Questions tagged [relative-clauses]

連体修飾節(関係節). A type of subordinate clause which modifies a noun phrase.

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64 views

Can a て conjunction be used in a relative clause?

I considered a situation where two modifying clauses are joined by a て conjunction and wondered if such a thing was too ambiguous to be commonly used. (Brackets show what is being used as a modifying ...
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89 views

Can one noun be modified by both a clause and a の marked noun?

I have tried to create a sentence wherein a noun is modified by both a clause and の marked noun, but found it to be difficult with my current understanding: Intended sentence: I stole the king’s ...
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170 views

Object of a sentence ambiguity

The sentence: 守りたいのはあなた This sentence can either mean "The one I want to protect is you" or it can mean "the one who wants to protect (someone else) is you". Any way to distinguish besides context?
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497 views

Modifying nouns (how to know if a modified noun is the object or the subject?)

晩ご飯を食べなかったボブは、映画で見た銀行に行った。 Bangohan o tabenakatta bobu wa, eiga de mita ginkou ni itta. This means "Bob, who didn't eat dinner, went to the bank HE saw at the movie." What if I want to say "Bob, ...
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78 views

Is the main clause in the relative clause construct an actual clause?

I know that relative clause compounds are generally made with the following format. sentence/verb/adjective + noun My Genki I textbook supports this with the following example of a relative ...
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65 views

Relative clause confusion: “whose company I am leaving” or “who is leaving the company” [closed]

I came across this one in a study book: 本日、退社することになりました社長を初め皆様には本当にお世話になりました。 The translation reads 'Today I am leaving the company, and I would like to thank not only the President, but everybody.' ...
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3answers
177 views

The meaning of ”あれは魔術師に与えられた祝福”

I translated the sentence "あれは魔術師に与えられた祝福” to something along the line of "That is something that was given a blessing by a sorcerer" but in the translation that I compared it to, the translator ...
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215 views

Help with a relative clause + を中心に

Here's the sentence: あるいはまた、東南アジアを中心に世界各地で活躍するいわゆる華僑勢力の多くが福建省出身者である事実を見ても、福建人たちの「海外雄飛」のパワーを知ることができる。 My rough translation is something like: "Moreover, looking also at the fact that a large ...
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143 views

verbs with adjectival function?

In the sentence "忘れられない夜にする" does the verb "忘れる" have the function of an adjective? What is the meaning of the phrase? Is there any way to make verbs have a Japanese adjectival function?
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195 views

Aren't 「から」 and 「ので」 closer to the meaning of “because” rather than “so”?

To my understanding all particles affect the word or clause that appears before them: 「駅から家まで行く。」 means "I'll go from the station to my house" rather than "I'll go the station from house to go". So ...
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126 views

Relative Clauses and Adjective Placement

How would you add adjectives inside a relative clause to the thing being modified? Is the placement set? For example, in this sentence, can "new" come directly before computer (1) or should it be ...
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95 views

Question about 変な奴だって思う子がいたら

Im reading a manga called Yotsubato and this phrase occurs when Yotsuba dad is talking to a girl witch is his neighbour. He says: 変な奴だって思う子がいたら. The meaning is: If you see a girl that makes you ...
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212 views

負かした俺: who beat whom in this relative clause?

Context: Riku is a boxer of Baba gym. Tokorozawa is a retired boxer of Baba gym. Ishigami is a retired boxer of an unmentioned gym. Tokorozawa beat Ishigami in the past. Recently, Tokorozawa asked a ...
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190 views

Clarification about how 惚れた should be translated

There is sentence 「だがまあ、惚れた女を一途に見守っている男の邪魔をするのは無粋と言うものだ」 which I rougly translated as "However, as they say, it's rude to disturb a man who is earnestly watching over loved woman". But this ...
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240 views

Is 誰か行きたい人 a form of double-headed relative clause?

I came across the phrase "誰か行きたい人" in this thread and I think it would be used in a context like "誰か行きたい人がいるか?". However I am kind of confused by how it works grammatically. Is 誰か行きたい a relative ...
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86 views

How to say “the one I sent the letter to”

I sent him the letter - 彼に手紙を送ってあげた  He was the one who sent me the letter - 手紙を送ってくれたのは、彼だった He was the one I sent the letter to - ???
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123 views

What tense of a verb should be used in the subordinate clause?

