Questions tagged [usage]

用法・使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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What is the difference between どの+noun+も vs 毎+noun for “Every (noun)”?

In which cases is it more appropriate to use どの+noun+も instead of 毎+noun (or vice versa)
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How do I combine 個人/個人的 and 未熟な?

あくまで私の意見です あくまで私個人の見解です あくまで私の個人的な意見ですが All of these seem idiomatic. But when I want to add another word 未熟な into the mix, none of these seem right or widely accepted: あくまで私個人の未熟な意見です ...
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Why can't I say してますよって感を出す?

It seems 感 in 感を出す often directly follows a noun: 絵に立体感を出そうと苦心した (source) マット感を出したい/ウエット感を出したい (source) 新商品のプロモは高級感を出そう (source) A lot of 漢語 + 感 patterned words seem already lexicalized and are ...
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What’s the usage of “では” in this sentence?

歴史の授業は大きい教室でやります。歴史の先生は日本人で、授業ではあまり英語を使いません。 Is it composed of “で+は“ while は just highlights the noun before it? But if that’s the case then does 授業 here refer to a period of time?
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です vs ありますwhat is the difference between the two? Can they ever be interchangeable?

Q: 日本語の授業は毎日ありますか。一日に何時間ですか。 A: 日本語の授業は毎日あります。一日に二時間あります。 I have questions about the difference between “です” and “あります” regarding the above sentences taken from my textbook. Why is that “です” was used ...
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Use cases of していない/してない

I've seen this form show up a few times. In a past Japanese class, I was told that it could be used in the sense of "I haven't done X yet", as in まだ宿題をしてない. Also, I was told that 知っている in ...
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Using か in casual speech

There are definitely many questions about the usage (or lack thereof) of か in casual speech. Although it is relatively common in anime, it sounds harsh, maybe rude in everyday casual speech. Alright, ...
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Positive use of “だめ”?

I had always thought from examples that “だめ” can have a slang positive connotation in context, similar to how English speakers often use “sick” or “damn” to express positive emotions, but I cannot ...
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What’s the difference between “AにもBがあります“ and “AにBもあります”?

It seems to me that both mean the same thing, but which one is more frequently used?
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What's the difference and when it should be used between 操作、動作、作動、運転、作用

I work as an engineer, and inside the heap of documents that I have been going through. As an example, there's a lot of sentences that describing how the machine operates, or operation behaviour. In ...
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Nested conditions

I encountered this sentence: 困ったら 食べれば 何とかなるって わかった I figured out eating solves all my problems! Since nested if" is not used much in English, I wonder if this sentence sounds natural in a ...
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Do you have to use the kanji 何 for nani (なに 'what' ) ? And kanji vs hiragana in general

What I remember is that the only point of Kanji is to distinguish words that have the same hiragana (homophones?) Did I misremember? If so, then what's the point of using Kanji when I could use ...
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Help me understand this sentence I found on Duolingo

I'm practicing my Japanese on Duolingo to prepare for the (hopefully eventual) return of Japanese tourism, and I came across a sentence that makes no sense. Maybe someone can explain it to me. The ...
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て助かる with inanimate subject

辛みがついてピーマンっぽさが 消えて助かるよ! It gave it some spice and toned down the pepper flavor! Here, the subject of 消えて助かる seems to be the inanimate peppery flavor. But I thought て助かる is used when someone got the ...
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Importance of stroke order and writing kanji

This got me confused: Various kanji learning sites on the Internet and even books on kanji stress the importance of stroke order while learning new kanji, saying it's highly essential to learn to ...
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Differences between 知った and 知っていた

There's this song from LiSA that I've been trying to understand the lyrics. However, there is something that is bothering me right at the start. The first verse of the song reads as 強くなれる理由を知った and ...
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I don't understand どうして

どうして is translated as why? but... it has して which, is the continuous form. I'm guessing it's continuous to allow the other person to continue the sentence. But, then it has どう.. which I translate to ...
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About the meaning of による (cause or dependency?)

