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Questions tagged [rendaku]

連濁. A phonological phenomenon in Japanese by which the first consonant of the second component of a compound word often becomes voiced (k→g, s→z, t→d and h→b).

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Why is Katakana not pronounced Katagana?

I am a beginner in Japanese and I've noticed that when two words are compounded into one word the first letter of the second word changes. hira + kana = hiragana ko + hayashi = kobayashi ori + kami ...
Kantura's user avatar
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Rules or criteria for 連濁: Voiced or unvoiced syllables in compound words

Examples first. 空 {そら}. Almost all compound nouns for which 空 is the second component pronounce it as ぞら zora: 青空 {あおぞら} 夜空 {よぞら} 星空 {ほしぞら}. There is at least one exception though: 美空 {みそら}. 蕎麦 {...
Lukman's user avatar
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15 votes
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Why is the た in 手伝う voiced?

English In the compound verb 手伝う, we see the following sound change: て+つたう→てつだう Unexpectedly, the た from つたう turns into だ. 連濁, at least with the 手+伝う analysis, can't account for this, because it's ...
Darius Jahandarie's user avatar
11 votes
5 answers
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What is the difference between tori vs. dori?

In Aikido, different dojos seem to latch on to using either dori or tori when describing grabbing attacks. For instance one dojo might say: Katate Dori Another would say: Katate Tori Each dojo ...
Jack B Nimble's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
2k views

Is 株式会社 read as かぶしきがいしゃ or かぶしきかいしゃ?

I've seen the reading of 株式会社 written both with rendaku and without. I can't tell whether the version without rendaku is simply a typo, or a true variant of the word.
Myria's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
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Pronunciation of 対応済

Is the pronunciation of 対応済 たいおうすみ or たいおうずみ ? Context: Software Example: ユーザが押したときに問題が起こらないように対応済
Nicolas Raoul's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is 三角 pronounced "sangaku" in any dialects?

The word 三角 is often used in judo to describe a position enclosing your opponent's head and arm in a "triangle" created by interlocking your legs. However this word is occasionally spelled sangaku (as ...
ヤコブ's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
2k views

Bridging tsu ("つ") when joining two kanji

I am currently studying Japanese grammar through Japanistry's Grammar Guide (https://www.japanistry.com/the-number-system/) I've come across a section when it says that a reading changes when two ...
Steve Woods's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
329 views

Why is there no rendaku occurring in the word ふかふか?

Why isn't the second ふか changed to ぶか in ふかふか; thus, becoming ふかぶか? I would expect to see ふかぶか instead of ふかふか for the same reason that ひとびと is ひとびと, not ひとひと. There is no voicing; thus, Lyman's Law ...
The Square Cow's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
308 views

Why does this unvoiced ほ sound become a voiced ぼ sound?

I've seen a couple videos of a Japanese translation of the song Twinkle Twinkle Little Star. This Japanese version is titled 「きら きら ぼし」. However, star is 「ほし」. Why is the ほ sound voiced in the title? ...
cloveapple's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
371 views

Why 一番星 read as Ichibanboshi instead of Ichibanhoshi?

Why do they read as Ichibanboshi? Isn't the Kunyomi of 星 is hoshi? Moreover, why do 星 is read with Kunyomi? Isn't supposed to be read with it's Onyomi considering that 一番星 is a bunch of kanji without ...
Lika's user avatar
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1 answer
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what is the meaning of 腹んばいになって?

What is the meaning of 腹んばい and 腹んばいになって? Also, is it read 「はらんばい」? I understand that 腹んばい悪い seems to mean 'get mad' (腹が立つ), but this other usage seems like it isn't about anger. Here is the ...
jlptnone's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
2k views

How do I read 通常版?

According to jisho.org, 通常 is pronounced as つうじょう. I don't know how to pronounce 版 in 通常版. How is it pronounced?
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3 votes
1 answer
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Decimal points and sound change of counters

I understand that when a series of numbers in Japanese includes a decimal point each number is voiced individually with the decimal point pronounced as てん as in the following example: 9.76 = ...
mattb's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why does 本仕込 contain rendaku but 本絞り does not?

Both words 本仕込 (ほんじこみ)and 本絞り(ほんしぼり contain the prefix ほん - the root words are しこみ and しぼり. They are morphologically similar nouns, so I am wondering whether this specific instance of rendaku is ...
kandyman's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
249 views

Why does "Rendaku" not apply in 少々 お待ちください?

I'm thrilled to finally read about Rendaku (連濁) in my learning journey of Japanese, and to realise that ときどき is a simple example of this phenomenon!! However, "少々" in 少々 お待ちください still remains as "...
user33870's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
117 views

連濁 in proper nouns

There was already this answer regarding the basic rules of rendaku. However, it seems that these rules do not apply at all to proper nouns, especially toponyms. Examples include 秋葉原{あきはばら} (no rendaku)...
xuq01's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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How does one know when to use ~ふん or ~ぷん when telling time in Japanese?

I'm wondering if there are any linguistic reasons or rules that can be applied to find out which to use, or do I just need to memorize them individually?
Morella Almånd's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
184 views

How do you know when to use rendaku? What are the words that always/never use it? [duplicate]

I know there are some words that always have rendaku (花)and some that never use it. Is there a rule for rendaku or does it depend on the word? Thanks in advance!
ヤラユギ's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
3k views

Deriving the "p" and "b" sound from "h"

This question refers to the hiragana notation of different syllables, where you indicate the "soft-spoken" or "hard-spoken" variants of syllables by marking them with a small ...
Philoctetes's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
6k views

When would I use ふん instead of ぷん?

