Questions tagged [verbs]

動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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3
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1answer
333 views

Progressive form of movement verbs (or other stative verbs)

This is a fork from the question What's the progressive form of 来る, 帰る and 行く. So the question explained that when ている is conjugated with these movement verbs (or other verbs that are more or less ...
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1answer
138 views

"Continuous" vs "Discontinuous" verbs: What to call them in English and Japanese?

On my trip home today, I was thinking about how うちに帰っている would be incorrect for my current situation, as I'm currently travelling home and not already at home. I'll walk through my thought process ...
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1answer
102 views

Why is とき used with instantaneous verb 気づく?

気づいたときには たまっているもの You'll save [enough money] before you know it. At least based on the dictionary definition and examples, 気づくseems to be an instantaneous verb, "realize". How then does とき ...
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2answers
968 views

「んだって」と「って」どう違いますか。

例えば「彼が結婚してるんだって」と「彼が結婚してるって」どう違いますか。
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1answer
2k views

When asking if someone wants something. . .

Alright, so when asking if someone wants something do you always use ほしがっています? Specifically, I'm thinking when you're trying to communicate with someone that cannot communicate back what they want. (...
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1answer
55 views

What does the word もえる mean in the following sentence and what is the kanji for it? [closed]

Here's the sentence: もえるごみと一緒に毎週土曜日に集めます。 That sentence has been taken from the text explaining different ways of garbage disposal. What does the word もえる mean here and is there a kanji for it?
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1answer
40 views

Why is ~ましょう form used in the following situation?

この部屋は図書室です。本やCDを借りたり、宿題をしたり出来ます。日本語の本が2000冊あります。外国語の本は1000冊あります。CDは500枚あります。CDを聞くときはヘッドホンをしましょう。友達と話すときは小さい声で話すようにしましょう。 Why do we have to use the ~ましょう form here instead of just using the ~ます form? ...
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2answers
333 views

Unknown implied verb with さよならを

In this song (https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/pages/31606.html) that I was translating, there's a part where there seems to be an implied verb, but I can't figure out what it's supposed to be. ...
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1answer
176 views

What does 'し' mean in these scenarios

何しに原宿に来ましたか I understand what the sentence generally means, but I am unclear what し means in the sentence above. Is the し just a conjugation of する, and if so, when should I use し instead of する? Can ...
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2answers
382 views

Omitting を in 十数えました

I came across the sentence その子は指で十数えました in writing, and I was under the impression that, in written Japanese particles are not omitted. I can see that that sentence means, "That child counted to ...
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1answer
347 views

Did I say "I shall bring glory to God in all that I do." right?

I have to write a list of goals for this year for my Japanese class and one of them is "I shall bring glory to God in all things" or something of similar meaning. Using my many Japanese grammar, ...
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2answers
284 views

Can 決めてない mean "crazy"?

Context: after the commander of a platoon (小隊長) says some apparently incomprehensible things, one of the soldiers whispers to another: 「こいつ、なんか決{き}めてないか?」 What is the meaning of 決める/決めてない here? ...
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77 views

Nuance of 在る for a person in this song

In the song "my code" by GARNiDELiA, there're these two lines: 噛{か}み締{し}めた痛{いた}みも 消{け}せない傷跡{きずあと}も 私{わたし}が私として在{あ}るために I understand what the second line means, and I've read other posts on ...
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691 views

Do 気が付く{つく} and 気[付く]{づく} have the same meaning?

Do 気が付く{つく} and 気[付く]{づく} have the same meaning? If they both mean the same, is the が optional?
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1answer
627 views

Do stative (as opposed to eventive) predicates have an object which is marked by が?

Do stative (as opposed to eventive) predicates have an object which is marked by が? I'm just curious to see what other people actually think, and to hear of any sources where this may be analysed ...
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1answer
45 views

Is 茂る a stative verb?

Why don't dictionaries include this kind of things? Do Japanese ones do?
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3answers
3k views

When using もう and まだ does a negative verb always have to be in the (ている) present continuous form?

