Questions tagged [synonyms]

類義語・同義語. Words which share a meaning in at least one of the senses of each.

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4
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1answer
122 views

difference between 介護士 and 看護師

I learnt both of these words as an equivalent to "nurse". What is the difference in meaning between those two ? Also what is the pitch accent for 介護士 ?
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Fun with synonyms - “shine/sparkle/glitter/glimmer/glisten/gleam/twinkle/flash”

Been thinking about these for a while. I see that we already have Difference between 光る, 輝く, and 光り輝く?, but I'm including a lot more. What are the differences in meaning (ignoring conjugations) of ...
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Synonyms of いかに

Could the word いかに always be replaced by どんなに/いくら/どれだけ/どれほど/なんと in structures like いかに~か いかに~ても/でも いかに~とも いかに~ことか Basically, what I would like to know is if いかに and どんなに/いくら/どれだけ/どれほど/なんと are ...
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The French language, furansugo vs futsugo

I've always used ''furansugo'' to express the French language. But I've noticed another word, namely ''futsugo'' which also means French. My guess is that ''furansugo'' is used in normal speech ...
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Are 近畿【きんき】 and 関西【かんさい】 two nouns for the same concept and same region or there is an actual difference?

I have learnt that the 関西【かんさい】 area of Japan is also called 近畿【きんき】. According to my findings (see this entry on another stackexchange site), 関西 is a more popular term than 近畿. I would like to know: ...
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Are 「ないで」(when used adverbially) and 「ずに」 absolutely interchangeable?

I have been browsing the related questions in this site that deal with ず, ない, ずに and ないで and they are very informative. However, I couldn't find a post dealing with ずに and ないで (adverbially) ...
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Different words for bookshop

I see there are many different words for bookstore: 本屋, 書店, 書肆, 書籍商 and even ブックストー. What is the difference between all of these bookshops? I guess the most common word is 本屋, and ブックストー must be a ...
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Is 「食品」 a shorter synonym of「食料品」or there is a difference in meaning between both words?

I found an excellent Q&A addressing the differences between 食料 and 食品. However, I don't know how the word 食料品 relates to 食料 and 食料品. I guess that 食品 is just a short form for 食料品, just as 警官 is a ...
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What is the difference between 「変更」 and 「変化」?

I came across the word 「変化」 meaning "change, alteration". I already know the word 「変更」 that means "change" as well. What is the difference between both terms? I found a related question where they ...
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What is the difference between 「名前【なまえ】」 and 「名称【めいしょう】」?

I am learning the word 「名称【めいしょう】」. According to the dictionary, it means "name", but so does 「名前【なまえ】」. What are the differences in terms of meaning and usage between both words? I noticed that the ...
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1answer
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Unable to interpret these sentences: 「まいばんくにのかぞくにでんわします」「このまちにはゆうめいな建物があります」

Hi there I was given a couple of exercises, from which I can figure more or less the right answer but I can't interpret it totally (I see no logic between the sentences and the possible reply) First ...
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411 views

What is the difference between 「いろいろ」and 「さまざま」?

According to the dictionary, they both mean "various". What is the difference between both words?
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1answer
303 views

What is the difference between「家族【かぞく】」and「家庭【かてい】」?

Aside from "home" or "household", I understand that 家庭 can mean "family" as well. In such case, is there any difference in terms of usage or nuance between 家庭 and 家族? when is it more suitable to use ...
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What is the difference between 「首都【しゅと】」and 「都【みやこ】」? [duplicate]

As far as I know, both mean "capital city". Is there a difference in terms of nuance or usage between both words? よろしくお願いします!
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3answers
641 views

What is the difference between 「警察」and 「警官」?

