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Questions tagged [syntax]

統語論. Rules governing construction of phrases and sentences in a language.

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2answers
92 views

Use of 間 to talk about a span of time (and connection to the verb)

My question is rather specific, but I have wondered about it since it would actually drastically change the meaning of what I'm trying to say. Is 間 directly connected to the verb? As this question ...
3
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1answer
63 views

Usage of になる and こう in this sentence, sentence structure

I came across the sentence 「新聞なんか見るわけないんじゃん」それが自慢になるかのように、こう言って智子は笑った。 I would translate the sentence as: >There is no way I would read a newspaper or something< said Tomoko as if it would be ...
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2answers
84 views

What does the 'ga' at the front of 'ga hanasemasu' do?

I have just learnt that 'hanasemasu' means 'to speak' and that 'ga hanasemasu' means roughly the same. On Google Translate, 'hanasemasu' comes up as 'able to speak' and 'ga hanasemasu' comes up as 'I ...
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2answers
87 views

Nominalized verb without の or こと

I saw this: アンさんはべんきょうをおしえるひとです。 Is this a correct sentence? I got confused with おしえる人. I thought we cannot follow a verb with another noun without nominalizing it with either の or こと. Should ...
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2answers
60 views

Sentence with でできる

According to Tobira textbook (Lesson 1, grammar point 1), {で / から} できる is used to express "to be made from" when generic statements, while {で / から} できている is used to express "to be made from" when ...
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2answers
118 views

何だこの中二心に響くサウンドは Does この refer to サウンド? How does に and an intransitive verb work?

Is この refering to サウンド or 中二心? How does に and an intransitive verb work together? My translation attempt is: What is this sound that resonates with my chuuni heart?
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1answer
170 views

JLPT sentence order section [duplicate]

I keep on trying this type of jlpt questions and I keep on failing. Do you have any recommendation on what to read or what to review? An example question that I answered wrong is : れいぞうこにくだもの__ * ...
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1answer
138 views

I do not understand らさん in this sentence

Here is the sentence:  夫は涎らさんばかりの喜びようだ。 Her husband seems so happy he is almost drooling? That is, he is ecstatically happy? What is this? らさん
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1answer
53 views

Difference between には…がある and は…がある

I would like to know which is the difference between には...がある and は...がある to express possession. For example, which would be the difference between 彼には友人をつくる才能がある。 and 彼は友人をつくる才能がある。 Or between ...
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3answers
87 views

Expected sentence in article to use を but が is used instead

I'm reading this article and I have come across this sentence and I'm wondering why が is used instead of を. What's the reason am I missing here? 11日、豊洲市場がオープンして競りが始まりました。 My translation: ...
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1answer
51 views

When to use ところ / て+いるところ / た+ところ

In this sentence: 「もしもし、今、駅に向かって(_______)ところです。 あと5、6分でつきます。」 What should be the correct tense of the verb 歩く? Should I base my answer on the word 今 or the てform of 向かう? If there is 今 does that ...
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1answer
98 views

ながら sentence sample clarification

Sample sentences from A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar page 270: A: ちょっと話がしたいんですが。 B: じゃ、コーヒーを飲みながら話しましょう。 C: じゃ、話しながらコーヒーを飲みましょう。 It states that B is an acceptable response to A ...
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1answer
134 views

といったら vs. とは - subtle differences?

Question from my JLPT N1 text book: 佐藤さんのセンスの良さ______...。本当に感心します。(fill in the blank) I have a choice of というと、とは、and といったら。 といったら is correct but I can't fathom how とは is not an option as the text says ...
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1answer
133 views

Word Order: 国で日本語を2カ月勉強しました vs 国で2カ月日本語を勉強しました [duplicate]

Question. What is the diff between A. 国で日本語を2カ月勉強しました。 B. 国で2カ月日本語を勉強しました。 On minna no nihongo B. is used but why not A? Why is the 2カ月 not before verb? What are the rules?
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110 views

Sentence Structure JLPT question 「日本語がかんたんな本」

Please help. I found this question on the N5 practice exam: ヤン 「私はこの本を買います。アンナさんはどんな本がいいですか。」 アンナ 「 私はもうすこし ( _ _ ☆ _) がいいです。」 A. 本 B. かんたんな C. が D. 日本語 Please explain why ...
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1answer
74 views

Assistance with translation in some lyrics

寄せかえる波を見ていた 母の遠いまなざし I'm used to sentences ending in a verb so I assume it could be translated as "Was watching the waves surge back". My mother's distant gaze." as separate phrases. Am I right to ...
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1answer
95 views

