Questions tagged [usage]

用法・使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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Meaning and usage of 刺激(しげき)?

I've come across this word 刺激 a few times now, but although the dictionary says it means "stimulation" none of the contexts I've seen it in makes sense with that definition. For example 「...
grocerystorecarrots's user avatar
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1 answer
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Difference between 抑制、制御、控える、掌握、抑える、操作、支配、統制 for 'control'

When trying to find the word for 'control' a whole heap of answers came up, a lot of them having similar meanings and usages. I've summarised the main ones I'm having difficulty understanding the ...
Diyathepenguin's user avatar
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Why is ある preferrable to 残る in the sentence お金があるうちに欲しい物を買っておこう ? Is 残る still a valid option or is it just wrong?

The following sentence belongs to a multiple-choice exercise about the grammar point うちに in the book 新完全マスターN2文法: (  )うちに欲しい物を買っておこう。 a) お金がある  b) 給料をもらう  c) お金が残る I chose c) お金が残る, but according to ...
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On the direction of もらう

When talking about verbs of giving/receiving, textbooks tent do talk about only the relation between 1st person and the other persons (i.e. くれる 2/3→1, あげる 1→2/3, もらう 1←2/3), and let learners ...
Kotoba Trily Ngian's user avatar
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1 answer
164 views

How are が and は used here?

I am a fluent speaker (not a learner) but I can't explain why が and は are used in these lines when asked by a friend. そんな私を拾ってくれたのがその時言い合いとなったお客様シェフなんです (from this video) それを身を挺して助けてくれたのが誠司さん (video)...
user57853's user avatar
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4 answers
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What does ○○ていない + といけない mean?

I've recently encountered a simple sentence in a video that confused me grammatically. (see 2:08) 子供が考える時には、待っていないといけないですよね。 My assumptions: 待っていない = negative continuous form of 待つ といけない = have to I'...
shade549's user avatar
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~といい Grammar point with 評価 as an implication

During my class today we were studying N1 Grammar といい. In our textbook there was the question: 水泳といいテニスといい、(x)。 a) スポーツはみな楽しい b) 私はお子様に習わせている c) 私はやったことがない So I understand that a) is a correct ...
Blue's user avatar
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What are the differences in usage? - ~あげる and ~あがる?

~あげる and ~あがる mean "finish." But what are the differences in usage? Should あげる strictly follow 他動詞? For example, この本を読みあげた。 Should あがる strictly follow 自動詞? For example, さっき走りあがった。
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Any help with this phrase? [duplicate]

ジョンさんは日本語を上手に話します。 The thing is that I don't understand why 上手 has the particle に. I'm reviewing an examination sheet, and this is the answer to one of the questions. The only possible thing that I ...
Ricardo Lizarralde's user avatar
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1 answer
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Prepositional phrase with に and verb 感じられる

"界王神界にまでエネルギーが感じられるほど強大な力を開放し" In this phrase, would it to be correct to say the prepositional phrase "界王神界に" connects to the object of the verb "エネルギー" or the subject of ...
eren_my_beloved's user avatar
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When writing みやこ, how to choose between 京 and 都?

Dictionary states that the word みやこ can be written as either 都 or (less often) 京. What factors (nuances of meaning, context, etc.) determine which of the two kanji is more appropriate?
max's user avatar
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How to say "must be" in the sense of making an affirmative guess?

Sorry if the question isn't clear enough. In English, we can make an affirmative guess based on prior information we received from someone/something by saying "X must be Y". Some example ...
Mania's user avatar
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Meaning and reading of 益し加える

Reading in a book by 落合淳思 I wonder about (what looks like) the compound verb 益し加える in the sentence 「自は鼻の象形であり、それに声符を益し加えた繁文である。」 (繁文 is used by Ochiai as a technical term for the modern shape of a ...
hurdsean's user avatar
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I want to learn a lot about Japanese names for my stories [closed]

The title is pretty catchy on its own, but I'm already familiar with creating good Japanese names. I know about kanji and their meanings, but I'm at a loss. doubts about a few things. first of them: ...
MindfulTraveler's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
734 views

Saying "of course," "naturally" in conversation

In conversation, we use "of course," "naturally" "as you know," etc. to announce "I'm about to say something that you know and is obvious; but I need to say it as ...
Bob41's user avatar
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Use of くれる among 外

For giving/receiving among people other than me, my family, my friends or anyone I am close with (外->外), the book says to use あげる. もらう can also be used for anyone->anyone. Is it wrong to use くれる ...
joan doe's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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Question about the expression 日和: Can it be used with any activity or just with certain set expressions?

So I was watching a podcast for japanese learners and they gave 行楽日和、お散歩日和、お洗濯日和..as examples. So now I am asking myself, can I attach 日和 only to certain things or to anything that fits the context? ...
Alex's user avatar
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What does かけ mean in かけ戦った or in かけ争い?