In the following example, what tense of the verb should be used: past or non-past? If both are possible will the meaning change? Children will eat anything their mother brings home. ...
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1answer
287 views

Help parsing a sentence with two を

Context: in the Dead Tube manga, a villain is talking about how she turned people into zombies by giving them a hallucinogenic drug and explains that they are "contagious". ...
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160 views

Is the function of this ある a pre-noun adjectival, or is it a verb that forms a relative clause?

I'm going over my previously done translations to see if any need further editing, and the following comes up. 背後{はいご}で聞{き}き覚{おぼ}えのある声{こえ}がして、思{おも}わず一歩後{いっぽあと}ずさってしまった。 I relearned yesterday that ...
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648 views

How to say “Why I started studying Japanese”

I have a Japanese assignment that requires me to write about anything I want. I decided that I wanted to write about why I want to learn Japanese. I think the title should be "Why I want to study ...
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203 views

The exquisite depths of 和菓子's mind

Consider the following quote from this article: 和菓子は季節とともに変化するもの。パッと見て何を模したかわかる形もあれば、どんな意味が込められているのか考えるものもあり……。 As I understand it, the last clause is supposed to mean "there are ones (ie. certain ...
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203 views

Meaning for 昔から大好きな親戚の姉さん

I sometimes hear 姉さん used as just another way of addressing an older woman but I don't understand the usage of 親戚の姉さん. 親戚(shinseki) is relative so does Shinseki no Nesan mean the literal older sister ...
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185 views

Help with showing lack of a 'because' construct in translating the bolded sentence?

Two characters are having the following conversation: A:「あなたにも殺し屋になってもらうの。ツヴァイ」 “You too will become a assassin. Zwei.” B:「馬鹿言うなよ……。なんで僕が、そんなことやらなきゃならないんだよ⁉」 “Don’t say something so ...
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164 views

Relative clauses modifying a noun: passive voice?

Hopefully, the two following sentences are grammatically valid: 旅行の後で帰った時話を話す。 旅行の後で帰った時話が話される。 If so, can I use either as a basis for a relative clause modifying 話; are the two following ...
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143 views

Which clause is the だけ in 身の危険が迫った時にだけ発現する能力だから attached to?

身の危険が迫った時にだけ発現する能力だから I know there are two relative clauses in the above sentence, as shown below. Example structure is [verb/sentence]noun/main clause] Relative clause 1: [身の危険が迫った]時] ...
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168 views

Questions about Noun+が+Adjective

Here is a phrase: ねだんが たかいレストランは あまり すきじゃない I don't like high price restaurant very much Now, the questions. If I used たかいねだん レストラン, would it be wrong? Or would mean something different? ...
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90 views

Is it possible to make a relative clause & main clause using a formal noun, such as はず?

I know that a relative clause and main clause are formed when you have a construct of [sentence/verb] + noun in Japanese. While attempting to translate the following sentence, I found three of the ...
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775 views

How to appropriately pair tenses in subordinate and main clauses?

Consider the following combination. Which is the correct one? テレビが私の国で 《できた》 のは1960 《です》。 テレビが私の国で 《できる》 のは1960 《です》。 テレビが私の国で 《できた》 のは1960 《でした》。 テレビが私の国で 《できる》 のは1960 《でした》。 Note: The important ...
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136 views

Using prepositions in relative clauses?

Example: Let's say I want to reference "the bridge that I ran underneath". I would presume that the sentence would be: 下に走った橋 I feel like there's a lot of ambiguity here, but I guess that's ...
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80 views

Delimiting prenominal relative clauses

I encountered this sentence: 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・発展的に拡大する戦略を立案する Is there any way of knowing if this is 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・発展的に拡大する戦略を立案する or 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・...
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noun adjective grammar

学校の窓ガラスを割った生徒に反省文を書かせました。 in this phrase why did we use two を particles, does it mean two objects are here ?? can anyone explan the sentence structure..any similar examples also
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の: nominalization vs. 'the one that…'

の can be used as a noun with a relative clause in what appears to be two separate situations. Referring to a thing or person, e.g. '来たのは田中です。' ('The one who came is Tanaka.') Nominalizing a verb (as ...
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90 views

Relationship between temporal/adverbial nouns modified by relative clauses with verbs

I came across with the following sentence: 受験勉強で疲弊した深夜、グレープフルーツのへそに親指を挿入した瞬間、胸からぷしゅっと黄色の粒子が噴出した。 I was doubtful about how the sentences separated by commas were related to each other, so I asked a ...
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How to say “that” as in “the cow that ate” in Japanese?

