Questions tagged [tense]

時制. Questions relating to that property of verbs which allows them to refer to events in the past, present, or future.

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6
votes
2answers
114 views

住んでいた時 or 住んでいる時

In this question, there is a sentence 私はローマに住んでいた時に子供でした。 My question is: do we need to consider relative tense here? Can we say 住んでいる時 to mean that the event that I was living in Rome (A) and the ...
4
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1answer
124 views

「見つかりません」v.s.「見つけません」

In my Japanese textbook, there’s a fill-in-the-blank question (and here I will modify it into a multiple-choice question for better comparison and contrast): さっきから携帯電話を探しているのですが、 A. 見つかりません。 B. ...
6
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1answer
149 views

Usage of した時 vs. している時?

I was reading a passage (from AIAIJ) and came across this sentence: ベティーは、日本でホームステイをした時、スリッパの使い方になれるまで、ずいぶん時間がかかった。 I was wondering why した時 is used. To me, this gives me the nuance of "After Betty ...
1
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0answers
40 views

Japanese Past Progressive? [duplicate]

《アパート『へ』帰る『と』ハガキ『が』一枚届いていた…》 In that sentence, why is the verb using the past progressive form? 届いていた=〜て+いた right? Does it mean that the letter was being delivered when he got to this apartment? ...
1
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1answer
63 views

持て余していた vs 持て余している

持て余していた力を、陽菜さんにもらった勇気を、僕のなかで叫び続けている気持ちを、今こそ全部使い切るために僕は走る。 Hi. Why is 持て余す used in ていた form instead of ている form? If either 持て余していた or 持て余している can be used there, what is the difference between them? I ...
7
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1answer
255 views

Tense and conjugation: いないみたいでした v.s. いなかったみたいでした

Consider the following four sentences: 1.誰もいないみたいでした。ノックしましたが、返事がありませんでした。 2.誰もいなかったみたいでした。ノックしましたが、返事がありませんでした。 3.誰もいなかったみたいです。ノックしましたが、返事がありませんでした。 4.誰もいないみたいです。ノックしましたが、返事がありませんでした。 There are two ...
2
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0answers
67 views

Mixing of non-past/past in narratives

In the ASK Graded Readers, which present beginner-appropriate short stories, there is a frequently occurring pattern of writing with ~ます during the 'setup' of the story, and then switching to 〜ました ...
5
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1answer
437 views

“I have become sleepy, because I did not sleep much last night”textbook wrong translation?

"I have become sleepy, because I did not sleep much last night" What in the textbook: きのうの夜あまり寝なかったから、眠くなりました。 What I think is right: きのうの夜あまり寝なかったから、眠くなります。
3
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1answer
128 views

What tense of a verb should be used in the subordinate clause?

In the following example, what tense of the verb should be used: past or non-past? If both are possible will the meaning change? Children will eat anything their mother brings home. ...
3
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2answers
78 views

How to say “I am going” and boundaries of てくる

As far as I have learned 私は行っている can't mean something like "I am going", but would mean something like "I am going regularly (for a certain time)" or "I went there and am there right now". I have ...
12
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1answer
968 views

Present vs. past tense with certain verbs?

~ことにする vs ~ことにした ~と思う vs ~と思った What sort of context would you use either of these? Does the past tense imply that you've changed your decisions or thoughts?
0
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1answer
161 views

What is the meaning of している in this sentence?

I know from looking at the title many of you are thinking "Frey, you should KNOW THIS by now." And to be honest I should, its just a matter of the more research I did only served to further confuse me....
2
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0answers
85 views

Using ていく to express doing something deeply/longer/strongly and tense agreement with ていくうちに

While trying to understand how to use ていくうちに in this sentence: (from https://japanese.stackexchange.com/a/55251/17515) 子どもの頃から使っていくうちに、身についてきたものだからです。 (The て form) is something we master after ...
3
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1answer
123 views

Do you always need the passive voice when saying what happened to you?

For example if I wanted to say “He told me what I needed to know.” would I say 彼に知らなきゃことを教えられた? Or would it be something different? And do I always need to use it if I’m telling someone what ...
2
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1answer
141 views

On the interaction between tense harmony and factivity in (dialects of) Japanese

First of all, I'm a linguist asking a VERY technical question, so I'll do my best to make myself understood. I'd prefer if commenters made it clear what their level of Japanese is (native, advanced, ...
3
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1answer
124 views

past tense vs non-past in a book

I'm reading 大きな森の小さな家 (Little House in the Big Woods). This sequence of sentences are all describing a particular occurrence in the past, but some sentences are in non-past forms: ある晩、父さんは、...
3
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1answer
67 views

verb tense in ため clause

I have learnt that we can use a 普通形 before ため but I don't know whether the tense in 普通形 should agree with the tense in the main clause or not. Thanks a lot.
0
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1answer
101 views

Possible explanation for the ている-form also being used as past tense?

