Questions tagged [tense]

時制. Questions relating to that property of verbs which allows them to refer to events in the past, present, or future.

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45 views

ことにする tenses nuances [duplicate]

What are the nuances related to tense change about these sentences : 早く起きることにしました。 早く起きることにします。 早く起きることにしています。 Do the intensity or moment of the decision is different for each form ?
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Use of the past for a request? [duplicate]

In One Punch Man, Genos says ちょっと待った instead of ちょっと待って when asking Saitama to wait. Why?
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26 views

Point of view in Japanese writing, verb tenses and temporal location? [duplicate]

A little while ago, I asked this question about the Japanese point of view: How do you identify the point of view in Japanese (for novels)? The answer seemed to be that you need to watch for the ...
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3answers
189 views

Is it not needed to use an adjective in the ta-form when paired with 時 as a temporal adverbial clause?

According to Essential Japanese Grammar by Masahiro Tanimori and Eriko Sato (page 352), we can pair adjectives in the ta-form with 時 to form a temporal adverbial clause. Strangely, the book doesn't ...
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1answer
96 views

Using だった for things that haven't changed

I'm a little confused by the tenses in the following monologue taken from the beginning of a manga chapter: 黒い服が好きだった 昏い闇の中に居ても 安心して溶け込んでいられるから    この年になっても私は    中二病を拗らせたままでいる Now, in my native ...
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1answer
95 views

になりました vs になっています

Can someone explain the difference between these two to me? 長い間日本語を勉強しなくて、下手になりました 長い間日本語を勉強しなくて、下手になっています The way I understand it currently is that the first one indicates that at some point in ...
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1answer
122 views

NHK News Easy article: Constant tense changes, and そこに as a conjunction

In this NHK News Easy story, the second paragraph describes an online video showing a river suddenly flooding. 初めは、水は静かに流れています。そこに、急に水がたくさん流れてきます。川はすぐに茶色の水でいっぱいになりました。流れる水の力もとても強くなりました。 The tense is ...
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1answer
140 views

Problem Understanding the 経つ Verb

So I came across this sentence in a textbook: 家の近くで殺人事件が起きて1か月経つが、いまだに犯人は見つかっていない。 I think the sentence is supposed to mean 'Since the murder occurred near my house, a month has passed, but the ...
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1answer
96 views

How to express the future perfect progressive tense?

Here's an example sentence in English with this tense On July 1st, it will have rained for 2 months I understand that there's no such tense in Japanese, but how do I go about expressing it? Here are ...
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1answer
68 views

The implication of 段々 with a non-past verb (なります)

A sentence from my current favourite bugbear: 息子の成績が段々よくなります。 My son's grades are getting better and better. (given translation) I have two problems with the given translation: "getting better ...
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1answer
189 views

Why「なっていた」is used here?

I was reading a manga about a boy who turned into a girl. I found this odd line. つまり... 目が覚めたら突然女の子になっていた... という事でいいですか? When the girl-boy arrived at school, his kouhai didn't recognize him at first....
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1answer
77 views

A question about 目を合わせる

So the thing is that I found the next sentence: 目を合わせて逸らさない、というのはそれだけで真摯に見える。 I understand the whole sentence and all, but that 「目を合わせて逸らさない」is troubling me. I asked what it meant, and it was ...
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2answers
129 views

Wanted to go vs wants to go in Genki I

In Genki 2nd edition chapter 11, the following translation is given: メアリーさんはチベットに行きたいと言っていました Mary said she wanted to go to Tibet I would have thought that the translation should be that she wants ...
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2answers
154 views

Can 〜頃から be followed by ル形? or is タ形 mandatory?

Let's take the following examples: 1(a). 子供の頃から、ずっとパリに行きたかった 1(b). 子供の頃から、ずっとパリに行くのが夢でした 2(a). 子供の頃から、パリに行きたかった 2(b). 子供の頃から、パリに行くのが夢でした 3(a). 子供の頃から、パリに行きたいです 3(b). 子供の頃から、パリに行くのが夢です From what I ...
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1answer
145 views

Meaning of 実況してみた

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7jUeifzCIlU In the first few seconds of this ad promoting a TV show, the narrator is saying 実況してみた. I looked up 実況する and see it means 'live broadcast', so does it mean '...
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Why is た form used instead of る form here? [duplicate]

するとその横で、耶倶矢がむうとうなる。 「ふん、本条蒼二が女だったとはな……我が目をたばかるとはなかなかやりよる」 「あ、耶倶矢も知ってたのか?」 士道が問うと、耶倶矢はこくりと首を前に倒してきた。 「当然だ。颶風の御子は大衆の娯楽にも通じておるわ」 耶倶矢 previously thought 本条蒼二 was male and just realized 本条蒼二 was female. ...
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1answer
85 views

