Questions tagged [terminology]

専門用語. Specialized words and phrases which cover specific concepts, fields, or phenomena.

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3
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1answer
139 views

What is the term for “Past Tense Negative Form” in Japanese?

Doing my Japanese practices today, and I've noticed that Present Tense: 現在形 Negative Form: 否定形 Past Tense: 過去形 And I wondered what Negative Past tense is in Japanese. Thought it's an easy ...
3
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2answers
633 views

Japanese Term for “Cutscene”?

As in, the kind you would see in a video game. Do people just use カットシーン, or is there some specific term?
21
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2answers
2k views

Adjectives functioning both as イ- and ナ-adjective

This question has made me think about the class of adjectives, which can function both as イ- and as ナ-adjective, e.g. 大きい 大きな 小さい 小さな 真っ白い 真っ白な (etc.) 細かい 細かな 暖かい 暖かな 四角い 四角な (etc.) 柔らかい ...
0
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1answer
88 views

How is it written deposit money by coin? [closed]

Recently I want to change my massive coin into money . I heard about I can change coin to bank account money at ATM in Tokyo , so I went to bank ATM . But I couldn't choose English language on screen ...
1
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1answer
74 views

Difference between the words kakemono and kakejiku

Does anyone reading this site know of any nuance(s) differentiating these two words? Numerous online sites say that kakejiku is more commonly used, but I have found no information about whether the ...
4
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1answer
134 views

How would one translate 綺麗 (きれい) in this context?

I am currently translating some content regarding Aikido, and have been getting stuck on how to translate 綺麗 (きれい) in the following context: しっかりとした、綺麗な半身を作ることを心がけて下さい。 It's discussing a bodily ...
3
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1answer
100 views

だ and です godan or ichidan

Can we say, that だ and です are godan verbs with ru-ending, because they are just simplyfied versions of である and であります?
6
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1answer
299 views

A name for common words that use uncommon kanji?

I didn't see a duplicate for this in the similar questions, so here goes. Is there either a list of words like this, or a name for this type of word (made of two very rare/complex kanji, but the word ...
2
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1answer
85 views

Meaning of 水洗式 other than flush toilet

In an article about penetrant testing (浸透探傷検査) I found the following sentence: 浸透液は水洗式でハケ塗りとし,極力溶接部以外に浸透液が付着しないようにすること. In this kind of test, a penetrant liquid is used on a surface (in this case ...
3
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1answer
7k views

What word describes the concept of worldwide time zones?

The world is covered in the necessary evil known in English as "time zones". Given that, historically, it originated in England (some 300 or so years ago), the concept of a time zone was probably not ...
6
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1answer
149 views

Does 旧車 clearly imply “classic car” or will it simply mean “old car” to many Japanese speakers?

Now on my latest trip in Japan in spring 2019 I've noticed many more classic cars around than I expected. In English "classic car" is a somewhat vague term but is often used for old cars that have ...
8
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3answers
4k views

Expressing difference between “fluent” and “native speaker” in Japanese

I want to explain the difference between the English linguistic terms "fluent" and "native speaker". I could do this in English, but I'd also like to know if it's possible to do so in Japanese. To be ...
2
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2answers
148 views

Confused on verb conjuation U-verbs ru-verbs or godan ones?

I am doing japaneese N5 lessons for second time and I get REALLY confused. As far as I know there are 3 categories of verbs: Irregular verbs Ichidan verbs Godan verbs But the sensei tells us that ...
8
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2answers
263 views

What is a grammatical terminology to describe the group of the refrain of two syllable words like pera-pera, don-don, iki-iki?

Japanese language have a special group of words which repeat mostly two syllable word like pera pera, para para, jito jito, suku suku, aka aka, zuki zuki – you can name it, that are used adverbially. ...
5
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2answers
285 views

Are 修飾語 in Japanese different from 'modifier' in English?

I'm a native English speaker and taking Kumon's Japanese for 小学校1年生 class (which is an adventure lol), and it's trying to teach me about 修飾語 right now. I looked up 修飾語 and everything I can find is ...
14
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1answer
5k views

Is there a particular name for the rows and columns of the hiragana/katakana charts?

