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Which sequences of kanji and/or kana form accepted ways to write a given word, particle, or other speech sound.

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Words with non-gikun/non-jukujikun kanji spellings for which it is not clear which kanji certain kana belong to

Are there words with kanji spellings for which it is not clear which kanji certain kana belong to? Note that I'm explicitly excluding gikun/jukujinkun from my question, such as the well-known example ...
Lover of Structure's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
365 views

Is it always legal to replace the kanji iteration mark 々 by the kanji it represents? If not, when is such a replacement okay?

Is it always legal to replace the kanji iteration mark 々 by the kanji it represents? If not: When is it legal to replace "K々" by "KK" for some kanji K? I am aware of three use ...
Lover of Structure's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
116 views

Are there words whose kana spelling contains the sequence ょお/ョオ within the same morpheme?

The Kunrei-shiki standard (ISO 3602:1989; Documentation — Romanization of Japanese (kana script)) lists both よお/ヨオ and よう/ヨウ for yô, but in its Table 3b (Kana trigraphs representing palatalized long-...
Lover of Structure's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
86 views

How would you say the name Shireen Durrani in japanese?

My name is Shireen Durrani and my name is Pakistani. Would it be 『シリーン・ドゥラニ』? Or 『シリーン・ヅラニ』? Would the last name come first? I am not very experienced in japanese so please explain
Shireen Durrani's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
605 views

Can 混む and 込む be used interchangeably to mean "to be crowded?"

I knew of 混{こ}む to mean "to be crowded," but recently came upon a different kanji (込) being used to convey the exact same meaning, and with the exact same reading. Looking it up on jisho.org,...
JNat's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
408 views

What is the reading of "toy store"?

There seem to be various readings for toy store. Do they have different meanings? Are they regionalisms? 玩具店【おもちゃてん】 玩具店【おもちゃみせ】 玩具屋【おもちゃや】 玩具屋【がんぐや】 玩具店【がんぐてん】 I came across it in this sentence in ...
Ned Reif's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
285 views

What is the most appropriate way to indicate a long vowel in Katakana?

I know that often, when rendering a long vowel in Katakana, a hyphen is used. For example, the Katakana rendering of the English word "coat" is often shown as コート . I have seen both "ko-...
HippoMan's user avatar
  • 137
2 votes
1 answer
324 views

Can I convey a meaning in a name with only kana? If not, what Kanji should I use for the name "Mimi" to convey "Beautiful Ocean"?

I'm working on a logo design project and was thinking of using the name "Mimi" as I saw somewhere that it might represent "beautiful ocean". I don't understand much about the ...
Tsuki's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
229 views

What is the difference between 上がる and 挙がる?

Both 上がる and 挙がる are read the exact same way — as あがる — and in the dictionaries I looked them up, they appear under the same entry, and seem to show up as alternate spellings of the same word. Is is ...
JNat's user avatar
  • 1,164
8 votes
3 answers
6k views

Is it 日本人 or にほんじん?

I've been studying Japanese on my own for only three days. Why does the word "Japanese" sometimes appear like this 日本人 and also like this にほんじん?
PurpleInk 's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Kanji for darkness: 暗 vs 闇, nuance? meaning? use cases?

In Heisig's book Remembering the Kanji, 16th edition, kanji #519 (暗) is named Darkness. In Yu-gi-oh however the darkness element uses 闇 According to the following link, 暗 does indeed mean dark, ...
Marco Antonio Gomez Martinez's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
206 views

Why do dictionaries differ so much in terms of spelling and is there an established standard for how a word should be written in contemporary text?

If we look at thee はまる, きこり, しじま and うつつ as three examples of many, they are spelt differently in different well known dictionaries. はまる has 填まる first in Kenkyusha and Daijisen, while Meikyo and Shin ...
timseb's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
334 views

What is the difference between 始めに and 初めに?

I'd learned 始{はじ}めに to mean "in the beginning" or "firstly" a while back, and recently I came across 初{はじ}めに to have the exact same meaning. I looked it up on the dictionary, and ...
JNat's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
76 views

Wondering if this translates to exactly what i am wanting

My friend is really into Japanese stuff and manga, and he's also learning Japanese. I wanted to make him a shirt with an inside joke/nickname I have for him, and I was planning on putting it in Kanji, ...
Cookie's user avatar
  • 13
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

When to use ンネ vs ッネ?

For example, why the correct spelling is トンネル rather than トッネル ? Is it an arbitrary/historical choice, or is there a rule that explains it? Would the pronunciation differ? This wiki page says that ッ &...
user1079505's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
250 views

Why do some Japanese verbs have different spellings?

I have been wondering, why some japanese verb have a variety of ways to spell. Does it matter which spelling I used or does the variety of spelling serve a purpose. And if it doesn't matter, then why ...
asyraf shaari's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
93 views

How are different spellings sorted in the Daijisen dictionary?