I was thrown for a loop when I found out that, in addition to describing events that are happening currently, the ている-form could also be used as past tense: まだ食べていない。 I have not eaten yet. I now ...
1
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1answer
300 views

Why is it correct to use ~た in this sentence, even though we're talking about next week?

This is how we filled in the blank in class, but I am still having a hard time seeing why or how it would be correct. Here is the sentence, 来週の日曜日、ほかの学生たちといっしょに先生の家にしょうたいされました。 I was thinking that,...
1
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1answer
122 views

Why is 燃える + ゴミ = burnable? But the verb is not in ta-form

I saw this in the book. 管理人{かんりにん}: 燃{も}える ごみは 月{げつ}・水{すい}・金{きん}の 朝{あさ} 出{だ}して ください。 I remember that If we want to use a verb as an adjective, we need to change a verb into the Ta-form, but this ...
5
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1answer
128 views

What is the reason leading to the difference in tense used for affirmative and negative statements in the construction V~ほうがいい

In the construction of a suggestion statement with V~ほうがいい, the past (perfect) tense is used for the affirmative (according to this and this, the present tense can also be used for general advice), ...
0
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1answer
132 views

What should I use 来ません or 来ません でした

What is correct answer for the question もう ジョンさんは 来ましたか。 いいえ, まだ ジョンさんは 来ません。 or いいえ, まだ ジョンさんは 来ません でした。
0
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1answer
174 views

How to say “a few years in the future” / “a few years from now”

I'd like to express the idea that maybe a few years from now things would work out better. But I can't figure out how that would be said in Japanese. I know that if it were past tense, it could be ...
3
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1answer
102 views

Raishuu ni natta or naru?

I found the following sentence in Minna No Nihongo: すみませんが、出張は来週になったと伝えていただけませんか Sumimasenga, Shucho wa raishu ni natta to tsutaete itadakemasenka? 'Please, Could you tell him that the business trip ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Progressive form of movement verbs (or other stative verbs)

This is a fork from the question What's the progressive form of 来る, 帰る and 行く. So the question explained that when ている is conjugated with these movement verbs (or other verbs that are more or ...
9
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1answer
918 views

「卒業して以来」と「卒業した以来」どちらが正しいですか?

I got the wrong answer when playing the 'JLPT Taisen' japanese game. The question is: "田中さんとは、学校を_____以来、会っていない". I think the answer is "卒業した", but "卒業して" is correct. Please teach me why?
7
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1answer
585 views

The past tense for the quoting particle って

I have this sentence in front of me 耳元で男の人の声がするのが耐えられないって which is translated as: she said she couldn't stand hearing a male voice near her ear. If I am right, here, って is actually translated ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

What does てくる mean when used with 選ぶ?

I don't understand what the difference is between this sentence: おいしそうなカップ麺を選んできます。 and this sentence: おいしそうなカップ麺を選ぶ。
1
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2answers
337 views

How can 若い時 and ずっと work in this sentence?

I'm trying to write "I have wanted to study Japanese from a young age" And I have "若い時に私は日本語をずっと勉強したいです." Does this work? How can I make it more correct?
6
votes
1answer
180 views

Can みたい refer to a clause in the past?

I was thinking the other day that one of the differences between みたい and そう (meaning "it seems") is that the first can be bound to a sentence in the past while the second forces the verb of the ...
2
votes
2answers
176 views

Past tense …でする vs. past tense copula です confusion

Maybe this is a stupid question, because very likely it is possible for advanced learners to distuiguish this. However, in the present tense ...でする (particle で) and ...です (copula) are distinct, while ...
11
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1answer
264 views

Does the tense of the final verb ALWAYS dictate the tense of an earlier て form verb?

So I was always taught in my textbooks that the last verb in a sentence dictates the whole tense of the sentence, e.g: 神戸に行って、映画を見ました。 I WENT to Kobe and WATCHED a movie. However, I've started ...
4
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2answers
88 views

そうです or そうでした for sentences that end with でしたか

山下先生のせんこうはれきしでしたか。 To answer the above sentence, would the sentences below be acceptable? はい、そうでした。 はい、そうです。 Is 1 the only acceptable answer since the question is in past tense?
8
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2answers
1k views

Is there a distinction between ‘did“ and ”have done" in Japanese?

