Questions tagged [terminology]

専門用語. Specialized words and phrases which cover specific concepts, fields, or phenomena.

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4
votes
2answers
470 views

Which is correct for the bushido code, 誠 or 真?

Which one is correct for being used in the bushido code as makoto, 誠 or 真?
4
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2answers
347 views

What is the Japanese term for putting an arm around another's shoulder?

What is the Japanese term for putting an arm around another's shoulder? it is kind of hard, at first I am thinking of 抱きしめる but I think it is more about embracing someone (tightly). Thank you for the ...
4
votes
1answer
661 views

How to call a wait pointer in Japanese?

In Japanese, how to call a wait pointer? I am talking about a computer mouse pointer which becomes a spinning wheel or hourglass (depending on the OS) when the application is busy processing ...
4
votes
2answers
150 views

Is there a lingustic term for okurigana omission?

Is there a (Japanese) linguistic term for okurigana omission (cases when 問い合わせ is written as 問合せ, etc.)? If not then what would be a concise way to refer to the phenomena (in Japanese)?
4
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1answer
102 views

Referring to Group of Differentiated Objects

This is a bit esoteric, but it is something that came up recently when I was thinking about how to translate a piece of writing I have been working on for a while into Japanese. In any case, one of ...
4
votes
1answer
628 views

What is the origin of the term “extended predicate” and are there alternative terms?

My question is in relation to the pattern that appears at the end of sentences such as: 本当なんです。 本当なの。 これから行くんです。 これから行くの。 I've seen this called the "extended predicate" around the web. To be clear, ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What does the term “prenominally” mean?

The term "手の込んだ" is described in denshi jisho as being a "Noun or verb acting prenominally". In the context of Japanese, what does it mean for something to be acting prenominally? For example, does ...
4
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2answers
783 views

“Formal” Japanese and “honorific” Japanese, are completely different, right?

My understanding is that, strictly speaking, "honorific" Japanese 敬語{けいご} is completely different from "formal" Japanese 丁寧語{ていねいご}. Yet, I sometimes hear even native speakers conflate them: ex: 「する」...
4
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1answer
131 views

How would one translate 綺麗 (きれい) in this context?

I am currently translating some content regarding Aikido, and have been getting stuck on how to translate 綺麗 (きれい) in the following context: しっかりとした、綺麗な半身を作ることを心がけて下さい。 It's discussing a bodily ...
4
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1answer
307 views

Speech impediment - slurred speech

Is there a name for a speech impediment like this where, for lack of a better description, it sounds like you're talking after you've bitten your tongue? 「いだだきまあず」 → いただきます 「ごぢぞうざまでぢだあ」 → ごちそうさまでした ...
4
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1answer
122 views

Abbreviation for jinmeiyō?

Is there an abbreviation for 人名用漢字, i.e. character set for names? I'm looking for anything shorter, really; It can be English or Japanese, as long as it's widely recognised. For example like Tel for ...
4
votes
1answer
725 views

Japanese 濁音 dyslexia

I'm wondering if there is a real type of dyslexia in Japanese with [濁音]{だく・おん}, where the person sees the word written, but mentally pronounces the 濁音 for a different mora. Not to diagnose myself ...
3
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2answers
650 views

Why are the verb groups in Japanese called “consonant-stem” and “vowel-stem”?

They both contain vowels and consonants. So why should 1 be called consonant and the other vowel?
3
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2answers
152 views

What does 研がず mean in cooking?

Been searching around the web for answers, none found. My guess is that it's uncooked rice (as "unedged" rice doesn't make any sense).
3
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2answers
310 views

Was 蒙古症 or similar words commonly used to refer to Down Syndrome?

The possibility that Japanese used words derived from "Mongoloid" to refer to Down Syndrome hadn't crossed my mind until I was mentioning the word to a Japanese person practicing English, but jisho....
3
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2answers
2k views

What is a typical Japanese term for “fake”, like in “Fake News”?