I understand that 警察 is a broader term to refer to the police in general, but it can be used to refer to a police officer. In such case, is it equivalent to 警官 or there is still a difference between ...
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What's the difference between these similar phrases for oblivious person? I.e. 気が利かない人

These are all pretty close but I don't get the nuance difference. 気が利かない人 気が付かない人 気が知れない人 気が回らない人 空気が読めない人 Kikanai seems to be someone that doesn't have a lot of forethought, ie doesn't plan well ...
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申し込みます vs 応募します (to apply)

Good day folks, Basically been studying for 3 months already here in Tokyo. Using minna no nihongo book in our school. I am just wondering because I stumbled upon もうしこみます which means "to apply". ...
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暮らし and 生活: meaning and usage [duplicate]

Are 暮らし and 生活 interchangeable? For example: 日本での暮らし (is 日本での生活 OK?) 日本の生活に慣れた。(is 日本の暮らしに慣れた OK?)
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When should I use 週 versus 週間 for “week”?

I just decided I needed to know the word for week and found both 週 and 週間 mean "week". Can I get by as a beginner with only 週間? Or when should each one be used?
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Can「他【ほか】に」and「それに」be used interchangeably when conveying “in addition”?

I am looking for any difference in terms of nuance, usage or frequent collocations so I can tell in what situation I should use one instead of the other. On the other hand, if the case is that the ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between 「結局【けっきょく】」and 「とうとう」?

According to the dictionary I use to study, both are adverbs and their definitions are so similar that I can't tell the difference: 結局【けっきょく】: after all; in the end; ultimately; eventually とうとう: ...
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Nuance for 沼沢、泥沼、沼地、沼、沼田

What is the main difference between these 5 vocab words? I understand they all equate to something like a marsh or swamp, but do they hold any specific differences like marsh/swamp/bog do in English? (...
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1answer
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Parents-in-law in Japanese

I have found three different words meaning parents-in-law: [舅姑]{きゅうこ} [義父母]{ぎふぼ} [義理]{ぎり}の[親]{おや} But I'm sure the words are not interchangeable. How are the words different? What would be the ...
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What's the difference between ~かかる and ~ところだ

After reading this question on this site, I learned that ~かかる following a verb-stem can be translated as "about to ~"; the example in the original question being 殺されかかった, or "about to be killed" (as ...
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2answers
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Is there a rough variant of 飲む{のむ}?

Just as there are so-called rough synonyms for 食べる{たべる}, namely, 食う{くう}, 食らう{くらう} and 食む{はむ}, to represent eating with different nuance, are there any known variants of 飲む{のむ} for drinking?
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量、数 and 数量 (amount). Is there any of them that is used far more frequently than the other ones or are they pretty much equally used?

Assuming all of the three words are used to convey the same meaning, is there any of them that is used far more frequently or on the other hand they are equally used but differ depending on the ...
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1answer
383 views

The difference between 最高 and 一番いい

What is the difference between 最高 and 一番いい? Both mean the best. But they should be used in different situations. What would be the right use of the words? Thank you!
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Is building 建物 or ビル? [duplicate]

context: a campus where buildings have an alphabetical order. Would you say building A is 建物A or ビルA, or something else? And why?
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What is the difference [一瞬]{いっ・しゅん}, [一刻]{いっ・こく}, and [(一)刹那]{(いっ・)せつ・な}

They all mean something like an instant or a moment. When are they (and when are they not) interchangeable? Is any more (in)formal/literary than the others? Do they represent the same amount of time? ...
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Difference between tsuma and okusan [duplicate]

What is the difference between the words for wife, tsuma and okusan? Is it a formal vs informal?
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1answer
320 views

What's the difference between 請求, 要求, and 需要?

Here's my take: 請求 is like a compensation demand which is naturally expected to be satisfied or maybe even based on the law. Most examples feature bills payments. 要求 is more like a strong demand ...
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What is the difference between ぶつ, 叩く, and 殴る?

I have found a question regarding these words here: たたく versus ぶつ in a JLPT question Which mostly deals with idioms, however. So far as I understand it 殴る means somewhat violent beating and ...
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What's the difference between complaints 不満 不平 文句?

I tried reading explanations in Japanese on hinative, but they tend to use one of these words to describe the other two. Usually I only distinguish formal complaints (苦情) and verbal informal ...
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Difference between「未熟練労働者」and「不熟練労働者」

I am writing an essay in Japanese and want to talk about non-skilled labor, but found two different words for the opposite of a skilled laborer: 「未{み}-」and「不{ふ}-」+「熟{じゅく}練{れん}労{ろう}働{どう}者{しゃ}」. I was ...
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What is the difference between 月々 and 毎月?

