Questions tagged [subsidiary-verbs]

補助動詞. Verbs such as いる, おく, ある, いく, くる, and しまう, which can follow the 〜て form of a verb with special grammaticalized meanings. Not to be confused with 助動詞(じょどうし) "auxiliary verbs", which are inflecting function words or endings such as 〜ない and 〜ます. We use the translation "subsidiary verbs" on this site to avoid confusion.

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2
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0answers
134 views

Why is て-form + 見る used here?

The following is an excerpt from a dialogue between my language partner and me: YouTube で馬肉とニンニク料理のレポートを観ましたよ。馬肉と言えば、九州、特に熊本県だと思っていましたが、調べてみると、青森県も馬肉生産量で3位に入っていました。 The sentence in question: 馬肉と言えば、...
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3answers
253 views

〜てくれますか or 〜てあげますか

Which one of the following is correct? いつお金を返してくれますか。 いつお金を返してあげますか。 And what's the difference?
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2answers
617 views

How to understand おきます in this sentence?

The following is an excerpt from a conversation between me and my language partner: 私の Skype ID を書いておきますので、もし良かったら登録しておいてください。italki と Skype のどちらでメッセージを送ってもいいです。今すぐ使わなくても、将来役に立つときが来るかもしれません。 So, ...
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2answers
1k views

Understanding てくる in these sentences

Coming across lines such as (two separate contexts): 「ご飯をよそってきて食べなよ」 and 「そんなに驚かないで。頭を冷やすために下でお茶でも淹れてくるよ」 I'm having trouble understanding the usage of 来る in both of these sentences. I was ...
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1answer
318 views

What does shite oke mean? [duplicate]

The whole sentence: 威嚇するのはしておけ
5
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1answer
316 views

grammar of ~ちゃいましょう

I have a question about the following conversation. A: 駅はまだですか?ずいぶん歩いたみたいだけど。 B: 近くの三つのデパートがバーゲン中で、こんなに混んでいるのですよ。 A: そんなに歩きましたっけ。 B: と、思うのですが、ほら、やっと交差点についたところじゃないですか。 A: タクシーに乗っちゃいましょうか。...
5
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2answers
229 views

Is it possible ~ておく in continuous state (~ている)?

I'm curious now since I read in Tae Kim's Guide that ておく means to prepare/do something for the future. So for example, if one is currently in the progress of studying for the future would it be this? ...
2
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2answers
439 views

なかで after past tense verb

The narrator says that he has a life flying around the world as a pilot, and then says: そんなふうに生きてきたなかで、僕はいわゆる有能な人たちと、ずいぶんつきあってきた。 Living in this way, I have come to associate with many people ...
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1answer
147 views

Grammar of すぐ医者に連れていこう

I'm learning japanese on my own and face a sentence below. この子、熱が高くてすごくつらそうだよ。 "すぐ医者に連れていこう。" What i don't understand is the grammar in the last sentence. It seems that the book uses a Ving format. ...
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4answers
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the logic behind “te” in “chotto matte te”

When someone says: chotto matte te, why does the te mean "... and I'll be back shortly". What's the logic behind it? Why aren't there special expressions such as chotto matte X, where X could mean "...
2
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1answer
479 views

Explanation of the grammar in 逮捕しといてくれ。 [duplicate]

逮捕しといてくれ。 I know the sentence is a command/plea, and that's why くれ, but I don't understand the しといて. Why is that or what does it mean?
4
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1answer
526 views

Why is it wrong to say 覚えていきます?

if you conjugate a て形動詞 with いく does it mean "I'll do this from here on"? I understand that it's natural to say 覚えておきます because of the meaning you get when you conjugate with おく (doing in preparation,...
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2answers
403 views

How to interprete this conditional phrase

The following sentence: 新しい発明をした場合、特許を取っておかないと、すぐにその アイデア を使われてしまう。 The problem stems from the fact that I can't handle some elements in this sentence and therefore also have issues determining ...
5
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2answers
539 views

What particles and what verb forms to use when attached to もらう or くれる

I was speaking with a friend and at one point in making plans said something like: 田中さんに連絡されてもらった後で… but was corrected to: 連絡してもらった後で. I understand how the particles and such work with the もらう ...
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2answers
176 views

外国人登録をする時もいっしょについて ??? Why ついて

I am confused by this sentence in my textbook and I hope somebody will help me. (talking about the host family, specifically the mother/wife) 外国人登録をする時もいっしょについて来てくれました I think this is saying the ...
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1answer
172 views

