Questions tagged [usage]

用法・使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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2 votes
1 answer
43 views

Verbs coming before ~てからでないと

I encountered the following multiple-choice question on page 19 (question 1 in section 5) of my JLPT N2 grammar textbook 「新完全マスター文法 日本語能力試験N2」: (   )からでないと、新しい事業に取りかかれない。 a 車の運転ができて  b いいアイディアがあって  c ...
2 votes
1 answer
318 views

What does の元で mean?

彼の元で護衛を務める。 Does it mean "for", "on behalf of", "in the name of"? Or "under the guidance of"? What's the difference between that and の下で? Can I replace で with ...
4 votes
1 answer
398 views

気が合う人 is correct but why can't I say 気が合える人? Why is using the potential form wrong?

One day a friend of mine told me my usage of 合える人 is grammatically incorrect but when I check on the internet, I see we can use the potential form with 合う. I want to say that I can potentially get ...
2 votes
1 answer
83 views

Difference between ないといけない and なくてはいけない

While both mean "I have to / I must (do sth)", I wonder if there is a slight difference in the meaning or politeness level or anything else? For example, do all these pairs sound exactly the ...
5 votes
1 answer
230 views

Cases where として and にとって are overused/ cannot be used

I've been reading through Imabi, and one of the notes on the site was about inappropriate use of として and にとって in contexts of contrast and although phrases. These three were listed as examples of ...
1 vote
1 answer
65 views

にさせる usage in a sentence

I was reading the Japanese version of No Longer Human by Osamu Dazai, and this sentence came up. 嫌な気持ちにさせるのだ I would like to know why に particle was used before the word させる.
2 votes
1 answer
61 views

What is the meaning of か in this context (と同じか)?

I was reading an article on NHK News Web Easy and came across the following sentence: いつもの年の8月に降る雨と同じか2倍ぐらいの雨が、24時間に降りました。 I think the sentence means something like "Around 2x August's usual ...
21 votes
2 answers
7k views

What is the proper use of だろう, is it "masculine", and how is it different from と思 【おも】う?

Like a lot of other foreign guys, I picked up some of my Japanese from imitating the women I spoke to. Certain phrases may have made me sound unwittingly effeminate in the early days when I had less ...
0 votes
1 answer
425 views

~た次第です, passive speech as active, etc. in this sentence

There's a sentence in the introduction to 日本語文法ハンドブック (a book written for teachers of beginner Japanese grammar): 寺村先生[an esteemed Japanese teacher the author of this book models himself after]...
2 votes
1 answer
256 views

Is this the correct way to say "child of the octopus"?

I'm still very new to Japanese, but I've learned that octopus is たこ and child is 子. In addition to this, I'm aware that the の particle is used to show possession; for example: わたし の なまえ ... Here, it'...
4 votes
1 answer
66 views

Difference between 芽生える{めばえる}・芽{め}が出る{でる}/芽{め}を出す{だす}

I encountered the following multiple-choice question in an unofficial JLPT N3 vocabulary practice test: 先週、スイカの種を植えたばかりなのに、今朝見たら、もう芽が(   )いた。 1 なって  2 出て  3 散って  4 生えて I chose 「4 生えて」, but the ...
2 votes
0 answers
36 views

という/っていう - a few of questions

I’ve scoured this website and elsewhere to get to the bottom of this and I think I’ve cracked most of all of the という usages and meanings. But I just have some few questions I hope you can help with. ...
3 votes
1 answer
83 views

Can て form nominalize verbs?

お母さん、風香産んで正解だった。 This sentence means "Mother was right about giving birth to Fuuka." but I don't understand the usage of the て form here. I think it nominalized the verb but isn't this the ...
4 votes
1 answer
816 views

Is くれ the short form for くれる?

In the following sentence: ペンを貸してくれ。 Is くれ the short form for くれる?
7 votes
3 answers
429 views

Questions about 背負う

背負う is pronounced せおう, but many dictionaries also list a second pronunciation as しょう. I've never heard it pronounced as しょう in practice. In what situations does it have this pronunciation? Is that ...
5 votes
3 answers
3k views

What is the difference between んじゃない and んだ?

…あの犯行予告、俺がやったんじゃないんだけどな。 I wasn't the one who issued that threat, but no matter. (English subs) What's the difference between んじゃない and んだ as they're used here? One would ordinarily expect んじゃない to ...
0 votes
1 answer
109 views

Usage of より at end of sentence?

