Questions tagged [transitivity]

他動性・自他対応. Whether or not verbs take a direct object as a complement. In Japanese, these objects are typically marked with the accusative case marker を.

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3
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2answers
147 views

PhraseA-て + phraseB + ために + phrase C

From here: この行事は、お盆が終わって先祖の霊を送るために行われていて、300年以上の歴史があると言われています。 This is event is performed to dispatch the souls of the ancestors ??? and is said to have over 300 years of history. I'm struggling ...
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1answer
92 views

I don't understand the difference in meaning of ようにする and ようになる in this particular sentence

朝早く起きられるようになりました。apposed to 朝早く起きられるようにしました。 I understand that the first sentence is intransitive and the second is transitive but I don't understand the difference in meaning From my understanding ...
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2answers
238 views

Meaning of 欲ばっから and help with the following sentence

Context: Riku, the protagonist boxer of this manga, is fighting against an evasive opponent that is really good at dodging punches and who always tries to win on points rather than KOs. Riku tries to ...
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428 views

Question about the uses of "を" particle besides being a "direct object" and "spatial object" marker

I know that the former is for transitive verbs and the latter is for intransitive verbs (specifically motion verbs like 出る、向く、上る) but how do I explain the following sentence: 明日、会社を休む。 At first, I ...
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1answer
132 views

止める and 止まる being used equally

Last year, on Lang-8, I wrote a text and there was the following sentence there: 英語を作文するは止まるのだ。 I tried to mean "I will stop to write English texts (on Lang-8)". I have got two corrections: ...
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1answer
97 views

How can this intransitive verb be used transitively here?

The sentence in question: 中には、おんぶを怖がる子どももいます Full context My attempt at translation: "On average, there are also children which fear piggybackriding". In the jisho translation, 怖がる is described ...
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1answer
212 views

Why is the causative used for a transitive verb in this case?

Saw this sample sentence on Tangorin: その物音が私を眠りから覚まさせた。 The noise awoke me from my sleep. Since 覚ます is a transitive verb, I do not understand why not simply use the past tense instead: ...
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174 views

生徒が分かる and 彼が見える and Intransitivity

I have been searching all internet and haven't found an "acceptable" answer for it yet. I hope you guys can help me! I was reading a text in the website KawaJapa about 分かる and the sentence 日本語が分かる. ...
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1answer
134 views

Transitivity of つる with the meaning "to cramp"

泳ぐ前に、しっかり準備体操をするのを忘れない、というのを注意した方がいいと思います。 I think I should warn (people) not to forget to warm up properly before swimming. そうですね。私も時々水の中で足をツッてしまいますから、みなさんも注意してください。 That's right. I also ...
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1answer
116 views

Can いそぐ be used transitively, as in べんきょうをいそぎます?

Is べんきょうをいそぎます。 a proper sentence construction? Are there others way to use いそぎます in a sentence?
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1answer
405 views

Patterns (and exceptions) for 自動詞 - 他動詞 pairs

As a 3rd year student of Japanese, I don't have all that wide a vocabulary yet, but have noticed that, typically, the following patterns are observable in terms of the word endings for transitive-...
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371 views

Existence of Transitive/intransitive pairs

I searched for the answer for this specific question of mine, but couldn't find it. So I'm sorry If I duplicated some thread. I was reading some stuff here about 自動詞 and 他動詞 and start wondering if ...
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1answer
606 views

仕事が終わる or 仕事を終える

What are the differences in nuance between the following sentences? A:父は仕事が終わり次第、毎日まっすぐ帰宅します。 B:父は仕事を終え次第、毎日まっすぐ帰宅します。
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What is this に in 知恵に挑戦する

As usual, I'm having trouble with this particle. Here's the sentence: 誰にでも見られるところに堂々と張り出し、私たちの知恵に挑戦する。 I don't understand. I would personally have written "私たちの知恵を挑戦する。". How is に effective here? ...
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1answer
162 views

Verbs Which Change Form but not Meaning

I have noticed that there are a number of verbs in Japanese which have common alternative forms, especially potential form, but these forms have identical meanings. One of these is 焼く, which appears ...
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Is 別れる the intransitive form of 分ける?

