あります: 広さ = 5000m²以上.
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1answer
136 views

How would you apologise for not inviting someone to an event?

In English I would say something along the line of 'Sorry! I forgot to invite you to the party'. This would be in conversation to a friend. How would this translate to Japanese? Edit (First post to ...
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0answers
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What is the meaning and utility of the “Koto” in the end of these five Karate-Do Principles? [duplicate]

The Japanese martial art Karate-Do has five principles on conduct that should be pursued by its practitioners. In all books it comes with the koto at its end, just after the principal verb. I've read ...
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0answers
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Understanding this usage of 「〜に変わって」

I am reading a selection from A Japanese Reader and am trying to figure out the meaning of this passage, especially the usage of 「これに変わって」: 古い行事のすべてをそのままに行うことは生活様式が異なってきた今日{こんにち}、無理であろうし、...
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1answer
105 views

How does 出てます here translate?

Came across this dialogue while reading Japanese writings online. Boy 1: オタクにじみ出てますよ Boy 2: 違うっつってんだろ My Japanese beginner skills would translate it as "Your otaku-ness is bleeding out." But I'm ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Progressive form of movement verbs (or other stative verbs)

This is a fork from the question What's the progressive form of 来る, 帰る and 行く. So the question explained that when ている is conjugated with these movement verbs (or other verbs that are more or ...
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1answer
204 views

Is it legitimate to say「意味する」to mean “to mean”?

So like the title asks, I'm wondering if it's legitimate to say 「意味する」 to mean "to mean". I know 意味 is meaning, and I was wondering what the verb version of 'to mean' would be. An example sentence ...
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3answers
2k views

Checking the translation of あそぶ in this sentence

The sentence in question: 私は日本からあそびに来た友達にロンドンをあんないしてあげた。 My translation - I guided my friend who is coming from Japan around London. I know that あそぶ can be used to mean 'hang out with', and that’s ...
5
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4answers
154 views

“i form” usage doubt

i've recently bought a japanese scroll, for decoration, with a famous quote from " the last samurai": 吐く息一つにも生命が宿り . but i think this is incorrect: in the film this was part of a speech, and there was ...
59
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3answers
7k views

When is Vている the continuation of action and when is it the continuation of state?

Last night, when I asked my wife to send an email to me, she said もう送っている which I took to mean that she was "sending the message". (The message had a big attachment so I imagined that it could take a ...
3
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1answer
76 views

Following a train of thought

I was listening to an English conversation yesterday and had a question. The speaker was having a conversation, and then suddenly made a comment that didn't seem to relate to the previous topic. I ...
2
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2answers
197 views

What is the etymology of モテる?

Where does モテ come from? モテる to be popular with opposite sex.
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1answer
194 views

Meaning of 前を歩いてた人

Context: in the manga りくどう, a girl named Naeshiro is thinking over the friendship between her boyfriend Riku and a boy named Mihara. Both of them are boxers, but Mihara is older than Riku and is ...
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6answers
2k views

How can you divide verbs into conjugation groups easily?

I have been learning the verb list for the N4 exam but I do not know how to tell the group of a verb. Until now I have memorized them by heart. Nevertheless I still have trouble telling the group of a ...