Questions tagged [time]

時間表現. Grammar or words that express temporal information. Whereas tense is always relative to the moment of utterance, time is more absolutely located on an imaginary timeline.

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146 views

How do I ask how long something took without「くらい/ぐらい」?

This has been bothering me for months now. As far as I know,「くらい」and「ぐらい」are used to express approximate values. I want to ask how long something happened exactly. I know that I can use「ちょうど」and「正に」、...
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716 views

Use of suffix 後 in place of a verb

姉は大学を卒業後、家族から独立している。 (source) My sister has been independent of the family since she graduated from university. (the comma is my own, to break up that horrible string of kanji) This sentence seems a ...
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123 views

Why are these sentences with conditional forms not correct?

I'm struggling a lot with the use of conditional forms, especially using ~たら and ~なら. I recently had the following sentences corrected by my Japanese teacher: a. 専門書を買ったら、私にも見せてください。 b. 専門書を買うなら、...
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88 views

What does きた do in this sentence

What is the difference between 中学生になってもずっとボーッと生きてきたけど 中学生になってもずっとボーッと生きたけど What does きた do in this sentence this is from the second episode of the anime K-On! the character is telling a story about ...
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259 views

Use of に with 先週

I saw this sentence on a Japanese teaching site: 事故は先週に起こった The incident occurred last week I feel very uncomfortable with the に on 先週. This post and this post seem to back up my discomfort. Is this ...
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101 views

「あと3日だな」 means what exactly?

This is based on a listening exercise I'm trying to understand. In this exercise, we don't know what day it currently is, but an event is planned for Saturday. One speaker says: あと[3日]{みっか}だな… My ...
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1answer
113 views

The Difference Between に and で when indicating the time when something terminates

I was reading through the Dictionary of Basic Grammar and found that one of the four usages of the で particle is to mark the time when something terminates, similar to the following sentence: パーティーは ...
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78 views

Is the に time particle optional when talk about repeated action?

I have already learned about に time particle (in short: determines the action time if the time expression isn't relative). But I saw some text where dropped when used the まいとし, まいつき、まいにち etc. For ...
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215 views

Time and duration problem from “Nihongo So-Matome N3 - Listening”

One of the questions from Nihongo So-Matome N3 - Listening: 男【おとこ】の人【ひと】と女【おんな】の人【ひと】が話し【はなし】ています。男【おとこ】の人【ひと】は、明日【あす】何時【なんじ】ごろ家【いえ】を出ます【でます】か。 女【おんな】:明日【あした】の飛行機【ひこうき】、何時【なんじ】? 男【おとこ】:えーと、16時半【じはん】...
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572 views

When would you use 30分 versus 半 for telling time?

I know telling time in English, you can say "It is 3:30" or "It is half past 3" and they can be used interchangeably. When telling the time in Japanese, is this still the case? Can ...
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98 views

Why is 毎日 placed before 家 here?

"妻は毎日家でお茶を飲みます。" It seems so weird. I was told by a Native that in Japanese, they tend to put words for time at the start of the sentence, so putting it before 妻 makes sense to me. I'm using ...
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751 views

Is there anything wrong with the sentence “今午前七時間です”?

I'm reviewing the first section of Lingodeer by redoing all the tests. It wanted me to type out "It's 7 a.m. now." I typed this in and got it wrong. The correct answer was simply to remove 間,...
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142 views

Word Order で And に before topic

I am Slightly confused about the word order for に And で Are both of these examples correct and the only difference the emphasis? 私は夏に公園で先生に会います: I am meeting my teacher at the park in the summer ...
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Why are some terms for relative time irregular?

For current time the Kanji 今{いま} for "now" can always used. Why is it that Kanji for previous (去 / 昨 / 先) and next (来 / 明) times are different and have irregular readings? In some cases it ...
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98 views

Understanding 「たった三十分のあいだに、高木の変わり様といったらなかった。」

たった三十分のあいだに、高木の変わり様といったらなかった。 I'm not at all clear on the translation or nuance here. Source is a NLPT N1 grammar question. Confusion #1: The use of に in 「たった三十分のあいだに」. If the translation is "in ...
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71 views

When stating the time does minutes 分 need to be stated?

For example: It's 6:15. 六時十五分です Could I just say: 六時十五です or just: 六時十五
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Why can we not use に to mark absolute time with i-adjectives?