Question about the phrase 心配いりません

I came across the phrase 心配いりません and from what I understand it means "Dont worry". It is formed by using the する-verb 心配 (worry) and いる (to be needed). What I don't understand is why there is no ...
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1answer
98 views

Use of 予定 at the end of sentence [duplicate]

I'm currently reading this article Which has the following sentence: インドで人気がある小さい炊飯器を輸出する予定です。 My translation: There is a plan to export small rice cookers, which have become popular in India....
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1answer
292 views

(伊曾保物語) 鼠と猫の事 comprehension problem “只、人は、愚にして、他人にぬかれたるにしくはなし”

I am having trouble parsing/understanding/translating a sentence in the last section of the fable "the mice and the cat" (鼠と猫の事) from the 仮名草子 伊曾保物語 (Aesop's fables). Here is the paragraph in question;...
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2answers
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What does 弟は友だちの大きいくるまで学校に行きます properly translate to?

I was asked to translate the following sentence: 弟は友だちの大きいくるまで学校に行きます。 I first split it up (in my head) so it looks easier to read, whilst recognising the particles. 弟は 友だちの 大きい くるまで ...
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2answers
173 views

I need help analyzing the phrase 発音上の

I’ve been reading about sound change in Japanese and I keep coming across the phrase ‘発音上の’ as in 発音上の相違に支えられて開合の仮名遣いに区別がありました. In the above example, what purpose does ‘上’ serve? Should I read ‘...
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1answer
105 views

Article about Amazon Speaker being used for donations

I'm reading this article on how Amazon allowed their speaker to be used to donate to Japan's Red Cross. In the final sentence they get a quote from a Red Cross member, but I cannot make sense of the ...
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1answer
156 views

Are these two noun phrases attached to one noun? Also what is とは doing here?

あの手は現代とはルールのちがうコミのない時代だから好手とされたのだ (Panel this phrase comes from) (Komi is a rule in go that exists in the modern era, but did not exist in the Edo period. This kid appears to be using a style of ...
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0answers
33 views

Can somebody give me a grammatical insight into the following very short sentence? [duplicate]

何してんの? The translated meaning is "what are you doing?", but I am having difficulty understanding how the て form of する is referring to the present tense (I would have expected している here). Also, I am ...
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1answer
115 views

〜により used twice in the same sentence

Context: explanation of the Friction Stir Welding process. In the fourth sentence I don't understand why there are two 〜により. ツールの移動により接合界面同士が順次塑性流動により攪拌・一体化 What is that is causing the process? ...
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1answer
73 views

Trying to understand this use of 〜た方が

I am still stumped on understanding this one sentence: 今打った方が格段に実力はまさっています ですが、彼の打つ手に正しい手はひとつもありません (source context panels) In this case the speaker is talking about a go player who is ...
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1answer
247 views

Logical analysis of the sentence 「アメリカとの関係が悪くなったイランからの原油の輸入が減ると考える人などが多いためです」

アメリカとの関係が悪くなったイランからの原油の輸入が減ると考える人などが多いためです。 アメリカとの関係が悪くなったイラン: is a noun phrase. イラン is the head noun. イランからの原油の輸入が減る: is an independent clause. 考える人などが多いためです: refers to the previous independent ...
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1answer
131 views

The convention of including/omitting ‘no zu’ (之圖) in translations

It appears to be common, but by no means universal, for artists/publishers to include 之圖 in ukiyo-e title cartouches (sometimes ノ圖; written のづ in accompanying furigana; occasionally seen 圖 without the ...
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1answer
83 views

I do not understand why と is incorrect when trying to say “both” [duplicate]

Before I begin, this post is unrelated, despite the similar title. Here was the question: My father and mother both are English teachers. 父と母は英語の先生です。 父も母も英語の先生です。 父も母も英語先生です。 ...
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1answer
140 views

とか vs たりする what's the difference?

What's the difference between とか and たりする when listing verbs?
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1answer
123 views

What is the difference between ばんごはん and よるごはん?

I looked at two different sentences: 六時半に母とばんごはんをつくりました。(At 6:30, I made dinner with my mother.) よるごはんのあと家族とえいがをみました。(After dinner, I watched a movie with my family.) In both sentences, ...
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1answer
84 views

What particle to use in this sentence? [closed]

I want to say “I like spending lunchtimes with Sarah.” (Sarah is a fill-in name) I am absolutely clueless, because I’ve only done Japanese for a semester at school (but I plan on choosing it as a ...
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1answer
102 views

How to translate 'They made her make him give me the book'?

