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接尾辞. Endings which can be added to the end of a word and change its meaning or function in some way. Often divided into inflectional (屈折的) and derivational (派生的), although it's not always clear which category a suffix belongs to. Suffixes and prefixes are both types of "affix". Often referred to as ...

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1answer
127 views

Naming suffix -氏 (-し) used by an otaku character in anime

In the anime Steins;Gate 0, the male otaku-character Hashida Itaru calls female characters with suffix -し. For example: Makise Kurisu - Makise-shi Kiryuu Moeka - Kiryuu-shi What does this ...
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2answers
171 views

I need help analyzing the phrase 発音上の

I’ve been reading about sound change in Japanese and I keep coming across the phrase ‘発音上の’ as in 発音上の相違に支えられて開合の仮名遣いに区別がありました. In the above example, what purpose does ‘上’ serve? Should I read ‘...
0
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1answer
120 views

Is Kanōsei a word?

I used Google translate and used the following translation provided by Google for 'possibly' in a letter I wrote 可能性もある kanōsei mo aru Later I tried looking up the word in the dictionary, and ...
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2answers
101 views

Is there a っぱ suffix? If so, what does it mean?

I am trying to understand the lyrics to Matsumoto Bon Bon. Particularly the line in bold:  松本 ぼん ぼん  城のまち  山にみどりの 風吹けば  杉っぱ 青っぱ 青山さまが  堀のむこうから 町のつじ  どっこい じんじょ I tried to ...
6
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1answer
178 views

か as a suffix to mean “a few”: Why is 何__かがVERB not allowed

Here is yet another puzzling sentence for me from a dictionary I am using: 何ページ か 欠けている。 A few pages are missing. (研究社) My understanding is that while 何ページ ambiguously means "what/which/how many ...
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0answers
74 views

When to use the suffix “-tachi” and when to use “-ra”? [duplicate]

"-Tachi" and "-Ra" for the apprentice seem to have the same usage. When do you have to use the suffix "-tachi" and when do you have to use "-ra"? Is one more formal than the other? Are there pronouns ...
3
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1answer
89 views

この本は貸し出し中です What is the meaning of “中” in this?

この本は貸し出し中です I don't know if i should understand : Is it "not available", because it is in the "the process of~" being already loaned to somebody else? Or is it "to be available for loan"? ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

Usage of -san in English emails

Working in a Japanese based company I often see that in written English which is (directly or indirectly) addressed to Japanese the suffix -san is attached to names. With some basic knowledge of ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Meaning of っちろい

I was reading through the Lore section of a newly released item in Fate/Grand Order and came across a strange suffix/conjugation to a word. 胸を張って、弱っちろい世界のために戦え。 The translation given for the word ...
2
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1answer
112 views

Would someone mind checking my translation of -だか and a contrastive は?

If anyone is willing, I'd like to check my reading of the following sentence: ところが夜だかは、ほんとうは鷹の兄弟でも親類でもありませんでした。 "However, for a number of nights, there is a lie that [he] is a family member or even ...
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3answers
222 views

What is a similar suffix to -itis in Japanese?

The humorous use of -itis: nouns denoting abnormal states or conditions, excesses, tendencies, obsessions, etc. (telephonitis; baseballitis). For baseball, I suppose 野球【やきゅう】バカ might work, but ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Verbs Which Change Form but not Meaning

I have noticed that there are a number of verbs in Japanese which have common alternative forms, especially potential form, but these forms have identical meanings. One of these is 焼く, which appears ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Historically, how would a military lord and his direct subordinate address each other? [closed]

I am currently writing a short story, for a text prompt demanding I set my plot among medieval Japan's nobility, but I am unfamiliar with older honorifics. The main dialogue takes place between a ...
3
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2answers
184 views

How to use わめかれた?

As like this 泣きわめかれた。 I know it has to do with crying.
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2answers
168 views

Doesn't ~ニン(人)as a suffix imply that it is a counter of people

I was looking to some examples of the use of 人 and I found this one in Jisho.org http://jisho.org/search/人 200人{にん}の人{ひと}が昨年コレラで死んだ。 Two hundred people died of cholera last year. With furigana ...
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3answers
162 views

What is “舎弟” supposed to mean in this context?

Speaker A tells speaker B that he feels like he's seen her before, speaker B responds with: あんたアレでしよ?哲也兄がこっちで舎弟にしたっていう And speaker A replies: 哲也兄! ? っていうか俺そういう扱いなの!?舎弟って、...
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2answers
295 views

How to use ておらん in lines like 食べておらん?