EDIT: Still looking for a complete answer. Please read the edit below. This is something I've been wondering for some time now. And this is also not related to relative temporal nouns, I understand ...
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85 views

一週間前までに Meaning

The full sentence is 見学を希望する場合は、一週間前までに担当者を通じて申し込んでください。 I want to know this 一週間前までに meaning. I tried thinking and came up with "within one week before (the deadline which is not mentioned)" but I'...
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110 views

Which order sounds the more natural between「私は最近…」 and 「最近私は…」?

When giving news to Japanese friends, I always wonder if I should write「私は[最近]{さいきん}こういう仕事をしています」 or 「[最近]{さいきん}、私はこういう仕事をしています」. Is there a recommended order for temporal markers like [現在]{げんざい} or [...
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380 views

Counting Duration of Months

When counting duration in months, is it ~ヶ月間or just ~ヶ月? Example: 私はもう六ヶ月ぐらい日本語を勉強しています。 ジルと暮らした四ヶ月間 ( btw I don't know what the second example means I just took it from my textbook so I would ...
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107 views

行く 帰る 来る + time expression - how it works

Phrases like 5[時]{じ}に[帰]{かえ}ります or 3[時]{じ}に[行]{い}きます or 8[時]{じ}に[来]{き}ます are the very basics one can find in a beginner's book. And despite that, I have yet to see an explanation what exactly they ...
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Casual way to say: ''See you tomorrow at (some time)''

Lets say 11am How would you say: ''See you tomorrow at 11.'' ? All I have is : ashita wa juuichi ji ni ... what now ? ... I found this expression online : 11 のあなたは見てください
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410 views

Confusion about time scope of 日をもって

I have a sentence in the form 10月10日をもって辞めたい, for example。 Does this をもって mean "before", or "after". Am I free on 10日 (i.e. work till 9日23:59). Or I still have to work on 10日, and get free on 11日? ...
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191 views

Couldn't “ni” particle be used in this example?

I'm a total newbie learning japanese as you will see, so please be patient with me. I have this sentence from my textbook: Shiken no toki jisho o minai de kudasai! Because it was a new lesson, I ...
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time expression + 置く [duplicate]

I've found this example sentence for 置く in my textbook: 三日置いて治った。(She recovered after three days). I've looked this usage up but really couldn't find anything relevant. Could you clarify how and ...
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JLPT N1 listening question: Confused about sequence of events

There is a JLPT N1 listening practice question from a third-party website, and I believe its answer is incorrect, but want to make sure. The script is copied below. 農園で男の人が農業体験の参加者に話しています。...
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217 views

noun +うちに and noun+間に

When 間【あいだ】に and うちに are preceded by nouns, are they always interchangeable? For example, in 春【はる】休【やす】みのあいだに/うちに友達【ともだち】と一緒【いっしょ】に出掛【でか】けたい。 And also in: 大学生【だいがくせい】のうちに/間【あいだ】に留学【りゅうがく】する。
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Meaning of 全数 when talking about frequency

In an article about quality control, I found the following expression: 検査頻度: 全数 I read in the dictionary that 全数 means "total, complete". Since we are talking about frequency, I thought it could ...
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90 views

What is the origin of おやつ and やつどき?

I was trying to express the word snacks, which my friend shared with me that it is called "おやつ", or "お八つ”。 I subsequently found the related expression of "やつどき", or "八つ時”。 a) What is this system of ...
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634 views

what is relative time in Japanese language?

Yesterday I came across some grammatical rules which said “に is used to indicate a specific time or date, but in the case of a relative date, に is not used. I know relative time include terms like ...
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3k views

Morning, Afternoon, Night Kanji

Learning the time of day I found that 朝 or あさ means morning, 昼 or ひる means afternoon, and 晚 I expected to be night but Google translate is saying it's moth for some reason. Does this 晚 only mean night ...
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243 views

来た2日後に vs 来て2日後に vs 来てから2日後に

日本に来た2日後にこの本を買った。 日本に来て2日後にこの本を買った。 日本に来てから2日後にこの本を買った。 I created these sentences from similar-looking examples I found on Google. Are they all grammatical? These all mean "I bought this book two ...
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2answers
285 views

o'clock kanji pronunciation 時

Is 時 read as "toki" or "ji"? Duolingo and Google Translate don't seem to be in agreement.
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Can ずつ be used along with 間?

