Questions tagged [usage]

用法・使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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Difference between だろうか and のだろうか?

I've been trying to figure out the difference between だろうか and のだろうか through context in my reading, but it's proving harder than I thought. Here's a passage with both. What is the difference, and why ...
shawntarou's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
135 views

日(ひ) は大昔からdayの意味持っていたのか

日本は漢人に接触し漢字と漢語を輸入した前に大和言葉はもう存在していたから、きっとその時にもうdayを指す語はもうあった。現代の視点から見ると、和語のdayの意味の言葉は「日(ひ)」なんですけど(例えば その日、あの日、出会った日)、これも漢語の影響なんですか? 詳細に言うと、昔の大和言葉の一日を指す語は「日(か)」だったと思うのは正しいですか。一ヶ月の中の日付も(二日ふつか、三日みっか等)、暦(...
dvx2718's user avatar
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3 answers
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Difference between ながら and 一方で

What is the difference between ながら and 一方で? Example: 彼はアルバイトをしながら大学へ行きます。 and 彼はアルバイトをする一方で大学へ行きます。
Ananya's user avatar
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1 answer
229 views

What does のでしょうか do here?

An assistant is talking about how they are reminded of their time being Margret's assistant when they come back to her old room. I can't figure out how to parse のでしょうか. It doesn't seem like they are ...
shawntarou's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
156 views

Difference between このような and こんな

What is the difference between このような and こんな? How is their usage and different? How semantically are they different?
Mirta Summers's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
167 views

What does "好きなだけ" mean here?

Is な used to connect 好き and だけ. Does it mean that she only likes reading books? わたしは本を読むのが好きなだけの極々虚弱な女の子だ。
shawntarou's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
199 views

The construct of いつの間にか

In Japanese, we can add か to question words to make it mean "some-xxx." Example: 何 what 何か something 誰 who 誰か somebody 何人 how many people 何人か some amount of people (何人かの友達きた some friends ...
dvx2718's user avatar
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300 views

When and where to use ございます and its variations?

I know that ございます is used in informal settings. Still, I have some confusion as we use it after "Good Morning" and not "Good evening". Are there any specific rules related to it's ...
宇宙3003's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
604 views

usage of the second “て” in this sentence

“よく晴れててキャンプ日和だよ”. I am confused about the second "て” here.
Walker Black's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
203 views

Meaning of the expression るわけ

I stumbled upon the following sentence: ねてるわけなんですけども As I understand it, ねて means the fact/means of sleeping, and the ending ~なんですけども is short for ~なんですけれども and here is a polite way of making an ...
Simon Pauget's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
86 views

Regarding the tense of the verbs in the ついでに grammar

I have a doubt regarding the tense of the verbs in the ついでに grammar pattern for the two clauses. Consider the following sentences- 一時帰国したついでに、アメリカでは買えない物を買います。 N3のテキストを買うついでに、漫画も買ってしまった。 I saw a rule ...
Ananya's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
184 views

動作の完成を表す言葉について、

この質問はこちらからの追加質問です。 日本語を勉強し始めた頃から、たくさんの文章を読んだり動画を見たりしまして、若干の動作の終わりを表現する語を知ってますが、その使い分け、特に、日本人が脳内で感じれる単語の違いは分かりません。 例えば、水などの液体を全て飲んだら、いくつかの表現があります: 飲み切った 飲み果たした 飲み尽くした 飲んでしまった 飲み終わった ...
dvx2718's user avatar
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How does the negative work in this sentence: 家は綺麗じゃないではありません。

I tried to use several language translation websites and they all gave me different results. Some say "家は綺麗じゃないではありません” means 'the house is not clean', but some say "家は綺麗じゃないではありません” means ...
Ruo Su's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
173 views

Japanese usage or context of the word hakarigoto 謀 [はかりごと] ? Does it have a negative connotation?

what is the Japanese usage or context of the word hakarigoto 謀 [はかりごと] ? Does it have a negative connotation ? Thank you.
keikaku's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
371 views

弱った vs 困った what is the difference

I came up with this question when reading 「ドラえもん」. In this manga, characters often say "弱ったな" when they are in a mood of indulgent helplessness or when in trouble, but I was more familiar ...
mobu's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Difference between the verbs used in the main clause of 間 and 間に

I saw these two sentences in a Youtube video- 私は冬休みの間韓国へ行きました。 私は冬休みの間に韓国へ行きました。 Shouldn't the first sentence be- 私は冬休みの間韓国へ行っていました。 My question is that shouldn't we use ています form of verbs with 間?( to ...
Ananya's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
82 views

Meaning of スポーンてしちゃった

Context: Person A thinks she made a mistake in the play she was in and is afraid the director is made at her. When she goes to talk to the director she says えと、えと……! あたし、セリフがスポーンてしちゃったかな!? I can't ...
Marie OP's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
106 views

でございます for a respected person

According to all dictionaries and most grammar books I can check, でございます is a polite form (丁寧語), which seems almost equal to です but with a more polite mood. It is classified as a humble form (謙譲語) by ...
Kotoba Trily Ngian's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
119 views

N1 を N2 に見る structure

四畳半神話大系 EP6, I encountered this sentence: 「ラブドールを性欲処理の道具にしか見ていない輩には分からないだろうが これは高尚な趣味である。」 In which the protagonist is introducing a love doll he has been engaging with romantically for some time. I ...
Siena's user avatar
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1 answer
131 views

Meaning and usage of 刺激(しげき)?