I heard one of these in Anime. It was translated as "I didn't eat your soul". お前の魂は食べておらん お前の魂は食べてはおらん I've read online that ておらん is an overproud version of 食べていない. I'd like to know how should ...
2
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2answers
362 views

「~ない」 vs 「無/不/非/未~」, 「的(な)<漢字>」, and general 熟語/漢語 affixes versus grammatical forms)

When trying to write in Japanese, I often come across words that have multiple possible translations into Japanese, and am unsure which one to use. Though it is difficult to make any general rule over ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Why does the い-adjective require -さ conversion to match ~そうです?

I'm doing an example JLPT test, and I came across a sentence which required a blank to fill in. The correct version (according to the answer sheet) of the sentence is: 少し事情を説明したほうがよさそうだ。 Now, ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

Word in haiku - sugara

This is a well known haiku: Meigetsu ya Ike wo megurite Yo mo sugara I cannot understand the meaning and grammatical form of "sugara". Is it from "sugaru" (to finish)? Why does it end in "a"?
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1answer
351 views

“Do completely” suffixes (〜しまう, 〜きる, 〜ぬく) or verbs and their differences

What is the difference between (verbて)しまう (in it's "do completely" meaning), (verbStem)きる, (verbStem)ぬく (if any)? In examples for しまう for this meaning it didn't seem to overlap with the "do with ...
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1answer
142 views

What is the English equivalent of “~っぺ”? [closed]

According to romanjidesu.com, "っぺ" is a familiar suffix used after a personal name. What level of relationship is necessary to use this? Is this similar with adding -y in the name of the person? ...
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2answers
242 views

What are the meaning of the sufix ちゃん in an adult man?

Hi one of my japanese friends calls my other friend with the suffix ちゃん but he is a man and is older than her so I dunno if this is a correct way to use this suffix between a woman (younger) and a man ...
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2answers
163 views

How does one know when to use ~ふん or ~ぷん when telling time in Japanese?

I'm wondering if there are any linguistic reasons or rules that can be applied to find out which to use, or do I just need to memorize them individually?
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2answers
149 views

っぱち suffix - meaning and addition of さ suffix

There are several words I've found that end in っぱち. Does the suffix have any special meaning, like がち? 「やけっぱち」 「うそっぱち」 「でこっぱち」 It also seems that these are na-adjectives, and it is possible to add さ ...
1
vote
1answer
339 views

How to refer to something from a certain country?

I am beginning to learn japanese all over again (its been over 10 years) and I have started taking classes. My teacher spoke of 3 suffix to describe people, language and item from a certain region ...
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2answers
200 views

What is the difference between 会社 and 社 when referring to a company?

Both terms refer to a company. I want to know if there are differences on when one term would be preferred over the other.
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1answer
80 views

What's the difference between 創造的{そうぞうてき} and 創造性{そうぞうせい}?

What's the difference between 創造的{そうぞうてき} and 創造性{そうぞうせい}? I know they both relate to creativity, but I am not sure what the exact difference between them is. Do the 的{てき} and 性{せい} endings signify ...
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2answers
259 views

The path to 楽しみ

In 楽しみにしています, does 楽しみ come from appending the み suffix to 楽しい, or does it come from the 連用形/V-stem/Masu-form of 楽しむ? I.e. Which of the following is it: A. 楽しい→楽しみ B. 楽しむ→楽しみ Appending the み ...
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5answers
502 views

What is the Equivalent of Adding -er to a verb to make it “One who does x”?

In English, to make a verb into "someone or something that does x" we add -er to the verb. Examples: crush → crusher teach → teacher run → runner spin → spinner Is there a similar rule or pattern in ...
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2answers
522 views

How are the suffixes ーまる and ーめる used?

Recently I came across the word 狭める, "to narrow" or "to make narrow." I wondered about its relation to 狭い and then I found some other similar adjective-verb pairs: 固い ー 固める 高い ー 高める 深い ー 深まる I'm ...
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1answer
180 views

~ど at the end of a sentence?

フェイズスキルにはいたらねど And the next sentence それゆえに「螺旋撃」は武の極致 I don't know how to break up the hiragana in the first sentence.
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1answer
139 views

入り and 付き in these sentences

I saw some sentences like this, but I couldn't understand them. What do they mean? 砂糖入りのお茶。 胡椒付きのサラダ。
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193 views

What are the negating-suffixes in Japanese?

