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Questions tagged [subordinate-clauses]

従属節. Clauses subordinate in form and unaffected by main clause phenomena such as topicalization.

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Sentence structure + 人がわるい

Related to this. At this point, the speaker has won the preliminaries. The elderly chairman of the event, a friend since the previous tournament, comments that the speaker has won a second time (...
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What is the use of ごと in this clause?

This is the whole phrase and the sentence I don't understand is in bold: そして、コルド大王の息子で 悪の帝王と呼ばれるフリーザは 千年に一度あらわれるという 「超サイア人」のウワサを不快に思い、 サイア人を、 彼らが住む惑星ベジータごと、 宇宙から消滅させてしまうーーーー。 So "消滅させて" ...
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An unclear form in a song

In「命火眩暈」by 杏ノ助, there are the following lines. 頽るる松、 甲羅なき亀 御簾を上げれど けふも宵 The other text is perfectly imitating a Sengoku-period Late Middle Japanese with occasional classical. However, this ...
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“~たい”-form and associated particle usage

My question is about the "~たい"-form ("want to"). I know that in a sentence containing this form, you can use は to mark the person who desires something. For example, "私は、東京に行きたい". But then I came ...
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clause ending 分

まあ桃は普段から笑顔な分、つかみ所のないやつだがら多少気持ちはわかるけど。(talking about how people can find momo hard to deal with) 基本が少ない分、技術が必要なんだよね。ま、そういうわけでクロールとかに比べれば平泳ぎは持久性あるよ (talking about the breatstroke relative to the ...
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Is there a good reason why I can use a polite form before から but not before ので? [duplicate]

Does anybody know why - historically, etymologically or logically - one can use polite forms (e.g. -ます) in causal subordinate clauses before から, while one must use the plain form before ので?
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だ versus な in causal subordinate clauses

Why do causal subordinate clauses ending in -から take だ as a means to connect nouns and な adjectives (e.g. 日本人だから), whereas causal subordinate clauses ending in -ので take な (e.g. 日本人なので)? I read that だ ...
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Chaining sentences, and past form

Take the following sentence: "I knew that you were/are an angel" For fun, and since I happened to know the one word of vocabulary required for this, I tried to translate it. To do so, I thought about ...
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は or が in the example “朝起きるとき、鳥 ( ) いつも歌います”?

Following up on my earlier question, I want to check if I've got a feel for this subordinate clause particle use correct. This is probably a duplicate, but it really helps me understand things better ...
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「は」vs 「が」 in subordinate clauses

I'm confused about「は」vs「が」 in subordinate clauses. I do appreciate there are inumerable questions on this subject, but to go through all of them hoping to find the exact answer I want would take ...
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“correct” formation of questions

A comment in some vb.net code is as follows: 現在の時刻が設定時間と一致しているか確認する Meaning, (the following bit of code) checks if the current time matches the configured one. According to what I learnt from ...
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A complex structure: Xが~するYについて、~する者は

So I'm reading the One Punch Man manga to learn some vocabulary. I have the Portuguese translation and I compare it with my translation. But I read something that I think is wrong in the Portuguese ...
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Indirect question marked with かが

My questions relate to the following two sentences taken from the website referenced below. The goal of the lesson was to explain the uses of ということ but I'm more concerned with the choice of particles ...
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「か」 or 「と」 as a subordinate clause?

When making a statement like: I thought I had gone to the cinema. Do you say: 映画館{えいがかん}に行った{いった}と思いました{おもいました}。 or: 映画館{えいがかん}に行った{いった}か思いました{おもいました}。 And how does it work with other ...
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Can I use こと or の to say “Everyone said that ~”?

I study japanese on my own, so i dont really have a teacher to correct my sentences. I am trying coming up with some sentences to help me fixating things on my mind. So I want to make the following ...
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Can someone verify the reasons I give for using a “wa” and “ga” in this sentence?

私の生みの母は、若い未婚の日本人だったため、私を養子に出そうと決心したのです。彼女がこだわったのは、私の養子先は日本に住んでいる家族でなければ、ということでした。 The highlighted "は" looks to be there for thematic reasons? The highlighted "ga" looks to be there for neutral ...
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Should the tense of predicate in main clause be the same as the tense of predicate in the relative clause?

It is a very basic question that I need to be confirmed. Consider the following sentence (taken from a book titled Essential Japanese Grammar by Masahiro Tanimori and Eriko Sato). ...
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Is nominalization necessary in 「彼が戻るのか知らないんです。」?

Do we need to nominalize 彼が戻る with の to create an interrogative clause? Is B not enough? A: 彼が戻るのか知らないんです。 B: 彼が戻るか知らないんです。
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Usage of を in 自らを豊作を司る

I came across this while reading 「狼と香辛料」and was confused by the usage of を in the sentence below: 少女は狼の耳と尻尾を有した美しい娘で、自らを豊作を司る神ホロと名乗った。 In particular I'm interested in 「自らを豊作を司る」which I would ...
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が in subordinate clauses

Since you can't use は in subordinate clauses, it looks to me like が is forced to take on both roles, so how would we distinguish them? For example, if we have the sentence 僕が好きな動物 how do we ...
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Unsure about this usage of か

I recently encountered this sentence: 床には血痕が残っている。かなり時間が経つのか血が固まっている。 I believe I understand that the second part is saying the blood is dry (or has hardened) because quite some time has passed. I'...
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Parenthetical Statements in Japanese

I'm wondering how you would use parenthetical statements in Japanese. In English, commas are used, as in the sentence: Tanaka-san is, for obvious reasons, a good person. He took the train to ...
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Help for a translation [closed]

I'm reading Install from Risa Wataya and right from the start, there's a sentence I had to read many many times before I could make any sense out of it: 「...
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Modifying individual nouns in の strings

I haven't seen any examples that make use of this, nor have I seen any evidence to the contrary, so I thought I'd ask about it. I know that の basically connects nouns and makes them all 1 noun that ...
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Why can の and が both mark subjects in relative clauses?

夢のある人 and 夢がある人 I understand that both have obviously the same meaning, but why is it also correct to use の, which, as I learned, has the function of either a possessive particle or of a ...
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Should I use honorifics to say (言う 'iu') for subordinate clauses?

When I use という to-iu, for example: これと同{おな}じ「草{くさ}」というものがここに生{は}えますか? Kore to onaji “kusa” to-iu mono ga kokoni haemasu ka? Does something like this so-called “grass” grow around here? Should ...
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163 views

“私が知っている人” or “私の知っている人”?

I have been reading What's the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)? In the "contrastive wa" section, there is this example sentence: わたしが知っている人はパーティーに来ませんでした。 As 7600+ people have read that ...
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~か ~かどうか 相対テンスの質問

僕は任務を完成したかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if you had finished the mission. 僕は任務を完成するかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if you would finish the mission. 僕は沖縄さんがドーナツを食べるかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if 沖縄さん ...
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“Understand that…” in Japanese

I'm wondering about this specific piece of grammar. I think you use "wakaru", but what do you use it with? Do you use a particle, like "to" or maybe some other construction? For example, if you ...
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What is the use of か in 売り始めるか〜

I was reading an article and I came across this sentence: 車の会社がいつごろこのような自動運転の車を売り始めるか予想しました What exactly does the か in this sentence/what is the meaning?
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Parsing and making sense of this sentence with multiple が's

So I was signing up for an account at a website, and I came across this line: 写真があった方があなたがどんな人なのかわかるし、フレンドも作りやすくなります。 I have never come across a sentence with 3 が's in it, much less one with 3 of ...