Besides obvious フェークニュース, is there a natural Japanese expression to express the idea of fake? On the same topic, how to say fake or shallow person? Is there an equivalent to plastic people in ...
3
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2answers
189 views

Are most counter words made up of two parts? What are those two parts called?

When looking at counter words, there seems to be a part that has a number, and a part that stays more or less the same. For example, the counter words for hours of a day are ichi-ji, ni-ji, san-ji. ...
3
votes
1answer
267 views

What's the best way to say “redesign” pertaining to a web page/site?

I want to say that I'm "redesigning" a web page, and I can think of several words that may fit, but I'm not sure which is most appropriate or most widely-accepted in the technology world. 更新 → This ...
3
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1answer
99 views

だ and です godan or ichidan

Can we say, that だ and です are godan verbs with ru-ending, because they are just simplyfied versions of である and であります?
3
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1answer
7k views

What word describes the concept of worldwide time zones?

The world is covered in the necessary evil known in English as "time zones". Given that, historically, it originated in England (some 300 or so years ago), the concept of a time zone was probably not ...
3
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2answers
298 views

Why do English speaking learners of Japanese use term “volitional” to refer to 未然形+う?

There are three distinct cases of 未然形+う: hortative, dubitative, presumptive. Very often Japanese grammar books refer to all of them as volitional form. Linguistic volition is defined semantically or ...
3
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1answer
67 views

Japanese terms for an attribute and adverbial (part of a sentence)

What are the correct terms for: attribute (a part of sentence) as a word or phrase that is syntactically subordinate to another and serves to limit, identify, particularize, describe, or supplement ...
3
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1answer
819 views

Is there a term for words that share the same kana spelling?

I would like to know if there is a word (in either Japanese or English) that describes pairs of words that are spelled the same in kana. For example, 橋 and 箸 would be "homo-kana" words, because they ...
2
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1answer
291 views

What does 正規品 mean?

Recently, I came across this word: 正規品{せいきひん} None of online dictionaries that I know had registered the term at all. I could not find such word in search result of jisho.org or search result of ...
2
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1answer
120 views

Bloatware (¿ブロートウェア?), crapware (¿クラップウェア?), craplets (¿馬鹿?) in Japanese

Using Google Translate I get the following translation English    Japanese "bloatware" ⇒「bloatware」 "crapware" ⇒「クラップウェア」 "craplets" ⇒「馬鹿」(whether that's the translation or they're just trying to ...
2
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1answer
85 views

Meaning of 水洗式 other than flush toilet

In an article about penetrant testing (浸透探傷検査) I found the following sentence: 浸透液は水洗式でハケ塗りとし,極力溶接部以外に浸透液が付着しないようにすること. In this kind of test, a penetrant liquid is used on a surface (in this case ...
2
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2answers
140 views

Confused on verb conjuation U-verbs ru-verbs or godan ones?

I am doing japaneese N5 lessons for second time and I get REALLY confused. As far as I know there are 3 categories of verbs: Irregular verbs Ichidan verbs Godan verbs But the sensei tells us that ...
2
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2answers
316 views

What is the official word for compound syllabaries in Japanese Hiragana?

I am learning Japanese, and of course my first step has been to learn the Hiragana and Katakana. I am at the point to where I feel comfortable writing and reading in Hiragana and I understand that the ...
2
votes
1answer
211 views

Has the average native Japanese speaker heard of Hepburn romaji?

Is the average native Japanese speaker likely to have heard of Hepburn romaji? Not necessarily being able to recall the entire kana table, but at least knowing that it is a romanization system which ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Popularity of ポッド as a abbreviation of ポッドキャスト

I know that many times loanwords are abbreviated in Japanese as a subset of their original length (ex: アイス for アイスクリーム). Recently I heard someone say that ポッド was an abbreviation for ポッドキャスト and this ...
2
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1answer
72 views

Would it be appropriate to use 棋士 to describe players of games other than Shogi?