When i see Hiragana/Katakana Charts i see them always take a form similar to this i see a logical pattern here (except for ん but it's a one off). i am wondering is there a particular name for the ...
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0answers
90 views

What is the term for special words that don't use standard readings or regular modifications? [duplicate]

Words like 大人、下手、上手... as おとな, へた, じょうず. What is the name for terms of this type? Not including: Kanji that don't use their specified readings. The answers for おみやげ don't answer the ...
1
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1answer
108 views

the meaning and use of the word 殺素 today

I'm trying to understand some paper about Udagawa Youan and chemistry in Japan and I have a big problem with 殺素. It's means all chemistry elements which can kill or mayby only radioactive? Or mayby it'...
6
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3answers
260 views

Could a translation error lead to squares to not be considered as rectangles?

I'm reading a certain set of kindergarten/lower primary maths textbooks that is written by American authors for an Asian company. Whenever students are asked to identify the number of rectangles in a ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Popularity of ポッド as a abbreviation of ポッドキャスト

I know that many times loanwords are abbreviated in Japanese as a subset of their original length (ex: アイス for アイスクリーム). Recently I heard someone say that ポッド was an abbreviation for ポッドキャスト and this ...
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0answers
133 views

What is a term for an attitude/life that eschews luxury or comfort?

A while back I had read an article (in English) online about an Japanese ceramics artist and his work, with the writer describing the artist's rather spartan furnishings as a result of his attitude or ...
2
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1answer
299 views

What does 正規品 mean?

Recently, I came across this word: 正規品{せいきひん} None of online dictionaries that I know had registered the term at all. I could not find such word in search result of jisho.org or search result of ...
5
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2answers
225 views

Is there an opposite of gairaigo, covering both kango and wago?

Is there a term that means that something isn't gairaigo, words recently derived from (predominantly European) foreign languages? For example, I'd like to say that 踊り is a non-gairaigo word, which ...
7
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2answers
286 views

Word choice for iteration and repetitive processing in computer science

I've looked around online and even asked a native speaker developer friend of mine, but I seem to get different answers everywhere I go. Here are the relevant words/phrases I've seen so far: 繰り返し処理 ...
9
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1answer
1k views

What are the Japanese names of the columns in a Kana chart? (Vowels, K, S, T…)

Here is a typical Kana chart presented in gojūon order: In English, I refer to the first column in the chart as the 'vowels' and I refer to every other column in the chart with the first letter of ...
5
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1answer
925 views

How do you tell your parents and siblings you love them?

In English we describe the affection you have for your parents and siblings as "love", however this is vary different from the feelings of romantic love, things like limerence and sexual arousal, ...
8
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2answers
461 views

What exactly is a ‘cambay’?

I am editing a text in English that doesn’t really have anything to do with Japan, but with India. In it, there is a letter from 1798 (translated from the original Danish) which contains the following:...
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3answers
285 views

Does the term 女性語 identify words only used by women?

Women speak with certain word differences when compared with men and I want to verify if this term is used to describe them. Thank you.
6
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2answers
691 views

Grammatically, is a 体言止めの文 a “Japanese sentence”?

In Japanese, a 文【ぶん】 is basically anything which is delimited by periods (マル) or question/exclamation marks. For example, let's say there is a paragraph like this in the middle of the main text of a ...
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1answer
1k views

What are the most common words for “to attack”? [closed]

The concept of "attacking" is a vary broad one, with a lot of nuance to it. What are the most common/practical words used to describe attacking in Japanese; and what are the nuances to each? Also, I'...
4
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1answer
102 views

Referring to Group of Differentiated Objects

This is a bit esoteric, but it is something that came up recently when I was thinking about how to translate a piece of writing I have been working on for a while into Japanese. In any case, one of ...
10
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3answers
1k views

Is 土方 a common term for a “construction worker”?

In American English "construction worker" can refer to any manual labor worker at a construction site. Is 土方{どかた} a common term to refer to such person in Japan?
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4answers
275 views

Is term 神経の鈍い (insensitive) common?

