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Questions tagged [relative-clauses]

連体修飾節(関係節). A type of subordinate clause which modifies a noun phrase.

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2 votes
1 answer
324 views

Relating parts of sentences

エリナ:窓の外に見えるの皆シットル?   Erina: Couldn't the rest of people look out of the window? タダシ:そうだろう たぶん Tadashi: Yeah, maybe. CONTEXT: After taking a flight and stopped in a station Tadashi is looking at a ...
6 votes
2 answers
937 views

あなたがこの文のおかしいと思うところは?

The structure strikes me because the underlying transformation seems to be like this: [ あなたが ] [ この文の  ~ところを ] [ おかしいと ] 思う [ あなたが ] [ この文の  _____ ] [ おかしいと ] 思う ところは~ Another similar example is: [ ...
3 votes
2 answers
450 views

ではない in Relative Clauses

I have read in several sources that it is grammatically incorrect to use は (topic particle) in relative clauses. However, I am almost certain that I have seen constructions like the following: ...
2 votes
1 answer
106 views

Understanding 一組別の模様が浮かぶデック

From Kakegurui manga ch. 2, Yumeko was challenged a game by a student council member. To summarize, the game she was challenged in is a concentration game that involves two sets of standard deck of 54 ...
2 votes
1 answer
99 views

道を行ったところ meaning "just down the road"?

In the sentence うちの前の道を行ったところの家の男の子ったら、うっかりして指に《スーパーグルー》をくっつけてしまって、その指で鼻をさわったのよ I would translate this as There is a boy just down our street, who carelessly got glue on his finger and then picked ...
2 votes
3 answers
329 views

Relative clauses with various nouns

As far as I know, the relative clause should be placed immediately in front of the noun it modifies. For example, in sentence [木の下で休んでいる人の眼鏡], relative clause [木の下で休んでいる] modifies the noun [人]. Then ...
0 votes
0 answers
128 views

How often do embedded relative clauses occur in Japanese conversation?

I think the question is clear enough. I read an article regarding how English speakers comprehend embedded clauses in Japanese, and how in general it takes more time to comprehend a sentence that ...
3 votes
1 answer
642 views

Can aru be used as an adjective?

So I have this sentence すべての会社は、才能ある人材を育成すべきだ. I'm focusing on 才能ある人材. I'm guessing that 才能ある is short for 才能がある. But then aru is followed by 人材 which is another noun. The translation is "people ...
1 vote
0 answers
203 views

Meaning of 繋ぎ合う

I'm currently translating the Japanese versions of some Final Fantasy songs. I found the compound verb "繋ぎ合えた" in the song "Yakusoku no Basho" from FFXIII-2 as a relative clause, ...
2 votes
1 answer
279 views

Past vs present tense in relative clause

I found this thread that was really useful, but I'm still have some doubts, especially because this other thread seems to suggest that there isn't significative difference between using one or the ...
0 votes
3 answers
92 views

Cant understand this relative clause

There is this little article that im using to study japanese and one of its passages says: 国立感染症研究所によると、約3000の病院で6月25日までの1週間にヘルパンギーナがうつったことがわかった人は、1つの病院に平均で5.79人いました。今までの10年でいちばん多くなりました。 I cant ...
0 votes
0 answers
75 views

How does one explicitly express “the tree behind which I sleep” and similar things? [duplicate]

My intuition says to me that this should be a simple “私が後ろで寝ている木”, or for instance, as a hypothetical example, to express “The knife inside of which I cut the meat” opposed to “the knife I cut the ...
1 vote
1 answer
79 views

a question about に in the paragragh below

私たちは働くとき、何らかの社会的役割を担(注1)っていて、その役割に応じた結果が求められます。そして、期待に応えたときに得られるものが報酬(注2)や自身の成長です。要するに、私たちは働くとき「得る」前に求められているものを「与える」ことになります。仕事の本質(注3)は得ることではなく、自分に求められているものを人に与える、すなわち「人の役に立つ」ことなのです。 I am confused by ...
10 votes
3 answers
723 views

How to unambiguously express sentences with lots of relative propositions?

Background, problem statement Very often, I find myself in situations where I have to build structurally complex sentences in Japanese, and find myself struggling, trying to put all I want to say in ...
0 votes
1 answer
97 views

Separate clauses or one long relative clause?

The Japanese version of "Eternal Love" from Final Fantasy XIII has some lyrics arranged in a way that is slightly confusing to me. For example, あなたとの愛が このままずっと続きますように 夜空に願うの この手は まだ 離せない ...
1 vote
1 answer
115 views

は vs が when the subject is modified by a relative clause

Please note that the question is not whether the subject in a relative clause should be followed by は or が. (In that case I am aware that the thematic は cannot be used.) I was reading section II.2, Wa ...
3 votes
1 answer
150 views

Can the past progressive tense ever "overlap" into the present time?

