Questions tagged [usage]

用法・使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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7 votes
2 answers
499 views

Usage/meaning of ~の半分 vs 半分の~

When linking 半分 and a noun with the の particle, I'm trying to understand the difference, if any, between putting the noun first and putting 半分 first. See these two examples I found online: ...
5 votes
1 answer
398 views

Cases where として and にとって are overused/ cannot be used

I've been reading through Imabi, and one of the notes on the site was about inappropriate use of として and にとって in contexts of contrast and although phrases. These three were listed as examples of ...
4 votes
1 answer
117 views

the difference between いくら and たとえ with non-degreeable words

The difference between たとえ背が高くても… [even if you should be tall] いくら背が高くても… [no matter how tall you are] Seems obvious to me, but “いくら” is very often also used with words that are not degreeable such ...
0 votes
1 answer
83 views

Regarding the state verbs ある or いる in the grammar pattern さえ~ば

I am really getting confused regarding the state verbs used in the grammar pattern さえ~ば. See the following examples: 家族さえいれば、他に何もいらないです。 In the above example, we use the state verb いる because what ...
0 votes
1 answer
52 views

This usage of “だけ”

I sometimes see “〜だけ” in sentences such as: 昔から男運だけは悪かった。 The context does not imply “Only my luck with men has always been bad.” and that's a somewhat weird sentence. Is there some other ...
0 votes
1 answer
72 views

Understanding the meaning of だからな in this line

I am currently playing the Japanese version of Octopath Traveler. In one scene in particular, there are two characters in prison; one of them (a kid named Therion) has just been hit by the guard and ...
109 votes
11 answers
21k views

How should I choose between [知]{し}る and わかる?

Both 知る and わかる get used for "know", "understand", "learn", "find out", and various other concepts. How do you know which to use when? Are there any rules to help you decide? Additionally, both of ...
3 votes
2 answers
106 views

When to use んだ inside your head?

Since the start of this year I have been thinking to myself in Japanese several times throughout each day. I am not sure if it's ever appropriate to use んだ in such self-directed speech. One scenario ...
21 votes
2 answers
8k views

I am struggling with the sometimes conflicting uses of 先

Rikaisama's definition of 先 includes meanings like previous; prior; former; some time ago. However it also includes meanings such as front; ahead; the future; destination. I am struggling to make ...
1 vote
1 answer
196 views

How does the negative work in this sentence: 家は綺麗じゃないではありません。

I tried to use several language translation websites and they all gave me different results. Some say "家は綺麗じゃないではありません” means 'the house is not clean', but some say "家は綺麗じゃないではありません” means ...
0 votes
3 answers
113 views

Difference between ながら and 一方で

What is the difference between ながら and 一方で? Example: 彼はアルバイトをしながら大学へ行きます。 and 彼はアルバイトをする一方で大学へ行きます。
2 votes
2 answers
192 views

Difference between このような and こんな

What is the difference between このような and こんな? How is their usage and different? How semantically are they different?
1 vote
1 answer
146 views

Difference between だろうか and のだろうか?

I've been trying to figure out the difference between だろうか and のだろうか through context in my reading, but it's proving harder than I thought. Here's a passage with both. What is the difference, and why ...
2 votes
0 answers
142 views

日(ひ) は大昔からdayの意味持っていたのか

日本は漢人に接触し漢字と漢語を輸入した前に大和言葉はもう存在していたから、きっとその時にもうdayを指す語はもうあった。現代の視点から見ると、和語のdayの意味の言葉は「日(ひ)」なんですけど(例えば その日、あの日、出会った日)、これも漢語の影響なんですか? 詳細に言うと、昔の大和言葉の一日を指す語は「日(か)」だったと思うのは正しいですか。一ヶ月の中の日付も(二日ふつか、三日みっか等)、暦(...
2 votes
1 answer
245 views

What does のでしょうか do here?

An assistant is talking about how they are reminded of their time being Margret's assistant when they come back to her old room. I can't figure out how to parse のでしょうか. It doesn't seem like they are ...
2 votes
1 answer
182 views

What does "好きなだけ" mean here?

Is な used to connect 好き and だけ. Does it mean that she only likes reading books? わたしは本を読むのが好きなだけの極々虚弱な女の子だ。
7 votes
2 answers
207 views

The construct of いつの間にか

In Japanese, we can add か to question words to make it mean "some-xxx." Example: 何 what 何か something 誰 who 誰か somebody 何人 how many people 何人か some amount of people (何人かの友達きた some friends ...
1 vote
1 answer
308 views

When and where to use ございます and its variations?