I've come across this word 刺激 a few times now, but although the dictionary says it means "stimulation" none of the contexts I've seen it in makes sense with that definition. For example 「...
grocerystorecarrots's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
94 views

Difference between 抑制、制御、控える、掌握、抑える、操作、支配、統制 for 'control'

When trying to find the word for 'control' a whole heap of answers came up, a lot of them having similar meanings and usages. I've summarised the main ones I'm having difficulty understanding the ...
Diyathepenguin's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
846 views

Why is ある preferrable to 残る in the sentence お金があるうちに欲しい物を買っておこう ? Is 残る still a valid option or is it just wrong?

The following sentence belongs to a multiple-choice exercise about the grammar point うちに in the book 新完全マスターN2文法: (  )うちに欲しい物を買っておこう。 a) お金がある  b) 給料をもらう  c) お金が残る I chose c) お金が残る, but according to ...
jarmanso7's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
147 views

On the direction of もらう

When talking about verbs of giving/receiving, textbooks tent do talk about only the relation between 1st person and the other persons (i.e. くれる 2/3→1, あげる 1→2/3, もらう 1←2/3), and let learners ...
Kotoba Trily Ngian's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
166 views

How are が and は used here?

I am a fluent speaker (not a learner) but I can't explain why が and は are used in these lines when asked by a friend. そんな私を拾ってくれたのがその時言い合いとなったお客様シェフなんです (from this video) それを身を挺して助けてくれたのが誠司さん (video)...
user57853's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
191 views

What does ○○ていない + といけない mean?

I've recently encountered a simple sentence in a video that confused me grammatically. (see 2:08) 子供が考える時には、待っていないといけないですよね。 My assumptions: 待っていない = negative continuous form of 待つ といけない = have to I'...
shade549's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
193 views

~といい Grammar point with 評価 as an implication

During my class today we were studying N1 Grammar といい. In our textbook there was the question: 水泳といいテニスといい、(x)。 a) スポーツはみな楽しい b) 私はお子様に習わせている c) 私はやったことがない So I understand that a) is a correct ...
Blue's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
101 views

What are the differences in usage? - ~あげる and ~あがる?

~あげる and ~あがる mean "finish." But what are the differences in usage? Should あげる strictly follow 他動詞? For example, この本を読みあげた。 Should あがる strictly follow 自動詞? For example, さっき走りあがった。
vincentlin's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
60 views

Any help with this phrase? [duplicate]

ジョンさんは日本語を上手に話します。 The thing is that I don't understand why 上手 has the particle に. I'm reviewing an examination sheet, and this is the answer to one of the questions. The only possible thing that I ...
Ricardo Lizarralde's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
104 views

Prepositional phrase with に and verb 感じられる

"界王神界にまでエネルギーが感じられるほど強大な力を開放し" In this phrase, would it to be correct to say the prepositional phrase "界王神界に" connects to the object of the verb "エネルギー" or the subject of ...
eren_my_beloved's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
104 views

When writing みやこ, how to choose between 京 and 都?

Dictionary states that the word みやこ can be written as either 都 or (less often) 京. What factors (nuances of meaning, context, etc.) determine which of the two kanji is more appropriate?
max's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
132 views

How to say "must be" in the sense of making an affirmative guess?

Sorry if the question isn't clear enough. In English, we can make an affirmative guess based on prior information we received from someone/something by saying "X must be Y". Some example ...
Mania's user avatar
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1 answer
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Meaning and reading of 益し加える

Reading in a book by 落合淳思 I wonder about (what looks like) the compound verb 益し加える in the sentence 「自は鼻の象形であり、それに声符を益し加えた繁文である。」 (繁文 is used by Ochiai as a technical term for the modern shape of a ...
hurdsean's user avatar
  • 833
3 votes
1 answer
744 views

Saying "of course," "naturally" in conversation

In conversation, we use "of course," "naturally" "as you know," etc. to announce "I'm about to say something that you know and is obvious; but I need to say it as ...
Bob41's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
114 views

Use of くれる among 外

For giving/receiving among people other than me, my family, my friends or anyone I am close with (外->外), the book says to use あげる. もらう can also be used for anyone->anyone. Is it wrong to use くれる ...
joan doe's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
69 views

Question about the expression 日和: Can it be used with any activity or just with certain set expressions?