I know that the tense of Japanese subordinate clauses is always relative to the time the main clause happens (which is different than in English). But consider the following: 子供が[昼寝]{ひるね}をしていた ...
1 vote
1 answer
59 views

Relative clause or separate phrases?

I'm wondering if the following: 話そうよ星空に二人の夢 Is a relative clause with 話そうよ preceding the rest of the line or two separate sentences? The part that's throwing me off is the よ particle. Does it ...
1 vote
1 answer
78 views

How to interpret 目と目あって without connecting particles?

The Japanese version of the FF8 song "Eyes On Me," from the Final Fantasy Song Book "Mahoroba" album, has several relative clauses without any particles connecting the verbs and ...
1 vote
1 answer
116 views

the use of した to modify nouns

Recently I came across this phrase: 血液型に関係したことって、日本では、すごく人気がある Why is 関係した in the past and not in the present? In this case, is there any difference between them?
2 votes
1 answer
128 views

What makes the so-called "体言止め" to be independent finite sentences? Why can't other languages have such feature?

Maybe this question should also be posted into the linguistic part. In Japanese a NP/DP like "世界三大唐木の一つとして有名な”黒檀”。(その中でも特に綺麗な...)"may compose a sentence by itself, and this is impossible in ...
0 votes
1 answer
88 views

Is 「(Non-Past Tense Action A)前に(Past Tense Action B)」technically ambiguous?

From How to appropriately pair tenses in subordinate and main clauses?, one of the answers provides: 歯を磨く前に食べた。 Problem: Is this sentence technically ambigious, in that it could mean: "I ate ...
1 vote
1 answer
67 views

Question about sentences that qualify nouns

(私が)望む未来  (未来を)望む私 I used the same verb behind two diffent nouns. However the Subject-Verb-Object remains the same. The first sentence standing for: "The future I desire.". Would the second ...
3 votes
1 answer
135 views

What is the meaning of 以来となる

This sentence comes from a science portal about the nobel prize 2018年の本庶佑氏以来となる、日本人の医学生理学賞受賞はならなかった。 I believe it means something like "A japanese person has not received the medical physiology ...
3 votes
0 answers
98 views

Phenomenon of omitting the head noun of a relative clause

Take this dialogue for example, where A and B talk about a certain 田中さん: A: ところで田中さんって覚えてる? B: あ、このあいだパーティーにいた? I made it up, so please excuse any unnatural aspects. The important part is B's answer. ...
1 vote
2 answers
174 views

Why is ある required in あるはずない?

From the first episode of Death Note, the main character utters to himself that something can't be possible: ふん、まさかな…そんなわけあるはずない Question: What is the ある doing in this sentence? If はずない is an i-...
2 votes
2 answers
191 views

Confused about object of 迎える in this sentence

I am currently on lesson 9 of Japan Foundation's まるごと B1-1. There is a text about a woman celebrating Christmas for the first time at her American partner's home. It begins with the sentence "...
2 votes
1 answer
159 views

に particle with 乾く and 響く

I'm playing a visual novel and there is the following sentence: 時折響く、司会者のバカみたいにカン高い笑い声。 真っ白くて日当たりの良いこの部屋に、乾き、響いていた。 The 乾き here is confusing. I know it might be related to 日当たりの良い部屋, but either the ...
3 votes
2 answers
181 views

「ずっとお母さんがコーチは嫌だ」

ずっとお母さんがコーチは嫌だ I don't want my mom to always be my coach. I am wondering what grammatical role お母さんがコーチ takes. Is it a noun phrase? Why is there nothing between コーチ and は. Also do these work? ...
2 votes
3 answers
341 views

Question about order of events in relative clauses. 呆れたように言う彼女を横になったまま見上げつつ、俺は持っていた本を机の上に置いた

呆れたように言う彼女を横になったまま見上げつつ、俺は持っていた本を机の上に置いた My question is about the usage of why is いう used in this relative clause and not another form. 俺は持っていた本を机の上に置いた-I placed the book I was holding on the desk ...
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52 views

Difference between ことのできる and ことができる [duplicate]

I came across this sentence while reading a visual novel (Clannad): そして、クラスの中で、唯一俺が心を許して話すことのできる人間だった。 Why does this sentence use ことのできる instead of ことができる for the potential form? Does it change the ...
0 votes
1 answer
103 views

その店で去年{○働いていた/×働いている}男性がテレビに出た。 - why is that?

According to this website (I think it is 初級を教える人のための日本語文法ハンドブック), if there are no time adverbs in an adjective clause, you have to use ていた or ている to mean an action in the past. However, if a time ...
1 vote
2 answers
166 views

入れた男 ending a sentence, is 男 the subject

I recently started to learn some Japanese, to get some practice I'm trying to translate and analyse some bits of One Piece, that I'm already familiar with. Right at the very start there's this ...
1 vote
1 answer
75 views

The effect of adjectives on adjectival verbs

Recently I was reading「鶴の笛」by (林芙美子) and came across this sentence: 足の悪い鶴は、みんなのいなくなったさびしい沼地のふちの葦のしげったところに立ってみんなが飛びたって行った空をみていました。 The English translation of this sentence by J. D. Wisgo says: The ...
5 votes
2 answers
425 views

Does 考えさせられる小説 make sense?

