Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [renyōkei]

連用形. An inflection of verbs and adjectives known by various names in English, including "continuative form", "infinitive", "the stem", "conjunctive form", and even "Vmasu form" (since it's the form that appears before 〜ます, although of course this name doesn't work for adjectives). Sometimes called 中立形 in Japanese. Formed with -i for consonant-stem verbs, -∅ for vowel-stem verbs, and -ku for adjectives.

3
votes
1answer
75 views

How do you formulate the 連用中止 with 形容動詞 (な adjectives) and 名詞 (nouns)?

According to my textbook, verb and i-adjective sentences can be chained with the 連用中止【れんようちゅうし】 form like this: Later on, I came across this exercise where I'm required to replace the adjectives' ...
3
votes
2answers
288 views

What does にとり mean?

Could somebody please help me to understand what にとり means in the following sentence (taken from a letter explaining the change to Reiwa era) : 「私達日本人{わたしたちにほんじん}にとり身近{みぢか}で重大{じゅうだい}な最新{さいしん}の話題{...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

meaning of なく followed by なし

In the context of a very well fortified place, what does 入る者なく出る者なし mean? It seems like it would mean: none may enter, none may leave, but I'd like to make sure, and understand the naku form better. ...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

Grammaticality of two kanji verbs without their conjugating part

A friend told me he's going to get a tattoo with "頑張". 頑張 doesn't exist on the dictionary without its -る conjugating part, so is it grammatically correct using it alone, as if it was a noun? Does it ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

「あまもり」と一段動詞「もれる」

天井などに欠陥があって,あめがふったときなどに,みずがもれだしてくることは「あまもり」といいます.しかし,この語の後半「もり」と関係があるとおもわれる動詞「もれる」は一段活用です.その連用形を名詞としてもちいているのだとすれば「もれ」でなくてはなりません.このことから,かつては,「もれる」とおなじ意味の「もる」という五段動詞があったのではないかとおもいたくなります....
0
votes
1answer
77 views

What is the role of し after the noun?

I can't understand the role of し after 留学 in the sentence: 来年、日本に留学しに行くと決めた。 I heard that it is supposed to be a conjugated form of する, but I don't know a conjugation ending in just し. Any ideas?
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Meaning of ようになり

The problematic part is emboldened. 縄文時代は、縄文土器が使用された時代を示す呼称であったが、次第に生活内容を加えた特徴の説明が為されるようになり、磨製石器を造る技術、土器の使用、農耕狩猟採集経済、定住化した社会ととらえられるようになった。 I can't understand how does the ようになり function here. ...
0
votes
2answers
137 views

What does すまなく思うが mean?

すまなく is 'sorry' but how does 思うが change this meaning? 'I feel sorry?'
1
vote
1answer
122 views

What form is 超え in 人の理を超え…?

my question is , what does 超え in 人の理を超えその身を保ち生き永らえながら…その全てを搾取支配人を弄ぶことに費やして…何を為そうとした' mean ? Is it a form of 越える? If yes, what form is it (you know, like ~て、~た、~しょう... etc)? I haven't stumbled across ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

Verb Stem vs. の Nominalizations

I've been wondering about the difference between verb stem (e.g. 話) vs. の (e.g. 話すの) nominalizations. From what i gather, both nominalizations refer to different things. It seems the verb stems refer ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Question about “nari”

七三年にはテレビ番組になり、今も毎週続いています。 I understand the sentence to be: In '73 it became a television show, and today it continues every week. My question is about the form of the verb なる in the above ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

What do verbs missing their -る mean? [duplicate]

When I read a light novel, sometimes I see some weird verb that does not have る like it's supposed to. For example, I see 越え instead of 越える, or 抱え instead of 抱える. From the first page of 生徒会探偵キリカ: ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Meaning of で Before a Conjunction [duplicate]

めったに~ない ~するのはほとんどない。 〔例〕店長【てんちょう】は優しい【やさしい】人【ひと】で、めったに怒らない【おこらない】。 'The store manager is a nice person and rarely gets angry.' What does で mean in this sentence?
2
votes
1answer
269 views

I don't understand what this verb conjugation is: 見えなくなった

This is a quote from Tae Kim's Guide 下に入って、富士山が見えなくなった Can someone explain what this form of 見える is? It almost seems like they are trying to make a negative verb into an adverb but is that ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

In which word form does 探し belong to? [duplicate]

I confuse with usage of 探し in this sentence: 探しに行くんだ そこへ I have tried to google it. But they show me 探す which is a u-verb. And I am unable to find sagashi. The closest one is sagashita which is ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Grammar justification for 連用形 + 係助詞「は」+(ない・ある)

So recently I came across these two answers to two very interesting questions, and related: one and two. Both mention the following form: (連用形{れんようけい} of something) + (optional 係助詞{かかりじょし}) + (...
1
vote
1answer
217 views

How is ではなく formed?