Just wondering a little bit about the mechanics of より in this sentence. The context as far as I can tell is that someone is saying they are better at doing Laundry and cleaning when compared to their ...
3 votes
1 answer
333 views

Confusing sentence using ~わけではなく and other forms

Note: I already reviewed many topics here regarding the use of わけ, but I still struggle to properly translate the sentence below. It's from the introduction to the book 日本語文法ハンドブック (a book for ...
3 votes
1 answer
122 views

よりほかはない ほかしかたがない

I am pretty sure I have heard native speakers say things like あの大事故の中で、けが一つなかったのは奇跡と言うほかありません My question is can I use this construct or the similar usage ほかしかたがない to describe something decidedly ...
2 votes
1 answer
227 views

Grammar question about song lyrics

I'm learning a song from the pillows One Life, The first couple lines go: 青い芥子の花びらが 風もなく揺れてたら Aoi keshi no hanabira ga Kaze mo naku yurete tara If the blue poppy's petals sway without the wind... ...
2 votes
2 answers
102 views

「認識できません」の意味の広さ

例えば、パソコンのグラフィックボードを挿しているけど、壊れていて、「認識できません」というエラーが出てもおかしくないと思います。 この「認識できません」は一義的にcannot recognizeという意味になりますか。それとも、最初から挿していなかった場合、"cannot detect"という意味としても「認識できません」という表現を使いますか。 このような文脈で、...
15 votes
3 answers
3k views

When should 男の人/女の人 be used instead of 男/女?

My teacher always corrects me when I use 男 or 女 by themselves, without adding の人 to the end of it. But in various Japanese media (music, drama, anime, etc.), I know for sure that I have heard them ...
0 votes
3 answers
187 views

Insult: something smells

On this YouTube video, the author claims that one way to insult someone is the following: Is that true? The author seemed to be honest enough. How does that make sense? (Note that I actually know ...
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

What's the difference between ね and でしょう for tag questions?

Both ね and でしょう can be used to form tag questions to confirm an opinion like so: 1) 疲れたでしょう。 (more of a guess based on evidence / polite) 2) 疲れたね。 (more forceful / the speaker is more certain) ...
0 votes
2 answers
301 views

Main usages of the た-Form

A couple of weeks ago I learned in my course the usage of the て-Form which were: Chaining verbs together , all of which are written in the で-Form and the last one is written with the polite form. The ...
8 votes
4 answers
735 views

Is おつかれさん "correct" Japanese to address to someone of lower status?

I have noticed in various environments that some people will sometimes, when speaking to someone of lower status, say おつかれさん instead of お疲れ様. Similarly one might hear ご苦労さん instead of ご苦労様. I've ...
0 votes
2 answers
391 views

What is the difference between the imperative forms of the -aru verbs?

What is the difference between these imperative forms: nas-ai nas-are nas-aimase nas-aimashi (As far as I understand these verb forms apply only to the honorific –aru verbs irassharu, ossharu, ...
1 vote
1 answer
77 views

How can I say "I would like to know how to do something"?

I am practicing to compose an inquiry. I read that saying "I would like to~" is させていただきます. There are similar questions about "to know how to do something" but expressing your ...
0 votes
1 answer
88 views

Can the "&"-symbol (ampersand) be used in Japanese to connect two language names?

For example, is this correct and commonly understood by Japanese-readers: "日本語 & 英語" which should represent "Japanese & English" and denote a bilingual edition of a ...
0 votes
2 answers
222 views

Can we use やばいぞ instead of やばいよ?

Does "ぞ" make it more masculine-sounding or is it a different dialect?
0 votes
2 answers
208 views

結構{けっこう}と決行{けっこう}と欠航{けっこう}

I'm sure the YouTuber Dogen's name would not be strange to a lot of people here on this site, and I'm sure a lot of you have seen his this video where he makes fun of words that sounds similar. ...
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Difference between "doko desu ka" and "doko ga"

I've read: Difference between Xはどこ and どこがX. I understand the top answer but I'm unsure of the "why" for why those two statements mean differently. A) 「病院はどこですか。」 B) 「どこが病院ですか。」 They say that ...
0 votes
1 answer
104 views

What is the difference between どの+noun+も vs 毎+noun for “Every (noun)”?

In which cases is it more appropriate to use どの+noun+も instead of 毎+noun (or vice versa)
4 votes
1 answer
680 views

Why can't I say してますよって感を出す?