When using もう and まだ in a negative sense, does the negative verb always have to be in the present continuous form i.e. 来ていません、食べていません etc? If so why is that? Example sentences: いいえ、まだ買っていません。- ...
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1answer
156 views

Use verb in -masu form + kana to wonder about something instead of using the -darou form

The following sentence (in a context which is speaking about a woman): 青いワンピースを着て、どこに行くんだろう。 Can be translated as: Where is she going in a blue dress? Could I use「かな?」instead of the「ーだろう」form? E.g....
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2answers
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Don't understand past tense used as present perfect in Japanese

I'm reading a Japanese beginners book in which I have found a 'present perfect' sentence for the first time, but I don't understand it very well: The sentence 見たことがある女の人がいます according to my book, is ...
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2answers
146 views

What tense to use for verbs describing abstract actions?

Here are 3 examples of 重きを置く. 昔は徳育に重きを置いた。People used to attach weight to moral culture. [斉藤和英大辞典] 聞くことと話すことに重きを置いた言語獲得の体系 system of language acquisition focusing intensively on listening and ...
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1answer
198 views

Why do all Japanese verbs in dictionary form end with -u?

Most of the search results while trying to research this question turned up with tutorials on verb conjugation. Why do all Japanese verbs in dictionary form end with -u? What is the reason, ...
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1answer
60 views

What does "ふってきて mean in the sentence "これが、突然空からふってきて..."? [duplicate]

I know the sentence means something like "This suddenly came out of the sky...". "これが" means "this is" (side question: why add "が" instead of just keeping it as ...
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1answer
105 views

What is the difference between 切り替える and 変える?

I'm trying to figure out which verb to use if I want to say "Let's switch between speaking English and Japanese", but in general I would just like to know.
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1answer
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What is the meaning of 上げて落としたみてー?

I'm reading this manga, and came accross the following monologue: たかが弦ごときで世界の終わりみてーなツラしやがって 俺が上げて落としたみてーで後味ワリーだろがッ 俺の昼寝返せ!!! I can't understand what 上げて落としたみて means. Is this an expression? Are those ...
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1answer
458 views

Does "礼を言う" mean "thank you"?

I've just started learning Japanese last week. I'm playing a video game in Japanese. One of the characters said: "礼を言う" (rewoiu) just by itself. The English translation was "Thank you.&...
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1answer
450 views

Why 鍵{かぎ}を開{あ}ける instead of 鍵で開ける

So I am a beginner when it comes to Japanese and today I stumbled upon the phrase "鍵を開ける". As I understand, one of the usages of the particle で is, how something or where something is done. ...
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2answers
235 views

Logic behind grammar patterns

One of my current biggest challenges in learning Japanese sentence patterns is knowing which verb forms to use when linking to set phrases. The largest classes of verb forms I've seen that are used ...
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2answers
576 views

How to properly express my happiness - しあわせになりました。

So pardon for this being quite a specific question, but I'm trying to communicate this idea in a letter: Looks like you had fun, so I'm glad. Actually I'm finding it difficult to get my Japanese ...
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1answer
99 views

僕は筧さんがずっと一途に思われてたじゃないですか。ああいうのとかが好きでした

I was watching the first episode of Terrace House and got confused at something at the beginning. 僕は筧さんがずっと一途に思われてたじゃないですか ああいうのとかが好きでした In the show a presenter is asked if anyone on the previous ...
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1answer
240 views

「私は日本語会話を分かってみますからTwitchに日本のゲーマーズをみます。」

I wanted to write a short biography on my twitch account which I'm going to use to get used to spoken Japanese, but I am a beginner so I had to write this sentence with my Japanese grammar handbook ...
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3answers
224 views

i form in 吐く息一つにも生命が宿り

I've recently bought a Japanese scroll, for decoration, with a famous quote from The Last Samurai: 吐く息一つにも生命が宿り But I think this is incorrect: in the film this was part of a speech, and there was ...
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3answers
817 views

What's the progressive form of 来る, 帰る and 行く

If the ている form of these verbs doesn't mean that they're in a continuing action then what do they mean? Q1 How do I use the ている form of these verbs. Q2 What's the difference between using the past ...
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2answers
175 views

Is there a native word in Japanese that refers to "to have intercourse with" with high fidelity?

I realized that after learning Japanese for so many years I still don't know what the word is in Japanese that has the meaning "to have intercourse with" specifically. Therefore, I am ...
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0answers
79 views

Is there any pattern to tell which verb of the two is transitive and which is intransitive?

Let me first explain what I mean. Take these two pairs for example: 付く、付ける (the first one is intransitive, the second one is transitive) 抜く、抜ける (the first one is transitive, the second on is ...
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1answer
222 views

Where do 覚悟なさい、我慢なさい come from?

