Questions tagged [spelling]

Which sequences of kanji and/or kana form accepted ways to write a given word, particle, or other speech sound.

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3
votes
1answer
94 views

Why does 全員 sound like zein but is written zenin (ぜんいん)?

Is the middle "n" silent? Am I just not used to hearing it and can't identify it? The duolingo pronunciation sounds like "zein" https://www.duolingo.com/dictionary/Japanese/%E5%85%A8%E5%93%A1/...
1
vote
1answer
518 views

Why is やっぱり (yappari) spelled the way it is? [duplicate]

I started learning Japanese very recently. The spelling of やっぱり (yappari) seems odd to me. The second letter in やっぱり is tsu in hiragana (っ) which is not pronounced. Why?
5
votes
2answers
200 views

Why the specific spelling “一つひとつ”?

I'm reading a book and the author keeps using the spelling "一つひとつ" for "one-by-one". I found this a bit curious: The word itself is just a doubled 一つ, so why not spell both parts the same? Does ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

Why “ついてきてください” and not “付いてきてください”

I found some similar questions regarding Japanese switching out relatively "easy" kanji for hiragana, but I still can't seem to understand why it's done. I saw this sentence from a movie: 参加される方は ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

希硫酸, 稀硫酸? What’s the difference?

希硫酸, 稀硫酸. My dictionary says they are both “dilute sulfuric acid”. What is the difference in usage here? Is there just one optional radical? English has “sulfuric” and “sulphuric”, and that’s an ...
0
votes
0answers
110 views

Spelling out over the phone [duplicate]

If a native Japanese does not know how a kanji is pronounced and want to ask about its reading over the phone, how would he 'spell out' the kanji? Maybe this is why faxes are still popular in Japan, ...
1
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1answer
274 views

In kanji 外, why is タ used instead of ソ? [closed]

Why is タ used instead of ソ in 外 despite it's read as ソト?
11
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1answer
415 views

Why is こおり spelt with an お rather than an う?

I thought that syllables with an "お" sound get lengthened by an "う" rather than another "お". I've seen this question asked on hinative, which mentions 遠い(とおい), 大きい (おおきい), 多い (おおい), 通り (とおり/どおり) and ...
14
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2answers
573 views

Why is debug デバッグ but bug is バグ?

I'm interested in why the extra small tsu in included in the word デバッグ but not バグ. Are there any rules governing voicing in words formed via reduplication? Lyman's rule may explain this, but does ...
1
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0answers
75 views

The different ways to write “fox” [duplicate]

When writing "fox", what is the difference between these two ways? 狐 or キツネ
1
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2answers
131 views

Hi I want to know if the correct written characters for boketto (To daydream) is spelled ぼけっと or ボケっと

Hi I want to know if the correct written characters for boketto (To daydream) is spelled ぼけっと or ボケっと
4
votes
2answers
578 views

Translate German name “Markus” to Japanese

I'm trying to translate my German name Markus to Japanese, which seems quite difficult. My first approach was just to transcribe it. Ma → ma → マ r → ru → ル ku → ku → ク s → su → ス giving ...
20
votes
5answers
30k views

Which is correct: こんばんわ or こんばんは?

I've seen both こんばんわ and こんばんは used; which is correct here? If we interpret the は as the topic particle, は would seem correct, but it seems that わ is used quite frequently anyway...
3
votes
0answers
131 views

Changing from “S” to “Z” sound in Katakana [duplicate]

The katakana form's ジ sound comes from two bases: from "sh," as in "sheep" AND from the "ch" sound in "cheese." When I am asked to identify the character, during study, that is producing the ジ sound,...
19
votes
2answers
3k views

Are there general rules on when to use kanji vs. kana?

This post is inspired by Tokyo Nagoya's comment in できる vs ~えます form for “can”, “able to” asking why everyone was writing 出来る in kanji in their responses. As I mentioned in my reply to his comment, I ...
1
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2answers
162 views

A grammar issue?

