Questions tagged [usage]

用法・使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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2
votes
2answers
158 views

添付される for physical objects. Does it mean “included with” or “attached to”?

When 添付される is used for physical objects. Does it mean "included with" or physically "attached to"? So far I've only seen 添付 used with email and paper documents, for which no distinction needs to be ...
1
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2answers
128 views

What is the difference between 「何を…ましょうか」, 「何を…ますか」 and 「何を…ませんか」?

What are the differences in meaning between these three sentences? えいがはなにをみましょうか。 えいがはなにをみますか。 えいがはなにをみませんか。 Does the last sentence even make sense?
2
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1answer
230 views

Can さくじつ and きのう be used the same way?

Can さくじつ and きのう be used the same way? I know the terms mean yesterday. Thank you!
1
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1answer
82 views

what is に's role in this sentence?

その巨大{きょだい}な学園{がくえん}は都会{とかい}のど真{ま}ん中{なか}の一等地{いっとうち}に聳{そび}えたっていた I can understand the meaning of this sentence but I can't comprehend what「に」is meaning in it.
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1answer
86 views

What term is used to mean the game of American football?

I see terms for soccer and football and they seem closely related. What is the term used to clearly indicate American football? National/American Football League football. Thank you for your time in ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Is として in this sentence adverbial?

I was trying to get a full understanding of this sentence's structure: 政府が学校の建設を計画しているが、遅々として進まないので、現地にあるNGO組織が学校づくりを支援している I know として as "As; In", like in 教師として, "as a teacher", but in this ...
0
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1answer
124 views

What is the meaning of している in this sentence?

I know from looking at the title many of you are thinking "Frey, you should KNOW THIS by now." And to be honest I should, its just a matter of the more research I did only served to further confuse me....
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3answers
190 views

Why is the particle と being used in the following sentences?

I'm reading the JLPT N3 読む guide and the explanation for the conjunction ただ says this: 前の文の内容と違うことがあると付け加えて説明する。 Also, there's a section where the next sentence appears: 台風が接近しています。そのため、...
4
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1answer
182 views

Can I use the title san if I refer to myself as an ojisan?

I know that the title san cannot be used when referring to myself. It seems appropriate to use if it is with a title of some sort. I just wanted to clarify. Thank You!
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1answer
104 views

I think できる in this sentence here means “begin to exist”, am I correct?

"大阪ではタピオカを入れた飲み物を売る店がたくさん***できていて***、。。。” I looked it up in the Weblio Japanese-English Dictionary (the most trustworthy one online I suppose) and found this definition of できる (as below) the most ...
4
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1answer
140 views

Could you please help me understand this sentence from NHK News?

タピオカは暑いところでできる芋から作った食べ物で、最近若い人。。。 I can't understand the part underlined quite well. Does it mean that Tapioca is made from 芋 that is grown in hot places, or does it mean that Tapioca is made in hot ...
6
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1answer
98 views

what doesかどうかという mean in this sentence?

I've been watching anime and came across this sentence: 全員足しても15人いるかどうかという寒村ぶりだ I can't understand the meaning of かどうかという in this sentence. The context is that the village is isolated, and it ...
4
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3answers
677 views

Why is there a が in 深淵に臨むが如し?

In the sentence 深淵に臨むが如し why is there a particle が after the verb 臨む? Shouldn't it be 深淵に臨むよう?
2
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1answer
91 views

What is the meaning of 「一人」in the following sentence?

今、女性一人が生む子どもの数が減ってきている。つまり、少子化が進んできている。 Now, the amount of women that give birth to a child is decreasing. That is to say, the declining birth rates are advancing. What is the role of 「一人」? To me, ...
0
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1answer
122 views

Should I use 正解 or 当たり to mean correct in a testing situation?

I want to use the term(s) when indicating a correct answer to a TEST question. I am thinking that one term may be preferred in TESTING situations, over the other.
2
votes
2answers
141 views

Why is the term 者 used in some job titles and not others?

