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Questions tagged [time]

時間表現. Grammar or words that express temporal information. Whereas tense is always relative to the moment of utterance, time is more absolutely located on an imaginary timeline.

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What's the difference between 今日{きょう} and 本日{ほんじつ}?

I also see both in different examples. As in : 今日は暑い。 本日はおめでとうございます。 Both are translated as "Today", but when and how should I use either one? Can we say : 本日はあつい。 And 今日はおめでとうございます。?
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1answer
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Can you say “half hour” or must you say “30 minutes”?

I know that to say an hour and a half you can say 一時間半, but is it possible to express simply half an hour even though the counter comes before 半? Or would you just have to say 三十分? If both ways are ...
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4answers
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When did you last…?

I am searching for a way to ask a question like "When did you last see her?" or "When did you last do the laundry?, or also "When did we last meet?" Basically, how do you construct a question with ...
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1answer
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Is 以降 inclusive?

If I say: 16日[以降]{いこう}参加できません。 It means I cannot participate after the 16th. However, what about on the 16th? Is it also implied that I cannot participate on the 16th either? Or, that I can ...
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1answer
685 views

後で vs. 前に. Why not the same particle?

Why don't 後で and 前に both use the same particle? (I suppose I would think に would be more appropriate.) They both seem to be the same kind of statement, just with different times (before/after), so I ...
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3answers
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No word for “time” until 1871?

In a German newspaper article an interviewed professor says: For a long time the Japanese didn't have any interest in clocks: Until 1871, there hadn't even been a word for time and therefore no ...
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8answers
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How do I say “before” or “used to” in Japanese?

朝、作文を書いた時、疑問に思いました。 How can I say something like: I didn't use to like this band. Before, I didn't like this band.
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2answers
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How to express vague amounts of time?

I'm having trouble figuring out how to express vague amounts of time in Japanese, such as some number of months or some number of hours. I want to use this in a context where the specific number is ...
13
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1answer
112 views

How do you express time duration when mixing time units?

When you want to express a passage of time mixing time units like days, hours, and minutes is it best to use for example 間 once at the end to show duration, or should words showing duration be used ...
12
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1answer
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Why is it that some temporal nouns cannot be marked with に? And why do they become more acceptable with には?

Consider the following: に here is used in its function of denoting the time where an event occurs (に1): ◯ 一時に1 ◯ 一時半に1 ◯ 月曜日に1 ◯ 正月に1 * 昨日に1 ?/◯ 昨日には * 今日に1 ?/◯ 今日には * 明日に1 ?/◯ 明日には * 去年に1 ?/◯ 去年には *...
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Nuance between いっとき and いちじ as a pronunciation of 一時

I am writing a flashcards deck to memorize Minato-ku's list of 防災-related words. Excerpt: 一時集合場所 いっときしゅうごうばしょ Temporary meeting places 一時滞在施設 いちじたいざいしせつ   Temporary stay facilities As you see, ...
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4answers
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How can I say “Right now”, or “At that exact moment”?

Saying "now" is easy, with 今, but in my experience that doesn't express so much "right now, this instant" as it does "currently". I am looking for structure that translates these examples well: I ...
9
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1answer
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How to read 24-hour clock format

There are a lot of topics on forums in what case Japanese people use 24-hour clock format. But I have never seen how it should be pronounced. It's not hard to say something like 8:05. This is common ...
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2answers
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Use of になります in the context of time

While attempting to translate the sentence "It will soon be two years since I started learning Japanese", I started wondering how になります works in the context of time. Ignoring any other translation ...
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2answers
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What is the difference between と, たら and 時【とき】?

First, I came across this sentence using と in a way I've never encountered before. ピノキオはうそを吐くと、鼻が長くなります。 My translation: When/As Pinocchio tells lies his nose becomes longer. After a little ...
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2answers
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Saying you'll do/have done something for a certain amount of time?

I wasn't sure how to properly word the question, but I'm asking how to make sentences such as: "I have lived in America for 10 years." "I will go to Japan for a month." "I have had this job for a ...
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2answers
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How to say “quarter to” or “quarter past” some hour?

