Questions tagged [usage]

用法・使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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expression about smoking [closed]

Is the expression あなたは 毎日 どれくらい タバコ を 吸います か? correct?
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-3 votes
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45 views

Expression for smoking [closed]

Is the expression 私は毎日 2 本のタバコを吸います。 correct?
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2 votes
1 answer
50 views

Verb after ~にこたえて

I encountered the following multiple-choice question on page 37 (question 3 in section 5) of my JLPT N2 grammar textbook 「新完全マスター文法 日本語能力試験N2」: 歴史的な大記録を作った斎藤選手は、祝福の拍手にこたえて(   )。 a 帽子を取って軽くおじぎをした b ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Usage of 次第 with informal language (やる)

I encountered the following multiple-choice question on page 29 (question 10) of my JLPT N2 grammar textbook 「新完全マスター文法 日本語能力試験N2」: 佐藤君、今やっている作業が(   )、山口君の方を手伝ってやってくれ。 1 終われば       2 終わった上で 3 終わり次第   ...
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3 votes
2 answers
285 views

When is 早く寝てろ used as opposed to 早く寝ろ?

This question is about idiomatic usage of language. The grammatical side of the difference between 寝ろ and 寝てろ is clearly explained here. But I think there is another part of this question: in what ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Verbs coming before ~てからでないと

I encountered the following multiple-choice question on page 19 (question 1 in section 5) of my JLPT N2 grammar textbook 「新完全マスター文法 日本語能力試験N2」: (   )からでないと、新しい事業に取りかかれない。 a 車の運転ができて  b いいアイディアがあって  c ...
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  • 283
2 votes
1 answer
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What does の元で mean?

彼の元で護衛を務める。 Does it mean "for", "on behalf of", "in the name of"? Or "under the guidance of"? What's the difference between that and の下で? Can I replace で with ...
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4 votes
1 answer
407 views

気が合う人 is correct but why can't I say 気が合える人? Why is using the potential form wrong?

One day a friend of mine told me my usage of 合える人 is grammatically incorrect but when I check on the internet, I see we can use the potential form with 合う. I want to say that I can potentially get ...
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  • 353
2 votes
1 answer
83 views

Difference between ないといけない and なくてはいけない

While both mean "I have to / I must (do sth)", I wonder if there is a slight difference in the meaning or politeness level or anything else? For example, do all these pairs sound exactly the ...
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  • 757
1 vote
1 answer
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にさせる usage in a sentence

I was reading the Japanese version of No Longer Human by Osamu Dazai, and this sentence came up. 嫌な気持ちにさせるのだ I would like to know why に particle was used before the word させる.
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2 votes
1 answer
61 views

What is the meaning of か in this context (と同じか)?

I was reading an article on NHK News Web Easy and came across the following sentence: いつもの年の8月に降る雨と同じか2倍ぐらいの雨が、24時間に降りました。 I think the sentence means something like "Around 2x August's usual ...
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2 votes
1 answer
256 views

Is this the correct way to say "child of the octopus"?

I'm still very new to Japanese, but I've learned that octopus is たこ and child is 子. In addition to this, I'm aware that the の particle is used to show possession; for example: わたし の なまえ ... Here, it'...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Difference between 芽生える{めばえる}・芽{め}が出る{でる}/芽{め}を出す{だす}

I encountered the following multiple-choice question in an unofficial JLPT N3 vocabulary practice test: 先週、スイカの種を植えたばかりなのに、今朝見たら、もう芽が(   )いた。 1 なって  2 出て  3 散って  4 生えて I chose 「4 生えて」, but the ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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という/っていう - a few of questions

I’ve scoured this website and elsewhere to get to the bottom of this and I think I’ve cracked most of all of the という usages and meanings. But I just have some few questions I hope you can help with. ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Can て form nominalize verbs?

お母さん、風香産んで正解だった。 This sentence means "Mother was right about giving birth to Fuuka." but I don't understand the usage of the て form here. I think it nominalized the verb but isn't this the ...
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4 votes
1 answer
817 views

Is くれ the short form for くれる?

In the following sentence: ペンを貸してくれ。 Is くれ the short form for くれる?
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0 votes
1 answer
110 views

Usage of より at end of sentence?

