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Questions tagged [usage]

用法・使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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“自分” not referring back to the subject?

This particular usage of “自分のためにやっているんだ” caught my eye. I would have originally interpreted it as meaning “Don't mind it; I'm doing this for myself you see.” with “自分” referring back to the subject, ...
Zorf's user avatar
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3 votes
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108 views

Does “〜でいたい” assume already being in that state?

Consider for instance “元気でいたい” does that imply the speaker is at this point already healthy and wants this state to persist, or can it also be used when the speaker is not yet healthy but simply wants ...
Zorf's user avatar
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3 votes
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What exactly is the difference between causative verbs of intransitive verbs and their transitive counterpart?

I've noticed this before but I just encountered “ちょっと見せなさい” which clearly meant “Let me look for a moment.” not “Show it for a moment.” as it was uttered by a character that pushed the other character ...
Zorf's user avatar
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ないで欲しい or なくて欲しい?

I came across this sentence 来たばかりの人間を、普通に呼び出さないで欲しい Which I believe means something like I want you not to so naturally summon someone who's just arrived Please correct me if I'm off. What I don't ...
HNaam's user avatar
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How do you negate っこない

I don understand how to negate the grammar point of っこない I get that you put the verb in the ますstem before っこない Like in the example 泳げっこない --> There is no way I can swim But what if I've always been ...
Nyhiko's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
401 views

Nuance of masu-stem+あぐねる

From my dictionary, masu-stem+あぐねる seems to imply that you get tired of doing an action because you have met a setback that prevents the result you hoped for from occurring despite various efforts. In ...
whatyouexpect's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

What does なんたら mean?

I came across 昨日のハイドロなんたらとかいう怖い女の子だ Which from an official translations means Its that scary girl from yesterday called Hydro-glerpadoodle Am I right in assuming that なんたら is a filler word for ...
HNaam's user avatar
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what is the difference between ごたえ and かい/がい

I've been wondering but, what are the differences in nuance between the grammar points ごたえ and かい/がい ? examples: 見ごたえがある vs 見がいがある 聞きごたえがある vs 聞きがいがある やりごたえがあった vs やったかいがある
Hatosu's user avatar
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1 answer
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confused about て無かったら

In the sentence 一部しか残って無かったら意味ないし Where the official translation is Because its meaningless if a part is left I don't understand how 無かったら isn't negating the 残ってる to mean "if a part is NOT ...
HNaam's user avatar
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Interesting differences in 四字熟語 and their Chinese counterparts

Note: For the ease of reading, all Chinese characters used here are in Japanese 新字体 with Simplified Chinese(简体字) written in brackets. Japanese has a lot of 四字熟語, and although some developed within ...
dvx2718's user avatar
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Confused about usage of という

I came across this sentence: 地面が土で、周囲が木というだけで、暑さが随分とマシになった。 The heat became quite bearable when surrounded with trees and dirt. I'm confused about what という is doing here?
HNaam's user avatar
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How is the grammar working in いや、何かしないとな?

From what I've gathered. The sentence いや、何かしないとな means something like "No, I've got to do something" . I cant quite understand how the grammar is working here to turn the negative suru verb ...
HNaam's user avatar
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How does 別にいいですよ mean "It doesn't matter" or "I don't mind"?

A bit confused about how the grammar here is working. I came across this sentence "別にいいですよ、恋愛漫画読んでたって。" Which I believe means something like "I don't care/mind, about you having read ...
HNaam's user avatar
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What form comes before ので

Genki I Chapter 12 says the part of ので sentence is USUALLY in a short form. All examples are given in short form until I found an example in JLPT sensei website: 今から行きますので、少々お待ちください。 Shouldn't it be ...
joan doe's user avatar
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1 answer
382 views

Distinguishing hyperbole and literal sentences with くらい / ぐらい

One of the meanings of くらい is 'to the extent', and is often used in hyperbole (exaggerated claims) such as: 今日はもう一生走りたくないくらい走った。 Today, I ran so much that I don't want to run again in my whole life. ...
猫会飞's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
112 views

The role of が in 家が火事だよ

(This question is a follow-up to this comment thread.) I came across the sentence 家が火事だよ,† and although the meaning is clear from context, I'm struggling to understand what's going on grammatically. ...
Joshua Grosso's user avatar
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1 answer
122 views

Difference between 何かしますか and 何をしますか

Between 何かしますか and 何をしますか, which one is correct grammatically? Which one do native Japanese people use?
joan doe's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
534 views

Usage/meaning of ~の半分 vs 半分の~

When linking 半分 and a noun with the の particle, I'm trying to understand the difference, if any, between putting the noun first and putting 半分 first. See these two examples I found online: ...
Sidnoea's user avatar
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1 answer
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the difference between いくら and たとえ with non-degreeable words