For example, how do you say: It's quarter to 3. and It's quarter past 3.
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1answer
516 views

Amount of time and 間

When expressing "It takes about 1 hour and 15 minutes", would it be best to say 1時間15分掛かる。 or 1時15分掛かる。 or maybe 1時15分間掛かる。 ?
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1answer
187 views

Future dates in the Japanese calendar

I was looking at the heisei wiki page and I wondered how you would refer to future dates in the japanese calendar? For example would 'The 2020 olympics' be '[平成]{へいせい}32[年]{ねん}のオリンピック'? Is there some ...
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2answers
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(When) can you use dictionary form with 間? / 辞書形と「間」は(どんな時に)一緒に使えますか?

I've just learned 間・間に, as in: 私はビーンにいる間、写真をたくさん取りたいですよ。 ジョンは出かけている間、ビールを飲みました。 All the examples on my grammar sheet use present-continuous form (~ている) or いる. (These are my own examples, ...
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How to translate “once” and “every” in Japanese? 一度 or いつも

[一度]{いちど(ひとたび)} means once, but [一遍]{いっぺん} also mean once in sentences like once I did something or once I am a something. 常に means always in sentences like I always am a something or I always do ...
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2answers
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What's the difference between じき and すぐ?

すぐ, and especially 今すぐ, is my habitual way to express "soon", or "right after this". I know that じき means more or less the same thing, and when I hear it or see it written, I get the general meaning ...
7
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1answer
522 views

ここんとこ (ここん所) and other “every now and then” adverbs

I have been in the market for some good synonyms for ときどき, and I encountered one today that I wanted to share, and also ask for some opinions, since I can not find a correct definition online. The ...
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1answer
165 views

Can ぐらい be used to replace ごろ?

A question from my N5 mock test book reads: A 「何{なん}時{じ}に うちへ 帰{かえ}りますか。」 B 「7時{じ} (    ) 帰{かえ}ります。」 1 ごろ  2 じゅう  3 まで  4 ぐらい The answer was 1, but I've been taught that both ごろ and ぐらい are ...
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3answers
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How to say “rough year” or “rough time”?

I want to say "it was a rough year", but I'm not sure how to put it. I thought of "難しい年頃" which I understand means "difficult age", normally used to describe the rebel age of kids. How do people ...
6
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2answers
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How would you say 'the past ____'? (i.e. the past 'hour', the past 'day)

I've been wondering how to say 'I spent the past [time frame] [insert action]'. For example, "I spent the past hour studying Japanese". Would it be translated to something like... ...
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1answer
149 views

Which form should be used: ろくしゅうかん or ろくしゅう?

The full sentence, which I had to learn was: わたしは ろくしゅうかんまえに にほんに きました But I don't understand the meaning of the "-kan" that follows ろくしゅう Can anyone please enlighten me when and why I have to ...
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1answer
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What kind of periods can I put before にわたって?

I came across this question when doing some JLPT N2 practice. ( )にわたってこの町には観光客が大勢きた。 a 五月 b 五月の連休 c 一週間 I think that all three options are correct syntactically. All three are ...
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1answer
169 views

Using particles with a time as a topic

If I wanted to say "I ate something this morning" or "Did you eat something this morning", would I use a particle with "this morning"? Example: けさ、なにかたべましたか? vs けさはなにかたべましたか?
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1answer
801 views

Exceptions in pronouncing the counter for minutes (分)

I'm learning the counter for minutes, which is 分. I know, there are several exceptions in reading this counter. 1 min = いっぷん 2 min = にふん 3 min = さんぷん 4 min = よんぷん 5 min = ごふん 6 min = ろっぷん 7 min = ...
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1answer
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Which time expressions take the に particle?

The textbook Japanese for busy people 1 tells me, in lesson 6, that "relative time expressions like あした, らいしゅう, こんげつ and きょねん generally do not take any particles." They exemplify this with sentences ...
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1answer
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How to express duration of an activity?

For example I want to say "I ran 5km in 23mins 59 secs" or "It took me 23mins 59 secs to run 5k" or "It took me an hour to tidy my room" etc etc etc.
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1answer
387 views

Can I say 行ってきます if I don't plan to come back?