Original sentence is this: Everyone at a meeting talked for 5 minutes at a time And I got confused because I want to put 「分間」 there but I'm not sure if it works well with 「ずつ」 and vice versa. Also,...
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85 views

How to express future times?

I'm a little confused on how exactly I would say "I'm going to Japan in 2 months." I don't want to make it seem like I'm saying "I'm going to Japan for 2 months" What would be the difference between ...
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216 views

Translating “(action X) as (event Y)” - what grammatical structure fits best? (line in a song)

I'm a relative beginner to Japanese. I was trying to translate some song lyrics, and I got stuck badly on "shows fear as he turns to hide". If you don't know the song, we are told of one man on a ...
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Comparing で with にして in 一瞬で and 一瞬にして and in other time words

Consider the following: To disappear in an instant: 一瞬でなくなる 一瞬にしてなくなる To change overnight: 一夜で変わる* 一夜にして変わる 一晩で変わる 一晩にして変わる* I was unable to find example sentences containing 一夜で and 一晩にして on ...
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Why で in 今日で最後にしたいです?

Referring to the clock that counts the time since the last nuclear test: 時計の数字を変えるのは、今日で最後にしたいです。 I want to make today the last day where I change the figure on the clock. I'm confused by the ...
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91 views

Different ways to read out the year

In English, there are a few ways we could read out a year like 2012 - e.g. "two thousand and twelve", "twenty twelve". Does the same thing exist in Japanese, or is there only one way ever actually ...
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153 views

What kind of periods can I put before にわたって?

I came across this question when doing some JLPT N2 practice. ( )にわたってこの町には観光客が大勢きた。 a 五月 b 五月の連休 c 一週間 I think that all three options are correct syntactically. All three are ...
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452 views

What is the proper way to ask for date format preference in a program?

I have a simple program that allows users to choose what date format they want to see. In English I ask something like this: Day/Month/Year or Month/Day/Year Abbreviated would be this: DD/MM/...
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Is 「今朝」 or 「今日の朝」 more natural?

I've come across several forums online detailing that 「今朝」 sounds either very formal or old-fashioned in that it is not used too often nowadays. However, it is also the one I see most commonly used in ...
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291 views

いつ and とき how to tell when to use which

My book has one example of the use of the second one; こうこうのとき, いいがくせいでしたか which essentially is asking when you were in high school were you a good student though i am confused why こうこう instead of ...
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205 views

How do you express time duration when mixing time units?

When you want to express a passage of time mixing time units like days, hours, and minutes is it best to use for example 間 once at the end to show duration, or should words showing duration be used ...
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1answer
412 views

Is 今日本に何時ですか correct?

What I'm trying to say is "what time is it in Japan right now?". My main problem is if I placed 今 correctly and if I should use に or は?
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125 views

What situations can 初めてのX and 最初のX be used in?

大谷選手がアメリカの大リーグの初めての試合でヒットを打つ Ootani makes a hit in his first (ever) match in the American major league. I started wondering about when you can use 初めてのX. I understand はじめて means 'for the first time'...
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218 views

Expressing intervals of time, and AからBすると

Referring to cherry blossoms: 咲き始めてから1週間から10日ぐらいすると、たくさん花が咲いてきれいです。 After they start to bloom, from one week ???? lots of flowers will bloom and (look) pretty. I'm struggling to understand the ...
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2k views

Why is 九時 (9 o'clock) pronounced “Ku-ji” and not “Kyu-ji”?

Why, when saying times in Japanese, does the pronunciation for 九 (9) change? I recently had to figure this out when my Siri wouldn't recognize it when I asked him to set an alarm for 9 o'clock, he ...
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2answers
194 views

The Meaning of ちょっと前に

I'm not sure I completely understand the usage of ちょっと前に in this context: ​一年ちょっと前に結婚しました. Does this mean: "I got married around a year ago" (implies more or less than a year) "I got married a ...
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187 views

When should you use a に when talking about the time?

Over time, I've realised that certain words you use when referring to time, such as ’今日’, ’明日’ and ’毎朝’ have no need for you to attach the に particle. However, when saying '六時’, you must attach a に. ...