Verbs in the past tense as modifiers [duplicate]

Here is a sentence that I encountered in a grammar exercise book. 当分はアルバイトをしながら、自分に向いた仕事を探すつもりだ。 I am puzzled with the choice of the past tense 「向いた」. (Unfortunately the grammar point for the ...
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1answer
72 views

The difference between 困る and 困った in this sentence

This is a multiple choice question and the correct answer seems to be 困った, but I wonder why 困る is not right. The sentence is as follows しまった!財布を忘れてきた。(困る/困った)なあ。 I do think Japanese tense can be quite ...
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What's this strange use of non-past 〜た in a question?

I've come across a character in a show wondering: ...っとは言った物の...どこから手を付けたものか This was translated as: But after all I said, where do we start? I generally view the 〜た form as past tense, but here ...
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1answer
159 views

Difference between るところだった and たところだった

My question is probably closely related to this one but I wasn`t able to successfully apply the explanation to the grammar of (もう少し/危うく)...ところだった On this site it is stated that ところだった is formed with ...
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Explanation for 変わった and 似た as adjectivals

I often see the two verbs 変わる and 似る used in their た-form when modifying nouns and I'm not really sure exactly how to make sense of them. 変わる: e.g. as in 「変わった人」. Here I'm wondering why it's not just ...
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2answers
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Why is わからない the wrong choice in this sentence

I came across the following exercise for JLPT N2: 親に本当のことを言おうか言うまいか_ a わからない b 3日も考えている c 関係ない The right answer is b, which makes sense. Though I wonder why a wouldn't also be a reasonable choice here....
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2answers
285 views

Why usage of た and not ている in the following usage

I was watching a Japanese Drama, and I have questions regarding the usage of Past tense (た) instead of Present Perfect (ている) in the following sentence. In this Drama a person was looking for someone ...
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Sentence that I find odd [duplicate]

So the title of a video I've watched for immersion (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qmd_p5qnzCM) is the following : 天の川がアンドロメダと衝突したとき何が起こるか I would translate it to something like "When the milky ...
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1answer
92 views

double past correct?

If I want to say: I THOUGHT (I no longer think that) that you called me~ Would it be okay to say: ~を呼んだと思った (edit) or maybe: ~を呼ばれたと思った I'm not very sure, I think I have never read such a double ...
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2answers
815 views

Past tense and ~と思う

In my grammar textbook, there's the following fill in the blank: 報告書はこのような書き方では(  )と思います。 One of the incorrect choices is 報告書はこのような書き方では(わかりやすかった)と思います。 Incidentally, the correct answer is ...
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1answer
245 views

How can I combine time markers with different verb tenses?

The original title of Question: Sentences with strange/Incorrect(from English point of view) [Time conjunctive][Conclusive verb form] combinations and aspects/nuances reflected? I read this thread: ...
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1answer
81 views

Do わずかに and しか alter the negation of negative verb to make the meaning positive?+Cases when 行っていません expresses the past?

私は学校へわずかに二ヶ月しか行っていません。 Translation was: I only went to school for barely 2 months. My understanding of the sentence was: 2)[I don't/didn't go to school for barely 2 months only]. Why would 1) be ...
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1answer
142 views

そう with verbs in different forms as well as the differences with みたい

Here are a couple of sentences: 雨が降るそうです 雨が降りそうです Does 1 mean I hear it will rain, while 2 means It seems it will rain?? And then, what about tenses?: 雨が降ったそうです ? 1 meaning I heard it will rain? ...
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2answers
293 views

住んでいた時 or 住んでいる時

In this question, there is a sentence 私はローマに住んでいた時に子供でした。 My question is: do we need to consider relative tense here? Can we say 住んでいる時 to mean that the event that I was living in Rome (A) and the ...
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1answer
344 views

「見つかりません」v.s.「見つけません」

In my Japanese textbook, there’s a fill-in-the-blank question (and here I will modify it into a multiple-choice question for better comparison and contrast): さっきから携帯電話を探しているのですが、 A. 見つかりません。 B. ...
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1answer
234 views

Usage of した時 vs. している時?

