Questions tagged [renyōkei]

連用形. An inflection of verbs and adjectives known by various names in English, including "continuative form", "infinitive", "the stem", "conjunctive form", and even "Vmasu form" (since it's the form that appears before 〜ます, although of course this name doesn't work for adjectives). Sometimes called 中立形 in Japanese. Formed with -i for consonant-stem verbs, -∅ for vowel-stem verbs, and -ku for adjectives.

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1answer
214 views

Using the stem form of a verb like the て form, as in 燃えゆく or 飲みほして

What is the significance of sometimes using the stem form of a verb like how the て form would be? For example: 燃えゆく (from HANABI) 飲みほして (from Ambiguous) It's something I hear now and again, but ...
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154 views

What does the word 「よりうけ」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 生{せい}活{かつ}費{ひ}そのほかいっさいのせわを丹{たん}下{げ}氏{し}よりうけ
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220 views

What does this mean? - help with 続き and なら

日本語で[続]{つづ}きをよむならてつだいますよ! [続]{つづ}きをよんでほしいです I'm confused about tsuzuki and nara. Going by it's definition of continuation... it doesn't really make much sense to me plus the conditional... I get ...
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61 views

What is the difference between 連用形 'て-form' and the い-stem?

If they are the same syntactically, why is it right to say 食べている but not 食べいる? Why is it right to say 食べ続ける, but not 食べて続ける? Forgive my ignorance on this topic.
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139 views

What form is 超え in 人の理を超え…?

my question is , what does 超え in 人の理を超えその身を保ち生き永らえながら…その全てを搾取支配人を弄ぶことに費やして…何を為そうとした' mean ? Is it a form of 越える? If yes, what form is it (you know, like ~て、~た、~しょう... etc)? I haven't stumbled across ...
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101 views

Meaning of a conjugation of 巡らす (巡らせ)

This is from a light novel I'm reading. Here's the part that I'm having trouble with this sentence: オレは痛みを訴える頭を巡らせ Based on what I know regarding the rest of the sentence, I believe that this ...
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1answer
103 views

Do all the い-adjectives become adverbs when you add く to them?

Do all い-adjectives become adverbs when you add く to them? For example: 新しい = 新しく 早い  = 早く But does this work with all the い-adjectives?
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220 views

Contraction of や, the variant of は

In an answer to this question, Tsuyoshi Ito correctly points out that you can sometimes change the consonant や, a variant of は, into a glide but sometimes you cannot. 聞きやしない 聞きゃ(ー)しない  大きすぎやしない * ...
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465 views

meaning of なく followed by なし

In the context of a very well fortified place, what does 入る者なく出る者なし mean? It seems like it would mean: none may enter, none may leave, but I'd like to make sure, and understand the naku form better. ...
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148 views

Renyoukei at the end of a sentence

https://www.spookizthemovie.jp/ I'm curious about the renyoukei at the end of the last sentence of the description: ある日、偶然拾ったスマホがきっかけで、キュラが、好奇心旺盛な人間の少女・ハナに出会ってしまい・・・。 What does it do at the end ...
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693 views

~った with a noun (生い立ち > 生い立った) - what's really going on?

I just started trying to read the Japanese translation of Hermann Hesse's Siddhartha. I've struck a problem in the first sentence that my native Japanese speaking friends can't seem to help me with. ...
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1k views

What is the meaning of masu-stem + proposition

Example sentence: オオカミのことばに従い、 森に行った。 What is the meaning of this construction? Does it have a special meaning?
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67 views

やり い-form conjunction vs て-form conjunction

From Assimil's "Japanese With Ease" volume 2, lesson 72, sentence 10. その上【うえ】一人【ひとり】で起【お】き上【あ】がれないから,そのたんびに起【お】こしてやり,半【はん】日【にち】かかって,やっとひとつの山【やま】から降【お】りられた。 その上【うえ】一人【ひとり】で起【お】き上【あ】がれないから, ...
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1answer
138 views

What does the word 「部下となし」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. そのドヤ街{がい}に住む{すむ}子{こ}どもたちをそそのかしてかれらを部下{ぶか}となし
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1answer
266 views

What is the purpose of the renyokei form + ni part of this sentence?

In the light novel that I'm reading, the protagonist is creatively arguing with his friend to obtain more sleeping time. However, I'm a bit confused about how to handle the 起こしに in this sentence. ...
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1answer
59 views

読み取られ without る [duplicate]

示に従い、カメラで学生証を写すと顔写真や学籍番号などが読み取られログインが進む。 The school released a new application, and the teacher instructed the students to install it on their cell phones. The activation process is by reading (...
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427 views

How is ではなく formed?

この女の人はペンチではなく、ハンマーを使っています。 I believe the sentence means "The woman is using a hammer, not a pliers". But I couldn't understand ではなく, how is this structure formed?
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113 views

Usage and meaning of 仲ばし [closed]

While reading I came across a strange usage which none of my dictionaries could decipher. 腰を仲ばし、両手を大きく振りながら、てくてく歩く。 While googling I found the sentence 手を前方に進め上体を倒しながら仲ばします accompanied by a ...
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140 views

Logic behind grammar patterns

One of my current biggest challenges in learning Japanese sentence patterns is knowing which verb forms to use when linking to set phrases. The largest classes of verb forms I've seen that are used ...
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In which word form does 探し belong to? [duplicate]

I confuse with usage of 探し in this sentence: 探しに行くんだ そこへ I have tried to google it. But they show me 探す which is a u-verb. And I am unable to find sagashi. The closest one is sagashita which is ...
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144 views

Why is this sentence not separated? 圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込みドリッパーの内側にピッタリと装着します。

It is a step how to use coffee filter. 圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込みドリッパーの内側にピッタリと装着します。 In my opinion, it should be 圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込み - Fold the filter alternately following to the diagram 1 and 2 to ...
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168 views

What does すまなく思うが mean?

すまなく is 'sorry' but how does 思うが change this meaning? 'I feel sorry?'
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173 views

What is the role of し after the noun?

I can't understand the role of し after 留学 in the sentence: 来年、日本に留学しに行くと決めた。 I heard that it is supposed to be a conjugated form of する, but I don't know a conjugation ending in just し. Any ideas?
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Can you use the し particle without dictionary forms? [duplicate]

日本は集団主義、序列社会である。ものを大事にし、他者への配慮、思いやりを理解すべし I'm struggling to work out the precise function of the し in ものを大事にし here. Well - I'm quite sure it is the し particle for linking clauses, but the lack of a ...
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151 views

Why is kiru represented as kiri in おじいさん が 山 へ 木 を きり に いけば

I can't fathom why the verb kiru is in the masu form without the masu attached in this sentence: おじいさん が 山{やま} へ 木{き} を きり に いけば What is the purpose?
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161 views

What do verbs missing their -る mean? [duplicate]

When I read a light novel, sometimes I see some weird verb that does not have る like it's supposed to. For example, I see 越え instead of 越える, or 抱え instead of 抱える. From the first page of 生徒会探偵キリカ: ...
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102 views

Meaning of で Before a Conjunction [duplicate]

めったに~ない ~するのはほとんどない。 〔例〕店長【てんちょう】は優しい【やさしい】人【ひと】で、めったに怒らない【おこらない】。 'The store manager is a nice person and rarely gets angry.' What does で mean in this sentence?
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174 views

(美化語)なさい - sound

The difference between (連用形)なさい and (美化語)なさい is rather clear; the first would only be used for social inferiors, and the second can be used for social superiors (it's also part of set expressions ...

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