When can I safely say 「行ってきます」when leaving home or another place? How loosely can this phrase be used? Can you use it even if you don't plan to come back until a day/week/month later? If it is going ...
5
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2answers
112 views

今(temporal counter) vs. 本(temporal counter)

Aside from levels of formality, is there a difference in the meaning/nuance of 今日・今週・今月・今年 as opposed to 本日・本週・本月・本年 ?
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2answers
222 views

When does 明日辺り start and finish?

Is 明日辺り exactly the same as 明日? If not, let's say I just got told "Please do <something> 明日辺り", then: From what time today does it start to become acceptable to do it? Approximately when will ...
5
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1answer
172 views

What is the recommended timing for あけおめ ことよろ?

Contrarily to the abbreviated informal (if not rude) version I used in the title, the usual greeting for the New Year is quite long: 明けましておめでとうございます。今年もよろしくお願いします。 Those are two sentences, and it ...
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2answers
275 views

Noun+Adjective - What are the rules/usages?

I usually self-study, however I see a tutor once a week who is a native from Tokyo. In my previous lesson with her, she used the following: もう夜遅いから家に帰ったほうがいいでしょう。 Where 夜遅い translates to "late at ...
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1answer
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Difference between ほとんど~ない, めったに~ない and まれ

is there a difference in nuance or formality between ほとんど~ない, めったに~ない and まれ?
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1answer
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Different ways to read out the year

In English, there are a few ways we could read out a year like 2012 - e.g. "two thousand and twelve", "twenty twelve". Does the same thing exist in Japanese, or is there only one way ever actually ...
5
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1answer
155 views

Can なっている represent an ongoing change as well as a resultant (completed) change?

From reading a bunch, I've been under the vague impression that [adverb]+なる can be interpreted both progressively and resultatively; according to this chat log, since it can take time, it is a ...
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2answers
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~たらいい、~といい, hope, temporal syntax and over-literal readings

So I have two problems that are difficult to explain about the ~たらいい and ~といい pattern, the first problem is as follows: I have been reading Susumu Kuno's “The Structure of the Japanese Language”, a ...
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2answers
275 views

How would you talk about relative time in the past?

I'm not sure if I'm overcomplicating this. I'm talking about events in the past, and I want to use relative time markers within that time frame. For example, "the day after that", or "the day before ...
4
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2answers
665 views

What's the meaning of よーちぇん時 and おらん?

I am reading something but I can't decipher the meaning of this: よーちぇん時から忘れた事ないぞ、みーくん and おらん The first one I can grasp the sense since it tells Mi-kun not to forget the time but よーちぇん is affixed ...
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1answer
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When would I use ふん instead of ぷん?

What's the difference for using these? Examples: さんじごじゅうぷん ろくじよんじゅうごふん
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1answer
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Does Japanese have short versions of weekdays?

Like in English we could type the days of the week as "Sun, Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat." Does Japanese have shortenings for weekdays? Like: 日,月, 火, 水, 木, 金, 土 Instead of: 日曜日, 月曜日, 火曜日, 水曜日, 木曜日,...
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1answer
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What is the proper way to ask for date format preference in a program?

I have a simple program that allows users to choose what date format they want to see. In English I ask something like this: Day/Month/Year or Month/Day/Year Abbreviated would be this: DD/MM/...
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2answers
111 views

In a text, how to tell the difference between a date (of the year) and days/months?

Seeing, for exampe, 4月から (or まで)in a text, how to tell if it means 'since April' or '4 months ago' (respectively, 'until April' or 'after 4 months) ? Similarly, how to tell if 4日から (or まで) means '...
4
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1answer
478 views

What time of day does [後]{のち} cover in 天気予報?

Often the weather forecasts will say something like 晴れ [後]{のち} 所により曇り → Sunny/Clear; later Partly Cloudy In English, most weather reports use more precise with time ranges, like (early/mid/late) ...
4
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1answer
95 views

What situations can 初めてのX and 最初のX be used in?

大谷選手がアメリカの大リーグの初めての試合でヒットを打つ Ootani makes a hit in his first (ever) match in the American major league. I started wondering about when you can use 初めてのX. I understand はじめて means 'for the first time'...
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1answer
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How to say “It has been (time) since…”

I came across this sentence in my grammar dictionary "アメリカに来てから今日で三年になる", which is translated as "It's been 3 years since I came to America". Is this the standard way of expressing "It's been... since....