Questions tagged [relative-clauses]

連体修飾節(関係節). A type of subordinate clause which modifies a noun phrase.

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3
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2answers
148 views

Does「豊富なタンパク質」 mean “abundant protein” and「タンパク質が豊富な」mean “rich in protein”?

Trying to get a grasp of how to use the word 豊富な, I found a phrase saying 「タンパク質が豊富な」 from a Japanese website. I’m not sure if が must be used for it to be correctly mean “protein-rich” or “rich in ...
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1answer
158 views

Difference between 溺れた人, 溺れている人 and 溺れる人

そのとき海岸の近くでは、州の職員などがドローンを使って溺れた人を助ける練習をしていました。 At that time, near the coast, some people were practicing rescuing people who have drowned using a drone. 男の子たちが溺れたことを知った人たちは、ドローンを沖に飛ばしました。 The ...
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1answer
195 views

Why the past tense is used in this sentence?

It's about this passage:"インターネットの安全のための仕事などをするIPAによると、銀行やクレジットカードの会社など、本当にある会社の名前を使った、うそのメールが多くなっています。" First of all, "本当にある会社の名前を使った" is modifying "うそのメール" but the comma is written for more ...
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1answer
174 views

Relating parts of sentences

(first post, correct me if anything X)) I'm having trouble relating the parts of this sentences: エリナ: 窓の外に見えるの 皆シットル? Erina: Couldn't the rest of people look out of the window? タダシ: ...
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2answers
106 views

How do I parse this sentence? (年中行事について)

The sentence in question: 年中行事の生ずるのは季節のうつりゆきが農業などの上にすぐ影響するし、それが国民生活の上に現れて種々の行事が生ずるのである。 My attempt at a semi-literal translation: As for the arising of annual observances, changes in the ...
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1answer
154 views

Is this sentence right? コーヒーがおいしい喫茶店{きっさてん}へ行きたいです。

Can I transform this sentence: おいしいコーヒーがある喫茶店{きっさてん} へ行きたいです。 into this sentence: コーヒーがおいしい喫茶店{きっさてん}へ行きたいです。 ?
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1answer
137 views

What does の mean in 形のない花? [duplicate]

I came across a 東方 remix called 形のない花, which translates (apparently) to "Shapeless Flower". Now, I see the words 形、ない、花 for, of course, "Shape", "Not", and "Flower" respectively. However, I'm at a ...
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1answer
69 views

Relative with repeated subject

Reading a basic text in my book, I found this short phrase with a relative clause: あの人達もバスに乗る人達ですか。 I would probably translate this sentence with: Even those people will get on the bus? If my ...
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4answers
440 views

Difference between ~のことを書いた本 and ~のことを書かれた本

From the start of 星の王子さま: 僕が六歳だったときのことだ。「ほんとうにあった話」という原生林のことを書いた本で、すごい絵を見た。 It was when I was six years old. I saw an amazing picture in a book called "Stories that Really Happened" that (someone)...
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1answer
347 views

「〜に関するN」vs 「〜に関してのN」

In Japanese class, we just learned the grammatical form 「〜に関する」and its various usages. The conjugation 「〜に関しての」was also brought up, and our teacher said that there was virtually no difference between ...
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2answers
378 views

Undertstanding 88歳の草間彌生さんは水玉の絵などが有名な芸術家で

88歳の草間彌生さんは水玉の絵などが有名な芸術家で、世界でも人気があります。 88 year old 草間彌生さん ??? and is popular even in (the rest of) the world. I'm having problems parsing the first clause. 草間彌生さんは有名な芸術家で 草間彌生 is a famous ...
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2answers
267 views

How would you say “Music I Like”? (Using Nouns In Relative-Clauses)

Given that Japanese uses a noun to express that something is liked, how would you use it in relative clause? I was trying to write "Touhou Music I Like" in Japanese for a YouTube playlist, but ...
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1answer
91 views

In the sentence「みどりがきれいなまちです」, why is が used?

And how should the sentence be translated? "It's a beautiful green town"? "It's a beautifuly green town"? "It's a greenish beautiful town"?
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2answers
190 views

Why is 猫 at the end of this sentence “目の色が違う猫”

This sentence was translated as "a cat that has eyes of different color". Now using my Spanish speaking mind I wouldn't phrase that sentence that way, it would be 猫の目の色が違う. So how come it is 目の色が違う猫?...
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1answer
179 views

Understanding adjectives with noun phrase eg 髪がきれいな女性 [duplicate]

I am trying to complete my understanding of adjectives, and I came across this example phrase from the wasabi-jpn guide: 髪がきれいな女性 - A woman with beautiful hair. I would have thought this would mean ...
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1answer
90 views

Help understanding 警察犬をクビになったわんこ

I ran across this article on newsinslowjapanese, and the title is: フレンドリー過ぎて警察犬をクビになったわんこ. The article translates this in English as "Police Dog Fired For Being Too Friendly", but why is "dog" ...
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2answers
156 views

Are relative clauses used differently in Japanese?