Why is the term 者 used in some job titles and not others? I see the term used for doctor, dentist and translator 医者, 歯医者, 翻訳者 to name a few, but not for teacher, mayor, secretary, etc.
4
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1answer
101 views

What are the nuanced usages of まず?

The following lines of dialogue is spoken by a girl to the narrative character in a book I'm translating. 「普通の人なら、あの状況{じょうきょう}ではまず間違いなくパニックになるわ。 自分の置かれた状況を把握{はあく}しようとして、混乱しているうちに殺されていたはずよ。 ...
0
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0answers
63 views

ところ+particle(助詞) precision

Hy, I am currently working on with 新完成マスター N3 for my grammar part and I get stuck on a small section of the lesson related to ところ(~p.17)。 So far, I understand that, according to this lesson, ところ can ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

What is the difference between ending a question with んだ?and の?

I thought の when used in questions is for when you’re asking for an explanation or to have a curious tone, but んだ is also for explanation and I’ve seen both used to end questions so what are the ...
0
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1answer
88 views

So that + adjective? [closed]

How would you translate something like “so that you are/can be X”? I bought this so that he’ll be safe. I want to do this for you so that you’re happy!
2
votes
2answers
164 views

Why was し used instead of から?

通訳の仕事は視野が広がるし、自分自身も成長できるよね In this message why is し used instead of から?I thought し was mainly for when there’s multiple reasons for things. Is there another use or reason for it or is it kinda like や,...
10
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2answers
1k views

Meaning of だけはわからない

それでも彼には、自分のことだけはわからない。 I'm translating the above sentence from Japanese to English, and I'm having issues with understanding what だけはわからない means. Why does だけ come before は? says that だけは means 'at ...
1
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0answers
45 views

Difference usage of うまい and 上手? [duplicate]

I would like to tell that she is very good in Japanese . Which one is more suitable to use under sentences ... 彼女は日本語が[上手]{jouzu}です。 or 彼女は日本語がうまいです。 Can I use both sentences ? Is there no ...
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0answers
35 views

たくさん人 or たくさんの人 [duplicate]

I know the more grammatically correct version would be the Takusan NO hito, yet I'm sure I've read and heard both in Japanese media. Is the first a more colloquial way of saying it, or are there ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Why do I need to use のに instead of ので?

食べてばかりいるので、なんで太いじゃないだろう?? I was told for this sentence I should use のに instead of ので. Why is のに better here? It seems like it changes the meaning from “so/since” to “even though”. I wanted to say “...
3
votes
2answers
112 views

Is there some functional difference between デマ and ガセ?

According to gogen-allguide.com デマ comes from the German demagogie, so it would make sense for it to be similar to demagogy in English. But demagogy is used for political things like false claims and ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Is 「っしょ」possibly a colloquial sentence ending particle?

In this chapter of Chainsawman I saw this 「いいっしょ」 and am confused by what it means. Are there any other particles like this? I don't see this on any lists online. Thanks!
5
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2answers
164 views

Confusing use of あくまでも

I have a lot of trouble sorting out the different use of あくまでも. According to goo, the definition is: 1 物事を最後までやりとおすさま。徹底的に。 2 どこまでも。全く。 So something like: Doing something until the very end. ...
1
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1answer
107 views

Saying “some” as in “What are some examples of this?”

How would you express “some” when you’re asking for a list of things or examples of something? My gut is to just say whatever I’m talking about, like: 好きな鳥は何ですか? meaning “What are some birds you ...
3
votes
1answer
274 views

How to order an individiual item instead of a set?

I say 「セット」 when I order a set, and I say 「これだけ」 when I just want to order an individual item. Is there any common way to order an individual item instead of a set?
3
votes
1answer
68 views

あるか確認 vs あるかを確認

I understand that both have almost the same meaning. But I was pointed out. Is this a preference issue, or is one prioritized? i.e 「リンゴマークがあるか確認します。」 「リンゴマークがあるかを確認します。」
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Could anyone tell me about how to use か at the end of the news article I see it a lot and get confused about it all the time

I get confused about it all the time Please explain how to use and how to translate it Thank you for your explanation
1
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1answer
85 views

Difference between 〜がち and 〜つい?