I wanna ask you abou these synonym words. Here are the sentences. 彼は家賃を月々ちゃんと払う. (He pays his rent regularly every month) 彼は毎月積金している(He lays by some money every month) What is the different between 月々 ...
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What is the difference between 怖じける and 恐れる?

I wanna ask you about the difference between [怖]{お}じける and [恐]{おそ}れる. Both mean to be scary right? Which is more common? How do I use each in a sentence? Are they interchangeable?
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difference between 虚実 and 真偽

It seems like 真偽 and the second meaning for 虚実 have the same meaning, but are there any differences in how they're used? 真偽 真実と、いつわり。まことかうそか。「真偽のほどはわからない」 虚実 1 実質・実体のあることとないこと。   2 うそとまこと。虚構と事実。「...
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How to differentiate between rat and mouse

Apart from just using マウス or ラット Is there a way of differentiating between a mouse and a rat, perhaps by adding something to鼠{ねずみ}? From this chinese.stackexchange it seems that in Chinese they ...
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3answers
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What is the difference between 非常に and 最も?

Both adverbs has the basic meaning "most, extremely". There are also ずいぶん and とても. So, とても is the first word we usually learn that means "very". Then I learned 最も as a superlative. As for ずいぶん, I ...
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Telling the words 口唇 and 紅唇 apart contextually

When hearing (not reading) 口唇 in a sentence, should it be assumed that the speaker is saying "lips" and not "red lips" (紅唇)? If not, what cues can be used to determine which is being meant? I know ...
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What is the difference between 遠い and はるか?

I am looking for a way to express the concept of (physical) distance. Searching jisho.org yields two possible results: [遥]{はる}か (Na-adjective, Adverb, Noun): far; far away; distant; remote; far off​ [...
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What is the difference between 字 and 文字?

I was talking to someone about the etymology of the word "emoji" recently, and how it comes from 絵文字 in Japanese. I knew that 絵 means "picture", and that 文字 means "character", but I was unable to ...
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What is the difference between 成熟 and 熟成?

I discovered that the word 成熟{せいじゅく} (maturity for people, fruit, etc.) has a little brother which is composed of the exact same kanjis with the same prononciation, but in reverse order: 熟成{じゅくせい}. I ...
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1answer
247 views

How to confirm my first meeting with Japanese teacher

I am a beginner and my first meeting with my new Japanese tutor is today. I want to send her a message to confirm that 6pm today is still ok for her but I am certain my phrasing is not correct. Could ...
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285 views

Which is more formal/polite: 大いに or ずいぶん?

I know とても is not very formal, but what about ずいぶん and 大いに? Are ずいぶん and 大いに interchangeable, and if so, which is more formal?
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239 views

Can 奪う be a synonym of 殺す?

In the following dialogue, and in general, is 奪う a synonym of 殺す? Maybe a more 'poetical' one? Character A: 誠士郎【せいしろう】を殺したのは鈴爾【れいじ】と雪也【ゆきなり】さんだ。 Character B: なに?誠士郎【せいしろう】を奪ったのが鈴爾【れいじ】と兄さん…!? ...
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Closed: [休]{きゅう}〜 vs. [閉]{へい}〜

Are there particular rules on when to use one or the other? 休〜 appears to be more of a temporary closure or suspension (with implied continuation at some point in the near future)... この図書館は改装のため、...
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2answers
239 views

Is お父さん appropriate for formal writing?

As I understand it お父さん is the usual way to refer to someone else's father in everyday speech. What about when you are writing a formal discussion (for an academic audience) of an interview you had ...
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1answer
209 views

What is the correct translation of むにゅむにゅ/ムニュムニュ?

自分の顔をぐりぐりむにゅむにゅ、これでもかというぐらい触りじっくり見てまた触ってみよう。 This sentence contains the word むにゅむにゅ, its a word that doesn't have an entry on jisho.org and also doesn't seem to appear on any of the extensive lists ...
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222 views

Synonyms for あっち行け

I'm looking for something to say when people try to give money for a bill or try to help in some certain situations, etc. In English we might say something like get out of here In Chinese I like ...