What is the meaning of the "long hyphen," --, a DASH really, for grammar, translation, and punctuation? For example : シャワーヘッド (Shawaheddo)? Thank you
25
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3answers
1k views

Why did の disappear from 山手, but in 御茶ノ水 it's in katakana?

I realize that very likely the answer to this question is likely to be something along the lines of "that's just the way it is", but I thought it worth asking to see if there were some insights that ...
7
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1answer
591 views

Etymology of ゴミ

I'm curious why is ゴミ commonly spelled in Katakana. What word is it derived from, if any?
1
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1answer
271 views

おはよう written as おはよ?

Playing through the intro of Let's Go Pikachu, I came across what looks to me like the greeting おはよう, but written instead as おはよ. Is this a known alternate spelling, or perhaps a simplification aimed ...
1
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2answers
117 views

Elongated お in the volitional verb form

In native Japanese words (that I know of at least) like 通り and 大きい, to elongate the お-sound, another お is added when written in Hiragana (instead of う like in Sino-Japanese words). However, it just ...
1
vote
2answers
187 views

Structure of -しい adjectives

Are they all of the form [kanji]しい or can they also be of the form [kanji][kana]しい? ([kana]しい can also probably be found in the case of uncommon kanji.)
6
votes
1answer
119 views

Are they the same: コショウ vs コショー

The question is are these two pronounced the same. If they are how would one know how to spell them. This applies to any case of ウ vs 一.
15
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2answers
1k views

On the replacing of kanji made obsolete in the 1946 reforms with similar-looking kanji.

This is my understanding but please correct me if some of my details are wrong: In 1946 the Japanese language underwent a reform and standardization process A set of 1850 kanji were made official and ...
1
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0answers
120 views

Where does ドンピシャ come from?

The fact that ドンピシャ (meaning "right on, fitting to a T") is written in katakana makes me wonder if it comes from a foreign phrase, but I can't figure out which one (out of the European languages I ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

What are the common practices for writing Korean names?

Some manga made by Korean writers and illustrators write their names entirely with kanji (especially without any clue as to how to pronounce them), while credits in anime write Korean staffers' names ...
2
votes
1answer
709 views

Ocha in Hiragana [duplicate]

I'm pretty early into learning Japanese. I've started learning hiragana, when writing "ocha" in hiragana I've noticed it comes up as おちゃ now I know お is "o" and normally ち is "chi" while ゃ is ya. Now ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Possible misspeling of 音葉? [closed]

I encountered follwoing sentence という音葉は胸にしまっておく。 And I think that 葉 is probably just misspelling, i.e. は entered twice instead of once. But I'm not sure. Can someone help?
3
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0answers
177 views

気をっけて - Why the small っ? [closed]

I'm currently viewing a bunch of tweets about Typhoon Jebi in Kansai, and I'm seeing a lot of people writing 気を[っ]{L}けて specifically with a small っ. Is this just some type of stylization? If so, ...
3
votes
2answers
633 views

Difference between んい and に

I noticed that the word 単位 is written as たんい in hiragana, not たに. Is there a difference in the way んい and に are pronounced? If so, does the same principle go for んあ and な, んえ and ね, etc.?
0
votes
1answer
129 views

Making a sign one column vertically. Don't know anything about Japanese

I'm helping a friend making a vertical neon sign for an installation with the word hikikomori. As I don't know anything about Japanese I just googled the translation, but can't understand how to order ...
0
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1answer
135 views

what does “甘えるって” mean?

甘 is sweet right? 甘えるって is to be sweet or does it mean something completely different?
2
votes
1answer
327 views

Why is it 二ヶ月 and not 二か月? [duplicate]

I was studying kanji, and this word came up. I know the romaji is nikagetsu, meaning two months, so I was a little confused as to why it has a little "ケ". Do you know if this is correct, and if it is,...
0
votes
2answers
398 views

What’s the correct Hiragana/Kanji for ‘nokuseni’

I don’t know how to write or pronounce it but I was watching a Japanese movie and one person goes ‘nokuseni’ which I think roughly translates to ‘even though’? Or something negative? I know it’s vague ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Hiragana - Long vowel e (ei or ee)