Can someone explain the usage of おかないんだ in this sentence [duplicate]

何故もっと早く来ないんだ。質より量を......数に任せて、非力な魔法使いを捕えておかないんだ。 So this is from an RPG. You go in a dungeon and find the 魔法使い (who was captured by the bandits). Then the bandits appear. Then the main character says ...
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1answer
115 views

How do I have to understand that phrase [duplicate]

In an exercise in my textbook, there's the following instruction in one of the exercises: 友達のいちばん好きな言葉を書いてもらいましょう。その読み方と意味を質問してください。 The bold もらいましょう really confuses me. I'd expect something like -...
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3answers
401 views

What is the difference between ~ていてください and ~ていってください?

a.ゆっくりしていてください b.ゆっくりしていってください What's the difference between these two sentences? How to translate them?
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2answers
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Problems with -て 来る

A: あの番組を見ましたか。 B: いいえ。見ようとしたら、息子が友達を連れて帰って来たんです。 I only know of ~て来る as an indicator that someone goes to do something and then returns, for example: ちょっとたばこを買って来ます。 But recently my textbook ...
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2answers
3k views

How do you “try” a suru verb? Like “to try to cook”

According to the internet, to say you try an action you need to use the volitional form + to suru. So miroutosuru is "to try to see". But what about suru verbs like ryouri suru ("to cook")?
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1answer
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食べていました and its use

I was wondering about __ていました and its use. By this I mean, is it possible to turn a て form verb into ていました? For example, would you ever use 食べていました instead of 食べました? Just wondering if it is possible ...
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2answers
494 views

What does 'ワインを買っていくよ。' mean?

I am very confused about the meaning of the expressions 'ていく' and 'てくる' and seems that every website I look has a different explanation. Translations that I think are good: 'Go in order to buy wine'; '...
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3answers
1k views

Why is 来る spelled with kanji and する is not?

来る and する are two irregular and most commonly used verbs. From my observations, 来る is spelled with kanji. Even though there is a kanji version of する 為る it is usually not used and I wonder why. Are ...
3
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2answers
321 views

ている pronunciation/internalization

How are things like ている/でいる split in terms of pronunciation? Do people internalize/think of it as te-iru or tei-ru when speaking? (there is a small difference in what it would sound like between those ...
2
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2answers
2k views

What does たまる mean when it is connected to て?

I looked up the meaning of たまる and the meaning is accumulate. But sometimes I see たまる in the end of a sentence (e.g. あんな人のせいで 計画を潰してたまるもんか) It seems like accumulate does not quite make sense in this ...
2
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1answer
100 views

What is the subject of sentence with ください?

For example, what is the subject of the following sentence? 八時に来るようにしてください。 The speaker or the opponent?
4
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1answer
207 views

Is 〜てある commonly used with verbs other than 書く?

This question is prompted by @Abi's comment on meanings of 「書{か}いてある」 and 「書かれている」: 書いてある seems to be commonly used, while with other verbs 〜てある is not so common, right? And indeed, I don't ...
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2answers
326 views

なってしまいました conjugation

So I was talking to this girl and she sent me this message: あたしもラーメン食べたくなっちゃったw (She always send me the same message in English, which I got admit that makes my life easier) Since I was not ...
2
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1answer
327 views

Meaning of おられる姿

小池百合子都知事の頑張っている姿、私は最大限評価している。ある意味の古い政治と向き合って戦っておられる姿、共鳴もする。 How do you understand おられる姿?
4
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1answer
285 views

Help me understand 言ってみただけだよ

I found this sentence 言ってみただけだよ and it is translated to I'm just tried to say / I'm just saying I don't understand why and I have a feeling it's because of みた. I know that みた is "to see" in ...
3
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1answer
141 views

Can we replace 持っていく with 持ってくる in this case?

Consider the following situation. Both the teacher and her student are not at school when the following occurs. The teacher posted a picture of a cake in her facebook wall. The student posted a ...
5
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1answer
4k views

Different ways of saying “X continues / keep doing X”

I am trying to figure out the differences between all of these forms listed below. The examples are all part of these two pages: http://japanesetest4you.com/jlpt-n3-grammar-list/ http://...
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3answers
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How ~てある and ~ておいた differs?

晩ご飯が作ってある Dinner has been made. (intentional) 晩ご飯を作っておいた. (I) made dinner (so I can eat it). They seem quite the same. Btw what are some cases in which -てあった are used? I can't recreate one.
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2answers
267 views

Are there any ways to know whether Verbてくる is about time or space?