I know that ございます is used in informal settings. Still, I have some confusion as we use it after "Good Morning" and not "Good evening". Are there any specific rules related to it's ...
5 votes
2 answers
616 views

usage of the second “て” in this sentence

“よく晴れててキャンプ日和だよ”. I am confused about the second "て” here.
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

How is あって being used in this context?

I came across こんなことが、あっていいのか……?which means "These kinds of events... are they really okay?" What does the あって mean here? I've heard of あっての meaning "thanks to X, Y" and I know that ...
23 votes
4 answers
10k views

When would you use 低い【ひくい】 vs 短い【みじかい】

Are 低い and 短い interchangable or do they have specific uses?
2 votes
1 answer
206 views

Meaning of the expression るわけ

I stumbled upon the following sentence: ねてるわけなんですけども As I understand it, ねて means the fact/means of sleeping, and the ending ~なんですけども is short for ~なんですけれども and here is a polite way of making an ...
0 votes
1 answer
86 views

Regarding the tense of the verbs in the ついでに grammar

I have a doubt regarding the tense of the verbs in the ついでに grammar pattern for the two clauses. Consider the following sentences- 一時帰国したついでに、アメリカでは買えない物を買います。 N3のテキストを買うついでに、漫画も買ってしまった。 I saw a rule ...
6 votes
1 answer
185 views

動作の完成を表す言葉について、

この質問はこちらからの追加質問です。 日本語を勉強し始めた頃から、たくさんの文章を読んだり動画を見たりしまして、若干の動作の終わりを表現する語を知ってますが、その使い分け、特に、日本人が脳内で感じれる単語の違いは分かりません。 例えば、水などの液体を全て飲んだら、いくつかの表現があります: 飲み切った 飲み果たした 飲み尽くした 飲んでしまった 飲み終わった ...
2 votes
1 answer
174 views

Japanese usage or context of the word hakarigoto 謀 [はかりごと] ? Does it have a negative connotation?

what is the Japanese usage or context of the word hakarigoto 謀 [はかりごと] ? Does it have a negative connotation ? Thank you.
6 votes
3 answers
379 views

弱った vs 困った what is the difference

I came up with this question when reading 「ドラえもん」. In this manga, characters often say "弱ったな" when they are in a mood of indulgent helplessness or when in trouble, but I was more familiar ...
1 vote
1 answer
85 views

Difference between the verbs used in the main clause of 間 and 間に

I saw these two sentences in a Youtube video- 私は冬休みの間韓国へ行きました。 私は冬休みの間に韓国へ行きました。 Shouldn't the first sentence be- 私は冬休みの間韓国へ行っていました。 My question is that shouldn't we use ています form of verbs with 間?( to ...
0 votes
1 answer
84 views

Meaning of スポーンてしちゃった

Context: Person A thinks she made a mistake in the play she was in and is afraid the director is made at her. When she goes to talk to the director she says えと、えと……! あたし、セリフがスポーンてしちゃったかな!? I can't ...
2 votes
1 answer
111 views

でございます for a respected person

According to all dictionaries and most grammar books I can check, でございます is a polite form (丁寧語), which seems almost equal to です but with a more polite mood. It is classified as a humble form (謙譲語) by ...
1 vote
1 answer
121 views

N1 を N2 に見る structure

四畳半神話大系 EP6, I encountered this sentence: 「ラブドールを性欲処理の道具にしか見ていない輩には分からないだろうが これは高尚な趣味である。」 In which the protagonist is introducing a love doll he has been engaging with romantically for some time. I ...
0 votes
1 answer
136 views

Meaning and usage of 刺激(しげき)?

I've come across this word 刺激 a few times now, but although the dictionary says it means "stimulation" none of the contexts I've seen it in makes sense with that definition. For example 「...
1 vote
1 answer
168 views

How are が and は used here?

I am a fluent speaker (not a learner) but I can't explain why が and は are used in these lines when asked by a friend. そんな私を拾ってくれたのがその時言い合いとなったお客様シェフなんです (from this video) それを身を挺して助けてくれたのが誠司さん (video)...
4 votes
2 answers
368 views

What's the difference between 初心者, 入門者 and 初級者

I see 初級 Written mostly in books which means beginner or elementary level, the other two were written on the same page for a drawing course I found online as "入門者向け" and "初心者向け", ...
1 vote
1 answer
99 views

Difference between 抑制、制御、控える、掌握、抑える、操作、支配、統制 for 'control'

When trying to find the word for 'control' a whole heap of answers came up, a lot of them having similar meanings and usages. I've summarised the main ones I'm having difficulty understanding the ...
3 votes
3 answers
6k views

Is there a difference between these words for “hero”?