In the intro of the Game Boy Advance game titled "Fire Emblem: Fuuin no Tsurugi" there are a few instances in which かけ is used before a verb, and I don't seem to be able to grasp the nuance ...
Juan Martín de Iparraguirre's user avatar
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2 answers
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Can you use 観にくい( 観る+にくい) to say that something is hard to watch in the sense of that the topic/images might be hard to stomach?

Example would: この第二次世界大戦についてドキュメンタリーはちょっと観にくいけど、本当に面白いと思う。work to say: This documentary about WW2 is a bit hard to watch (hard to stomach) but it is very interesting.
Alex's user avatar
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The usage of 当たり前 as subject

As far as I know, 当たり前 is an adverb. How come in the following instances it's used as the subject? あの日見た夕日 あの日見た花火 いつでも君がいたね 当たり前が幸せと知った ー「合唱曲・群青」 君がここにいなくなって 当たり前がいなくなって ー「君の抜け殻」 I am a little ...
dvx2718's user avatar
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1 answer
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Negative-imperative for 形容動詞 and 形容詞

For verbs, we can use it's te-form to make imperatives and negative imperatives, such as: 走って! 走らないで! Run! Do not run! Of course there's also 走れ! and 走るな! For 形容動詞 and 形容詞, however, I realize that I ...
dvx2718's user avatar
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田中さんはこの小説を読んだ(そうだ)- do we need そうだ all the time if we did not actuality get the info from the person?

Example 1 Me: 明日は先生が来る(そうだ)。 Example 2 Me: 田中さんはこの小説を読んだ(そうだ)。 Assume both Examples 1 and 2 are the information I heard from other people, not from 田中さん or 先生. Can I say the Examples without そうだ? ...
vincentlin's user avatar
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Can かなり be used with ーそうだ?

I want to make the sentence, "You two seem pretty close." and I've come up with 二人はかなり仲が良さそうだ。 Now I'm wondering if かなり is correct or natural to use here with そうだ and if it's even necessary. ...
Jet's user avatar
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雛たちとはなんの意味でしょうか?

中島みゆきさんの「銀の龍の背に乗って」の歌詞の中、こういう言葉が見つかります: まだ飛べない雛たちみたいに 「雛たち」とはなんですか。「雛形」の意味しますか、ここで「まだ飛べないちっちゃい龍」のことを指しているのですか。
dvx2718's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why was this usage of ところ incomprehensible?

I am an intermediate-level student, studying in Japan. All teachers are native Japanese speakers. I was asked to write an example sentence using "ところ", using it to express a temporal concept ...
auspicacious's user avatar
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2 answers
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What is the appropriate way of using 自分 with respect to the referent?

妻は私が自分を今でも愛していると信じている (Tsuma wa watashi ga jibun o ima demo aishite iru to shinjite iru.) My wife believes that i still love her. In the book it is said that: When a reflexive pronoun jibun is used, ...
Hejaj's user avatar
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4 answers
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If you want to refer to a person as beautiful, would you use [綺麗]{きれい} or [美しい]{うつくしい}? What's the difference?

I'm a little confused on the difference between 綺麗【きれい】 and 美しい【うつくしい】. When is it appropriate to use either word to refer to a person? For example, if I wanted to refer to a woman as beautiful, would ...
Kramernator's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
146 views

Why is "お前" and "あたし" used in Spirited Away?

I was watching the animated film by Hayao Miyazaki named "Spirited Away" in Japanese (I'm still a beginner) and I noticed that Yubaba and Zeniba use "お前" as second person singular. ...
Ergative Man's user avatar
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1 answer
279 views

Don't understand fully how "なきゃよかった" means if ___ hadn't or if I hadn't ___

Is the なきゃ like referring to there not being something presently or something? Or is it more like [the hypothetical idea of not doing something][was good]...though even if it was that I don't think I ...
leren's user avatar
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1 answer
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What's the meaning and usage of って言うんだ in this case?

How does って言うんだ affect the following question. こんなことして何になるって言うんだ‌ I think it makes sense to me without it so I can't tell what it does and I don't think it's the normal "X person says" という ...
Abraham Linkin's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
104 views

The fuction of を in this specific sentence [closed]

I was reading this short 小説 about a difficult love relationship bewteen a man and a woman, and this sentences show up. 叶わない恋は存在するとは思います。 でも、二人が望んでいるなら、 超えられる事を多くあると信じています。 So, despite be able to ...
Jacopo Ziroli's user avatar
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1 answer
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The different ways to say "forever"

皆さん、こんにちは! I have a somewhat basic but intricate question about the way the Japanese say forever or something close in concept (sayings, expressions or poetic ways would work too). The context is that ...
Ryoryo's user avatar
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1 answer
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Could someone please explain to me the meaning of もち in the following sentence?