It seems 感 in 感を出す often directly follows a noun: 絵に立体感を出そうと苦心した (source) マット感を出したい/ウエット感を出したい (source) 新商品のプロモは高級感を出そう (source) A lot of 漢語 + 感 patterned words seem already lexicalized and are ...
1 vote
1 answer
119 views

How do I combine 個人/個人的 and 未熟な?

あくまで私の意見です あくまで私個人の見解です あくまで私の個人的な意見ですが All of these seem idiomatic. But when I want to add another word 未熟な into the mix, none of these seem right or widely accepted: あくまで私個人の未熟な意見です ...
8 votes
2 answers
250 views

Difference between 土日 and 週末

Well just as the title indicates, I've heard in a game the word "土日" used and translated as "weekend", and wanting to learn the word since I realized I didn't know it yet, I checked on Jisho, but the ...
2 votes
1 answer
95 views

What’s the usage of “では” in this sentence?

歴史の授業は大きい教室でやります。歴史の先生は日本人で、授業ではあまり英語を使いません。 Is it composed of “で+は“ while は just highlights the noun before it? But if that’s the case then does 授業 here refer to a period of time?
2 votes
0 answers
100 views

です vs ありますwhat is the difference between the two? Can they ever be interchangeable?

Q: 日本語の授業は毎日ありますか。一日に何時間ですか。 A: 日本語の授業は毎日あります。一日に二時間あります。 I have questions about the difference between “です” and “あります” regarding the above sentences taken from my textbook. Why is that “です” was used ...
1 vote
0 answers
102 views

Use cases of していない/してない

I've seen this form show up a few times. In a past Japanese class, I was told that it could be used in the sense of "I haven't done X yet", as in まだ宿題をしてない. Also, I was told that 知っている in ...
0 votes
1 answer
92 views

Using か in casual speech

There are definitely many questions about the usage (or lack thereof) of か in casual speech. Although it is relatively common in anime, it sounds harsh, maybe rude in everyday casual speech. Alright, ...
8 votes
1 answer
2k views

Is there any difference between 意外に and 意外と?

I hear 意外に and 意外と used frequently to mean "more so than I thought." They seem to be interchangeable. Example: 意外と簡単でした = Easier than I thought Are they both grammatically correct? Is ...
6 votes
2 answers
484 views

Can を used with だ/です? 君沢さんを犯人だと思い込む

I came across the following passage in a mystery manga. The main character is explaining that the as of yet unknown criminal intentionally made the listener think that Kimisawa was the criminal (...
2 votes
1 answer
100 views

Positive use of “だめ”?

I had always thought from examples that “だめ” can have a slang positive connotation in context, similar to how English speakers often use “sick” or “damn” to express positive emotions, but I cannot ...
1 vote
1 answer
74 views

What’s the difference between “AにもBがあります“ and “AにBもあります”?

It seems to me that both mean the same thing, but which one is more frequently used?
9 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is 君 (きみ) obsolete as a way to call your romantic partner?

In many love songs, the singer calls their partner 君 (きみ). But is this used by couples in real life, as of 2013? Should this word be considered obsolete, or is it still seeing some use outside of the ...
1 vote
1 answer
51 views

What's the difference and when it should be used between 操作、動作、作動、運転、作用

I work as an engineer, and inside the heap of documents that I have been going through. As an example, there's a lot of sentences that describing how the machine operates, or operation behaviour. In ...
3 votes
1 answer
106 views

Nested conditions

I encountered this sentence: 困ったら 食べれば 何とかなるって わかった I figured out eating solves all my problems! Since nested if" is not used much in English, I wonder if this sentence sounds natural in a ...
1 vote
1 answer
136 views

Do you have to use the kanji 何 for nani (なに 'what' ) ? And kanji vs hiragana in general

What I remember is that the only point of Kanji is to distinguish words that have the same hiragana (homophones?) Did I misremember? If so, then what's the point of using Kanji when I could use ...
1 vote
1 answer
166 views

Help me understand this sentence I found on Duolingo

I'm practicing my Japanese on Duolingo to prepare for the (hopefully eventual) return of Japanese tourism, and I came across a sentence that makes no sense. Maybe someone can explain it to me. The ...
2 votes
1 answer
235 views

Use of と at end of a sentence

白い彫像が落ちているのだと思った. プールの守り神みたいなものが、鎮座しているんだと Would I be correct in interpreting this と as something along the lines as というように? So the sentence would mean something like "In a way to suggest ...

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