I usually see による used as a way to express the cause of something: 震災によってたくさんの人の命が失われた。 There were many people who lost their lives due to the earthquake. But in some places I see it being used as a ...
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How to identify what って means in different situations

って can be used at least 3 different ways that I know of. Standard って form that most people learn first.て,って,んで,いて,いで etc. って for quoting people. って for making a demand/command statement. A tutorial I'...
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Word order withと違う

In this sentence その点では私は君と意見が違う (My opinion differs from yours on that point) As I understand, the first は (その点では) is optional because it puts emphasis on the phrase before it. The next thing is a ...
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Difference between 何 and どう before する

Before some form of する, what's the difference between 何 and どう? For example, 何してるの vs どうしてるの? Or 何をしよう vs どうしよう? Perhaps in many cases only one of the question words is acceptable; then what's a good ...
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What's the usage of かっていうので?

I'm familiar with the usage of かっていうと but I always get confused when another particle is used instead of と。 For instance: 日本人はなぜマスクをしているのかっていうのを聞いている I'm especially confused about this sentence: ...
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What does よく do when used with ~のほうが?

さあ、妻のほうがよく知っています。 What does よく do when used with ~のほうが? Is the よく required? What does it mean in this context?
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Is there a difference between ます and ません for sentences carrying an exclusive connotation(しか)?

私は野菜しか食べません。 apparently means "I only eat vegetables"? Shouldn't there be a negative connotation with the ません-ending? If that's the case what does 私は野菜しか食べます mean? Is there a special ...
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ので with requests [duplicate]

I was consulting my grammar book (A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar), when I came upon the following passage (page 323): Now this is all well and good. But it's a bit conflicting with an ...
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Usage of 方(ほう) in these sentences

I know that 方 (ほう) can mean direction or way but that meaning seems to change a bit in the following sentences: 佐藤くん、 英語は得意な方(ほう)かな? Sato, are you good at English? これは割と使ってる方(ほう)です。 This is ...
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~といわず、~といわず with 否定文

I vaguely remember reading somewhere that 「~といわず、~といわず」 doesn't come in 否定文, but I came across negative usage of late. Research took me to this site maintained by a native speaking Japanese teacher ...
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Use of まま in Japanese

I was watching an anime and the character said something along the lines of "私{わたし}は、このままでいいの". This translated into something like "Do I really want things to stay like this?" But ...
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た particle usage in のど乾いた

I was watching an anime and the character said something along the lines of "のど乾{かわ}いたね~". This would mean something like "I'm thirsty" (looking at the previous dialogues, this was ...
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Can 遅く mean 'slowly'?

From my book, However, Jisho says that 遅く can mean 'slowly,' but I can't find an example for that meaning in the same source. In this thread, answerers agree that 遅く can be used to mean 'slowly.'
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What does 消耗せえへんし mean?

I just read a sketch written by 又吉 直樹さん, and here is a sentence: 動かんからエネルギーは消耗せえへんし腹減らんねん。 The part of 消耗せえへんし makes me feel a little confused. I probably know it means “doesn’t consume much so”, ...
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どうせだったら, どうせなら and どうせだから

どうせだから seems to occur more when some sort of causality is in place or some sort of explanation is expected, and it also often appears as a standalone sentence. And I guess どうせだったら would be more likely ...
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The meaning of "んやし" in this sentence [duplicate]

I found this sentence in a book I was reading. 今時間ないんやし用件は口で言って. While I understand what the sentence means, I can't find the reason why "んやし" is there.
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Are てからでないと and てからで なければ the same?

Are てからでないと and てからで なければ the same? I learned them in N3 shinkanzen book and I was confused. Are they the same? Can I use them interchangeably?
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2 answers
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How do you talk about a word or phrase itself?