The difference between たとえ背が高くても… [even if you should be tall] いくら背が高くても… [no matter how tall you are] Seems obvious to me, but “いくら” is very often also used with words that are not degreeable such ...
Zorf's user avatar
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Regarding the state verbs ある or いる in the grammar pattern さえ~ば

I am really getting confused regarding the state verbs used in the grammar pattern さえ~ば. See the following examples: 家族さえいれば、他に何もいらないです。 In the above example, we use the state verb いる because what ...
Ananya's user avatar
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This usage of “だけ”

I sometimes see “〜だけ” in sentences such as: 昔から男運だけは悪かった。 The context does not imply “Only my luck with men has always been bad.” and that's a somewhat weird sentence. Is there some other ...
Zorf's user avatar
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1 answer
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Understanding the meaning of だからな in this line

I am currently playing the Japanese version of Octopath Traveler. In one scene in particular, there are two characters in prison; one of them (a kid named Therion) has just been hit by the guard and ...
Juan Martín de Iparraguirre's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
112 views

When to use んだ inside your head?

Since the start of this year I have been thinking to myself in Japanese several times throughout each day. I am not sure if it's ever appropriate to use んだ in such self-directed speech. One scenario ...
Kapol's user avatar
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1 answer
213 views

Difference between だろうか and のだろうか?

I've been trying to figure out the difference between だろうか and のだろうか through context in my reading, but it's proving harder than I thought. Here's a passage with both. What is the difference, and why ...
shawntarou's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
152 views

日(ひ) は大昔からdayの意味持っていたのか

日本は漢人に接触し漢字と漢語を輸入した前に大和言葉はもう存在していたから、きっとその時にもうdayを指す語はもうあった。現代の視点から見ると、和語のdayの意味の言葉は「日(ひ)」なんですけど(例えば その日、あの日、出会った日)、これも漢語の影響なんですか? 詳細に言うと、昔の大和言葉の一日を指す語は「日(か)」だったと思うのは正しいですか。一ヶ月の中の日付も(二日ふつか、三日みっか等)、暦(...
dvx2718's user avatar
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0 votes
3 answers
128 views

Difference between ながら and 一方で

What is the difference between ながら and 一方で? Example: 彼はアルバイトをしながら大学へ行きます。 and 彼はアルバイトをする一方で大学へ行きます。
Ananya's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
285 views

What does のでしょうか do here?

An assistant is talking about how they are reminded of their time being Margret's assistant when they come back to her old room. I can't figure out how to parse のでしょうか. It doesn't seem like they are ...
shawntarou's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
271 views

Difference between このような and こんな

What is the difference between このような and こんな? How is their usage and different? How semantically are they different?
Mirta Summers's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
224 views

What does "好きなだけ" mean here?

Is な used to connect 好き and だけ. Does it mean that she only likes reading books? わたしは本を読むのが好きなだけの極々虚弱な女の子だ。
shawntarou's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
214 views

The construct of いつの間にか

In Japanese, we can add か to question words to make it mean "some-xxx." Example: 何 what 何か something 誰 who 誰か somebody 何人 how many people 何人か some amount of people (何人かの友達きた some friends ...
dvx2718's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
335 views

When and where to use ございます and its variations?

I know that ございます is used in informal settings. Still, I have some confusion as we use it after "Good Morning" and not "Good evening". Are there any specific rules related to it's ...
宇宙3003's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
622 views

usage of the second “て” in this sentence

“よく晴れててキャンプ日和だよ”. I am confused about the second "て” here.
Walker Black's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
208 views

Meaning of the expression るわけ

I stumbled upon the following sentence: ねてるわけなんですけども As I understand it, ねて means the fact/means of sleeping, and the ending ~なんですけども is short for ~なんですけれども and here is a polite way of making an ...
Simon Pauget's user avatar
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1 answer
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Regarding the tense of the verbs in the ついでに grammar

I have a doubt regarding the tense of the verbs in the ついでに grammar pattern for the two clauses. Consider the following sentences- 一時帰国したついでに、アメリカでは買えない物を買います。 N3のテキストを買うついでに、漫画も買ってしまった。 I saw a rule ...
Ananya's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
200 views

動作の完成を表す言葉について、

この質問はこちらからの追加質問です。 日本語を勉強し始めた頃から、たくさんの文章を読んだり動画を見たりしまして、若干の動作の終わりを表現する語を知ってますが、その使い分け、特に、日本人が脳内で感じれる単語の違いは分かりません。 例えば、水などの液体を全て飲んだら、いくつかの表現があります: 飲み切った 飲み果たした 飲み尽くした 飲んでしまった 飲み終わった ...
dvx2718's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
197 views

