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Questions tagged [synonyms]

類義語・同義語. Words which share a meaning in at least one of the senses of each.

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0answers
102 views

Do the following Japanese words exist? [closed]

I was told the following Japanese translations: error: mishigi meeting: knessi mountain: kharo difficulty: koshu cold: koro lawfully: khuki Was it a joke, or are these translations valid? If they ...
3
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1answer
101 views

The difference between 最高 and 一番いい

What is the difference between 最高 and 一番いい? Both mean the best. But they should be used in different situations. What would be the right use of the words? Thank you!
1
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0answers
39 views

Is building 建物 or ビル? [duplicate]

context: a campus where buildings have an alphabetical order. Would you say building A is 建物A or ビルA, or something else? And why?
7
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1answer
83 views

What is the difference [一瞬]{いっ・しゅん}, [一刻]{いっ・こく}, and [(一)刹那]{(いっ・)せつ・な}

They all mean something like an instant or a moment. When are they (and when are they not) interchangeable? Is any more (in)formal/literary than the others? Do they represent the same amount of time? ...
2
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0answers
136 views

Difference between tsuma and okusan [duplicate]

What is the difference between the words for wife, tsuma and okusan? Is it a formal vs informal?
2
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1answer
98 views

What's the difference between 請求, 要求, and 需要?

Here's my take: 請求 is like a compensation demand which is naturally expected to be satisfied or maybe even based on the law. Most examples feature bills payments. 要求 is more like a strong demand ...
3
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2answers
126 views

What is the difference between ぶつ, 叩く, and 殴る?

I have found a question regarding these words here: たたく versus ぶつ in a JLPT question Which mostly deals with idioms, however. So far as I understand it 殴る means somewhat violent beating and ...
4
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2answers
197 views

What's the difference between complaints 不満 不平 文句?

I tried reading explanations in Japanese on hinative, but they tend to use one of these words to describe the other two. Usually I only distinguish formal complaints (苦情) and verbal informal ...
3
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2answers
97 views

Difference between「未熟練労働者」and「不熟練労働者」

I am writing an essay in Japanese and want to talk about non-skilled labor, but found two different words for the opposite of a skilled laborer: 「未{み}-」and「不{ふ}-」+「熟{じゅく}練{れん}労{ろう}働{どう}者{しゃ}」. I was ...
4
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1answer
281 views

What is the difference between 月々 and 毎月?

I wanna ask you abou these synonym words. Here are the sentences. 彼は家賃を月々ちゃんと払う. (He pays his rent regularly every month) 彼は毎月積金している(He lays by some money every month) What is the different between 月々 ...
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2answers
99 views

What is the difference between 怖じける and 恐れる?

I wanna ask you about the difference between [怖]{お}じける and [恐]{おそ}れる. Both mean to be scary right? Which is more common? How do I use each in a sentence? Are they interchangeable?
2
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1answer
74 views

difference between 虚実 and 真偽

It seems like 真偽 and the second meaning for 虚実 have the same meaning, but are there any differences in how they're used? 真偽 真実と、いつわり。まことかうそか。「真偽のほどはわからない」 虚実 1 実質・実体のあることとないこと。   2 ...
12
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3answers
1k views

How to differentiate between rat and mouse

Apart from just using マウス or ラット Is there a way of differentiating between a mouse and a rat, perhaps by adding something to鼠{ねずみ}? From this chinese.stackexchange it seems that in Chinese ...
5
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3answers
333 views

What is the difference between 非常に and 最も?

Both adverbs has the basic meaning "most, extremely". There are also ずいぶん and とても. So, とても is the first word we usually learn that means "very". Then I learned 最も as a superlative. As for ずいぶん, I ...
0
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1answer
98 views

Telling the words 口唇 and 紅唇 apart contextually

When hearing (not reading) 口唇 in a sentence, should it be assumed that the speaker is saying "lips" and not "red lips" (紅唇)? If not, what cues can be used to determine which is being meant? I know ...
5
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1answer
217 views

What is the difference between 遠い and はるか?

I am looking for a way to express the concept of (physical) distance. Searching jisho.org yields two possible results: [遥]{はる}か (Na-adjective, Adverb, Noun): far; far away; distant; remote; far off​ [...
3
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1answer
187 views

What is the difference between 字 and 文字?

I was talking to someone about the etymology of the word "emoji" recently, and how it comes from 絵文字 in Japanese. I knew that 絵 means "picture", and that 文字 means "character", but I was unable to ...
5
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1answer
94 views

What is the difference between 成熟 and 熟成?