Are there any ways to know whether Verbてくる is about time or space ? My friend told me that when the verb involves changing from a state to another state, ~てくる is usually about time, when there's ...
2
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1answer
954 views

How to grant permission for something in Japanese

I know that させてくれないか is won't you let me? But how do I say allow? させてあげる I'll let You!. I want it to be "something + the auxiliary ageru". Btw. Why is 借りしてもいい right but not 借りてもいい ?!?!? I want it ...
4
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5answers
11k views

How to use あげます、もらいます、and くれます

I have yet to find a good source that covers this in full. But I've seen them being used in places where no giving or receiving is taking place. For example, "写真をとってもらえませんか?" and another one I ...
0
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1answer
270 views

What does 覆ってみせる mean?

As far as I can tell from the components, it means to show yourself hiding which makes no sense. Context is the sentence XはYに顔を覆ってみせる
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3answers
891 views

Usage differences between てしまう and ちゃう

"〜ちゃう" is often simply described as the casual/contracted/etc. form of "〜てしまう", with no further explanation given. This would seem to imply that in terms of meaning they are identical, with only ...
5
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2answers
238 views

Just like “ら抜き” is there also “い抜き” such as “見ている” --> (い抜く) --> “見てる”?

With ichidan verbs, you create potential, and passive voice, as such: 食べられません If you want to get slangy, you can do "ら抜き" as such: 食べれません So, is there い抜き as well? 長い間ロンドンに住んでて、...
4
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1answer
661 views

のために + ~てあげる/くれる

I'm not sure, but I think there is an error in Genki's Grammar point of Lesson 16: In the first grammar point they explain ~てあげる/くれる and say that if a verb doesn't have a "beneficiaries part" like 〇〇...
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2answers
533 views

ておく → とく in other contexts; similar 2-kana to 1-kana shortcuts?

Recently I learned that おいておいて ("leave it there") can be shortened in casual speech (or speech to subordinates) to おいといて. (ておく → とく). I also learned that this can be used for any verb attached to ておく ...
4
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3answers
554 views

Nuance of 楽しみにしとくね?

What nuance exactly does bring saying 楽しみに{たのしみに}しとく instead of the more usual 楽しみにしています ? In this context, would the use of しとく(しておく) mean "I rejoice myself in advance about it" ? Context : From a ...
3
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1answer
135 views

Help with translating a certain sentence ending: ~なくしろ

Context: Translated lyrics, (source) English -> (content in question) Japanese. Stanza context: English (source): Put him in the back of a squad-car / restrain that man. Their translation: 彼【かれ】...
2
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2answers
181 views

~てあげます versus ~ていただきます

What's the difference between these two sentences? リサに道を見せてあげました リサに道を見せていただきました I'm studying the structures ~てあげます and ~ていただきます, but I can't understand the difference, they both look the same to ...
4
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1answer
293 views

Could there be an 'invisible' “should” in this sentence?

携帯番号交換しとくんだったな。。。 The sentence means "We have interchanged phone numbers in advance." This makes no sense with the story unless I add "should" before the "have". So could ~teoku's meaning also ...
4
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1answer
371 views

Help parsing a sentence with possibly embed relatives

“はっきりとしてくれないわたしが好きな人”より“はっきりとしているわたしを好きな人”を憎からず はっきりとして=Be clear くれない=not give to me わたしが好きな人=The person I like [はっきりとしてくれない]>わたしが好きな人 so はっきりとしてくれない modifies わたし or はっきりとしてくれない modifies 人 The ...
6
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1answer
4k views

Why is しまいました needed here?

According to a grammar book I'm reading, the sentence "宿題をしないで、学校に出掛けてしまいました" translates into "He went off to school without doing [his] homework." However, I do not understand either why (or even if) ...
7
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1answer
185 views

Meaning of 降ってくる when talking about voice

山田さんの声が後ろから降ってきたのだ。 山田's voice came falling from behind. What is the nuance implied by 降る here?
5
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1answer
249 views

つけておいてください translation

An example is the following: 電気がついています。けしましょうか。 いいえ、つけておいてください。 The question is, can I translate the last part as "Please, leave them turned on", so that the whole translation is: ...
1
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1answer
83 views

What is うろついとる?

で、モンスターはどこら辺うろついとるか、わかるか? What is うろついとる? I'm not sure if it's a different word from うろつく or if it is short for うろついておる.