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時間表現. Grammar or words that express temporal information. Whereas tense is always relative to the moment of utterance, time is more absolutely located on an imaginary timeline.

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Why で in 今日で最後にしたいです?

Referring to the clock that counts the time since the last nuclear test: 時計の数字を変えるのは、今日で最後にしたいです。 I want to make today the last day where I change the figure on the clock. I'm confused by the ...
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74 views

Different ways to read out the year

In English, there are a few ways we could read out a year like 2012 - e.g. "two thousand and twelve", "twenty twelve". Does the same thing exist in Japanese, or is there only one way ever actually ...
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92 views

What kind of periods can I put before にわたって?

I came across this question when doing some JLPT N2 practice. ( )にわたってこの町には観光客が大勢きた。 a 五月 b 五月の連休 c 一週間 I think that all three options are correct syntactically. All three are ...
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1answer
85 views

What is the proper way to ask for date format preference in a program?

I have a simple program that allows users to choose what date format they want to see. In English I ask something like this: Day/Month/Year or Month/Day/Year Abbreviated would be this: DD/MM/...
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2answers
143 views

Is 「今朝」 or 「今日の朝」 more natural?

I've come across several forums online detailing that 「今朝」 sounds either very formal or old-fashioned in that it is not used too often nowadays. However, it is also the one I see most commonly used in ...
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103 views

いつ and とき how to tell when to use which

My book has one example of the use of the second one; こうこうのとき, いいがくせいでしたか which essentially is asking when you were in high school were you a good student though i am confused why こうこう instead of ...
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106 views

How do you express time duration when mixing time units?

When you want to express a passage of time mixing time units like days, hours, and minutes is it best to use for example 間 once at the end to show duration, or should words showing duration be used ...
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152 views

Is 今日本に何時ですか correct?

What I'm trying to say is "what time is it in Japan right now?". My main problem is if I placed 今 correctly and if I should use に or は?
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89 views

What situations can 初めてのX and 最初のX be used in?

大谷選手がアメリカの大リーグの初めての試合でヒットを打つ Ootani makes a hit in his first (ever) match in the American major league. I started wondering about when you can use 初めてのX. I understand はじめて means 'for the first time'...
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126 views

Expressing intervals of time, and AからBすると

Referring to cherry blossoms: 咲き始めてから1週間から10日ぐらいすると、たくさん花が咲いてきれいです。 After they start to bloom, from one week ???? lots of flowers will bloom and (look) pretty. I'm struggling to understand the ...
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266 views

Why is 九時 (9 o'clock) pronounced “Ku-ji” and not “Kyu-ji”?

Why, when saying times in Japanese, does the pronunciation for 九 (9) change? I recently had to figure this out when my Siri wouldn't recognize it when I asked him to set an alarm for 9 o'clock, he ...
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2answers
110 views

The Meaning of ちょっと前に

I'm not sure I completely understand the usage of ちょっと前に in this context: ​一年ちょっと前に結婚しました. Does this mean: "I got married around a year ago" (implies more or less than a year) "I got married a ...
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153 views

When should you use a に when talking about the time?

Over time, I've realised that certain words you use when referring to time, such as ’今日’, ’明日’ and ’毎朝’ have no need for you to attach the に particle. However, when saying '六時’, you must attach a に. ...
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971 views

How to say “It has been (time) since…”

I came across this sentence in my grammar dictionary "アメリカに来てから今日で三年になる", which is translated as "It's been 3 years since I came to America". Is this the standard way of expressing "It's been... since....
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2answers
198 views

Difference between 「際」 and 「時」?

Both seem to be translated as "when". Are they the same? It seems to me that 「時」 is mostly used for things that actually happened in the past whereas 「際」 is used for when something (could) happen in ...
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1answer
216 views

Indicating time in Japanese: に、は、or no particle?