Basically, I want to know how to talk about the meta properties of a word or phrase while mentioning said word or phrase in the same sentence. Maybe って is somehow involved, but I don't know even know ...
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Difference between どれだけ and どのくらい and どんなに

It seems that どれだけ can be used interchangeably with どのくらい and どんなに, but is there any difference in nuance? For example: (どれだけ/どんなに)聞いても意味が分からない (どれだけ/どんなに)説明しても、あの人はわかってくれない 彼の身長は(どれだけ/どのくらい)ですか。 ...
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I don't get the meaning of 思うたより [duplicate]

I recently encountered the following sentence みんな思うたより緊張しとらんのぉ I understand it means "everyone is less stressed than I expected." What I don't understand is why it is 思うたより rather than ...
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ドアのカギを外してください meaning

DeepL translates ドアのカギを外してください to either "Remove the key from the door", "Unlock the door", or "Remove the door lock" Which one of these is the more common meaning or is ...
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Does に function like は in お前に俺の気持ちがわかるもんか? [duplicate]

I saw this sentence in this topic, but I just have a different question. お前に俺の気持ちがわかるもんか。 Does に here function like は? Because I think the sentence can also be written like this お前は俺の気持ちがわかるもんか。
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日本人の男の人 vs 日本の男の人 vs <something else entirely>? [duplicate]

I want to say "a Japanese man." I am still learning introductory-level Japanese, but I know I can say 男の人 to refer to a man somewhat politely. I figured I could just say 日本の男の人 to specify ...
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4 votes
2 answers
201 views

Difference between「なんか」and「なんだか」?

What are some examples of their usage? Is なん the short form of 何【なに】 in both words? Also, not sure if this is correct, but the だ in the middle of なんだか should be the copula. Why is the copula being ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Usage of では in this sentence

I have read some topics about usage of では on the internet, like で for places, means, tools and は to mark the subject, argument,... However, I can't apply those to explain meaning of では in this ...
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How do I know if 「何でいきますか」 means "Why did you go?" or "In what means did you go?"

A: あした 東京【とうきょう】へ 行き【いき】ます。 B: 何【なん】で 行き【いき】ますか。 A: 新幹線【しんかんせん】で 行き【いき】ます。 B: 一人【ひとり】で 行き【いき】ますか。 A: いいえ、会社【かいしゃ】の 人【ひと】と 行き【いき】ます。 (original page) The example given here (from Minna no Nihongo 1) ...
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Can あなたはなんで会社へいきますか mean "How did you get to work?" (such as via what means) [duplicate]

Can あなたはなんで会社へいきますか mean "How did you get to work?" as in what method did you use to get to work (train, bus, etc.) or can it only mean the literal translation of "Why do you go to work?...
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Can you say 「普段に○○」 or does it have to be「 普段は○○」?

Can you say 「普段に○○」 or does it have to be「 普段は○○」?
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勝負 being used with あげる、もらう、くれる

Is it possible to use 勝負 with あげる、もらう、くれる? ex. "I'll give you this match." (Give the win) Also, can 勝負 be used in place of a physical videogame?
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Do japanese people actually make jiiii sound when staring like in anime?

I noticed that in anime, almost every character make "jiii" sound when staring. Is this an anime only thing or do people actually make "jiii" sound in real life when staring? I ...
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Can 訂正 be used like this? 訂正しろ、今すぐ。

From here: https://nihongomaster.com/japanese/dictionary/word/41934/teisei 訂正しろ、今すぐ。 Translation: Take that back, right now! ("Take that back" as in taking back what you said.) Can 訂正 be ...
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3 answers
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Does "彼は昼過ぎに来ます" mean "He'll come after lunch." or "He'll come in the afternoon."?

Dictionary says 昼 means noon, midday, or lunch but colloquially if someone says "彼は昼過ぎに来ます" would it mean "He'll come after lunch." or "He'll come in the afternoon."?
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I do not understand how 世間 works with 一般 in this sentence

I came across this sentence - 彼は世間一般の学生とは違っている I also read the meaning of the various kanji used here. If I'm not mistaken, 一般の学生 already means ordinary students or average students. But how does 世間 ...
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