I am wondering about the long vowel e, and whether it is -ee or -ei. Let's use hē as an example, is hē written as へい or へえ?
1
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2answers
133 views

Need help on pronunciation

Words like 「滅入る」and 「翻る」I just cant understand. When I look at the spelling for えいる and がえる, it just doesn't match with what I hear. with えいる I hear "eh-E-ru", but since い extends え (I think it does) ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

What is the difference between spellings of 組み付ける? [duplicate]

I'm reading some technical documents and have come across two spellings: 組み付ける and 組付ける Both are used in nearly identical situations and both seem to mean "assemble" as a directive. Is there a ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between 有る【ある】 and ある?

I found these example sentences plus their translations from WaniKani by Tofugu, but I got confused by the differences between 有る【ある】 and ある. マヨネーズなら、まだ少し有ります。 We still have a little mayonnaise. ...
3
votes
1answer
360 views

Why is Qantas spelt カンタス?

At first I thought that Japanese people pronouncing Qantas as カンタス was an urban legend (the start of "カンタス" matches a vulgar four letter word in English), but I've since found out that it's real, with ...
3
votes
2answers
187 views

Choosing hiragana over simple kanji?

everyone. Just today I was remembering an old videogame, 星を見る人. "Problem" is, if you look at all official images and such, they write the title as 星をみるひと. Now, I've been searching about possible ...
1
vote
1answer
672 views

Correct spelling of 'mono no aware' [closed]

Could someone tell me if the phrase 'mono no aware' should be written in a certain way for example hiragana/kanji and if so why? Could you please show me the correct way it should look? Thanks
4
votes
2answers
581 views

How to write long sound to emphasize words?

For example, I want to emphasize the word しらない by saying shiiiiiranai, しいいいらない seems a little bit weird to me. How do you write this in japanese character, can we also write this in the form of kanji?
16
votes
7answers
5k views

Are there words which consist of katakana and hiragana letters together?

Obviously many Japanese words consist of kanji characters plus hiragana since the latter are used for okurigana: 食べる 水割り 鷹の爪 Recently I'v started to discover a few words that use kanji characters ...
19
votes
1answer
13k views

Why is konnichiwa spelt こんにちは?

Why is は used at the end of こんにちは? Is the last letter the particle は, or is there a different explanation? Which is correct: こんばんわ or こんばんは? mentions konnichiwa, but the question is interpreted more ...
9
votes
3answers
15k views

Long O — when is it OU and when OO?

I am learning hiragana and I've encountered a minor problem. The thing is that my book did mention how to deal with a long "O": just by adding another "O" or "U". However it doesn't explain in which ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

How should I begin learning the letters and what they sound like? [closed]

I am new to Japanese and started learning only like 3 days ago , I was told I should start with the radicals (human,legs,ten,etc.) but how should I start to actually learn how to pronounce and read ...
41
votes
4answers
4k views

How did “little tsu” become a lengthener?

How did it come about historically that っ preceding a sound would geminate it? Is it really a little つ or are they just near homomorphs?
6
votes
3answers
710 views

有り難う vs 有難う — Is this the same word?

Do both these words mean "thank you"? If both mean thank you why are they spelled differently? Is one more formal than the other?
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is もっと pronounced “motto” but written “motsuto”?

Word もっと is pronuncing as motto means more. But when writing It is mo(も) tsu(っ) to(と). Why is that ? I'm new to Japanese language. Please tell me there are other commonly used words like this ? ...
1
vote
1answer
682 views

Intuitive or logical way to know when to use a kanji spelling vs hiragana spelling?

A recurring theme on this site is that foreign learners of Japanese use too much kanji. Often the reaction is puzzlement that we can't "just know the right way". Native speakers literally say they don'...
1
vote
2answers
154 views

Can you write the japanese name Hideyoshi as 秀代志

I know the name has common spellings like 秀吉 or 英義 but when I type ひでよし on my laptop I once got 秀代志 as an option as well. Would it work? And why/why not?