According to internet sources and my Chinese friend living in Japan, there isn't. However, can someone provide more evidence on this issue? If there is no grammatical distinction, how can we ...
4
votes
2answers
437 views

past tense na adjective + noun

I have two sentences that im using to try to understand how na adjectives are conjugated in Japanese. 私の友達は綺麗な人 - My friend is a beautiful person 私の友達は綺麗だった人 - My friend was a beautiful person In ...
5
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1answer
151 views

Confused with verb form ( I am eating vs I was eating, vs I haven’t eaten (yet))

So i came across this question and I can’t seem to get my head around it! Sorry if it’s obvious. I learned that the progressive form for a verb (-ing ) is the ーて form + (-いる/-います) . So I am eating ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

Usage of the verb 続く in past tense

From this article 日本では、スポーツの選手がコーチなどから暴力やパワーハラスメントを受ける問題が続きました。 The problem of sportsmen receiving violence and harassment from coaches in Japan continued. I don't understand why 続く is written ...
5
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1answer
564 views

How does one differentiate between future tense (will) and present tense?

How do I differentiate between future tense and present tense. For example, the sentence: 私は魚を食べる If I am not mistaken, the above sentence can either mean "I will eat fish" or "I eat fish". ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between 〜ている and 〜中?

When we want to expresss that something is in progress, we can use the progressive form: 勉強している studying But another way of expressing a progressing action is by adding 中 to the noun: 仕事中 working ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

When to use ところ / て+いるところ / た+ところ

In this sentence: 「もしもし、今、駅に向かって(_______)ところです。 あと5、6分でつきます。」 What should be the correct tense of the verb 歩く? Should I base my answer on the word 今 or the てform of 向かう? If there is 今 does that ...
6
votes
1answer
189 views

Sentence in the present tense when the text is in the past tense?

ゲームをやめるとグループから外されるんじゃないかといつも不安でした。不安になった日の翌朝は、友だちにすごく優しくするんです。 そうやって友だちに奉仕して、関係を無理矢理にでもうまくつなごうとしていました。いつの間にか友だちづきあいに疲れてしまっていましたね(source) I don't understand why the past tense isn't used for 優しくする(=>...
0
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1answer
126 views

Which verbal tense is used in the sentence ビールを飲んで運転するのはダメだ。 for the verb nomu?

I'm trying to understand which verbal tense is used for the verb nomu in this sentence. ビールを飲んで運転するのはダメだ。 According to http://www.japaneseverbconjugator.com/VerbDetails.asp?txtVerb=%E9%A3%B2%E3%82%...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

What's the difference between 食べていよう and 食べましょう?

From a glance I'm guessing て + いる (~ていよう) is the volitional casual and ~ましょう is the polite form of it? Are these the same meaning? "Let's eat" or am I making a wrong assumption?
2
votes
3answers
739 views

Why 入った and not 入た past tense

I've learned that ru verbs should drop る and replace it with た. But 入る becomes 入った and I'm not sure why. The same goes for 食べる → 食べた しゃべる → しゃべた Are these irregulars or am I misunderstanding ...
5
votes
2answers
576 views

When to use するほうがいい instead of したほうがいい in order to mean “Should do”?

So, I was in hello talk writing about how eating ramen everyday might not be healthy: (I will number the sentences) 1 - ...だから、時々ラーメンを食べたほうがいいね Then, a native speaker corrected my sentence to: ...
1
vote
0answers
147 views

perfective aspect vs resultative present progressive vs resultative past progressive

Firstly, I am not a linguist and will probably use linguistic terminology inappropriately. よろしくお願いします。 What is the difference in meaning between verbs in the perfective aspect (~た), present ...
1
vote
2answers
410 views

Is おいしそうだった grammatical?

In my grammar dictionary, it gives the example あのステーキはおいしそうだった but under the notes it goes on to say that 「そうだ」 can not be used with regards to past events or states.
4
votes
1answer
594 views

What is the difference between するはずだった andしたはずだった

I have confusion with the past tense of verb combined with the past tense of はず したはずだった From what I understand: するはず - Supposed to do verb at some point in the future (don't know outcome yet) したはず -...
14
votes
8answers
19k views

How do I say “before” or “used to” in Japanese?

朝、作文を書いた時、疑問に思いました。 How can I say something like: I didn't use to like this band. Before, I didn't like this band.
8
votes
1answer
496 views

Question regarding Zutto and Datta in the same clause

I'm still just learning Japanese,so forgive me if this is a silly question. I'm confused... How can something be "zutto" and "datta" at the same time? (A) ずっと好きだった (zutto suki datta) Which I ...