I'm studying kanji right know and I found this verb with the kanji 別 and its: わかれる. It is an intransitive verb and it means to be divided. Then I found out that to divide is 分ける but it has a different ...
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0answers
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how to know a intransitive verb version of a verb? [duplicate]

I just watched a video* that explaining about transitive and intransitive verbs. it says intransitive verb in japanese usually has different form from transitive verb but it doesnt tell anything how ...
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1answer
146 views

この文の「を」の使い方// usage of the particle を

I am reading frol maggiesensei.com and I came across this sentence. あなたみたいな人を意地悪というんですよ。 The meaning is "A person like you is called a mean person". Why is を being used instead of は? Is the phrase ...
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1answer
653 views

What is the difference between に触れる and を触れる?

Example sentences: 手をふれないでください。 ボールはネットに触れた。 The second sentence feels like passive but then I would write it like this: に触れられる。
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391 views

The transitivity of (auxiliary) verbs

In the current section of my textbook, a bunch of verbal compositions was introduced, like: 読み終わり 歩き始め 祈り続け 終わり and 続け are classified as auxiliary verbs on jisho: http://jisho.org/search/%E3%81%AF%E3%...
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1answer
396 views

Why is 遊ぶ intransitive?

I thought intransitive meant there is no actor/the thing is happening like on its own. But playing is done by a person, right? Yet the dictionary says it is intransitive... I believe there are other ...
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1answer
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Nuances? 見つける vs 見つかる

So I get that 見つける takes an object and 見つかる doesn't, but can anyone tell me if there are any major differences between 答えを見つけた and 答えが見つかった If I came across an answer by chance, does the second ...
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1answer
263 views

Is 壊れる (こわれる) already in pasive form (受身形)?

So how can I say "My TV was broken by you", which one is correct? 僕のテレビは君に壊れた 僕のテレビは君に壊れられた
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1answer
103 views

Usage of なる with transitive verb

I'm currently struggling with particles in the following sentence: 。。。。、日本語が話せる機会を見つけづらくなると思います。 I want it to say that I think it will be become difficult to find opportunities where I am able to ...
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2answers
3k views

Transitivity of suru-verbs and the causative form to turn intransitive suru verbs into transitive ones

Recently came upon sentences where the causative form is used to make a suru-verb a transitive one. eg. この城を完成させるのに、... Are all suru verbs, intransitive by default? If so, does this use of the ...
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1answer
86 views

Pronouns in this sentence

Context: 彼女を、守ってあげてね? 昔のわたし、救ってあげてね? あなたは、治せる人を治してあげてね。わたしの傷はもう…あなたには専門外だから Problem sentence: そう…あなただけには、もう癒すことができないんだから Who can't be healed anymore, the person talking or the person it is ...
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1answer
2k views

use of particles on direct object

When is the use of correct particle (を or が) on the direct object of a transitive verb, for example: shigoto o owarimasu shigoto ga owarimasu What is the exact meaning in each other, please.
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2answers
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Can verbs be both transitive and intransitive?

In English, there are many verbs that can behave both transitively and intransitively without appreciably changing the meaning of the verb. Just off the top of my head I ate a sandwich. (vt) -- I ate ...
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1answer
576 views

Meaning of てなきゃ in this sentence?

While playing a Japanese mobile horror game, a girl appears with a knife in hand and says the following: 「おとなしくしてなきゃダメじゃない」 I can guess this probably means something like It's a problem if you don'...
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2answers
282 views

Transitive verbs where the direct object is a clause

I encountered the following sentence from Jisho.org when looking up the definition of 確かめる {たしかめる}: 窓{まど}が閉まって{しまって}いるか確かめとけ As 確かめる is a transitive verb (according to Jisho.org at least), I was ...
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1answer
150 views

Is 「闇を抜けて」 grammatical?

According to the entry in jisho.org regarding the verb 「抜ける」, it is an intransitive verb. Now, in the song Departure by Masatoshi Ono, we can see this: You just try again 闇を抜けて Suggesting that it ...
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3answers
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Can someone help explain the difference between Hajimeru and Hajimaru? [duplicate]

What is the difference between 始める{はじめる} (hajimeru) and 始まる{はじまる} (hajimaru)? Would appreciate some advice on this. Thanks
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3answers
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Please help me understand more about intransitive verb and transitive verb

I will give a sentence as an example: 本が深く教えてなかった。 The first question: Could things like book or door or etc... become subject of a transitive verb ? The second question: Could a transitive verb ...
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1answer
175 views

Transitive meaning of the word "翻る"?

I was under the impression that the word 翻る(ひるがえる)is an intransitive verb (which is also how it appears to be defined in dictionaries), but I've come across a use of it that appears to be transitive, ...
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1answer
799 views

What is going on grammatically with "Xを嫌いになる"?

