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Questions tagged [time]

時間表現. Grammar or words that express temporal information. Whereas tense is always relative to the moment of utterance, time is more absolutely located on an imaginary timeline.

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703 views

後で vs. 前に. Why not the same particle?

Why don't 後で and 前に both use the same particle? (I suppose I would think に would be more appropriate.) They both seem to be the same kind of statement, just with different times (before/after), so I ...
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2answers
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Saying you'll do/have done something for a certain amount of time?

I wasn't sure how to properly word the question, but I'm asking how to make sentences such as: "I have lived in America for 10 years." "I will go to Japan for a month." "I have had this job for a ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Why is it that some temporal nouns cannot be marked with に? And why do they become more acceptable with には?

Consider the following: に here is used in its function of denoting the time where an event occurs (に1): ◯ 一時に1 ◯ 一時半に1 ◯ 月曜日に1 ◯ 正月に1 * 昨日に1 ?/◯ 昨日には * 今日に1 ?/◯ 今日には * 明日に1 ?/◯ 明日には * 去年に1 ?/◯ 去年には *...
13
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2answers
836 views

How to express vague amounts of time?

I'm having trouble figuring out how to express vague amounts of time in Japanese, such as some number of months or some number of hours. I want to use this in a context where the specific number is ...
5
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1answer
519 views

The use of present and past tenses in ~時 sentences

In Genki II textbook (second edition page 114 and 115) you are tasked with creating sentences using ~時. The problem is their answers seem to contradict what is written in "A dictionary of basic ...
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3answers
371 views

Do 午前 / 午後 change depending on minutes

午前0-12 goes from 00:00 to 12:00 in 24h time. Do minutes affect 午前 / 午後? Is 12:30 in 24h time still 午前12時30分 or does it change to 午後 thanks to the minutes going over?
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449 views

Nuance between いっとき and いちじ as a pronunciation of 一時

I am writing a flashcards deck to memorize Minato-ku's list of 防災-related words. Excerpt: 一時集合場所 いっときしゅうごうばしょ Temporary meeting places 一時滞在施設 いちじたいざいしせつ   Temporary stay facilities As you see, ...
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4answers
14k views

How can I say “Right now”, or “At that exact moment”?

Saying "now" is easy, with 今, but in my experience that doesn't express so much "right now, this instant" as it does "currently". I am looking for structure that translates these examples well: I ...
9
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2answers
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What is the difference between と, たら and 時【とき】?

First, I came across this sentence using と in a way I've never encountered before. ピノキオはうそを吐くと、鼻が長くなります。 My translation: When/As Pinocchio tells lies his nose becomes longer. After a little ...
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What's the difference between 今日{きょう} and 本日{ほんじつ}?

I also see both in different examples. As in : 今日は暑い。 本日はおめでとうございます。 Both are translated as "Today", but when and how should I use either one? Can we say : 本日はあつい。 And 今日はおめでとうございます。?
7
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1answer
530 views

ここんとこ (ここん所) and other “every now and then” adverbs

I have been in the market for some good synonyms for ときどき, and I encountered one today that I wanted to share, and also ask for some opinions, since I can not find a correct definition online. The ...
7
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1answer
180 views

Can ぐらい be used to replace ごろ?

A question from my N5 mock test book reads: A 「何{なん}時{じ}に うちへ 帰{かえ}りますか。」 B 「7時{じ} (    ) 帰{かえ}ります。」 1 ごろ  2 じゅう  3 まで  4 ぐらい The answer was 1, but I've been taught that both ごろ and ぐらい are ...
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1answer
5k views

Which time expressions take the に particle?

The textbook Japanese for busy people 1 tells me, in lesson 6, that "relative time expressions like あした, らいしゅう, こんげつ and きょねん generally do not take any particles." They exemplify this with sentences ...
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2answers
180 views

~たらいい、~といい, hope, temporal syntax and over-literal readings

So I have two problems that are difficult to explain about the ~たらいい and ~といい pattern, the first problem is as follows: I have been reading Susumu Kuno's “The Structure of the Japanese Language”, a ...
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1answer
2k views

Does Japanese have short versions of weekdays?

Like in English we could type the days of the week as "Sun, Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat." Does Japanese have shortenings for weekdays? Like: 日,月, 火, 水, 木, 金, 土 Instead of: 日曜日, 月曜日, 火曜日, 水曜日, 木曜日,...
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2answers
415 views

What's the difference between じき and すぐ?

すぐ, and especially 今すぐ, is my habitual way to express "soon", or "right after this". I know that じき means more or less the same thing, and when I hear it or see it written, I get the general meaning ...
6
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1answer
170 views

Using particles with a time as a topic

If I wanted to say "I ate something this morning" or "Did you eat something this morning", would I use a particle with "this morning"? Example: けさ、なにかたべましたか? vs けさはなにかたべましたか?
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2answers
280 views

How would you talk about relative time in the past?

I'm not sure if I'm overcomplicating this. I'm talking about events in the past, and I want to use relative time markers within that time frame. For example, "the day after that", or "the day before ...
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1answer
309 views

Indicating time in Japanese: に、は、or no particle?

This is my first question on Japanese Stackexchange. よろしくお願いします! The following example sentence made me wonder about the placement of particles after time expresssions: 先生は週末は何をしますか。 I came up with ...
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1answer
127 views

For time adverbs, are particles instead of commas used in official (legal) writing?

Even though yesterday is not an adverb, we say: I played golf yesterday. only because the preposition, on, is dropped before yesterday. In that on yesterday becomes a prepositional phrase that ...
3
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1answer
630 views

What is the difference between ~たとき vs ~るとき

電車に乗るときは、白線の内側でお待ちください。 電車に乗ったときは、白線の内側でお待ちください What is the difference between ~たとき and ~るとき? In particular, what is ungrammatical about the second sentence with ~た? I felt that this sentence, ...