I understand how relative clauses are formed in Japanese; but, are there any differences with regards to where, what, when, and why, a relative clause is used? The two languages' relative clauses ...
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3answers
321 views

is this sentence gramatically correct? “ano ko ga futteita makka na sukaafu”

This phrase from a song "ano ko ga futteita makka na sukaafu" is gramatically correct? shouldnt be ano ko ga makka na sukaafu o futteita ? BTW, ko is translated as "girl" . Ko has many meanings, ...
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1answer
130 views

Can native speakers spot if a clause is relative or not ahead of time?

Whenever I read a long multi-line article written in Japanese, the hard part for me is that a lot of the long sentence like clauses suddenly end as a noun-phrase, making it a relative clause. This ...
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2answers
687 views

What does 「名のある」 mean on this page of Yotsuba&! manga?

I am on ch.82, pg.27 of Yotsuba&! manga. Source : http://raw.senmanga.com/Yotsubato!/82/27 What does bubble in the first panel mean. To be specific, きっと名のある牛だよ! 主なんじゃね!? I understand ...
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3answers
571 views

Are Japanese modifiers “greedy”, “anti-greedy”, or do they mean whatever people choose them to mean?

(I'm a beginner. I just started learning Japanese about a month before I wrote this.) The Japanese Wikipedia article 飛べない鳥, which corresponds to the English Wikipedia article Flightless bird, has the ...
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2answers
181 views

Parsing potential phrase modifying a noun

From Hirameki Hatsume-chan Vol 1, chapter 71 How does the sentence in the third panel translate, and who is doing what to whom? Is it a potential and the どうぐ is "enabling" him to have good dreams or ...
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2answers
154 views

Problems with the grammar of this sentence

人間の目は、観察しようとする​面の中央より少し上の方を自然に見るそうである。 (From: https://www.docdroid.net/847v2dg/img-20170413-0001-new.pdf.html) I think I pretty much understand this sentence, it says that the human eye tends ...
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2answers
155 views

Issue identifying the topic of a sentence

I've been staring at this for a while now and can't seem to decide on what is actually happening. The sentence in question is: さっきから動物に餌を与えるのを楽しんでいるかのようなシンシア Now does this refer to an actual ...
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1answer
123 views

What type of clause is 「蛙飛び込む」 in the famous haiku by Basho?

Usually, Basho's famous haiku, when written with a translation, is presented thus: 古池や 蛙飛び込む 水の音 And translated roughly (similar to three out of five translations available in Wikisource): ...
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1answer
147 views

Are どう、どこ、どれ、どの、等、exclusively question words?

Are words like 何、いつ、どう、どこ、どれ、どの、exclusively used to request confirmation for a unknown? Or can they also be used to say the Japanese equivalent of things like "This is HOW you do it", or "This is WHEN ...
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2answers
169 views

Can a question directly modify a noun?

I was surprised by this sentence: 桜の花が今年いつごろ咲くか発表がありました。 There was an announcement saying approximately when the cherry blossom will come out this year. We seem to have a question 桜の花がいつ咲くか ...
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2answers
435 views

What does 使わずに mean?

I could not figure out the meaning of it. What does 使わずに mean? うちに使わずに眠っているピアノが一台ある。
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1answer
180 views

夏目漱石 「心」 Confused by use of いた in apparent relative clause

Continuing to work my way through 心, progressing a little bit more each day. Though I've been reading past this point, I was not as confident in my interpretation of this sentence in retrospect as I ...
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3answers
147 views

夏目漱石:「心」 “勧まない”

The passage in question is this: 友達はかねてから国元にいる親たちに勧まない結婚を強いられていた。 Now, I recognize that kanji from 勧める, so I'm inclined to think this passage means "For some time, my friend had been pressured by ...
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3answers
353 views

Can 私の手伝いをするの mean “the help I do”?

I found an example from an online dictionary as follows. 彼は私の手伝いをするのを露骨にいやがった。 He showed a great reluctance to help me. Because の in the relative clause「私の手伝いをする」 can be replaced by が, so ...
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1answer
62 views

add a verb to a noun without interpose nothing in between

So I was wondering why in Japanese it's correct to say 寝る時間? Because I thought it was necessary to use the no particle in order to change the noun and add a verb. Anyway what grammar is used in ...
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2answers
8k views

日本語における relative clause (関係詞節?) とは?

[relative-clauses] のタグをなんとなく眺めてみました。これは、直訳すれば「関係詞節」らしいですが、日本語にこのような文法は存在しますか?というのも、いまいち日本語の文法でこのような文節を意識したことがなく、はたして日本語の文法において関係詞節なるものが存在するのかふと疑問に思ったからです。そして、試しに Google で検索すると英文法についてのサイトがひたすらヒットします。 ...
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1answer
152 views

Translation of sentence and why is a kereba used in this sentence?