This is my first question on Japanese Stackexchange. よろしくお願いします! The following example sentence made me wonder about the placement of particles after time expresssions: 先生は週末は何をしますか。 I came up with ...
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1answer
109 views

how to use 年をめどに

i just learned this grammar from Nikkei News: ` 2021年度をメドに mean an action target time is within 2021. Some site use: 2021年をめどに so what is different of them? if i want say: target in 09/2021,...
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2answers
107 views

Any more examples of ここ as a time reference?

I recently heard the phrases ここ最近 ("somewhat lately"/"these recent days") and ここ二日ぐらい("these past 2 days or so"). I had never heard ここ used in this way before, and I was wondering if anyone knew of ...
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2answers
361 views

Why is 切 on microwaves instead of 分?

I've noticed that the microwave minute dials often use 切 instead of 分 for minutes. Why is this the case? When I look up 切 on jisho, I get nothing about time or minutes, so I'm naturally confused as ...
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1answer
98 views

How to group days of the week together

I'm trying to create a business pamphlet in Japanese for a local business called Donut Day and I'm wondering how to list their Open hours in full sentences for a school project. In english I would do ...
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109 views

今(temporal counter) vs. 本(temporal counter)

Aside from levels of formality, is there a difference in the meaning/nuance of 今日・今週・今月・今年 as opposed to 本日・本週・本月・本年 ?
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Is this sentence I wrote with 間に right?

本を読む間に、彼女は泣き出しました。 "While she was reading the book, she burst into tears." I was only taught the nagara structure, whose use is very limited. Since I needed a structure to express something that ...
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1answer
137 views

how to tell date?

when someone ask, what is the date for a program? and the answer is 5th may. how can i answer this in japanese. i know that 5th is いつか and may is ごがつ。which one should be pronounced first. and how do i ...
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3k views

AM and PM in Japanese

Some details first. I am building a clock and it will be all in Japanese. Getting the numbers isn't a problem. I want there two be two lights that indicate if AM or PM. I don't want to just ...
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2answers
163 views

How does one know when to use ~ふん or ~ぷん when telling time in Japanese?

I'm wondering if there are any linguistic reasons or rules that can be applied to find out which to use, or do I just need to memorize them individually?
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2k views

How to read 24-hour clock format

There are a lot of topics on forums in what case Japanese people use 24-hour clock format. But I have never seen how it should be pronounced. It's not hard to say something like 8:05. This is common ...
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146 views

~たらいい、~といい, hope, temporal syntax and over-literal readings

So I have two problems that are difficult to explain about the ~たらいい and ~といい pattern, the first problem is as follows: I have been reading Susumu Kuno's “The Structure of the Japanese Language”, a ...
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108 views

In a text, how to tell the difference between a date (of the year) and days/months?

Seeing, for exampe, 4月から (or まで)in a text, how to tell if it means 'since April' or '4 months ago' (respectively, 'until April' or 'after 4 months) ? Similarly, how to tell if 4日から (or まで) means '...
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No word for “time” until 1871?

In a German newspaper article an interviewed professor says: For a long time the Japanese didn't have any interest in clocks: Until 1871, there hadn't even been a word for time and therefore no ...
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What is the recommended timing for あけおめ ことよろ?

Contrarily to the abbreviated informal (if not rude) version I used in the title, the usual greeting for the New Year is quite long: 明けましておめでとうございます。今年もよろしくお願いします。 Those are two sentences, and it ...
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146 views

Can ぐらい be used to replace ごろ?

A question from my N5 mock test book reads: A 「何{なん}時{じ}に うちへ 帰{かえ}りますか。」 B 「7時{じ} (    ) 帰{かえ}ります。」 1 ごろ  2 じゅう  3 まで  4 ぐらい The answer was 1, but I've been taught that both ごろ and ぐらい are ...
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157 views

Can we use “Chikai” for time?

I would want to say something like "exams are just round the corner." , is "Shiken mou chikai desu." acceptable?
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366 views

Reading of 七時: why しちじ and not ななじ [duplicate]

Why does 7時「七時」use "しちじ" and not use "ななじ" ?
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1answer
168 views

Using particles with a time as a topic

If I wanted to say "I ate something this morning" or "Did you eat something this morning", would I use a particle with "this morning"? Example: けさ、なにかたべましたか? vs けさはなにかたべましたか?
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Saying you'll do/have done something for a certain amount of time?