Is term 神経{しんけい}の鈍{にぶ}い commonly used to describe a direct person?
3
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2answers
306 views

Why do English speaking learners of Japanese use term “volitional” to refer to 未然形+う?

There are three distinct cases of 未然形+う: hortative, dubitative, presumptive. Very often Japanese grammar books refer to all of them as volitional form. Linguistic volition is defined semantically or ...
3
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1answer
67 views

Japanese terms for an attribute and adverbial (part of a sentence)

What are the correct terms for: attribute (a part of sentence) as a word or phrase that is syntactically subordinate to another and serves to limit, identify, particularize, describe, or supplement ...
8
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1answer
2k views

What is the correct term for cash?

Out of the two words below which one is the correct term for "cash"? 紙幣{しへい} vs. 現金{げんきん}
2
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1answer
120 views

Bloatware (¿ブロートウェア?), crapware (¿クラップウェア?), craplets (¿馬鹿?) in Japanese

Using Google Translate I get the following translation English    Japanese "bloatware" ⇒「bloatware」 "crapware" ⇒「クラップウェア」 "craplets" ⇒「馬鹿」(whether that's the translation or they're just trying to ...
1
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1answer
110 views

How to explain 区取り位置

In MS Excel 区切り位置 is a label that corresponds to English "Text to Columns" functionality. I understand that 位置 means place, but cannot find any translation of 区切り and cannot combine these two ...
4
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1answer
122 views

Abbreviation for jinmeiyō?

Is there an abbreviation for 人名用漢字, i.e. character set for names? I'm looking for anything shorter, really; It can be English or Japanese, as long as it's widely recognised. For example like Tel for ...
4
votes
1answer
315 views

Speech impediment - slurred speech

Is there a name for a speech impediment like this where, for lack of a better description, it sounds like you're talking after you've bitten your tongue? 「いだだきまあず」 → いただきます 「ごぢぞうざまでぢだあ」 → ごちそうさまでした ...
3
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2answers
2k views

What is a typical Japanese term for “fake”, like in “Fake News”?

Besides obvious フェークニュース, is there a natural Japanese expression to express the idea of fake? On the same topic, how to say fake or shallow person? Is there an equivalent to plastic people in ...
6
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2answers
349 views

Politeness vs. Formality

Is politeness the right term to describe 連用形+ます inflection? Should it be always referred as formal instead of polite, and informal instead of plain? Politeness is the listener's interpretation of ...
6
votes
3answers
231 views

Is there a term for whether kanji or kana is used?

Are there any terms (preferably used in English, but Japanese is also ok) about whether a word is written in kanji or in kana?
4
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2answers
483 views

Which is correct for the bushido code, 誠 or 真?

Which one is correct for being used in the bushido code as makoto, 誠 or 真?
4
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2answers
150 views

Is there a lingustic term for okurigana omission?

Is there a (Japanese) linguistic term for okurigana omission (cases when 問い合わせ is written as 問合せ, etc.)? If not then what would be a concise way to refer to the phenomena (in Japanese)?
-2
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2answers
181 views

What is the “rice milling commission” on sake? [closed]

I was looking at a bottle of sake I had been given. It had a 60% on it and I wondered what it meant: I ran it through the Google Translate for images - and it gave me this: In regard to the ...
22
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2answers
5k views

Is [mathematical] 'analysis' in Japanese the same word as 'fine cuisine' in Japanese?

According to the Fields medal winner Cédric Villani, in the Japanese language the word 'analysis' is (I quote) "the same word" as the word for 'fine cuisine'. Such can be seen in a video of a ...
5
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1answer
123 views

Lexical Gap translation help!

I'm writing a speech in Japanese about the difference between languages and I've been trying to figure out the correct way to say "lexical gap" in Japanese. Any ideas?
1
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1answer
215 views

What are the small kana words put above kanji called?

Very quick question. What do you call the small hiragana written above kanji to show their pronunciation?
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2answers
425 views

Difference between furigana and rubi

Is there any difference between furigana and rubi. To my knowledge, both of these are used to write the provocation of kanji in small print above the kanji, but is there a difference between these two ...