I've observed native speakers use this construction (similarly with 好き). Does this mean that なる can be used transitively and take a direct object in some cases? Is this related to the idea that ...
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2answers
185 views

Can someone explain the させる in this case?

後はこの仕掛けを偶然を装って作動させることで、彼に対して災難が降りかかる形。 roughly translated it's something like afterwards by running the mechanism/device which is disguised as a accident, great disaster will fall upon him させる is ...
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1answer
221 views

Use and meaning of the word [綻]{ほころ}ばす

Found this word in this context (a song) 生ぬるい惰性で生活を綻ばす ゴミ箱みたいな部屋のなかで、時が 過ぎるのをただただ待ってる それだけ 眠れない夜更けに呼吸の音を聞く To me, it looks like this line says "with halfhearted momentum, (I) tear through life&...
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1answer
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Potential form vs Intransitive Verbs

So I was looking at conjugations and I saw that the potential form of 切る【きる】 is 切れる【きれる】. However, 切れる【きれる】 is also an intransitive verb. There are others e.g. 休む【やすむ】>休める【やすめる】 行く【いく】>行ける【いける】 So, ...
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1answer
519 views

Why を can't be used with existence verbs?

I've always wondered why を can not be used with existence verbs(いる、ある、おる、なる、生きる【いきる】、死ぬ【しぬ】. They're all intransitive verbs but is there a legitimate reason? Is existence "indirect"?
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2answers
701 views

What is the difference between 捕まえられた and 捕まった?

Consider the following sentences: A: 私が警察に捕まえられた。 B: 私が警察に捕まった。 Both mean I was caught by the police. Question What is the difference between 捕まえられた and 捕まった ?
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1answer
76 views

名乗る used as a transitive verb

What does 名乗る mean when used with the particle を, as in this sentence? 風評は目撃者を名乗る I can only seem to find the intransitive on internet dictionaries.
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3answers
986 views

Difference between 折る and 折れる

What's the difference between 折【お】る and 折【お】れる? According to my dictionary, they both mean to break or to fold. When would you use one over the other? These verbs are on the JLPT N4 vocabulary list.
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1answer
356 views

Difference between 見忘れる and 忘れる

I was speaking with a friend of mine and said I learnt Japanese using some dictionaries and websites. But I forgot to mention that I also use grammar books, so I said: 忘れてた!日本語の文法書たくさんよんでいますね。 I ...
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2answers
1k views

What does 「風が強く吹いている。」 mean?

According to the dictionary, 吹く is a transitive verb (e.g., a verb that needs an object). However, the following sentence does not have an object. So what should I translate it? 風が強く吹いている。
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3answers
419 views

I have some questions about transitivity: 貯める and 貯まる

I can usually hear people say 'お金を貯めるために、アルバイトをする’, but if I use the 自動詞 '貯まる' instead of the 他動詞 in the sentence, like 'お金が貯まるために、アルバイトをする', is it also acceptable? You know I have a big problem with ...
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1answer
125 views

"広める" instead of "広まる" or "広められる" in this context?

I came across this sentence: 来年は、踊り子三百人をフランスに招いて、阿波踊りの魅力をもっと広めていくようです。 Stripping the sentence to basic sentence structure: 魅力を広めていく。 How can that be grammatically correct? As "広める" is ...
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1answer
317 views

In what contexts can "始{はじ}める" be an intransitive verb?

"始める" is transitive while "始まる" is its intransitive form. In a textbook, I discovered: (1) 知らないうちに、雨が降り始めていた。 (2) 明治時代の初め、日本は急速に近代化しつつあった。 (3) パーティをやっている最中に、急に雨が降り出した。 In each of those ...
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1answer
161 views

Why do some transitive verbs take に instead of を?

ヘスティアはせっせと残りの「神聖文字」を付け足し、己のしてやれることに努める。 I don't really understand why に used instead を even though 努める is transitive? Thanks!
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2answers
2k views

息がつく(つける) and 息をつく(つける) difference?

I'm used to seeing 息をつく and it's easy to understand in parallel to English, as を marks the object (to take => a breath). However, I saw this sentence in a dictionary: 彼の情熱的な抱擁で彼女は息がつけなかった。 His ...
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2answers
1k views

Intransitive verbs and ている

I was re-reading my Genki text the other day regarding intransitive verbs and ている and it stated that when intransitive verbs take the ている form they exclusively refer to the state resulting from the ...