To to my knowledge, The Daijisen is one of the most authoritative dictionaries of Japanese, at least for contemporary usage. When they provide several writings for the same entry, are there any rules ...
timseb's user avatar
  • 311
2 votes
1 answer
140 views

噓憑き: what is it and how is it different from 嘘つき?

While looking at song lyrics I found the word 噓{うそ}憑{つ}き . What kind of kanji usage is this, and how does it differ from 噓{うそ}つき? Since 憑 means "haunt, possess" and the song is about ghosts ...
Teleporting Goat's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why is ゴミ箱 written in katakana usually?

I know katakana can be used for loanwords, onomatopoeia, strange plants, animals, for emphasis, and more. However, I don't understand why ゴミ箱 is written in katakana. Can anyone shed some light on the ...
qiannianchong's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
555 views

Do you have to use the kanji 何 for nani (なに 'what' ) ? And kanji vs hiragana in general

What I remember is that the only point of Kanji is to distinguish words that have the same hiragana (homophones?) Did I misremember? If so, then what's the point of using Kanji when I could use ...
BCLC's user avatar
  • 605
0 votes
1 answer
91 views

Where to break line? [closed]

I have a few sentences that I needed translated to Japanese, and found someone to do it for me. However, I have no clue where I can break the sentences on two lines (as some don’t fit in the space I ...
Pierre's user avatar
  • 1
1 vote
1 answer
247 views

Synonym of もちろん?

In Fruits Basket S2E5, around 20:30, Hanajima says something that sounds like "mochi atabou yo", which is subbed as "of course". I guess from this and her character that it's ...
Zubo's user avatar
  • 191
0 votes
2 answers
181 views

is it grammatically correct to write ニ as ンイ

I was looking at the list of kana, and I realized something. Say, you wanted to write the syllable “ni”, you would write “ニ”, right? Is it possible to write “n” syllables using “ン” and vowels? For ...
Ninja Eagle's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
829 views

Is おにょみ a valid spelling/pronunciation of 音読み?

I assume the answer is no. I am asking, because my IME (Mozc) converts おにょみ into 音読み (same with くにょみ→訓読み). I think this is simply a matter of convenience to save the user from having to press [n] ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
923 views

我艦隊於黄海清艦撃沈之圖 how do you say this in Japanese?

I am working on an essay for school and I was looking at a wood-block print called, " 我艦隊於黄海清艦撃沈之圖 " by Kobayashi Kiyochika. According to websites, in romaji this is, "Waga kantai Kôkai ...
Michelle's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
90 views

When is Kanji REALLY used? [duplicate]

Whenever somebody tells you about kanji, they say something like this: Kanji are used for writing nouns, adjectives, adverbs and verbs. However, the further I go, the more realize that this ...
dvx2718's user avatar
  • 3,477
2 votes
2 answers
294 views

Why is アタマ written in katakana in the following passage?

I am watching a series of videos about the life of 手塚【てづか】治虫【おさむ】. In the video number 8, the word アタマ in 「子供のアタマ」 is spelled in katakana: Is this a way to emphazise or highlight something? or what ...
jarmanso7's user avatar
  • 6,708
4 votes
1 answer
501 views

The ''is it included in the kanji or not'' phenomenon?

Some expressions can be written part kanji part hiragana. Sometimes I'm not sure how many hiragana actually condense into the kanji. Example: おとうさん Is it お父さん or お父うさん ? ちいさい Is it 小さい or 小いさい ? I ...
Kantura's user avatar
  • 2,432
2 votes
1 answer
870 views

Why does 全員 sound like zein but is written zenin (ぜんいん)?

Is the middle "n" silent? Am I just not used to hearing it and can't identify it? The duolingo pronunciation sounds like "zein" https://www.duolingo.com/dictionary/Japanese/%E5%85%A8%E5%93%A1/...
ubershmekel's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
167 views

希硫酸, 稀硫酸? What’s the difference?

希硫酸, 稀硫酸. My dictionary says they are both “dilute sulfuric acid”. What is the difference in usage here? Is there just one optional radical? English has “sulfuric” and “sulphuric”, and that’s an ...
Ragaroni's user avatar
  • 920
3 votes
1 answer
195 views

Why "ついてきてください" and not "付いてきてください"

I found some similar questions regarding Japanese switching out relatively "easy" kanji for hiragana, but I still can't seem to understand why it's done. I saw this sentence from a movie: 参加される方は ...
AAV's user avatar
  • 33
0 votes
0 answers
121 views

Spelling out over the phone [duplicate]

If a native Japanese does not know how a kanji is pronounced and want to ask about its reading over the phone, how would he 'spell out' the kanji? Maybe this is why faxes are still popular in Japan, ...
Quora Feans's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
336 views

In kanji 外, why is タ used instead of ソ? [closed]

Why is タ used instead of ソ in 外 despite it's read as ソト?
Sarai Jaime's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
228 views

The different ways to write "fox" [duplicate]

When writing "fox", what is the difference between these two ways? 狐 or キツネ
kwyjibear's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
236 views

Hi I want to know if the correct written characters for boketto (To daydream) is spelled ぼけっと or ボケっと

Hi I want to know if the correct written characters for boketto (To daydream) is spelled ぼけっと or ボケっと
user34910's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
262 views

Why the specific spelling "一つひとつ"?