I've learned that hero could be translated as: ヒーロー えいゆう ゆうしゃ けっし Aside from ヒーロー (which seems just to be roumaji version of hero), is there any usage difference among them?
7 votes
2 answers
743 views

パソコンが 得意だ/わかる/上手だ

So I was studying this book called 日本語生中継, and there was this question where you're supposed to choose the inappropriate word among others. And I got stuck at this sentence: 私は、パソコンが(得意だ.わかる.上手だ.) ...
5 votes
1 answer
849 views

Why is ある preferrable to 残る in the sentence お金があるうちに欲しい物を買っておこう ? Is 残る still a valid option or is it just wrong?

The following sentence belongs to a multiple-choice exercise about the grammar point うちに in the book 新完全マスターN2文法: (  )うちに欲しい物を買っておこう。 a) お金がある  b) 給料をもらう  c) お金が残る I chose c) お金が残る, but according to ...
2 votes
1 answer
148 views

On the direction of もらう

When talking about verbs of giving/receiving, textbooks tent do talk about only the relation between 1st person and the other persons (i.e. くれる 2/3→1, あげる 1→2/3, もらう 1←2/3), and let learners ...
2 votes
1 answer
194 views

~といい Grammar point with 評価 as an implication

During my class today we were studying N1 Grammar といい. In our textbook there was the question: 水泳といいテニスといい、(x)。 a) スポーツはみな楽しい b) 私はお子様に習わせている c) 私はやったことがない So I understand that a) is a correct ...
3 votes
4 answers
202 views

What does ○○ていない + といけない mean?

I've recently encountered a simple sentence in a video that confused me grammatically. (see 2:08) 子供が考える時には、待っていないといけないですよね。 My assumptions: 待っていない = negative continuous form of 待つ といけない = have to I'...
18 votes
3 answers
43k views

Differences between くれます, もらいます and いただきます

I have been taught that they are used when receiving something (or a favor) from someone. But how exactly do they differ? I've searched the web for an answer and One site suggests that くれます is ...
0 votes
1 answer
109 views

Prepositional phrase with に and verb 感じられる

"界王神界にまでエネルギーが感じられるほど強大な力を開放し" In this phrase, would it to be correct to say the prepositional phrase "界王神界に" connects to the object of the verb "エネルギー" or the subject of ...
3 votes
1 answer
291 views

What is the difference between 引き起こす and 起こす?

The word 起こす has many meanings. One of them in particular (see entry 3. here): to cause; to bring about; to lead to; to trigger; to give rise to; to create; to generate (e.g. heat, electricity); to ...
0 votes
1 answer
109 views

What are the differences in usage? - ~あげる and ~あがる?

~あげる and ~あがる mean "finish." But what are the differences in usage? Should あげる strictly follow 他動詞? For example, この本を読みあげた。 Should あがる strictly follow 自動詞? For example, さっき走りあがった。
0 votes
2 answers
60 views

Any help with this phrase? [duplicate]

ジョンさんは日本語を上手に話します。 The thing is that I don't understand why 上手 has the particle に. I'm reviewing an examination sheet, and this is the answer to one of the questions. The only possible thing that I ...
12 votes
1 answer
984 views

In Japanese, can we say an object asks a question?

I was just wondering, because in English we can say "This story begs the question" etc. The wording for English is very versatile, and I was wondering if Japanese has this as well, for example in this ...
31 votes
6 answers
9k views

Pluralization in Japanese: usage of -たち and -ら

I know that -たち and -ら pluralize the nouns they come after (or indicate a group that the noun is part of), but most of the time the plural in Japanese is implicit. When is it appropriate or necessary ...
7 votes
2 answers
797 views

Difference between と and とは

Difference between と and とは? For example in below sentences そんなに大きいと思わなかった。 and そんなに大きいとは思わなかった。
0 votes
1 answer
263 views

What's the meaning and usage of って言うんだ in this case?

How does って言うんだ affect the following question. こんなことして何になるって言うんだ‌ I think it makes sense to me without it so I can't tell what it does and I don't think it's the normal "X person says" という ...
2 votes
1 answer
120 views

When writing みやこ, how to choose between 京 and 都?

Dictionary states that the word みやこ can be written as either 都 or (less often) 京. What factors (nuances of meaning, context, etc.) determine which of the two kanji is more appropriate?

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