Questions tagged [transitivity]

他動性・自他対応. Whether or not verbs take a direct object as a complement. In Japanese, these objects are typically marked with the accusative case marker を.

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1answer
202 views

Why is the causative used for a transitive verb in this case?

Saw this sample sentence on Tangorin: その物音が私を眠りから覚まさせた。 The noise awoke me from my sleep. Since 覚ます is a transitive verb, I do not understand why not simply use the past tense instead: ...
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生徒が分かる and 彼が見える and Intransitivity

I have been searching all internet and haven't found an "acceptable" answer for it yet. I hope you guys can help me! I was reading a text in the website KawaJapa about 分かる and the sentence 日本語が分かる. ...
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Transitivity of つる with the meaning “to cramp”

泳ぐ前に、しっかり準備体操をするのを忘れない、というのを注意した方がいいと思います。 I think I should warn (people) not to forget to warm up properly before swimming. そうですね。私も時々水の中で足をツッてしまいますから、みなさんも注意してください。 That's right. I also ...
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Can いそぐ be used transitively, as in べんきょうをいそぎます?

Is べんきょうをいそぎます。 a proper sentence construction? Are there others way to use いそぎます in a sentence?
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Patterns (and exceptions) for 自動詞 - 他動詞 pairs

As a 3rd year student of Japanese, I don't have all that wide a vocabulary yet, but have noticed that, typically, the following patterns are observable in terms of the word endings for transitive-...
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Existence of Transitive/intransitive pairs

I searched for the answer for this specific question of mine, but couldn't find it. So I'm sorry If I duplicated some thread. I was reading some stuff here about 自動詞 and 他動詞 and start wondering if ...
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559 views

仕事が終わる or 仕事を終える

What are the differences in nuance between the following sentences? A:父は仕事が終わり次第、毎日まっすぐ帰宅します。 B:父は仕事を終え次第、毎日まっすぐ帰宅します。
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What is this に in 知恵に挑戦する

As usual, I'm having trouble with this particle. Here's the sentence: 誰にでも見られるところに堂々と張り出し、私たちの知恵に挑戦する。 I don't understand. I would personally have written "私たちの知恵を挑戦する。". How is に effective here? ...
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Verbs Which Change Form but not Meaning

I have noticed that there are a number of verbs in Japanese which have common alternative forms, especially potential form, but these forms have identical meanings. One of these is 焼く, which appears ...
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Is 別れる the intransitive form of 分ける?

I'm studying kanji right know and I found this verb with the kanji 別 and its: わかれる. It is an intransitive verb and it means to be divided. Then I found out that to divide is 分ける but it has a different ...
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how to know a intransitive verb version of a verb? [duplicate]

I just watched a video* that explaining about transitive and intransitive verbs. it says intransitive verb in japanese usually has different form from transitive verb but it doesnt tell anything how ...
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この文の「を」の使い方// usage of the particle を

I am reading frol maggiesensei.com and I came across this sentence. あなたみたいな人を意地悪というんですよ。 The meaning is "A person like you is called a mean person". Why is を being used instead of は? Is the phrase ...
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562 views

What is the difference between に触れる and を触れる?

Example sentences: 手をふれないでください。 ボールはネットに触れた。 The second sentence feels like passive but then I would write it like this: に触れられる。
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The transitivity of (auxiliary) verbs

In the current section of my textbook, a bunch of verbal compositions was introduced, like: 読み終わり 歩き始め 祈り続け 終わり and 続け are classified as auxiliary verbs on jisho: http://jisho.org/search/%E3%81%AF%E3%...
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Why is 遊ぶ intransitive?

I thought intransitive meant there is no actor/the thing is happening like on its own. But playing is done by a person, right? Yet the dictionary says it is intransitive... I believe there are other ...
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Nuances? 見つける vs 見つかる

So I get that 見つける takes an object and 見つかる doesn't, but can anyone tell me if there are any major differences between 答えを見つけた and 答えが見つかった If I came across an answer by chance, does the second ...
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Is 壊れる (こわれる) already in pasive form (受身形)?