この女の人はペンチではなく、ハンマーを使っています。 I believe the sentence means "The woman is using a hammer, not a pliers". But I couldn't understand ではなく, how is this structure formed?
4
votes
2answers
432 views

Why do they use the 連用形 instead of the て form here? [duplicate]

I know that the て form can be used to connect verbs together, like the English "and": 毎日私は食べて寝る。 I eat and sleep every day. And I know the 連用形 can be used to connect verbs as well, but it ...
4
votes
2answers
416 views

Why does 逃げよ mean 'Escape!"?

I have been watching some anime recently and I often hear people say にげよ (逃げよ in kanji maybe?) and it is usually translated as "(Let's) escape!". I want to know why it is translated this way. ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

What does this mean? - help with 続き and なら

日本語で[続]{つづ}きをよむならてつだいますよ! [続]{つづ}きをよんでほしいです I'm confused about tsuzuki and nara. Going by it's definition of continuation... it doesn't really make much sense to me plus the conditional... I get ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Masu stem to connect sentences

When using masu-stem to connect sentences, is the short form for shimashita = shi? 昨日無事に大学を卒業しました。日曜日に国へ帰ります。 = 昨日無事に大学を卒業し、日曜日に国へ帰ります。 Is his correct?
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Why is this sentence not separated? 圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込みドリッパーの内側にピッタリと装着します。

It is a step how to use coffee filter. 圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込みドリッパーの内側にピッタリと装着します。 In my opinion, it should be 圧着部分を図1,2のように交互に折り込み - Fold the filter alternately following to the diagram 1 and 2 to ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Can たり be used without する at the end?

http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/compound#part8 explains what たりする is. I read "地面が40cm以上高くなったり、1m20cm以上低くなった所もありました" on http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10010492331000/k10010492331000....
5
votes
1answer
543 views

Difference between ざまに and ながら

お姉ちゃんが振り向きざまにきっぱりと言い切った Big sister turned around and ?? clearly asserted... From the answer on this question about ざまに, I understand ざまに to mean "while". But in what way does it differ from ながら? ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Conjunctive form (e.g. 書き) vs Conj + mono (e.g. 書き物)

I'm trying to fully understand the plain conjunctive form without a suffix. I've seen it mainly in the form of 話, where it means a talk or speech. So I think it means something along the lines of "the ...
5
votes
1answer
485 views

Which form is 切り?

On a Japanese package I've found this inscription: ここからお切り下さい。 This obviously means: "Please cut here (to open)". With my very basic knowledge of Japanese I would instead of お切り (お being the ...
4
votes
1answer
249 views

連用形 used instead of regular 連体形 directly modifying nouns

I'm attempting to read my first light novel and am unsure about whether I am misunderstanding the function completely, or if it is merely a literary usage. Here is an example: ...
3
votes
1answer
406 views

How does “koe” mean “went over”?

山 を こえ、 たに を こえ、 うみ に でる と、 おに の ふね が ありました It translates as They went over the mountains, and over the valleys And came out to the sea, and there was a devil boat Why is it "koe" means "went ...
5
votes
1answer
267 views

連用形 of 「だ」 - difference between 「だっ」「で」「に」

Out of the conjugations of だ, the 連用形 is what is confusing me. I understand だ、だろ、な、なら fine, but I'm confused about だっ、で、に. I think my question might be a bit too broad and that's because I really ...
3
votes
2answers
848 views

Use of verb ます-stem when て-form seems possible

I saw this line is a song: 時計塔の頂上椅子に座り微笑んでるあなたは I'm curious why it uses すわり rather than 座って? Since it's a sequence of actions I would've thought 座って would be more applicable, but since 座り ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

What does the word 「部下となし」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. そのドヤ街{がい}に住む{すむ}子{こ}どもたちをそそのかしてかれらを部下{ぶか}となし
4
votes
1answer
328 views

Stem of ます-form as conjuction

おはよう! I came up with the stem of the ます-form while trying to read a book. I already checked the questions Connecting phrases with the stem of masu-form and なく vs. なくて and stem form vs. てform as ...
2
votes
1answer
332 views

Meaning of 誰もいはしない in this sentence

どうせ誰もいはしないと高をくくっていたところもある。 This one's throwing me for a bit of a loop. The translation says "He also didn't really take the possibility of anyone being there seriously." It makes sense to me except ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