I'm sure there are plenty of resources on this topic, but I don't know what keywords to use to find them. I want to know how you might create a noun by saying that the noun does something. For ...
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671 views

Are Japanese modifiers “greedy”, “anti-greedy”, or do they mean whatever people choose them to mean?

(I'm a beginner. I just started learning Japanese about a month before I wrote this.) The Japanese Wikipedia article 飛べない鳥, which corresponds to the English Wikipedia article Flightless bird, has the ...
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Head-internal relative clauses

I am trying to figure out head-internal relative clauses. A paper I looked at presented two versions of the same sentence, one with the head word (りんご) outside the relative clause: [皿の上にあった]...
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Connecting sentences with dictionary form verbs?

This is from the "intro" of the novel talking in general about sayayins . It seems that is like a sort of poetic/archaic style as the grammar doesn't make sense to me. 彼らは戦いを好み、ほかの星を侵略する宇宙のならず者だった。 ...
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Differentiation between subjects in relative clauses?

how do you distinguish between saying for example “A person he likes” and “A person who likes him” if they would both be 彼が好きな人?is there a way around that? different wording? a different particle? i ...
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107 views

Relative clauses: 多い人 vs 多くの人

I was practising a grammar pattern, so in my personal example I wrote: 多いオーストラリア人 However, a native speaker corrected me with: 多くのオーストラリア人 I understand that in relative clauses that adjectives ...
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217 views

ではない in Relative Clauses

I have read in several sources that it is grammatically incorrect to use は (topic particle) in relative clauses. However, I am almost certain that I have seen constructions like the following: ...
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80 views

Relative pronouns in せずにはいられない + noun

天を仰ぎ両手を合わせずにはいられない結果が得られている In the above excerpt, I'm not 100% sure how to connect the 結果 with the rest of the sentence. I do understand that the meaning is something like "Obtained result that you ...
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155 views

“~たい”-form and associated particle usage

My question is about the "~たい"-form ("want to"). I know that in a sentence containing this form, you can use は to mark the person who desires something. For example, "私は、東京に行きたい". But then I came ...
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108 views

passive ambiguity in this sentence

そう言って今度は頭を下げられる俺。 After saying that, she directs a bow at me. the other party is making a request so there is no doubt in context who is bowing. In isolation i find rearanging this relative ...
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161 views

無謀とも言えるその計画に (Reckless can be said that plan to)

I have seen the above construction only twice online, but it sounds like one of those sentences where the word order has been moved around in order to give it maybe a Shakespearean effect, or samurai ...
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140 views

Nominalized verb and connection to noun after が particle

I'm attempting to read a book and I don't understand the grammar 100% here. ジャックはもうすぐ九歳。本を読んだり、自然を観察したりするのが大好きな男の子だ。 Overall, I believe it means: Jack will soon be 9 years old. A lovable boy ...
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Explanation for 'noun + な + ので', is 'ので' still a 接続助詞 here?

I saw the following statement in a grammar book: 接続助詞 'ので' can only be placed after 用言 and 助動詞 in form of 連体形. But in another text book it says that ので can also be placed after a noun, and then ...
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122 views

Combining multiple verbs

I work in a hotel and I was asking a coworker if we are permitted to drink the coffee in a certain location near the desk. I am trying to be formal with this request. I asked "Are we allowed to take ...
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2answers
76 views

られる noun phrase

In the sentence : 日本で作られたもの ですが, ハワイに行ったときに買いました the noun phrase 日本で作られた describes もの. Why not use 日本の or 日本が in the noun phrase? From my understanding It would still mean that it is 'made in Japan'. ...
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111 views

Parsing the sentence 書く人物の顔が頭に入っていないと効果はない

This sentence is from Death Note, specifically on how to use it. This sentence is written in-universe using English. It states, “This note will not take effect unless the writer has the person’s ...
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80 views

relative clause with direct object

Generally: AはBを食べる <-> Bを食べるA but i do not think i can't rearrange this in terms of ~~~B However if it its a sentence with an indirect object as well: 「昔は天の川に見立てた川に笹を流して願い事をする行事なんかもあった ...