So how can I say "My TV was broken by you", which one is correct? 僕のテレビは君に壊れた 僕のテレビは君に壊れられた
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Usage of なる with transitive verb

I'm currently struggling with particles in the following sentence: 。。。。、日本語が話せる機会を見つけづらくなると思います。 I want it to say that I think it will be become difficult to find opportunities where I am able to ...
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Transitivity of suru-verbs and the causative form to turn intransitive suru verbs into transitive ones

Recently came upon sentences where the causative form is used to make a suru-verb a transitive one. eg. この城を完成させるのに、... Are all suru verbs, intransitive by default? If so, does this use of the ...
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Pronouns in this sentence

Context: 彼女を、守ってあげてね? 昔のわたし、救ってあげてね? あなたは、治せる人を治してあげてね。わたしの傷はもう…あなたには専門外だから Problem sentence: そう…あなただけには、もう癒すことができないんだから Who can't be healed anymore, the person talking or the person it is ...
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use of particles on direct object

When is the use of correct particle (を or が) on the direct object of a transitive verb, for example: shigoto o owarimasu shigoto ga owarimasu What is the exact meaning in each other, please.
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Can verbs be both transitive and intransitive?

In English, there are many verbs that can behave both transitively and intransitively without appreciably changing the meaning of the verb. Just off the top of my head I ate a sandwich. (vt) -- I ate ...
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Meaning of てなきゃ in this sentence?

While playing a Japanese mobile horror game, a girl appears with a knife in hand and says the following: 「おとなしくしてなきゃダメじゃない」 I can guess this probably means something like It's a problem if you don'...
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Transitive verbs where the direct object is a clause

I encountered the following sentence from Jisho.org when looking up the definition of 確かめる {たしかめる}: 窓{まど}が閉まって{しまって}いるか確かめとけ As 確かめる is a transitive verb (according to Jisho.org at least), I was ...
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Is 「闇を抜けて」 grammatical?

According to the entry in jisho.org regarding the verb 「抜ける」, it is an intransitive verb. Now, in the song Departure by Masatoshi Ono, we can see this: You just try again 闇を抜けて Suggesting that it ...
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Can someone help explain the difference between Hajimeru and Hajimaru? [duplicate]

What is the difference between 始める{はじめる} (hajimeru) and 始まる{はじまる} (hajimaru)? Would appreciate some advice on this. Thanks
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Please help me understand more about intransitive verb and transitive verb

I will give a sentence as an example: 本が深く教えてなかった。 The first question: Could things like book or door or etc... become subject of a transitive verb ? The second question: Could a transitive verb ...
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Transitive meaning of the word “翻る”?

I was under the impression that the word 翻る(ひるがえる)is an intransitive verb (which is also how it appears to be defined in dictionaries), but I've come across a use of it that appears to be transitive, ...
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What is going on grammatically with “Xを嫌いになる”?

I've observed native speakers use this construction (similarly with 好き). Does this mean that なる can be used transitively and take a direct object in some cases? Is this related to the idea that ...
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Can someone explain the させる in this case?

後はこの仕掛けを偶然を装って作動させることで、彼に対して災難が降りかかる形。 roughly translated it's something like afterwards by running the mechanism/device which is disguised as a accident, great disaster will fall upon him させる is ...
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Use and meaning of the word [綻]{ほころ}ばす

Found this word in this context (a song) 生ぬるい惰性で生活を綻ばす ゴミ箱みたいな部屋のなかで、時が 過ぎるのをただただ待ってる それだけ 眠れない夜更けに呼吸の音を聞く To me, it looks like this line says "with halfhearted momentum, (I) tear through life&...
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Potential form vs Intransitive Verbs

So I was looking at conjugations and I saw that the potential form of 切る【きる】 is 切れる【きれる】. However, 切れる【きれる】 is also an intransitive verb. There are others e.g. 休む【やすむ】>休める【やすめる】 行く【いく】>行ける【いける】 So, ...
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Why を can't be used with existence verbs?

I've always wondered why を can not be used with existence verbs(いる、ある、おる、なる、生きる【いきる】、死ぬ【しぬ】. They're all intransitive verbs but is there a legitimate reason? Is existence "indirect"?
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What is the difference between 捕まえられた and 捕まった?

