Questions tagged [transitivity]

他動性・自他対応. Whether or not verbs take a direct object as a complement. In Japanese, these objects are typically marked with the accusative case marker を.

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2k views

Making sense of transitive usage of 行く and 来る - 「を行く」 and 「を来る」

I think it's known that some intransitive verbs can take を particle and be used as transitive verbs such as for example 「私のことを分かってくれない」. While using 分かる transitively would require specific scenarios ...
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Meaning and transitivity of ゴミ袋を手に立ち上がる

While doing some translating, I stumbled upon this usage of 立ち上がる。 わたしがゴミ袋を手に立ち上がると、イツカ君とお姉ちゃんは二人一緒にわたしの所へやって来ました。 It doesn't match up with the definitions I'm familiar with, nor any of the other ...
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Why does 出る accepts を although it is an intransitive verb?

The JLPT N5 textbook and the Tangorin online dictionary say 出る is intransitive and, as far as I know, should be used with が, but the Genki I textbook says it accepts を when it means "to exit". So, ...
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2answers
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Passive-transitive-verb vs. Intransitive-verb (他動詞の受け身 vs. 自動詞)

I think I know the answer to this, but it still creeps up in my mind all the time; something I'd like to research more. I want to know technical differences as well as common usage. When do you use ...
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2answers
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When is 終わる used as a transitive verb?

On Are 終わる and 済ませる synonyms?, there were some questions whether 終わる is used as a transitive verb. Space ALC seems to have a few results for を終わる, but far more for を終わらせる and を終える. Looking at sense ...
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とまる / とめる and such pairs of verbs

I'm a beginner in Japanese. At my classes I'm taught like this: とまる / とめる is a pair intransitive/transitive verb. This I understand and can memorize a table of such verbs. I can't help, though, ...
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1answer
808 views

How do 自他 triplets of related verbs work?

I thought this had been asked before (possibly by me), but I couldn't find it. I'm wondering why for certain verbs/words, instead of just a 自他 pair, there is a triplet (or possibly more) where two of ...
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Explain how 向{む}く “to face” can take “上{うえ}” as a direct object using を?

There's a famous old song that's actually the only ever Japanese language song to reach #1 on the US pop charts: "上{うえ}を向{む}いて歩{ある}こう". This is both the title of the song and a frequently repeated ...
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It seems that 渡る is categorized as 自動詞 (intransitive verb), yet it is frequently used with を. Why?

Jisho says 渡る is an intransitive verb, and ALC says it is sometimes 自動 and sometimes 他動. In either case, the particle を can be used. What's going on here?
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に vs. を in “to pass a test”

Every time I'm feeling confident about the correct usage of に, を, and で, I get thrown for a loop. Could someone please explain to me the use of に in this sentence: I will study a lot and pass the ...
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What is the difference between に触れる and を触れる?

Example sentences: 手をふれないでください。 ボールはネットに触れた。 The second sentence feels like passive but then I would write it like this: に触れられる。
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自~/他~ペア:逆の形 — Transitive/Intransitive pairs: opposite forms

I've noticed (through much frustration) that many 自~/他~ pairs have "opposite" forms; particularly with the ~u and ~eru types. For example, 焼く・焼ける are opposite from 開く・開ける. 焼く (他) - パンを焼く (&...
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1answer
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Passive usage of 「済まされない」 in sentences

I cannot get my head around the verb 「済ます」/「済まされない」 in this sentence. 月10万円では済まされない。 I found this in the プログレッシブ和英中辞典 on goo dictionary's page for the verb 「済ます」. The page says that the sentence ...
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Can verbs be both transitive and intransitive?

In English, there are many verbs that can behave both transitively and intransitively without appreciably changing the meaning of the verb. Just off the top of my head I ate a sandwich. (vt) -- I ate ...
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Difference between に and が for intransitive verbs

What is the difference between 試験に受かる and 試験が受かる? It seems that the first one means "to pass an exam" while the second one is more like "passing exams" (really not sure about it). In which cases ...
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Is the verb 向く transitive or intransitive?

On jisho.org, 向ける is described as a transitive verb. Logically, 向く would be intransitive, but the entry just says: Godan verb with ku ending Wiktionary is exactly the same, listing 向ける as ...
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2answers
230 views

Transitive verbs where the direct object is a clause

I encountered the following sentence from Jisho.org when looking up the definition of 確かめる {たしかめる}: 窓{まど}が閉まって{しまって}いるか確かめとけ As 確かめる is a transitive verb (according to Jisho.org at least), I was ...
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Potential form vs Intransitive Verbs

So I was looking at conjugations and I saw that the potential form of 切る【きる】 is 切れる【きれる】. However, 切れる【きれる】 is also an intransitive verb. There are others e.g. 休む【やすむ】>休める【やすめる】 行く【いく】>行ける【いける】 So, ...
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Are there verbs that are neither intransitive nor transitive?

i was taught that verbs are either transitive or intransitive. but what kind of verb is 分かる ? WWWJDIC lists it as intransitive. Yet the replies/comments from this thread Why is it 日本語がわかります instead ...
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How do I interpret the Japanese construction of verb+noun?