I'm going to do my research about analysis of negating suffixes in Japanese newspaper. But I have a big question and want to make sure about Japanese suffixes. Are ーない、-くない、‐ではない、‐なし、‐ぬ、‐ず、 and ‐まい a ...
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1answer
929 views

kimasu, shimasu, imasu, and mashite, and deshita

I am just starting to learn Japanese, and with close to no knowledge whatsoever, other than about the spelling system, I have noticed so many words seen to end with the patterns suggested in the title ...
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1answer
97 views

How to turn 蓬 into feminine given name?

I looked up a few points concerning feminine given names that might help, such as different suffixes like -e, -ka, -ko, etc. but am at a loss as to how to fit them together ("Yomogiko"?) and also how ...
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1answer
123 views

Why 上 is being used in these cases? How do I read it?

弁護士の小倉秀夫は、掲示板上で投稿が殺到することをフレーミング・炎上、ブログ上でコメントが殺到することをコメントスクラムと2つに分類している I wanted to know why 上 need to be used in these cases. Couldn't it be just 掲示板 and ブログ? And I also wanted to know if the ...
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1answer
218 views

「う」 for future tense

So, I looked up in a dictionary that the suffix「う」can indicate will. So, could this possibly indicate future tense? If so, is there a special case?
4
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1answer
83 views

アメッシュ etymology

There is a weather app called アメッシュ. I get that the first part of the word is 雨「あめ」, but what's the meaning of the suffix 〜ッシュ?
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1answer
96 views

“Yale並みに学費の高い大学”. Is “並みに” a suffix? “の” between “並みに” / “学費” is optional?

original sentence: 私が選んだのは、Yale並みに学費の高い大学でした。 I think that "並みに" is a noun suffix? A "の" between "並みに" and "学費" is optional: 私が選んだのは、Yale並みにの学費の高い大学でした。 Why is that original sentence ...
0
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1answer
65 views

How does 非難される translate to English?

あんた学校中から非難されてるわよ。 Taken from a manga. I mean, I sort of understand, but it's hard to fit it in the sentence.
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1answer
737 views

Adding つき to the end of nouns

湯ぶねに体を沈めると、どばーっと色つきのお湯があふれた。 When he sank his body into the bath, the coloured hot water gushed over. I took me a while to figure out that 色つき meant 'coloured'. It isn't in the bi-lingual ...
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3answers
153 views

Is たち in 子供たち redundant?

In my understanding, 達{たち} is a suffix used to pluralize a countable noun. For example, 私 (single) becomes 私たち (plural) あなた (single) becomes あなたたち (plural) According to most dictionaries, 子供 can be ...
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votes
1answer
99 views

~かえす and ~なおす as suffixes

Does there need to be some mistake in order to use the ~なおす suffix: 宿題をやりなおしなさい。// ok (but there needs to be at least one mistake) 料理を作りなおした。 // ok (but there needs to be some fault) Regardless ...
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1answer
160 views

“め” in “五匹め” implies some sort of “ordering”? Where it makes sense, the default is “time”?

め after a counter implies some sort of ordering, right? Say that you are shopping for a cat. scenario #1 You look into a room with 5 cats in it. Does saying 五匹めが好きです。 mean anything? In that ...
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1answer
169 views

ほしがっている versus ほしそうだ

I don't really understand the differences between the following sentences. 彼は新しい車をほしがっている。 彼は新しい車をほしそうだ。 In both sentences, the speakers made conjectures based on the sign that the third person (彼) ...
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2answers
680 views

What does the Japanese diminutive suffix “chan” indicate?

Is chan a feminine or masculine suffix?
5
votes
1answer
424 views

Difference between ざまに and ながら

お姉ちゃんが振り向きざまにきっぱりと言い切った Big sister turned around and ?? clearly asserted... From the answer on this question about ざまに, I understand ざまに to mean "while". But in what way does it differ from ながら? ...
5
votes
2answers
214 views

What is the purpose of 中 in ダウンロード中?

When I am downloading something, this comes up. I guess it would mean that the download is in progress or something but it seems a little unexpected to have that there. Is it something that you'd say ...
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votes
3answers
1k views

How would you express “sphere” or “world” in the Japanese language?

How would you express the concept of "sphere" or "world" in Japanese? For example, "Anglosphere" or "Indian speaking world". Is there a repeating pattern or suffix for this purpose, or are there just ...