The meaning of 美味しいクッキーで子供たちに大人気

Woman 1 「アスタの作るクッキーは香りが豊かで、焼き始めるとスタリオンの子供たちが屋敷に集まってくるのよね」 アスタ 「簡単に焼けるから、みんなに配る分もすぐに準備出来るからね」 Woman 2 「うむ、領地の子供たちに美味しい物を振る舞うとは……さすが領主の義理息子だけはある」 Woman 1 「感心しているけど、あんたは実の娘でしょうが」 Man ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

What does the word 「よりうけ」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 生{せい}活{かつ}費{ひ}そのほかいっさいのせわを丹{たん}下{げ}氏{し}よりうけ
0
votes
1answer
137 views

(美化語)なさい - sound

The difference between (連用形)なさい and (美化語)なさい is rather clear; the first would only be used for social inferiors, and the second can be used for social superiors (it's also part of set expressions ...
3
votes
2answers
540 views

What does the word 「してやせんっ」 mean?

I have come across the word in a manga. It is said by a boy who was talking about the future plan of selling prizes awarded from playing Pachinko. Here is the sentence including the word: いつまでも ...
6
votes
1answer
291 views

連用形+は+せん (殺しはせん。) meaning? [duplicate]

The line 「殺しはせん。」 is said by a character in anime. What is せん here (I assume it's somehow related to negative form of する)? Plain negative (I'm not killing you)? Volitional neg. (I'm not intending to ...
10
votes
2answers
900 views

What does the word 「ありゃしねえ」mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods. Here is the full sentence. こんなお買【か】いどくはどこの世【せ】界【かい】へいったって ありゃしねえよ
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Usage and meaning of 仲ばし [closed]

While reading I came across a strange usage which none of my dictionaries could decipher. 腰を仲ばし、両手を大きく振りながら、てくてく歩く。 While googling I found the sentence 手を前方に進め上体を倒しながら仲ばします accompanied by a ...
1
vote
1answer
217 views

What is the purpose of the renyokei form + ni part of this sentence?

In the light novel that I'm reading, the protagonist is creatively arguing with his friend to obtain more sleeping time. However, I'm a bit confused about how to handle the 起こしに in this sentence. ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Meaning of a conjugation of 巡らす (巡らせ)

This is from a light novel I'm reading. Here's the part that I'm having trouble with this sentence: オレは痛みを訴える頭を巡らせ Based on what I know regarding the rest of the sentence, I believe that this ...
2
votes
1answer
584 views

Is this a 仮定形 (kateikei) form, and how to analyse it?

I'm stuck with the word かけ in the following text below (towards the beginning of Japanese tale, Kachikachi yama). Obviously, "(こしを)かけ" stands for "(腰を)掛ける" (to sit down). But what's the grammar ...
6
votes
1answer
452 views

What's the grammatical breakdown of “知りもしないわ”?

Can you do this with any verb? e.g."食べもしないわ" Also what's the meaning of "わ" at the of verbs like "壊すわ"?
11
votes
2answers
523 views

What is this form : Verb + はせん?

I am currently trying to read Bleach in Japanese. So far I haven't ran into any difficulty that a good dictionary cannot overcome. However in this particular scene I am puzzled by a particular scene, ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the meaning and application of ren'youkei?

My knowledge about ren'youkei is limited to "tabe is the ren'youkei of taberu". I would like to know what the meaning of ren'youkei is, what linguistic idea lies behind this term and for what it is ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What is the meaning of masu-stem + proposition

Example sentence: オオカミのことばに従い、 森に行った。 What is the meaning of this construction? Does it have a special meaning?
2
votes
1answer
190 views

Using the stem form of a verb like the て form, as in 燃えゆく or 飲みほして

What is the significance of sometimes using the stem form of a verb like how the て form would be? For example: 燃えゆく (from HANABI) 飲みほして (from Ambiguous) It's something I hear now and again, but ...
1
vote
1answer
494 views

~った with a noun (生い立ち > 生い立った) - what's really going on?

I just started trying to read the Japanese translation of Hermann Hesse's Siddhartha. I've struck a problem in the first sentence that my native Japanese speaking friends can't seem to help me with. ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

When an -i form (連用形{れんようけい}) of a verb seems to be a suffix rather than a prefix?

In a previous question about コーヒー割り I learned that 割り is a form of the verb 割{わ}る "to dilute". Now I'm trying to understand the grammatical process by which this 割り form of 割る can be added to nouns ...