I wasn't sure how to properly word the question, but I'm asking how to make sentences such as: "I have lived in America for 10 years." "I will go to Japan for a month." "I have had this job for a ...
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Do 午前 / 午後 change depending on minutes

午前0-12 goes from 00:00 to 12:00 in 24h time. Do minutes affect 午前 / 午後? Is 12:30 in 24h time still 午前12時30分 or does it change to 午後 thanks to the minutes going over?
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118 views

For time adverbs, are particles instead of commas used in official (legal) writing?

Even though yesterday is not an adverb, we say: I played golf yesterday. only because the preposition, on, is dropped before yesterday. In that on yesterday becomes a prepositional phrase that ...
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273 views

The correct way of using toki

My instructor told us that toki is used for placing an action that has happened at a certain time. For example: さびしい時、友達に電話します。 But then how come this sentence is wrong? I'm sure that I used the ...
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68 views

Using demonstratives with time periods

I want to express 'These past one and a half years...'. E.g. 'These past one and a half years have been really fun!' What I've come up with so far is: この一年半間で。。。[past tense]. I think I've just made ...
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1answer
381 views

The use of present and past tenses in ~時 sentences

In Genki II textbook (second edition page 114 and 115) you are tasked with creating sentences using ~時. The problem is their answers seem to contradict what is written in "A dictionary of basic ...
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A question on event timing

Sentences in which event A happens 風呂からあがり、パジャマに着替えたまる子の口がポカンとあいたのは、それから一時間後のことだった。 Sentences in which event B happens What event does それから refer to? Is it saying that the time when Maruko got ...
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Nuance between いっとき and いちじ as a pronunciation of 一時

I am writing a flashcards deck to memorize Minato-ku's list of 防災-related words. Excerpt: 一時集合場所 いっときしゅうごうばしょ Temporary meeting places 一時滞在施設 いちじたいざいしせつ   Temporary stay facilities As you see, ...
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The Use of "の時” in This Sentence

If I were to write "二〇一五年間の時に" for "during the year of 2015", would the "の時" be redundant and/or grammatically incorrect due to the fact that the "間" in "年間" already implies the meaning of "during ...
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104 views

plain + とき + plain or polite?

If I use the plain past tense of a verb before とき, do I have to use the plain past tense in the sentence that comes after it, or is it okay to use the polite past tense? For example, I'm trying to say,...
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から usage as “after” [duplicate]

In the simple sentence 電話を掛けてから、友だちうちへ行きます。I want to know how kara is used. It didn't feel like it's meaning is "because" here it is more like "after". I think this translates to " After I make call, ...
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286 views

Difference between 日 and 一日

What is the difference between 日{ひ} and 一日{いちにち}? I thought that 一日 was used when refering to the length of a day but I saw this sentence and got confused: 今朝のニュースでも、アナウンサーの人が「うららかな一日になるでしょう」...
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Can なっている represent an ongoing change as well as a resultant (completed) change?

From reading a bunch, I've been under the vague impression that [adverb]+なる can be interpreted both progressively and resultatively; according to this chat log, since it can take time, it is a ...
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3k views

How 二週間 can be used to say “In two weeks…”

How can one use 二週間 to say, "In two weeks from today, I am going to Tokyo." I am confused on how one would use particles here and I need some help.
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(When) can you use dictionary form with 間? / 辞書形と「間」は(どんな時に)一緒に使えますか?

I've just learned 間・間に, as in: 私はビーンにいる間、写真をたくさん取りたいですよ。 ジョンは出かけている間、ビールを飲みました。 All the examples on my grammar sheet use present-continuous form (~ている) or いる. (These are my own examples, ...
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372 views

Does 'this friday' take に

I'm happy that the following is correct: 金曜日にケーキを食べる. I will eat cake on Friday. But what about this: 今週の金曜日にケーキを食べる I will eat cake (on) this Friday In English putting "on" in the ...