So I was watching a podcast for japanese learners and they gave 行楽日和、お散歩日和、お洗濯日和..as examples. So now I am asking myself, can I attach 日和 only to certain things or to anything that fits the context? ...
Alex's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
79 views

What does かけ mean in かけ戦った or in かけ争い?

In the intro of the Game Boy Advance game titled "Fire Emblem: Fuuin no Tsurugi" there are a few instances in which かけ is used before a verb, and I don't seem to be able to grasp the nuance ...
Juan Martín de Iparraguirre's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
95 views

Can you use 観にくい( 観る+にくい) to say that something is hard to watch in the sense of that the topic/images might be hard to stomach?

Example would: この第二次世界大戦についてドキュメンタリーはちょっと観にくいけど、本当に面白いと思う。work to say: This documentary about WW2 is a bit hard to watch (hard to stomach) but it is very interesting.
Alex's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
110 views

The usage of 当たり前 as subject

As far as I know, 当たり前 is an adverb. How come in the following instances it's used as the subject? あの日見た夕日 あの日見た花火 いつでも君がいたね 当たり前が幸せと知った ー「合唱曲・群青」 君がここにいなくなって 当たり前がいなくなって ー「君の抜け殻」 I am a little ...
dvx2718's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
116 views

Negative-imperative for 形容動詞 and 形容詞

For verbs, we can use it's te-form to make imperatives and negative imperatives, such as: 走って! 走らないで! Run! Do not run! Of course there's also 走れ! and 走るな! For 形容動詞 and 形容詞, however, I realize that I ...
dvx2718's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
51 views

田中さんはこの小説を読んだ(そうだ)- do we need そうだ all the time if we did not actuality get the info from the person?

Example 1 Me: 明日は先生が来る(そうだ)。 Example 2 Me: 田中さんはこの小説を読んだ(そうだ)。 Assume both Examples 1 and 2 are the information I heard from other people, not from 田中さん or 先生. Can I say the Examples without そうだ? ...
vincentlin's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
70 views

Can かなり be used with ーそうだ?

I want to make the sentence, "You two seem pretty close." and I've come up with 二人はかなり仲が良さそうだ。 Now I'm wondering if かなり is correct or natural to use here with そうだ and if it's even necessary. ...
Jet's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
118 views

雛たちとはなんの意味でしょうか?

中島みゆきさんの「銀の龍の背に乗って」の歌詞の中、こういう言葉が見つかります: まだ飛べない雛たちみたいに 「雛たち」とはなんですか。「雛形」の意味しますか、ここで「まだ飛べないちっちゃい龍」のことを指しているのですか。
dvx2718's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
671 views

Why was this usage of ところ incomprehensible?

I am an intermediate-level student, studying in Japan. All teachers are native Japanese speakers. I was asked to write an example sentence using "ところ", using it to express a temporal concept ...
auspicacious's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
104 views

What is the appropriate way of using 自分 with respect to the referent?

妻は私が自分を今でも愛していると信じている (Tsuma wa watashi ga jibun o ima demo aishite iru to shinjite iru.) My wife believes that i still love her. In the book it is said that: When a reflexive pronoun jibun is used, ...
Hejaj's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
667 views

If you want to refer to a person as beautiful, would you use [綺麗]{きれい} or [美しい]{うつくしい}? What's the difference?

I'm a little confused on the difference between 綺麗【きれい】 and 美しい【うつくしい】. When is it appropriate to use either word to refer to a person? For example, if I wanted to refer to a woman as beautiful, would ...
Kramernator's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
157 views

Why is "お前" and "あたし" used in Spirited Away?

I was watching the animated film by Hayao Miyazaki named "Spirited Away" in Japanese (I'm still a beginner) and I noticed that Yubaba and Zeniba use "お前" as second person singular. ...
Ergative Man's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
327 views

Don't understand fully how "なきゃよかった" means if ___ hadn't or if I hadn't ___

Is the なきゃ like referring to there not being something presently or something? Or is it more like [the hypothetical idea of not doing something][was good]...though even if it was that I don't think I ...
leren's user avatar
  • 15
0 votes
1 answer
244 views

What's the meaning and usage of って言うんだ in this case?

How does って言うんだ affect the following question. こんなことして何になるって言うんだ‌ I think it makes sense to me without it so I can't tell what it does and I don't think it's the normal "X person says" という ...
Abraham Linkin's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
104 views

The fuction of を in this specific sentence [closed]

I was reading this short 小説 about a difficult love relationship bewteen a man and a woman, and this sentences show up. 叶わない恋は存在するとは思います。 でも、二人が望んでいるなら、 超えられる事を多くあると信じています。 So, despite be able to ...
Jacopo Ziroli's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
855 views

The different ways to say "forever"

皆さん、こんにちは! I have a somewhat basic but intricate question about the way the Japanese say forever or something close in concept (sayings, expressions or poetic ways would work too). The context is that ...
Ryoryo's user avatar
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