Consider the following sentences: A: 私が警察に捕まえられた。 B: 私が警察に捕まった。 Both mean I was caught by the police. Question What is the difference between 捕まえられた and 捕まった ?
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名乗る used as a transitive verb

What does 名乗る mean when used with the particle を, as in this sentence? 風評は目撃者を名乗る I can only seem to find the intransitive on internet dictionaries.
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Difference between 折る and 折れる

What's the difference between 折【お】る and 折【お】れる? According to my dictionary, they both mean to break or to fold. When would you use one over the other? These verbs are on the JLPT N4 vocabulary list.
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Difference between 見忘れる and 忘れる

I was speaking with a friend of mine and said I learnt Japanese using some dictionaries and websites. But I forgot to mention that I also use grammar books, so I said: 忘れてた!日本語の文法書たくさんよんでいますね。 I ...
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What does 「風が強く吹いている。」 mean?

According to the dictionary, 吹く is a transitive verb (e.g., a verb that needs an object). However, the following sentence does not have an object. So what should I translate it? 風が強く吹いている。
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I have some questions about transitivity: 貯める and 貯まる

I can usually hear people say 'お金を貯めるために、アルバイトをする’, but if I use the 自動詞 '貯まる' instead of the 他動詞 in the sentence, like 'お金が貯まるために、アルバイトをする', is it also acceptable? You know I have a big problem with ...
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“広める” instead of “広まる” or “広められる” in this context?

I came across this sentence: 来年は、踊り子三百人をフランスに招いて、阿波踊りの魅力をもっと広めていくようです。 Stripping the sentence to basic sentence structure: 魅力を広めていく。 How can that be grammatically correct? As "広める" is ...
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In what contexts can “始{はじ}める” be an intransitive verb?

"始める" is transitive while "始まる" is its intransitive form. In a textbook, I discovered: (1) 知らないうちに、雨が降り始めていた。 (2) 明治時代の初め、日本は急速に近代化しつつあった。 (3) パーティをやっている最中に、急に雨が降り出した。 In each of those ...
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Why do some transitive verbs take に instead of を?

ヘスティアはせっせと残りの「神聖文字」を付け足し、己のしてやれることに努める。 I don't really understand why に used instead を even though 努める is transitive? Thanks!
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息がつく(つける) and 息をつく(つける) difference?

I'm used to seeing 息をつく and it's easy to understand in parallel to English, as を marks the object (to take => a breath). However, I saw this sentence in a dictionary: 彼の情熱的な抱擁で彼女は息がつけなかった。 His ...
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Intransitive verbs and ている

I was re-reading my Genki text the other day regarding intransitive verbs and ている and it stated that when intransitive verbs take the ている form they exclusively refer to the state resulting from the ...
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Is the verb 向く transitive or intransitive?

On jisho.org, 向ける is described as a transitive verb. Logically, 向く would be intransitive, but the entry just says: Godan verb with ku ending Wiktionary is exactly the same, listing 向ける as ...
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Is there a difference between 終わりたい and 終わってほしい

Actually, I'm not even sure, if the ~たい-form of a intransitive verb is possible, or grammatically correct, but I sometimes read 終わりたい or 終わりたくない like for example まだ終わりたくない But from everything I ...
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Something is broken

How do you say "Since this thing is broken, I need to buy a new one."? And, what are the differences between the following: この物が壊れましたから、新しいのを買わなきゃ。 この物が壊れています、新しいのをかわなきゃ。
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Why does 出る accepts を although it is an intransitive verb?

The JLPT N5 textbook and the Tangorin online dictionary say 出る is intransitive and, as far as I know, should be used with が, but the Genki I textbook says it accepts を when it means "to exit". So, ...
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を without a transitive verb? [duplicate]

「他の人に手紙を見られてしまいました」 I interpret this sentence's meaning as something like, "The letter ended up being seen by someone else." From what I understand, the verb 見る is transitive, "to see." The verb ...
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Meaning and transitivity of ゴミ袋を手に立ち上がる

While doing some translating, I stumbled upon this usage of 立ち上がる。 わたしがゴミ袋を手に立ち上がると、イツカ君とお姉ちゃんは二人一緒にわたしの所へやって来ました。 It doesn't match up with the definitions I'm familiar with, nor any of the other ...