I was reading a passage (from AIAIJ) and came across this sentence: ベティーは、日本でホームステイをした時、スリッパの使い方になれるまで、ずいぶん時間がかかった。 I was wondering why した時 is used. To me, this gives me the nuance of "After Betty ...
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Japanese Past Progressive? [duplicate]

《アパート『へ』帰る『と』ハガキ『が』一枚届いていた…》 In that sentence, why is the verb using the past progressive form? 届いていた=〜て+いた right? Does it mean that the letter was being delivered when he got to this apartment? ...
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1answer
70 views

持て余していた vs 持て余している

持て余していた力を、陽菜さんにもらった勇気を、僕のなかで叫び続けている気持ちを、今こそ全部使い切るために僕は走る。 Hi. Why is 持て余す used in ていた form instead of ている form? If either 持て余していた or 持て余している can be used there, what is the difference between them? I ...
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1answer
286 views

Tense and conjugation: いないみたいでした v.s. いなかったみたいでした

Consider the following four sentences: 1.誰もいないみたいでした。ノックしましたが、返事がありませんでした。 2.誰もいなかったみたいでした。ノックしましたが、返事がありませんでした。 3.誰もいなかったみたいです。ノックしましたが、返事がありませんでした。 4.誰もいないみたいです。ノックしましたが、返事がありませんでした。 There are two ...
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0answers
82 views

Mixing of non-past/past in narratives

In the ASK Graded Readers, which present beginner-appropriate short stories, there is a frequently occurring pattern of writing with ~ます during the 'setup' of the story, and then switching to 〜ました ...
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1answer
155 views

What tense of a verb should be used in the subordinate clause?

In the following example, what tense of the verb should be used: past or non-past? If both are possible will the meaning change? Children will eat anything their mother brings home. ...
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2answers
685 views

How to say "I am going" and boundaries of てくる

As far as I have learned 私は行っている can't mean something like "I am going", but would mean something like "I am going regularly (for a certain time)" or "I went there and am ...
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1answer
946 views

What is the meaning of している in this sentence?

I know from looking at the title many of you are thinking "Frey, you should KNOW THIS by now." And to be honest I should, its just a matter of the more research I did only served to further confuse me....
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0answers
93 views

Using ていく to express doing something deeply/longer/strongly and tense agreement with ていくうちに

While trying to understand how to use ていくうちに in this sentence: (from https://japanese.stackexchange.com/a/55251/17515) 子どもの頃から使っていくうちに、身についてきたものだからです。 (The て form) is something we master after ...
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1answer
132 views

Do you always need the passive voice when saying what happened to you?

For example if I wanted to say “He told me what I needed to know.” would I say 彼に知らなきゃことを教えられた? Or would it be something different? And do I always need to use it if I’m telling someone what ...
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1answer
148 views

On the interaction between tense harmony and factivity in (dialects of) Japanese

First of all, I'm a linguist asking a VERY technical question, so I'll do my best to make myself understood. I'd prefer if commenters made it clear what their level of Japanese is (native, advanced, ...
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1answer
152 views

past tense vs non-past in a book

I'm reading 大きな森の小さな家 (Little House in the Big Woods). This sequence of sentences are all describing a particular occurrence in the past, but some sentences are in non-past forms: ある晩、父さんは、...
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1answer
117 views

verb tense in ため clause

I have learnt that we can use a 普通形 before ため but I don't know whether the tense in 普通形 should agree with the tense in the main clause or not. Thanks a lot.
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1answer
211 views

Possible explanation for the ている-form also being used as past tense?

I was thrown for a loop when I found out that, in addition to describing events that are happening currently, the ている-form could also be used as past tense: まだ食べていない。 I have not eaten yet. I now ...
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1answer
306 views

Why is it correct to use ~た in this sentence, even though we're talking about next week?

This is how we filled in the blank in class, but I am still having a hard time seeing why or how it would be correct. Here is the sentence, 来週の日曜日、ほかの学生たちといっしょに先生の家にしょうたいされました。 I was thinking that,...
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1answer
136 views

Why is 燃える + ゴミ = burnable? But the verb is not in ta-form

I saw this in the book. 管理人{かんりにん}: 燃{も}える ごみは 月{げつ}・水{すい}・金{きん}の 朝{あさ} 出{だ}して ください。 I remember that If we want to use a verb as an adjective, we need to change a verb into the Ta-form, but this ...
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1answer
145 views

What should I use 来ません or 来ません でした

What is correct answer for the question もう ジョンさんは 来ましたか。 いいえ, まだ ジョンさんは 来ません。 or いいえ, まだ ジョンさんは 来ません でした。
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1answer
451 views

How to say "a few years in the future" / "a few years from now"

I'd like to express the idea that maybe a few years from now things would work out better. But I can't figure out how that would be said in Japanese. I know that if it were past tense, it could be ...
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1answer
143 views

What is the reason leading to the difference in tense used for affirmative and negative statements in the construction V~ほうがいい

In the construction of a suggestion statement with V~ほうがいい, the past (perfect) tense is used for the affirmative (according to this and this, the present tense can also be used for general advice), ...

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