How to translate 'They made her make him give me the book'? Can I translate it to: Karera wa kanojo ga kare ni sono hon o watasi ni watasaseru you ni saseta. 彼らは彼女が彼にその本を私に渡させるようにさせた。
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2answers
75 views

Breaking down the clauses in “好きになってもらいたいならまず人を好きになる”

I want to confirm if I'm parsing this sentence correctly. It's probably the difficulty of not having commas to break it up. 好きになってもらいたいならまず人を好きになる Loosely, I'm translating this as "If you want ...
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1answer
110 views

what does としてもだ mean in this sentence?

千枝実に問いた限りでは、「宴」 は極めて危険で悪質な因習だ。 そういう昔話があったとして、過去には実際に私刑を行った歴史があったとしてもだ、普通はもっと無難な祭りとかに形を変えて現代に伝わっているものだろう。 What is the purpose of the だ after the the highlighted としても in the second sentence?
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3answers
199 views

Is it 行 or 行く? I am unsure of which one

I have two sentences: 時々、うみえ行くをが好きです。 and 母はよく週末に祖父と祖母のいえ行、そこでとまリます。 I want to see if both of them are correctly stated, and I believe that the second one might not be. In the first sentence, ...
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2answers
136 views

言われてみればそうだった気もしてきたな [closed]

I think this sentence means - now that you mention it i am feeling good. Is this right?
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2answers
177 views

Can Japanese Sentence Structure be OVS?

So I was reading from this particular site on Japanese sentence structure and what dawn to me was, this particular structure seems to be OVS. (object/noun, verb, subject) There's not a whole lot of ...
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1answer
87 views

How is my understand of this sentence?

やっぱりゆきのさんにはもったいないな I think it means 'You are not worthy of Yukino-san' Is this correct?
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What would happen if I use は or が in 今日何を食べたいですか?

今日何を食べたいですか What do you want to eat today? In other words, what would happen if I say: 今日何は食べたいですか ? 今日何が食べたいですか ? (I want to know the rough meaning of the sentence even if the sentence is ...
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1answer
81 views

How to construct a sentence that’s correct, using についての?

I know the sentence structure XについてのY, but I don’t know how to effectively use it. I know that what precedes it must be a noun or has to be nominalised, but still can’t figure out how to use it ...
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0answers
102 views

When to use ~えば、~たら、場合 specifically

I understand most Japanese grammar, but there is one thing that eludes me. I don't understand when to use ~えば, ~たら, or 場合 specifically, to express conditional (if then) statements. Would someone ...
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1answer
624 views

Listing things off: Using Hitotsu repeatedly

I've seen shows where they list things (etc rules, principles) with hitotsu for every point. I would expect hitotsu, futatsu... etc, to be the norm but it doesn't seem so. It didn't seem to be a ...
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1answer
93 views

Indicating a subject and objective thoughts of inevitability

How do the Japanese show the nuance between the inevitable outcomes of actions based on their thoughts versus their findings? After the Tsunami of 2011, Japanese Volcanologists predict an inevitable ...
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1answer
87 views

How is かっこいいな used individually as its own sentence?

I am having trouble understanding the second sentence below. ぼくのせいふくです。かっこいいな。 I understand that ぼく is "I / myself" for a boy, and adding a の to it makes it a "my". I also know that せいふく is "...
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0answers
197 views

The て form, the と and もの constructions: gerund, participle, transgressive, or verbal noun?

As far as I understand, among the constructions (て-form verb), (て-form verb)いる, (finite verb)こと, (finite verb)の, (verb phrase)と, (finite verb)もの the form (2) unambiguously functions as a finite verb ...
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1answer
117 views

わたしはおこられた。Can it mean both having gotten angry and that someone was angry at you?

わたしはおこられた。Someone got mad at me. (I was being mad.) This answer was given here by what I presume to be a native. http://yesjapan.com/YJ6/question/840/what-is-the-difference-between-suru-and-sareru. ...
2
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1answer
78 views

How is のに used here? [duplicate]

https://youtu.be/tdiMAnRekgs?t=4m37s 開けるのに時間を要します. Translated in a Japanese teaching video as "It takes some time to open". From what I understand, it has meanings of despite/although and the like. ...
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1answer
77 views

Identifying the function of を here (as in のを)

会ったのを今は後悔してる。 I was baffled as to what を was doing here. After some research, I figured it could be a combination of nominalizer "の" and object marker "を," the action being 後悔する. Is this ...
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1answer
68 views

Translation: Wear glasses to read

I’m preparing for a written exam at a beginner level and trying to expand a simple sentence, (He) wears glasses: めがね を かけて います。 Into: “he wears glasses to read”, as in not all the time. My first ...