The more common 「覚悟しなさい」 and 「我慢しなさい」 seem also much more intuitive: 覚悟する➞覚悟しなさい 覚悟なさい、我慢なさい seem to be feminine markers. How did they come about?
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1answer
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Difference between ちょっと待って and ちょっと待った

I understand that ちょっと待って means "please wait a while". But I did hear some people using ちょっと待った for the same meaning (maybe). So what is the difference between these two and when should we use 待って or ...
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2answers
251 views

Stating or doing in Japanese (です or する)?

もし戦いになったら作戦変更だ The translation of this sentence in context is "If they start fighting, I'll change my strategy". My question is, why would you choose to use だ in this situation instead of ...
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0answers
105 views

知りませんでした or 知っていませんでした?

A 「宿題はもう出しましたか」 B 「いいえ。昨日宿題がありましたか。私は___」 知りませんでした 知っていませんでした 覚えません 覚えませんでした I am a little confused because I don't quite catch the difference between the first two options. There was a similar ...
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1answer
119 views

Qual o significado de ようで e ような na seguinte frase? | What is the meaning of ようで and ような in this sentence?

Estou analisando a letra de uma música chamada 君が好きだと叫びたい. Cheguei em um ponto de dúvida na frase 恋をしているようで 躍らされてるような. Mais especificamente eu gostaria de entender o conceito por traz de ようで, o ...
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1answer
110 views

What's the Grammar Form at Work Here and How to Use it? 「あまり難しく考えるなよ」

Looking at the Japanese lines of a game, and I came across this line...: あまり難しく考えるなよ。 ...which I believe translates to "Don't think about it too much" or the like. However, I don't ...
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1answer
111 views

Is it possible to know if a verb is ichidan or godan from its other forms (e.g.: masu form)?

I have bee nreading this article about ichidan and godan verbs, how they are conjugated and how to differentiate them from its plain form (食べる for instance). Is there any rule to infer if a verb is ...
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1answer
63 views

Is「していこう」another way to write「移行する」

人間はみな平等だよね、そういう社会にしていこうね I think this quote means something along the lines of transitioning into a society in which everyone is equal, but if that is an accurate translation, then why is していこう not ...
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2answers
440 views

What's the difference between 真似{まね}る and 真似{まね}する?

I'm just wondering if they are the same word or if there is an actual difference (in meaning or nuance). It seems weird to me that there would be two different verbs with the same kanji stem that mean ...
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3answers
3k views

~て vs ~てから for sequencing activities

This is potentially much simpler than I'm expecting but when simply ordering events within a sequence are there any contextual differences between using ~て and ~てから? For example, if I was talking ...
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1answer
88 views

Using the Perfect Tense to Talk about Something Timeless

I was trying to read a Japanese kanji dictionary for grade school (小学校) and I came across a construction that left me a bit puzzled. In explaining the Kanji for "right", the dictionary says: ...
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2answers
211 views

Did the られる potential form come from 得る?

One of the shows I've been watching lately kept using some more classical forms of Japanese for style purposes, that I was not too familiar with ; this led me to notice how 得る{える} was often used as an ...
3
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1answer
196 views

What's the difference between 下向く and 見下ろす?

Can you please tell me the difference between these verbs: 下{した}向{む}く and 見{み}下{お}ろす I was writing a little "poem" but I came across this doubt xD. This is the poem: If you're always ...
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3answers
5k views

Which verb means "to pet <an animal>"?

I was trying to translate "May I pet the dog?", but I'm having trouble finding what word means "to pet". Looking it up on jisho.org I get 可愛がる, but translating it back using various services gives me ...
4
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1answer
134 views

Understanding this usage of 「〜に変わって」 [closed]

I am reading a selection from A Japanese Reader and am trying to figure out the meaning of this passage, especially the usage of 「これに変わって」: 古い行事のすべてをそのままに行うことは生活様式が異なってきた今日{こんにち}、無理であろうし、...
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2answers
147 views

What's the difference between 済ませる【すませる】 and 終える【おえる】?

What's the difference between 済ませる【すませる】 and 終える【おえる】? I've tried looking at jisho.org, goo.ne.jp, ALC, HiNative and here, but I'm still unsure about the difference between these two words. I think it ...

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