I realize this is is a bit of a specialized question, but I'm trying to figure out what to call a person who plays chess or go professionally. I'm aware of the term 棋士 (きし) / プロ棋士 in professional ...
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4answers
266 views

Is term 神経の鈍い (insensitive) common?

Is term 神経{しんけい}の鈍{にぶ}い commonly used to describe a direct person?
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2answers
403 views

Difference between furigana and rubi

Is there any difference between furigana and rubi. To my knowledge, both of these are used to write the provocation of kanji in small print above the kanji, but is there a difference between these two ...
1
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1answer
211 views

What are the small kana words put above kanji called?

Very quick question. What do you call the small hiragana written above kanji to show their pronunciation?
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2answers
130 views

How can I ask if an English phrase is based on some Japanese phrase?

Sometimes I come across an English phrase that looks a bit odd, and I wonder if it's based on some Japanese phrase unbeknownst to me. Assuming that such a question would make sense, how can I ask an ...
1
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1answer
599 views

How Are Verbs Taught to Native Japanese Speakers?

I've had two Japanese professors so far, and they have both split verbs into two groups for teaching English-speakers: they call godan verbs u-verbs and ichidan verbs ru-verbs. I never really liked ...
1
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1answer
152 views

Etymology of grammar-related terms in Japanese

I've been searching up words like '~の近く' (near), '~の裏側' (behind), '~より先' (further away). Basically words related to the position of an object or thing. The term I've been using is 前置詞 in Japanese, but ...
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1answer
73 views

Difference between the words kakemono and kakejiku

Does anyone reading this site know of any nuance(s) differentiating these two words? Numerous online sites say that kakejiku is more commonly used, but I have found no information about whether the ...
1
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1answer
108 views

the meaning and use of the word 殺素 today

I'm trying to understand some paper about Udagawa Youan and chemistry in Japan and I have a big problem with 殺素. It's means all chemistry elements which can kill or mayby only radioactive? Or mayby it'...
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1answer
110 views

How to explain 区取り位置

In MS Excel 区切り位置 is a label that corresponds to English "Text to Columns" functionality. I understand that 位置 means place, but cannot find any translation of 区切り and cannot combine these two ...
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1answer
1k views

What are the most common words for “to attack”? [closed]

The concept of "attacking" is a vary broad one, with a lot of nuance to it. What are the most common/practical words used to describe attacking in Japanese; and what are the nuances to each? Also, I'...
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1answer
149 views

What is the English equivalent of ストーリー総監修?

I'm confused as to the meaning of this cinematic term found in the credit of a movie. ストーリー総監修? Story Total Supervising Editor?? I'm not sure what this means. Is there any English equivalent to this ...
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0answers
90 views

What is the term for special words that don't use standard readings or regular modifications? [duplicate]

Words like 大人、下手、上手... as おとな, へた, じょうず. What is the name for terms of this type? Not including: Kanji that don't use their specified readings. The answers for おみやげ don't answer the ...
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0answers
130 views

What is a term for an attitude/life that eschews luxury or comfort?

A while back I had read an article (in English) online about an Japanese ceramics artist and his work, with the writer describing the artist's rather spartan furnishings as a result of his attitude or ...
0
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1answer
86 views

How is it written deposit money by coin? [closed]

Recently I want to change my massive coin into money . I heard about I can change coin to bank account money at ATM in Tokyo , so I went to bank ATM . But I couldn't choose English language on screen ...
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3answers
282 views

Does the term 女性語 identify words only used by women?

Women speak with certain word differences when compared with men and I want to verify if this term is used to describe them. Thank you.
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2answers
211 views

Is イングリッシュ a good translation of “Engrish”?

Is イングリッシュ a good translation of Engrish? The Japanese-language Wikipedia article on the subject only uses "イングリッシュ" at the start (presumably just as part of Wikipedia indicating how the subject of ...
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2answers
180 views

What is the “rice milling commission” on sake? [closed]

I was looking at a bottle of sake I had been given. It had a 60% on it and I wondered what it meant: I ran it through the Google Translate for images - and it gave me this: In regard to the ...