I discovered that the word 成熟{せいじゅく} (maturity for people, fruit, etc.) has a little brother which is composed of the exact same kanjis with the same prononciation, but in reverse order: 熟成{じゅくせい}. I ...
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1answer
174 views

How to confirm my first meeting with Japanese teacher

I am a beginner and my first meeting with my new Japanese tutor is today. I want to send her a message to confirm that 6pm today is still ok for her but I am certain my phrasing is not correct. Could ...
3
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2answers
169 views

Which is more formal/polite: 大いに or ずいぶん?

I know とても is not very formal, but what about ずいぶん and 大いに? Are ずいぶん and 大いに interchangeable, and if so, which is more formal?
5
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4answers
209 views

Can 奪う be a synonym of 殺す?

In the following dialogue, and in general, is 奪う a synonym of 殺す? Maybe a more 'poetical' one? Character A: 誠士郎【せいしろう】を殺したのは鈴爾【れいじ】と雪也【ゆきなり】さんだ。 Character B: なに?誠士郎【せいしろう】を奪ったのが鈴爾【れいじ】と兄さん…!? ...
7
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2answers
198 views

Closed: [休]{きゅう}〜 vs. [閉]{へい}〜

Are there particular rules on when to use one or the other? 休〜 appears to be more of a temporary closure or suspension (with implied continuation at some point in the near future)... ...
4
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2answers
192 views

Is お父さん appropriate for formal writing?

As I understand it お父さん is the usual way to refer to someone else's father in everyday speech. What about when you are writing a formal discussion (for an academic audience) of an interview you had ...
3
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1answer
146 views

What is the correct translation of むにゅむにゅ/ムニュムニュ?

自分の顔をぐりぐりむにゅむにゅ、これでもかというぐらい触りじっくり見てまた触ってみよう。 This sentence contains the word むにゅむにゅ, its a word that doesn't have an entry on jisho.org and also doesn't seem to appear on any of the extensive lists ...
3
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2answers
193 views

Synonyms for あっち行け

I'm looking for something to say when people try to give money for a bill or try to help in some certain situations, etc. In English we might say something like get out of here In Chinese I like ...
3
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1answer
92 views

“access into the sea” in Japanese

How to say in Japanese "access into the sea" without using アクセス, as in その国は海にアクセスがある。 This country has an access into the sea.
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1answer
1k views

Words for “stomach” (お腹、胃袋、etc.)

I noticed that there are many words that can translate to "stomach" in Japanese, including: 胃{い}・胃{い}袋{ぶくろ}・お腹{なか}・腹{はら}・胃{い}の腑{ふ}・胃{い}腸{ちょう} What is the difference between these, and how do I know ...
2
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1answer
409 views

What are the differences between 田{た}, 水田{すいでん}, and 田圃{たんぼ}?

Jisho indicates that all three of the words are common, and gives me the following definitions: 田{た}: rice field 水田{すいでん}: (water-filled) paddy field 田圃{たんぼ}: paddy field; farm Other than 田圃 ...
3
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1answer
101 views

Comparision between 仁義 and 正義

仁義【じんぎ】 and 正義【せいぎ】 both involve justice but 仁義【じんぎ】 says "justice and humanity" while [正義]{せいぎ} is only "justice". I've always believed that 仁義【じんぎ】 was "moral justice" while 正義【せいぎ】 is "lawful ...
12
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3answers
796 views

Relation between 大学, 学校 and 大学校

These are the specifications, that I do already know: [学校]{がっこう} = school, including [小学校]{しょうがっこう}, [中学校]{ちゅうがっこう}, etc. [大学]{だいがく} = university (used frequently) [大学校]{だいがっこう} = university (not a ...
5
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2answers
156 views

What's the difference between [歓喜]{かん・き} and [喜悦]{き・えつ}?

From the definitions and examples I've seen, it seems that 喜悦 focuses more on the emotion of joy/happiness, and 歓喜 focuses more on the experience of the joy. Or am I looking too far into it?
7
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1answer
1k views

Difference between チケット, 切符 and 乗車券

チケット (chiketto) 切符 (kippu) 乗車券 (joushaken) All words mean ticket -Is there any difference among them? When is appropriate to use them or not? The only one thing I found yet, is that the last one ...
5
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1answer
183 views

What is a good antonym for 多難 (many difficulties)?

I'm looking for a proper antonym for the word 多難 in a context where it's meaning is 'many difficulties'. Would for example the adverb 難なく be appropriate? It translates to 'easily' according to my ...
3
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1answer
86 views

What is the difference between 手招く and 招く?