What's the difference for using these? Examples: さんじごじゅうぷん ろくじよんじゅうごふん
Sheyld's user avatar
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1 answer
152 views

etymology of 冬ごもり

I know that 冬ごもり means "winter solitude" so it's clear what role 冬 has in that, but what does ごもり come from? I looked up "solitude" and "isolation" on jisho but nothing with that pronunciation seemed ...
legs's user avatar
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1 answer
472 views

Is there rendaku with consecutive counters?

In this Asahi article about a bicycle-powered knitting machine, the following sentence appeared: [1足分]{いっそくふん}を[編]{あ}むのに[10分]{じゅっぷん}[程度]{ていど}こぐという It takes about 10 minutes of pedaling to knit one ...
Ned Reif's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
333 views

How does one pronounce "11.53 cups"?

I am uncertain how to handle the combination of the fraction, counter, and rendaku. Is it じゅういっぱいてんごじゅうさん or maybe じゅういちてんごじゅうさんばい? It occurred in this sentence here: 全日本【ぜんにほん】コーヒー協会【きょうかい】の2020年【...
Ned Reif's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
546 views

History and etymology of Japanese onomatopoeia

I've been wondering about the patterns of Japanese onomatopoeia and their etymologies. Perhaps you could help me figure it out or link me to a useful bibliography that might. The first of these ...
szychy's user avatar
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2 votes
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67 views

Interaction between pitch accent and mi-prefixation

I'm interested in the ways in which words that can be prefixed with mi- might vary in accent. For instance, both mi-kokoro and mi-gokoro are attested (albeit rare and highly archaic), but mi-kokoro is ...
Tadhg Ó Conaill's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
85 views

Why are voiced and unvoiced consonants both acceptable for the same word?

It's common enough to see two possible pronunciations of a word in Japanese. For example, take the word 容態 (meaning 'condition' or 'state'). According to 三省堂 スーパー大辞林, both ようたい and ようだい are ...
kandyman's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
814 views

About the word Akagami [duplicate]

So my question is very simple. I know that Akagami means red hair but isn't hair in japanese named "kami"? I want to understand why it is akagami instead of akakami. Hope this question doesn't sound ...
Anarchic Bust's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
98 views

How do you pronounce 電報船? Is is でんぽうふね、でんぽうぶね or でんぽうせん?

I recently started to read 'Made in Abyss' and unfortunately is doesn't contain any furigana, which sometimes makes it hard for me to understand. So I came across the word 電報船, which refers to a mail ...
user39426's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
188 views

How do I read 係?

I came across these sentences in the same manga. [1] よつばはこびがかりな! [2] しんぶんとってくるかかりか? [3] よつばちゃん新聞係? I'm guessing it's 係 "person in charge" in these sentences. Is it がかり whenever it is a verb stem /...
Dani's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
171 views

Rendaku in 一本気 but not in 本気

As I'm encountering more words with rendaku, I thought I started to understand it, but I came across an example that does not make sense to me. Why is 気 voiced き in 元気 and 本気, but is voiced ぎ in 一本気 ? ...
F'x's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
66 views

Is there rendaku in 感動話?

In this sentence 感動話は“感動【かんどう】”と書【か】かずにいかに心【こころ】が震【ふる】えたかを伝【つた】えよ Don't use the word "moving" to describe a touching story, but tell how your heart was shaken. https://www.asahi.com/and/...
Ned Reif's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
130 views

Why こころ is read as ごころ? [duplicate]

What's the difference between the Kanji 心(kokoro) and the kanji inserted after another kanji like in 乙女心 (otomegokoro)? Why the kanji in the first example is read as kokoro and in the another exemple ...
Peter S's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
72 views

Why is it that when words get combined, the sound often gets softened? [duplicate]

I can't come up with an example right now. But hypothetically let's say there was a word that was ka. And they combined it with ku to make a new word. then it'd become kagu instead of kaku. It ...
Dylano Stewart Rodrigues's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
74 views

Need help with 熊 pronunciation [duplicate]

Sorry if this question have already been asked but I did some research and didn't find anything about this. So I just started to learn some kanji and I decided to look around at names with kanji just ...
Nimuki's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
137 views

Why is 田 read as だ instead of た/でん in 山田? [duplicate]

When looking up 田 on Jisho.org/田, it states it's readings as た and でん, but when the kanji is used in the family name Yamada (山田), the reading obviously changes to 'da'/だ. Is this something you just '...
tannerli's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
206 views

Rendaku (連濁) in graffiti?

I was wondering about the reading of 糞社会 in the graffiti in this image: ふんしゃかい or ふんじゃかい? There does not seem to be an easy way to know, as the Wikipedia page tells us: In modern Japanese, rendaku ...
Ned Reif's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
101 views

Trying to figure out the Japanese tale's sentence

ある年のこと、大雨が切れめなく、ザアザアふったので、村は水びたしになってしまい、村人は、 とてもこまりました。 I don't understand the second part "村は水びたしになってしまい". I figured out that this means "The village ended up becoming dipped in water....
Jonie Jackson's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
637 views

Is it Amekakure or Amegakure?

In Naruto the village hidden in rain is called Amegakure in English Version and Pronounced like "Ame-ga-kure" in both Japanese and English Version. But if you try to translate the kanji of this 雨隠れの里 ...
Nappa's user avatar
  • 119
0 votes
1 answer
159 views

Is どこ住み ever pronounced どこずみ?

I have been saying どこ住み{ずみ} as in ~さん、どこずみですか? because I seem to remember the first few times I heard the word used by other people it was pronounced as such. And I haven't had any issues making ...
Eddie Kal's user avatar
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