Just wondering a little bit about the mechanics of より in this sentence. The context as far as I can tell is that someone is saying they are better at doing Laundry and cleaning when compared to their ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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よりほかはない ほかしかたがない

I am pretty sure I have heard native speakers say things like あの大事故の中で、けが一つなかったのは奇跡と言うほかありません My question is can I use this construct or the similar usage ほかしかたがない to describe something decidedly ...
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2 votes
2 answers
102 views

「認識できません」の意味の広さ

例えば、パソコンのグラフィックボードを挿しているけど、壊れていて、「認識できません」というエラーが出てもおかしくないと思います。 この「認識できません」は一義的にcannot recognizeという意味になりますか。それとも、最初から挿していなかった場合、"cannot detect"という意味としても「認識できません」という表現を使いますか。 このような文脈で、...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Grammar question about song lyrics

I'm learning a song from the pillows One Life, The first couple lines go: 青い芥子の花びらが 風もなく揺れてたら Aoi keshi no hanabira ga Kaze mo naku yurete tara If the blue poppy's petals sway without the wind... ...
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0 votes
3 answers
187 views

Insult: something smells

On this YouTube video, the author claims that one way to insult someone is the following: Is that true? The author seemed to be honest enough. How does that make sense? (Note that I actually know ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Can the "&"-symbol (ampersand) be used in Japanese to connect two language names?

For example, is this correct and commonly understood by Japanese-readers: "日本語 & 英語" which should represent "Japanese & English" and denote a bilingual edition of a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How can I say "I would like to know how to do something"?

I am practicing to compose an inquiry. I read that saying "I would like to~" is させていただきます. There are similar questions about "to know how to do something" but expressing your ...
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1 answer
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What is the difference between どの+noun+も vs 毎+noun for “Every (noun)”?

In which cases is it more appropriate to use どの+noun+も instead of 毎+noun (or vice versa)
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1 vote
1 answer
119 views

How do I combine 個人/個人的 and 未熟な?

あくまで私の意見です あくまで私個人の見解です あくまで私の個人的な意見ですが All of these seem idiomatic. But when I want to add another word 未熟な into the mix, none of these seem right or widely accepted: あくまで私個人の未熟な意見です ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Why can't I say してますよって感を出す?

It seems 感 in 感を出す often directly follows a noun: 絵に立体感を出そうと苦心した (source) マット感を出したい/ウエット感を出したい (source) 新商品のプロモは高級感を出そう (source) A lot of 漢語 + 感 patterned words seem already lexicalized and are ...
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2 votes
1 answer
97 views

What’s the usage of “では” in this sentence?

歴史の授業は大きい教室でやります。歴史の先生は日本人で、授業ではあまり英語を使いません。 Is it composed of “で+は“ while は just highlights the noun before it? But if that’s the case then does 授業 here refer to a period of time?
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2 votes
0 answers
101 views

です vs ありますwhat is the difference between the two? Can they ever be interchangeable?

Q: 日本語の授業は毎日ありますか。一日に何時間ですか。 A: 日本語の授業は毎日あります。一日に二時間あります。 I have questions about the difference between “です” and “あります” regarding the above sentences taken from my textbook. Why is that “です” was used ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Use cases of していない/してない

I've seen this form show up a few times. In a past Japanese class, I was told that it could be used in the sense of "I haven't done X yet", as in まだ宿題をしてない. Also, I was told that 知っている in ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Using か in casual speech

There are definitely many questions about the usage (or lack thereof) of か in casual speech. Although it is relatively common in anime, it sounds harsh, maybe rude in everyday casual speech. Alright, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Positive use of “だめ”?

I had always thought from examples that “だめ” can have a slang positive connotation in context, similar to how English speakers often use “sick” or “damn” to express positive emotions, but I cannot ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What’s the difference between “AにもBがあります“ and “AにBもあります”?

