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Questions tagged [rendaku]

連濁. A phonological phenomenon in Japanese by which the first consonant of the second component of a compound word often becomes voiced (k→g, s→z, t→d and h→b).

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Bridging tsu (“つ”) when joining two kanji

I am currently studying Japanese grammar through Japanistry's Grammar Guide (https://www.japanistry.com/the-number-system/) I've come across a section when it says that a reading changes when two ...
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etymology of 冬ごもり

I know that 冬ごもり means "winter solitude" so it's clear what role 冬 has in that, but what does ごもり come from? I looked up "solitude" and "isolation" on jisho but nothing with that pronunciation seemed ...
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Why 一番星 read as Ichibanboshi instead of Ichibanhoshi?

Why do they read as Ichibanboshi? Isn't the Kunyomi of 星 is hoshi? Moreover, why do 星 is read with Kunyomi? Isn't supposed to be read with it's Onyomi considering that 一番星 is a bunch of kanji without ...
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Is it Amekakure or Amegakure?

In Naruto the village hidden in rain is called Amegakure in English Version and Pronounced like "Ame-ga-kure" in both Japanese and English Version. But if you try to translate the kanji of this 雨隠れの里 ...
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Rendaku for jukugo combinations

From my studies of Japanese, I know that it is common for certain jukugo expressions to be juxtaposed without an intervening particle (usually a noun+noun combination without a の). What I wanted to ...
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How do you know when to use rendaku? What are the words that always/never use it? [duplicate]

I know there are some words that always have rendaku (花)and some that never use it. Is there a rule for rendaku or does it depend on the word? Thanks in advance!
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About the word Akagami [duplicate]

So my question is very simple. I know that Akagami means red hair but isn't hair in japanese named "kami"? I want to understand why it is akagami instead of akakami. Hope this question doesn't sound ...
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Why is it that when words get combined, the sound often gets softened? [duplicate]

I can't come up with an example right now. But hypothetically let's say there was a word that was ka. And they combined it with ku to make a new word. then it'd become kagu instead of kaku. It ...
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Why does this unvoiced ほ sound become a voiced ぼ sound?

I've seen a couple videos of a Japanese translation of the song Twinkle Twinkle Little Star. This Japanese version is titled 「きら きら ぼし」. However, star is 「ほし」. Why is the ほ sound voiced in the title? ...
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How does one know when to use ~ふん or ~ぷん when telling time in Japanese?

I'm wondering if there are any linguistic reasons or rules that can be applied to find out which to use, or do I just need to memorize them individually?
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連濁 in proper nouns

There was already this answer regarding the basic rules of rendaku. However, it seems that these rules do not apply at all to proper nouns, especially toponyms. Examples include 秋葉原{あきはばら} (no rendaku)...
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History and etymology of Japanese onomatopoeia

I've been wondering about the patterns of Japanese onomatopoeia and their etymologies. Perhaps you could help me figure it out or link me to a useful bibliography that might. The first of these ...
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Why is there no rendaku occurring in the word ふかふか?

Why isn't the second ふか changed to ぶか in ふかふか; thus, becoming ふかぶか? I would expect to see ふかぶか instead of ふかふか for the same reason that ひとびと is ひとびと, not ひとひと. There is no voicing; thus, Lyman's Law ...
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Need help with 熊 pronunciation [duplicate]

Sorry if this question have already been asked but I did some research and didn't find anything about this. So I just started to learn some kanji and I decided to look around at names with kanji just ...
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Is 株式会社 read as かぶしきがいしゃ or かぶしきかいしゃ?

I've seen the reading of 株式会社 written both with rendaku and without. I can't tell whether the version without rendaku is simply a typo, or a true variant of the word.
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How do I read 通常版?

According to jisho.org, 通常 is pronounced as つうじょう. I don't know how to pronounce 版 in 通常版. How is it pronounced?
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Why is the た in 手伝う voiced?

English て+つたう→てつだう Unexpectedly, the た from つたう turns into だ. 連濁, at least with the 手+伝う analysis, can't account for this, because it's not the first consonant of 伝う. What happened here? ...
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Why is 田 read as だ instead of た/でん in 山田? [duplicate]

When looking up 田 on Jisho.org/田, it states it's readings as た and でん, but when the kanji is used in the family name Yamada (山田), the reading obviously changes to 'da'/だ. Is this something you just '...
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Decimal points and sound change of counters

I understand that when a series of numbers in Japanese includes a decimal point each number is voiced individually with the decimal point pronounced as てん as in the following example: 9.76 = ...
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When would I use ふん instead of ぷん?

What's the difference for using these? Examples: さんじごじゅうぷん ろくじよんじゅうごふん
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Why is debug デバッグ but bug is バグ?

I'm interested in why the extra small tsu in included in the word デバッグ but not バグ. Are there any rules governing voicing in words formed via reduplication? Lyman's rule may explain this, but does ...
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what is the meaning of 腹んばいになって?

What is the meaning of 腹んばい and 腹んばいになって? Also, is it read 「はらんばい」? I understand that 腹んばい悪い seems to mean 'get mad' (腹が立つ), but this other usage seems like it isn't about anger. Here is the ...
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Pronunciation of 対応済

Is the pronunciation of 対応済 たいおうすみ or たいおうずみ ? Context: Software Example: ユーザが押したときに問題が起こらないように対応済
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Rules or criteria for 連濁: Voiced or unvoiced syllables in compound words

Examples first. 空 {そら}. Almost all compound nouns for which 空 is the second component pronounce it as ぞら zora: 青空 {あおぞら} 夜空 {よぞら} 星空 {ほしぞら}. There is at least one exception though: 美空 {みそら}. 蕎麦 {...
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What is the difference between tori vs. dori?

In Aikido, different dojos seem to latch on to using either dori or tori when describing grabbing attacks. For instance one dojo might say: Katate Dori Another would say: Katate Tori Each dojo ...