Google defines both of them as "beckon" and Jisho.org seems to define 手招く as "to beckon" and 招く as a whole lot of things like "invite" etc. Does the "手" simply indicate a "hand invite" of sorts i.e. ...
2
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1answer
127 views

Difference between Muromachi and Ashikaga

One of my books notes that the Muromachi and Ashikaga Periods, 室町時代 and 足利時代 respectively, can be used to name the same period of time (1333-1568), but I'm lost on what the difference is and when I ...
10
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2answers
308 views

What is the difference between [担]{にな}う and [担]{かつ}ぐ?

This page is supposed to disambiguate the two words but I am at loss to perceive the difference: 1.「担ぐ」は、物を肩にのせる意。 2.「担う」は、物を肩にかけて運ぶ意。 In particular, I don't really know how to understand ...
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2answers
302 views

Difference between 苗字 and 家名?

To put it simply, is there any inherent difference between 苗字 and 家名 ? Since both of these words means "Surname" or "Last Name". Does there a differ in how they are used? Does 苗字 refer to the ...
7
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2answers
308 views

What's the difference between 同然 and 同様?

As in the title, what is the difference between these two? dictionary.goo.ne.jp says: 同然: 同じであること。また、そのさま。同様。 同様: 同じであること。ほとんど同じであること。また、そのさま。 and on the 類語 page these two are listed under ...
2
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2answers
257 views

Does 無理な戦 directly indicate a “lost war”?

I am pondering over the sentence: 無理な戦をして、國を縮めてはならぬ。 This is a warning against going for a war. From the second part it clearly refers to a "lost war". Maybe not a "total defeat", but nonetheless ...
7
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2answers
4k views

When do I use all the words meaning “song”?

There's 歌, 曲, 歌曲, 唄, etc. I was about to give a few example contexts, but in English there really doesn't seem to be more than one way in which we refer to a 'song'. I do see different words being ...
3
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1answer
199 views

Using 旨 where こと could be used a well

Often in a business setting I hear Japanese speakers using この旨 where この事 seemingly fits as well. Like 「この旨をご連絡させて頂きます」 or 「〇〇の旨かしこまりました」 Is it just a matter of corporate speak or is there a ...
2
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1answer
145 views

Should I use honorifics to say (言う 'iu') for subordinate clauses?

When I use という to-iu, for example: これと同{おな}じ「草{くさ}」というものがここに生{は}えますか? Kore to onaji “kusa” to-iu mono ga kokoni haemasu ka? Does something like this so-called “grass” grow around here? Should ...
4
votes
2answers
495 views

収入 or 給料? What should be used when talking about salary or income?

I would like to know about these two 収入, 給料 (there may be even others I am not aware of). Can they be interchanged as one pleases, or does it very much depend on the context? Which is more colloquial,...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Words for area/district/region: the actual difference between 地区、地帯、地域、地方 (and also 区域)?

地区 and 地方 have similar definitions, and 地帯 and 地域 are also defined similarly (at least according to JMdict/EDICT: 地区【ちく】 = district; section; sector 地方【ちほう】= district; region; area; locality ...
7
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1answer
505 views

Difference between 出席【しゅっせき】する and 参加【さんか】する

Are these words interchangeable? Just for example I have found some sentences but do not see any difference between these word in meaning or politeness: 彼女【かのじょ】はそのコンテストに参加【さんか】した。 She took part ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Chotto and sukoshi …kudasai?

Is it okay if I say 'sukoshi matte kudasai' instead of 'chotto matte kudasai' ?
16
votes
2answers
833 views

What is the difference between all the words for tools / devices?

There is too many words for 'tool' that I am having hard time figuring out when to use which, or if some of them are just synonyms, meaning essentially the same thing. So far I know at least the ...
7
votes
1answer
724 views

Desire words: When to use 欲望{よくぼう}, 欲求{よっきゅう}, 欲{よく} and 欲念{よくねん}?

Today I ran into these three desire words, which are defined: 欲 = greed, craving, desire, avarice, wants 欲求 = desire 欲望 = desire, appetite, lust And while searching dictionaries, I also found a ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between all the weather words: 気象{きしょう}, 天気{てんき} and 天候{てんこう}?

Dictionary (at least Jisho and WWWJDIC) defines them as: 気象{きしょう} = weather, climate 天気{てんき} = weather, the elements 天候{てんこう} = weather They all have quite similar definitions, so I don't quite ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

What is the term for a word which can be written with one kanji or two kanji but where the meaning is the same?

I'm asking mostly about verbs like 陥る / 落ち入る though I'd also be interested in nouns and adjectives. I'm not really looking for synonyms, more words where the meaning and pronunciation are the same ...