A) Let's take just transitive verbs first: 食べる人 食べられる人 B) Now let's take intransitive verbs: 起きる人 起きられる人 起こす人 起こされる人 OK, this thing has confused me for a very long time now, like really long. Thus ...
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Can someone help explain the difference between Hajimeru and Hajimaru? [duplicate]

What is the difference between 始める{はじめる} (hajimeru) and 始まる{はじまる} (hajimaru)? Would appreciate some advice on this. Thanks
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Transitivity of suru-verbs and the causative form to turn intransitive suru verbs into transitive ones

Recently came upon sentences where the causative form is used to make a suru-verb a transitive one. eg. この城を完成させるのに、... Are all suru verbs, intransitive by default? If so, does this use of the ...
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Xに捕まる vs Xに捕まえられる

Xに捕まる was used when describing the speaker getting grabbed by X when trying to leave. Why was the intransitive used over passive when it was Xに...?
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Why is the に particle used in this sentence?

ともだちにあいます。 To meet friend My understanding of the に particle is that it is used to indicate the indirect object, for time, and for location only when the verb is a "to exist" verb like います ...
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In what contexts can “始{はじ}める” be an intransitive verb?

"始める" is transitive while "始まる" is its intransitive form. In a textbook, I discovered: (1) 知らないうちに、雨が降り始めていた。 (2) 明治時代の初め、日本は急速に近代化しつつあった。 (3) パーティをやっている最中に、急に雨が降り出した。 In each of those ...
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The transitivity of (auxiliary) verbs

In the current section of my textbook, a bunch of verbal compositions was introduced, like: 読み終わり 歩き始め 祈り続け 終わり and 続け are classified as auxiliary verbs on jisho: http://jisho.org/search/%E3%81%AF%E3%...
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1answer
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use of particles on direct object

When is the use of correct particle (を or が) on the direct object of a transitive verb, for example: shigoto o owarimasu shigoto ga owarimasu What is the exact meaning in each other, please.
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1answer
239 views

Is 壊れる (こわれる) already in pasive form (受身形)?

So how can I say "My TV was broken by you", which one is correct? 僕のテレビは君に壊れた 僕のテレビは君に壊れられた
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Meaning of 欲ばっから and help with the following sentence

Context: Riku, the protagonist boxer of this manga, is fighting against an evasive opponent that is really good at dodging punches and who always tries to win on points rather than KOs. Riku tries to ...
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1answer
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Transitive-intransitive pairs with different readings

Transitive-intransitive pairs are common in Japanese. But in general the reading of the kanji is the same. I know of two exceptions: 出す{だす}-出る{でる} and 入れる{いれる}-入る{はいる}. Are there more?
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What is the difference between 捕まえられた and 捕まった?

Consider the following sentences: A: 私が警察に捕まえられた。 B: 私が警察に捕まった。 Both mean I was caught by the police. Question What is the difference between 捕まえられた and 捕まった ?
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Distinction of using を/に instead of が

さあ次もビーチバレーという名のウォッチング[に]勤しむぜ!- Ok, next, lets endeavor to watch beach volleyball ! それにしても、人間世界はじつに物[に]あふれておるな。- That being said, the world of humans is actually overflowing with things (this ...
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3answers
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Difference between 折る and 折れる

What's the difference between 折【お】る and 折【お】れる? According to my dictionary, they both mean to break or to fold. When would you use one over the other? These verbs are on the JLPT N4 vocabulary list.
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1answer
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Can intransitive verbs be used in a transitive way with abstract objects?

Nearly all Japanese verbs are classified as either transitive or intransitive. However, I am wondering if there are cases where one can use an intransitive verb in a transitive way, especially in a ...
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Please help me understand more about intransitive verb and transitive verb

I will give a sentence as an example: 本が深く教えてなかった。 The first question: Could things like book or door or etc... become subject of a transitive verb ? The second question: Could a transitive verb ...
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1answer
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Nuances? 見つける vs 見つかる

So I get that 見つける takes an object and 見つかる doesn't, but can anyone tell me if there are any major differences between 答えを見つけた and 答えが見つかった If I came across an answer by chance, does the second ...
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1answer
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Why is 遊ぶ intransitive?

I thought intransitive meant there is no actor/the thing is happening like on its own. But playing is done by a person, right? Yet the dictionary says it is intransitive... I believe there are other ...
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1answer
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Is it possible to use を with any intransitive motion verb like 戻る in the same fashion as「駅を出る」?

Is it possible to use を with any intransitive motion verb like 戻る in the same fashion as「駅を出る」?