私たちは自然の流れとは別の生活リズムをもち始め、次第に自然との調和を失い始めたのです。 I searched but couldn't find an answer.
Caroline's user avatar
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2 answers
228 views

Translating a combination of superpower/special talent - does 異能殊才 work? [closed]

I am attempting to combine 異能 (i nō - supernatural power) with 殊才 (koto sai - special talent), with the finished phrase being written as 異能殊才. With various engines (I'm RomajiDesu for this specific ...
Connie's user avatar
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Meaning and usage of ~ど/~ども

What do the structures ~ど/~ども exactly mean? How are they used? I have seen these structures in this site: https://nihongonosensei.net/?p=7938 but I don't understand very well the explanation, apart ...
Rick's user avatar
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Meaning and usage of ~かとなれば

I've found the grammar pattern ~かとなれば in this site: https://www.vnjp.org/grammar/detail/293 https://www.vnjp.org/grammar/detail/294 and I would like to know what does it mean as well as its usage. ...
Rick's user avatar
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1 answer
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Correct interpretation of "桁1個上へ" in following context

Reviewing the lyrics of a song I found a really confusing phrase: "大切片手に桁1個上へ". As far as I know, "大切片手" is refering to one/a presious hand. Most likely the one the author is in ...
javeowl's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
942 views

What is "ぷれせんとふぉーゆーさん" exactly referring to?

I was looking at the lyrics of a song and there's a part of it that says the following: いびつな形でもつたわるかい? 昔からかわらない愛 きっとかわりはしない ぷれせんとふぉーゆーさんたから そんなの信じてたんだなー 「まま」はいなくて 「ぱぱ」だけぱぱすき なんてゆあないだけ I know ...
javeowl's user avatar
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What is the meaning of "良いん in this sentence?

”あと何センチ近づけば良いんだろう” What is the meaning of "良いん” in this sentence? I know that it means "good", but this sentence is translated as: "How many centimeters closer should I get?" ...
Edward's user avatar
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3 answers
174 views

What does the "なん" mean in: "君なんだよ"? [duplicate]

In the song "光るなら" there is a lyric that is: "君だよ、君なんだよ" When I translate it, it translates to: It was you, It was you! Another example is in this lyric from the song "...
Edward's user avatar
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2 answers
96 views

Is 年 used commonly as a Japanese era marker?

I've just imported a car from Japan. There are a number of stickers on the car that I don't need and so I am pulling them off one-by-one. Even though I may not need to keep the stickers, there may be ...
Douglas Held's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
202 views

How to analyze たこともある?

In Tobira chapter 11 grammar, one of the examples is 奈良は京都と並んで、古い歴史のある町で、日本の首都だったこともある。 I don't seem to find any information about たこともある on the entire web. I understand there is no difference between ...
joan doe's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
1k views

Addressing people in the Japanese Christian/Catholic Church

In English, in a Christian/Catholic settings, people could address each other with the term "brother" or "sister", and it does not signify any biological relationship, but a ...
dvx2718's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
503 views

Different combinations of せっかく, their meanings and examples

As of today, the vast majority of times I've come across せっかく, I've ended up understanding it in a somewhat blurry way and guessing the meaning from context. However, I would like to finally structure ...
Rick's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
78 views

Is あり得ない a good translation for "It can't be!"?

I know that a more common translation for あり得ない is "Impossible!" or "That's impossible!", but can あり得ない be used for expressions like, "It can't be!" or "This can't ...
Jet's user avatar
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1 answer
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Nuance between 技法、手法、方法、テクニック、 etc

Basically just wanting to know if there's a clear difference between these words. I get the feeling that テクニック is more like one person's own specific technique for doing a thing (entirely guessing ...
bella's user avatar
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1 answer
99 views

Is the copula verb だ a good translation for the article "The" when the sentence is just "The + noun"?

I was curious, for sentences that are just "The + noun", if the copula verb だ a good translation for the article "The" in these sentences. For example, "The bus." is it ...
Jet's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
64 views

Usage of 消す in this context?

My question is that can 消す be used for wanting to get rid of something? For example, "I really need to get rid of this weird feeling." この変な感じはどうしても消さないと。 Is 消す an acceptable verb to use here ...
Jet's user avatar
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1 answer
63 views

Usage of the verb 取り組む

My question is can 取り組む can be used as a general term for working on something? Like as in "I'm working on something important." 何か重要なことに取り組んでいる。 Or does 取り組む carry too strong a connotation ...
Jet's user avatar
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1 answer
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Translation of くらい in this sentence?

I'm looking at this sentence, ここに一日中いてもいいくらいだ。 And I'm struggling to think of what "くらいだ" means here. A bunch of translators are telling me it's like "could" as in, "I could ...
Jet's user avatar
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