How does the negative work in this sentence: 家は綺麗じゃないではありません。

I tried to use several language translation websites and they all gave me different results. Some say "家は綺麗じゃないではありません” means 'the house is not clean', but some say "家は綺麗じゃないではありません” means ...
Ruo Su's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
180 views

Japanese usage or context of the word hakarigoto 謀 [はかりごと] ? Does it have a negative connotation?

what is the Japanese usage or context of the word hakarigoto 謀 [はかりごと] ? Does it have a negative connotation ? Thank you.
keikaku's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
392 views

弱った vs 困った what is the difference

I came up with this question when reading 「ドラえもん」. In this manga, characters often say "弱ったな" when they are in a mood of indulgent helplessness or when in trouble, but I was more familiar ...
mobu's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
90 views

Difference between the verbs used in the main clause of 間 and 間に

I saw these two sentences in a Youtube video- 私は冬休みの間韓国へ行きました。 私は冬休みの間に韓国へ行きました。 Shouldn't the first sentence be- 私は冬休みの間韓国へ行っていました。 My question is that shouldn't we use ています form of verbs with 間?( to ...
Ananya's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
85 views

Meaning of スポーンてしちゃった

Context: Person A thinks she made a mistake in the play she was in and is afraid the director is made at her. When she goes to talk to the director she says えと、えと……! あたし、セリフがスポーンてしちゃったかな!? I can't ...
Marie OP's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
119 views

でございます for a respected person

According to all dictionaries and most grammar books I can check, でございます is a polite form (丁寧語), which seems almost equal to です but with a more polite mood. It is classified as a humble form (謙譲語) by ...
Kotoba Trily Ngian's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
132 views

N1 を N2 に見る structure

四畳半神話大系 EP6, I encountered this sentence: 「ラブドールを性欲処理の道具にしか見ていない輩には分からないだろうが これは高尚な趣味である。」 In which the protagonist is introducing a love doll he has been engaging with romantically for some time. I ...
Siena's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
151 views

Meaning and usage of 刺激(しげき)?

I've come across this word 刺激 a few times now, but although the dictionary says it means "stimulation" none of the contexts I've seen it in makes sense with that definition. For example 「...
grocerystorecarrots's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
107 views

Difference between 抑制、制御、控える、掌握、抑える、操作、支配、統制 for 'control'

When trying to find the word for 'control' a whole heap of answers came up, a lot of them having similar meanings and usages. I've summarised the main ones I'm having difficulty understanding the ...
Diyathepenguin's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
854 views

Why is ある preferrable to 残る in the sentence お金があるうちに欲しい物を買っておこう ? Is 残る still a valid option or is it just wrong?

The following sentence belongs to a multiple-choice exercise about the grammar point うちに in the book 新完全マスターN2文法: (  )うちに欲しい物を買っておこう。 a) お金がある  b) 給料をもらう  c) お金が残る I chose c) お金が残る, but according to ...
jarmanso7's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
149 views

On the direction of もらう

When talking about verbs of giving/receiving, textbooks tent do talk about only the relation between 1st person and the other persons (i.e. くれる 2/3→1, あげる 1→2/3, もらう 1←2/3), and let learners ...
Kotoba Trily Ngian's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
184 views

How are が and は used here?

I am a fluent speaker (not a learner) but I can't explain why が and は are used in these lines when asked by a friend. そんな私を拾ってくれたのがその時言い合いとなったお客様シェフなんです (from this video) それを身を挺して助けてくれたのが誠司さん (video)...
user57853's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
232 views

What does ○○ていない + といけない mean?

I've recently encountered a simple sentence in a video that confused me grammatically. (see 2:08) 子供が考える時には、待っていないといけないですよね。 My assumptions: 待っていない = negative continuous form of 待つ といけない = have to I'...
shade549's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
197 views

~といい Grammar point with 評価 as an implication

During my class today we were studying N1 Grammar といい. In our textbook there was the question: 水泳といいテニスといい、(x)。 a) スポーツはみな楽しい b) 私はお子様に習わせている c) 私はやったことがない So I understand that a) is a correct ...
Blue's user avatar
  • 309
0 votes
1 answer
122 views

What are the differences in usage? - ~あげる and ~あがる?

~あげる and ~あがる mean "finish." But what are the differences in usage? Should あげる strictly follow 他動詞? For example, この本を読みあげた。 Should あがる strictly follow 自動詞? For example, さっき走りあがった。
vincentlin's user avatar

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