In the first verse of this song, they say: 最寄り駅の改札抜ければ いつもよりちょっと勇敢なお父さん Is this even a full sentence? My translation would be: When passing through the ticket gate at the nearest station as ...
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2answers
390 views

The usage of な to make an entire clause modify a noun, and “Alice is a desirable person” versus “Person that likes Alice”

In the very beginning of Tae Kim's Guide to Japanese, namely here, there is this example: 魚が好きな人。 Person that likes fish. When I read that for the first time, still as a very beginner in ...
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1answer
107 views

Who's going what in 「溺愛する一人息子」

I'm referring to the following sentence, where I've placed the topic in brackets: (お婆は)溺愛する一人息子の又八が唆されて村を出たと思い込み、武蔵を激しく憎み命を奪うために旅を続ける。 I'm unsure as to who's actually doing the 溺愛: お婆は息子を溺愛する?...
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2answers
91 views

持っていること vs 持っていたこと

When I was writing a composition in Japanese I wrote this sentence: 東京メトロでは、日本人は僕がとても重い鞄を三つ持っていたことに気が付きましたから、荷物を持つのを手伝ってくれました What I wanted to say is: In the metro, since Japanese people realized I ...
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2answers
56 views

Help with understanding 「すそをはじく ように引っ張ると」 in sentence

The full sentence is this: 撥水がすごいので屋内に入る前に着たまますそをはじくように引っ張ると水を払うことが出来る。 The part I am having trouble with is: すそをはじくように引っ張ると Can anyone shed some light?
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1answer
596 views

Relative clauses types and confusion

I was reading Japanese:Revised edition by Shoichi Iwasaki And he talks about 4 types of relative clauses. A)“Cased Head” Type (Relative Clause): the head noun bears some case relation to the ...
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1answer
81 views

Can 「と」be used with relative-clauses?

みなさんこんにちは! :D I've recently been learning about Japanese relativistic-clauses(it all makes sense now!!!). Just curious about something, if と can be used like 'and' or 'with', does the same apply to ...
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1answer
101 views

How to use 自動詞 to describe 名詞? [duplicate]

According to my teacher, if you want to use 自動詞 to describe 名詞, you should transform 自動詞 to た形, for example 彼は優れた人。 But if I want to use the 辞書形 — e.g. 彼は優れる人です — is it meaningful? And can I do ...
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1answer
480 views

How to say where you buy something from

I'm working on noun modifying clauses so this sentence is a little basic. However would から be the appropriate word to use to express that I have bought something from a particular place. Where would ...
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3answers
215 views

How do adjectives work in relative clauses?

This will probably be my last question regarding my prior questions. This will particularly focus on adjective + 物/こと. I was finally able to minimize the mess in my head, narrowing it down into ...
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1answer
97 views

Question on noun modification

The following is from a worksheet on noun modification: 文があいまいにならないように気をつけましょう。 茶色い目のキレイな少女 → 茶色い目がキレイな少女(キレイな茶色の目をした少女) → 茶色い目の、キレイな少女(茶色い目で、ルックスがキレイな少女) → 茶色い、目のキレイな少女(...
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1answer
496 views

という usage in relative clauses

I'm going through this tae kim's guide lesson about some uses of いう: http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/define And there is something that I don't understand. In the following sentences: ...
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1answer
145 views

Relative clause ending with a noun should be followed by の or である? What is the difference?

According to the book I am reading now, a relative clause ending with noun must be followed by の. But sometimes I also find a relative clause ending with noun that is followed by である. Consider the ...
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1answer
399 views

Modifying nouns (how to know if a modified noun is the object or the subject?)

晩ご飯を食べなかったボブは、映画で見た銀行に行った。 Bangohan o tabenakatta bobu wa, eiga de mita ginkou ni itta. This means "Bob, who didn't eat dinner, went to the bank HE saw at the movie." What if I want to say "Bob, ...
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2answers
1k views

『僕だけがいない街』Is it grammatically correct?

I would like to know if the anime's title " boku dake ga inai machi " grammatically correct? It's quite confusing because the verb ”いる” in negative form, should be the last word as long as I know. 街 ...
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3answers
82 views

Can 向こうに in 向こうに大きなビルが見える also be interpreted as a relative clause?

向こうに大きなビルが見えます。 I translate it to The big building is visible over there. Question Can I also translate it to the following? The big building over there is visible. In other words, can I ...
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2answers
200 views

Should the tense of predicate in main clause be the same as the tense of predicate in the relative clause?

It is a very basic question that I need to be confirmed. Consider the following sentence (taken from a book titled Essential Japanese Grammar by Masahiro Tanimori and Eriko Sato). ...