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Questions tagged [renyōkei]

連用形. An inflection of verbs and adjectives known by various names in English, including "continuative form", "infinitive", "the stem", "conjunctive form", and even "Vmasu form" (since it's the form that appears before 〜ます, although of course this name doesn't work for adjectives). Sometimes called 中立形 in Japanese. Formed with -i for consonant-stem verbs, -∅ for vowel-stem verbs, and -ku for adjectives.

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Conjunctive form (e.g. 書き) vs Conj + mono (e.g. 書き物)

I'm trying to fully understand the plain conjunctive form without a suffix. I've seen it mainly in the form of 話, where it means a talk or speech. So I think it means something along the lines of "the ...
Benjamin Lindley's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
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Is there a term for using conjugating verbs such that the sentence continues with another clause?

I'm referring specifically to using the て form to form a pseudo conjunction, and specifically the transformation of verbs in formal writing by using the verb stem instead of て form. For example the ...
ssb's user avatar
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13 votes
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なく vs. なくて and stem form vs. てform as conjunctions

I have been wondering about this, since every time I hand in a 作文 in a Japanese class, I'm corrected on conjunctions. It seems to me that whenever I use a てform as a conjunction, a response comes back ...
xana's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
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Removal of て in Japanese novels

Is て sometimes dropped in Japanese Novella? I'm asking as I recall being told (in one of my previous question's comment section) that て is sometimes dropped in Japanese novels. And yet, when I went ...
Toyu_Frey's user avatar
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Masu stem to connect sentences

When using masu-stem to connect sentences, is the short form for shimashita = shi? 昨日無事に大学を卒業しました。日曜日に国へ帰ります。 = 昨日無事に大学を卒業し、日曜日に国へ帰ります。 Is his correct?
Denise's user avatar
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How do you formulate the 連用中止 with 形容動詞 (な adjectives) and 名詞 (nouns)?

According to my textbook, verb and i-adjective sentences can be chained with the 連用中止【れんようちゅうし】 form like this: Later on, I came across this exercise where I'm required to replace the adjectives' ...
jarmanso7's user avatar
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21 votes
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Meaning of ぬ added to 連用形 / masu-stem, as in 風立ちぬ

What does the ぬ at the end of 立ち specify? I can't find a verb that is just 立ちぬ, is this some kind of special form? Can this be done with other verbs as well? 風立ちぬ, for reference, is Miyazaki's new ...
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8 votes
1 answer
861 views

Meaning of 誰もいはしない in this sentence

「どうせ誰もいはしないと高をくくっていたところもある。」 This one's throwing me for a bit of a loop. The translation says "He also didn't really take the possibility of anyone being there seriously." It makes sense to me ...
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Connecting phrases with the stem of masu-form

When is it possible to connect sentences using the stem of masu-form? Are there restrictions on the use of this form?
roby's user avatar
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Is the 「て」 missing from 「され」 in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. ソフトのプレイ中にHOMEボタンを押すと、ソフトが中断されHOMEメニューが表示されます。 I think 「て」 should follow the verb 「中断され」 to create conjunctive/continuative form.
George's user avatar
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What is the meaning and application of ren'youkei?

My knowledge about ren'youkei is limited to "tabe is the ren'youkei of taberu". I would like to know what the meaning of ren'youkei is, what linguistic idea lies behind this term and for what it is ...
eugene_laserhair's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
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Why is this sentence not separated? 圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込みドリッパーの内側にピッタリと装着します。

It is a step how to use coffee filter. 圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込みドリッパーの内側にピッタリと装着します。 In my opinion, it should be 圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込み - Fold the filter alternately following to the diagram 1 and 2 to ...
George's user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers
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What does the "〜やしない" conjugation mean?

In episode 76 of Fairy Tail, Gildarts said this to Natsu: 本気でそう思ったら、止めやしないよ。 (honki de sou omottara, tomeyashinai yo) Which was translated in the subtitle as: If that's what you honestly ...
Lukman's user avatar
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10 votes
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What is this form : Verb + はせん?

I am currently trying to read Bleach in Japanese. So far I haven't ran into any difficulty that a good dictionary cannot overcome. However in this particular scene I am puzzled by a particular scene, ...
Urukann's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is this や in 大きすぎや?

Is this a contraction along the same lines of なければ → なきゃ? 反乱を抑えるためだけが目的だとしたらリスクが大きすぎやしないか Also, can you contract 言えば or あれば?
Axe's user avatar
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Why do they use the 連用形 instead of the て form here? [duplicate]

I know that the て form can be used to connect verbs together, like the English "and": 毎日私は食べて寝る。 I eat and sleep every day. And I know the 連用形 can be used to connect verbs as well, but it ...
Sweeper's user avatar
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What's the grammatical breakdown of "知りもしないわ"?

Can you do this with any verb? e.g."食べもしないわ" Also what's the meaning of "わ" at the of verbs like "壊すわ"?
Izuna's user avatar
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Stem of ます-form as conjuction

おはよう! I came up with the stem of the ます-form while trying to read a book. I already checked the questions Connecting phrases with the stem of masu-form and なく vs. なくて and stem form vs. てform as ...
user2553780's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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Verb Stem vs. の Nominalizations

I've been wondering about the difference between verb stem (e.g. 話) vs. の (e.g. 話すの) nominalizations. From what I gather, they refer to different things. It seems the verb stems refer to the objects ...
mouldyfart's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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How is ではなく formed?