It seems to me that both mean the same thing, but which one is more frequently used?
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1 vote
1 answer
51 views

What's the difference and when it should be used between 操作、動作、作動、運転、作用

I work as an engineer, and inside the heap of documents that I have been going through. As an example, there's a lot of sentences that describing how the machine operates, or operation behaviour. In ...
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3 votes
1 answer
106 views

Nested conditions

I encountered this sentence: 困ったら 食べれば 何とかなるって わかった I figured out eating solves all my problems! Since nested if" is not used much in English, I wonder if this sentence sounds natural in a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Do you have to use the kanji 何 for nani (なに 'what' ) ? And kanji vs hiragana in general

What I remember is that the only point of Kanji is to distinguish words that have the same hiragana (homophones?) Did I misremember? If so, then what's the point of using Kanji when I could use ...
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1 vote
1 answer
166 views

Help me understand this sentence I found on Duolingo

I'm practicing my Japanese on Duolingo to prepare for the (hopefully eventual) return of Japanese tourism, and I came across a sentence that makes no sense. Maybe someone can explain it to me. The ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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て助かる with inanimate subject

辛みがついてピーマンっぽさが 消えて助かるよ! It gave it some spice and toned down the pepper flavor! Here, the subject of 消えて助かる seems to be the inanimate peppery flavor. But I thought て助かる is used when someone got the ...
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  • 757
0 votes
4 answers
179 views

Importance of stroke order and writing kanji

This got me confused: Various kanji learning sites on the Internet and even books on kanji stress the importance of stroke order while learning new kanji, saying it's highly essential to learn to ...
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1 vote
2 answers
129 views

Differences between 知った and 知っていた

There's this song from LiSA that I've been trying to understand the lyrics. However, there is something that is bothering me right at the start. The first verse of the song reads as 強くなれる理由を知った and ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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I don't understand どうして

どうして is translated as why? but... it has して which, is the continuous form. I'm guessing it's continuous to allow the other person to continue the sentence. But, then it has どう.. which I translate to ...
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0 votes
0 answers
90 views

About the meaning of による (cause or dependency?)

I usually see による used as a way to express the cause of something: 震災によってたくさんの人の命が失われた。 There were many people who lost their lives due to the earthquake. But in some places I see it being used as a ...
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0 votes
0 answers
124 views

How to identify what って means in different situations

って can be used at least 3 different ways that I know of. Standard って form that most people learn first.て,って,んで,いて,いで etc. って for quoting people. って for making a demand/command statement. A tutorial I'...
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3 votes
1 answer
161 views

Word order withと違う

In this sentence その点では私は君と意見が違う (My opinion differs from yours on that point) As I understand, the first は (その点では) is optional because it puts emphasis on the phrase before it. The next thing is a ...
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1 answer
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Difference between 何 and どう before する

Before some form of する, what's the difference between 何 and どう? For example, 何してるの vs どうしてるの? Or 何をしよう vs どうしよう? Perhaps in many cases only one of the question words is acceptable; then what's a good ...
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  • 757
1 vote
1 answer
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What's the usage of かっていうので?

I'm familiar with the usage of かっていうと but I always get confused when another particle is used instead of と。 For instance: 日本人はなぜマスクをしているのかっていうのを聞いている I'm especially confused about this sentence: ...
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0 votes
2 answers
138 views

What does よく do when used with ~のほうが?

さあ、妻のほうがよく知っています。 What does よく do when used with ~のほうが? Is the よく required? What does it mean in this context?
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0 votes
1 answer
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Is there a difference between ます and ません for sentences carrying an exclusive connotation(しか)?

私は野菜しか食べません。 apparently means "I only eat vegetables"? Shouldn't there be a negative connotation with the ません-ending? If that's the case what does 私は野菜しか食べます mean? Is there a special ...
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  • 123
1 vote
0 answers
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ので with requests [duplicate]

I was consulting my grammar book (A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar), when I came upon the following passage (page 323): Now this is all well and good. But it's a bit conflicting with an ...
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  • 604
2 votes
1 answer
89 views

Usage of 方(ほう) in these sentences

I know that 方 (ほう) can mean direction or way but that meaning seems to change a bit in the following sentences: 佐藤くん、 英語は得意な方(ほう)かな? Sato, are you good at English? これは割と使ってる方(ほう)です。 This is ...
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7 votes
2 answers
121 views

~といわず、~といわず with 否定文

I vaguely remember reading somewhere that 「~といわず、~といわず」 doesn't come in 否定文, but I came across negative usage of late. Research took me to this site maintained by a native speaking Japanese teacher ...
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