I'm reading a book and the author keeps using the spelling "一つひとつ" for "one-by-one". I found this a bit curious: The word itself is just a doubled 一つ, so why not spell both parts the same? Does ...
Kaskade's user avatar
  • 1,619
2 votes
0 answers
283 views

Changing from "S" to "Z" sound in Katakana [duplicate]

The katakana form's ジ sound comes from two bases: from "sh," as in "sheep" AND from the "ch" sound in "cheese." When I am asked to identify the character, during study, that is producing the ジ sound,...
Twanvessel Madison's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
179 views

A grammar issue?

What is the meaning of the "long hyphen," --, a DASH really, for grammar, translation, and punctuation? For example : シャワーヘッド (Shawaheddo)? Thank you
Twanvessel Madison's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
165 views

Elongated お in the volitional verb form

In native Japanese words (that I know of at least) like 通り and 大きい, to elongate the お-sound, another お is added when written in Hiragana (instead of う like in Sino-Japanese words). However, it just ...
Kaskade's user avatar
  • 1,619
0 votes
1 answer
1k views

おはよう written as おはよ?

Playing through the intro of Let's Go Pikachu, I came across what looks to me like the greeting おはよう, but written instead as おはよ. Is this a known alternate spelling, or perhaps a simplification aimed ...
Jax's user avatar
  • 105
2 votes
2 answers
622 views

Structure of -しい adjectives

Are they all of the form [kanji]しい or can they also be of the form [kanji][kana]しい? ([kana]しい can also probably be found in the case of uncommon kanji.)
Mathieu Bouville's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
158 views

Are they the same: コショウ vs コショー

The question is are these two pronounced the same. If they are how would one know how to spell them. This applies to any case of ウ vs 一.
NS0's user avatar
  • 101
3 votes
1 answer
632 views

Where does ドンピシャ come from?

The fact that ドンピシャ (meaning "right on, fitting to a T") is written in katakana makes me wonder if it comes from a foreign phrase, but I can't figure out which one (out of the European languages I ...
Andi's user avatar
  • 39
1 vote
1 answer
312 views

What are the common practices for writing Korean names?

Some manga made by Korean writers and illustrators write their names entirely with kanji (especially without any clue as to how to pronounce them), while credits in anime write Korean staffers' names ...
Vun-Hugh Vaw's user avatar
  • 1,255
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Ocha in Hiragana [duplicate]

I'm pretty early into learning Japanese. I've started learning hiragana, when writing "ocha" in hiragana I've noticed it comes up as おちゃ now I know お is "o" and normally ち is "chi" while ゃ is ya. Now ...
Cody.T's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
80 views

Possible misspeling of 音葉? [closed]

I encountered follwoing sentence という音葉は胸にしまっておく。 And I think that 葉 is probably just misspelling, i.e. は entered twice instead of once. But I'm not sure. Can someone help?
sklott's user avatar
  • 576
2 votes
1 answer
452 views

Differences between 利く and 効く, and examples

I would like to know what's the meaning of 利く with this kanji 利. Could you also give me some examples, please? I've searched in kotobank for a difference between 効く (to have effect) and 利く, but I ...
Rick's user avatar
  • 1,113
3 votes
0 answers
198 views

気をっけて - Why the small っ? [closed]

I'm currently viewing a bunch of tweets about Typhoon Jebi in Kansai, and I'm seeing a lot of people writing 気を[っ]{L}けて specifically with a small っ. Is this just some type of stylization? If so, ...
istrasci's user avatar
  • 44.3k
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Translate German name "Markus" to Japanese

I'm trying to translate my German name Markus to Japanese, which seems quite difficult. My first approach was just to transcribe it. Ma → ma → マ r → ru → ル ku → ku → ク s → su → ス giving ...
LStrike's user avatar
  • 133
0 votes
1 answer
200 views

Making a sign one column vertically. Don't know anything about Japanese

I'm helping a friend making a vertical neon sign for an installation with the word hikikomori. As I don't know anything about Japanese I just googled the translation, but can't understand how to order ...
Neon Murderface's user avatar