この女の人はペンチではなく、ハンマーを使っています。 I believe the sentence means The woman is using a hammer, not a pliers. But I couldn't understand ではなく, how is this structure formed?
Dav7n's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is the meaning of masu-stem + proposition

Example sentence: オオカミのことばに従い、 森に行った。 What is the meaning of this construction? Does it have a special meaning?
olorin's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is the role of し after the noun?

I can't understand the role of し after 留学 in the sentence: 来年、日本に留学しに行くと決めた。 I heard that it is supposed to be a conjugated form of する, but I don't know a conjugation ending in just し. Any ideas?
El Gringo's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
2k views

What does the word 「ありゃしねえ」mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods. Here is the full sentence. こんなお買【か】いどくはどこの世【せ】界【かい】へいったって ありゃしねえよ
George's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
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What is "masu-stem + ざま"?

Here is a part of a sentence from my book: ・・・・手裏剣をよけざま・・・・ I can't find any help in any of my references on the pattern of "masu-stem + ざま", which makes me hesitant to say that's exactly what it ...
silvermaple's user avatar
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Is 来おった the 連用形{れんようけい} of くる plus おる → おった?

I came across the following dialogue, which occurs right as the hero arrives: 「やっと来おったか。」 I'm not sure how to parse 来おった. Is it 来{き} + 居{お}る? If so, what exactly does this form mean? Do other ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

Using に twice in the [Verb-連用形]に行く sentence pattern

Consider these example sentences given by my grammar dictionary: (1) 私はデパートへ贈り物を買いに行った。 (2) そこへ何をしに行くんですか。 Observation: The location is marked by へ instead of に. Considering that a sentence such as ...
Flaw's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
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How to use に with "masu-stem (連用形 stem) + に + Verb" structure

Could somebody provide a bit more explanation, possibly giving correct and incorrect examples on how to use に with "masu-stem (連用形 stem) + に + Verb" as illustrated in the following examples? Both ...
Tim's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
983 views

Nominalizing verb with い-ending vs ーの

In my Japanese class today, we were supposed to say a sport we liked. I said: 泳ぎが好きです。 We haven't learned this way of nominalizing verbs or the names of many sports, so my 先生 shook her head no and I ...
ringo's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
3k views

Use of verb ます-stem when て-form seems possible

I saw this line in a song: 時計塔の頂上椅子に座り微笑んでるあなたは I'm curious why it uses 座り rather than 座って? Since it's a sequence of actions I would've thought that 座って would be more applicable, but since 座り ...
Museum of Truisms's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
3k views

When an -i form (連用形{れんようけい}) of a verb seems to be a suffix rather than a prefix?

In a previous question about コーヒー割り I learned that 割り is a form of the verb 割{わ}る "to dilute". Now I'm trying to understand the grammatical process by which this 割り form of 割る can be added to nouns ...
hippietrail's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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What does おり mean in this sentence?

Is it from the verb 居る? If it's so, why is not it ております? 怪人による被害はこれまでにない規模の拡大を続けており、…
Dav7n's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
765 views

What does the word 「してやせんっ」 mean?

I have come across the word in a manga. It is said by a boy who was talking about the future plan of selling prizes awarded from playing Pachinko. Here is the sentence including the word: いつまでも ...
George's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
249 views

Grammar justification for 連用形 + 係助詞「は」+(ない・ある)

So recently I came across these two answers to two very interesting questions, and related: one and two. Both mention the following form: (連用形{れんようけい} of something) + (optional 係助詞{かかりじょし}) + (...
xTCx's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Can たり be used without する at the end?

http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/compound#part8 explains what たりする is. I read "地面が40cm以上高くなったり、1m20cm以上低くなった所もありました" on http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10010492331000/k10010492331000....
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2 votes
1 answer
303 views

Contraction of や, the variant of は

In an answer to this question, Tsuyoshi Ito correctly points out that you can sometimes change the consonant や, a variant of は, into a glide but sometimes you cannot. 聞きやしない 聞きゃ(ー)しない  大きすぎやしない * ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
426 views

連用形 used instead of regular 連体形 directly modifying nouns

I'm attempting to read my first light novel and am unsure about whether I am misunderstanding the function completely, or if it is merely a literary usage. Here is an example: ...
ceg9988's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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What do the phrases 「ことに」 at the end of a sentence and 「を巡り」 mean?

Here is the sentence relating to my question: 院生たちに慰問に現れた葉子を巡り、再び力石とジョーは拳を交えることに。 For the word 「を巡り」, does it mean 'concerning' which is similar to the meaning of 「を巡って」? For the word 「ことに」, is it ...
George's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
215 views

Why are both 選び and 祝福した taking the same object even though one is in their masu stem and the other isn't? [duplicate]

I noticed that in this sentence: 主{しゅ}はあなたを選{えら}び、祝福{しゅくふく}した。 選{えら}び (masu stem) and 祝福{しゅくふく}した (noun + suru verb) take the same object. Is there a grammar rule for this? I can't seem to find any ...
Rommel Bagasina's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
3k views

How to parse "あけぐち"?

I'm working out my Japanese by trying to read everything around me, including food packages. On my milk carton written inside a large arrow pointing to the spout is "あけぐち" in hiragana. Obviously ...
hippietrail's user avatar
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