If both can express habits like things you tend to do, what is the difference between their uses? examples: イケメン*が通るとつい見ちゃう。 昔の話をしていると話がついつい長くなる。 Why was つい used here? Would 〜がち also make ...
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1answer
247 views

でようか slang for で良いか? [closed]

This is the sentence I heard in an anime. コーヒーでようか or コーヒーでよか. I definitely did not mishear it for yoi 良い. Is this some slang for yoi? If so, which is the correct one? Stress or no vowel stress.
2
votes
1answer
102 views

What's the difference between 初心者, 入門者 and 初級者

I see 初級 Written mostly in books which mean beginner or elementary level, the other two were written on the same page for a drawing course i fould online as "入門者向け" and "初心者向け", but i don't see any ...
4
votes
4answers
251 views

Translating “different”?

I’m having trouble figuring out how to translate “different.” I know the words 違う and 違い but I don’t know how to incorporate those to mean “different” or if that would even be correct. 「違う色がきれいだね。」...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

やることが多過ぎて気が張っているせいか

多過ぎ - too much て - Why is it there? What's its position relating the grammar? 気 - Does it express intention? What does it represent exactly? 張って - to fill, to do maybe? いるせいか - What is the ...
12
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1answer
606 views

Science writing - exact, precise, or accurate

While trying to write about an experiment I have done, I am having trouble deciding which words are appropriate for describing what I want to describe. In non-scientific English, precise, and ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

How politely to say “you”?

I found many variants in the internet, but they include あなた, which as I know isn't polite and better not to say it to a stranger. So, if I don't know the name/last name of the person, don't know the ...
2
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0answers
35 views

Sentences that end in a pronoun [duplicate]

A type of sentence or clause which seems to be common is one that has a long pre-modifying clause in front of a pronoun or a proper noun. Example from a blog post: 塗装したいものがたくさんあるのに、塗料を決められない、...
1
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0answers
87 views

Koto ga arimasu vs. Koto wa arimasen [duplicate]

こんにちは! I'm having some trouble understanding why は is used in the following response, instead of が. If someone could please help, I'd really appreciate it. おさけ を のんだ こと が あります か / O sake o nonda ...
1
vote
2answers
449 views

How to determine 大都市 vs 都市

As I understand 都市 [toshi] means [city]. And therefore it could be any city, which is not town. In Russia town means over 12K population. 100-250K pouplation = big town. 250-500K pupulation = small ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Meaning of によって/により

I’ve come across this phrase によって/により quite often and I’ve researched and found these meanings: by Person (この本は君によって書かれた?); due to/ because of; by means of (The teacher checked their knowledge by the ...
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3answers
110 views

Can the particle “no” の be used at the beginning of the sentence?

In the sentence Watashi no hon. Can the owner be omitted? No hon.
4
votes
2answers
456 views

How do I say what something is made out of?

The exact thing I want to know how to say is 'The wristwatch is made out of gold' and 'The wristwatch is gold and black in colour'. Would saying this be the same as talking about a house being made of ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Usage of て/ので + 心配

連絡がなくて/ないので、みんな心配していました。 Please may I ask for the above sentence, should I use なくて or ないので。thanks
3
votes
1answer
118 views

When to use 言います/ 教えます

When should one use 言います and when should one use 教えます? Please see examples below. 10年前にAさんの住所があったと言いました。 10年前にAさんの住所があったと教えました。
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1answer
100 views

もらいます/いただきます usage

When I received a souvenir from my boss, the following statement will be used. 私は課長にお土産をいただきました。 What about if I want to make a statement that A received a souvenir from his boss and his boss is ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

「誘います」は「招待します」とどう違いますか? [duplicate]

What’s the difference between 誘いますand 招待します? Are they the same?
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Referring to a diner in your own party as お客様?

Suppose I'm speaking to waitstaff at a restaurant explaining that a diner in our party has an allergy. When speaking to someone working at the restaurant, would it be appropriate to refer to such a ...