Something I learned early on when I learnt the causative-passive was that the sentences also make sense when you drop the causative-passive, e.g. 私はパンを食べさせられた。 私はパンを食べた。 Basically, "it's just a ...
0 votes
1 answer
67 views

Choice of 入れた in 缶に入れた蚊取り線香

A passage from the second chapter of 夜は短し歩けよ乙女 by 森見登美彦: ⁠ 先ほどまで、ご主人は奥さんと一緒に本棚に囲まれた内側にいて、レジを打っていました。私と樋口さんが姿を見せると、あとを大学生のアルバイトに任せて出てきてくれました。そして案内されたのは店舗の背後にある木立の奥です。そこには缶に入れた蚊取り線香の煙がふんわり漂い、...
1 vote
1 answer
99 views

彼がいる場所、彼がいるその場所、彼がいる学校

I am trying to understand what makes a 文節 内の関係 or 外の関係. And if 外の関係, which one. 彼がいる場所 彼女と初めて会ったところ Am I correct in thinking these two can only be 外の関係の内容補充修飾節, because I can't put the 被修飾名詞 back ...
5 votes
2 answers
265 views

The exquisite depths of 和菓子's mind

和菓子は季節とともに変化するもの。パッと見て何を模したかわかる形もあれば、どんな意味が込められているのか考えるものもあり……。(source) As I understand it, the last clause is supposed to mean "there are ones (i.e. certain 和菓子) that make you ponder about what ...
2 votes
1 answer
116 views

Meaning of 巡り合う好機 in this passage

A passage from the first chapter of 夜は短し歩けよ乙女 by 森見登美彦: ⁠ あな恐ろしやと思いながら肩身の狭い思いをしてカウンターをすり抜けると、その奥に隠れ家のような薄暗い空間があって、羽貫さんが四人のナイスミドルの方々に交じってお喋りしていました。  紅い布張りのソファに座ったおじさん方は、皆さん紅いネクタイを締めています。...
-1 votes
1 answer
155 views

What is the Order of Operations for translating sentences which have both passive form and relative clauses?

The bolded sentence in the following excerpt contains the passive form of a verb which is also being used in a relative clause. Should I translate the verb as a relative clause first, then transcribe ...
1 vote
0 answers
129 views

Why not the past tense before 方 in this sentence?

みんなが彼の指差す方を見たんだ。 Why not 指差した or 指差していた ?
2 votes
1 answer
116 views

Noun+の+adjective+Noun: エネルギー消費の大きい生き方

エネルギー消費の大きい生き方に敬礼 Those who expend great energy in their lives, I salute you.‌ I've seen this pattern used several times, Noun+の+adjective+Noun, but I've never really understood if the adjective is ...
6 votes
1 answer
983 views

Ambiguity in sentences with a noun qualified by an adjective with が particle

I was wondering if there is any ambiguity with sentences that have adjectives qualifying a noun, especially regarding the が particle. 僕が好きな人 Can this sentences have an ambiguous double meaning of &...
2 votes
2 answers
194 views

Nuances and correct usage of verbs modifying nouns

I found this very interesting older post and there are couple of things I am uncertain about. Could I also technically write "ロックしたSIM/ロックしているSIM" to mean "ロックされたSIM/ ロックされているSIM", ...
2 votes
2 answers
130 views

A counter example to the rule on tense in relative clauses?

In the comments to this question I learnt that 明日、林さんに会うときに、この本を返そう and 明日、林さんに会ったときに、この本を返そう have the same meaning, although 会った is more common. With my current understanding, that the tense in a ...
3 votes
1 answer
170 views

Is this relative clause correct?

彼女からは警戒心が剥き出しの刺々しい雰囲気はない In this sentence, 刺々しい雰囲気 appears as the noun here and being modified by 警戒心が剥き出し. But how could a complete sentence like 警戒心が剥き出し take the particle の to modify another noun? ...
0 votes
2 answers
1k views

How to say “Tell Paul to send me the letter I wrote for his father”

I want to say: Tell Paul to send me the letter I wrote for his father. My attempt is: パオロさんに それ 父に 書いてあげる 手紙、出してあげると 伝えてください Is this grammatically correct? How could it be written otherwise?
1 vote
1 answer
119 views

Question regarding subjects in relative clauses

I may be completely off the mark here, but this my understanding. I am a native speaker of neither Japanese nor English. 2018年、SNSで実施した1294人の読書のアンケート... Does this sentence mean that it is a survey ...
2 votes
1 answer
141 views

Is 「子供を映画へ連れて行く約束した」 ungrammatical?

子供を映画へ連れて行く約束をした。 I promised to take my child to a movie. Here's my parsing: 子供を映画へ連れて行く | relative clause 約束をした | verb phrase We need a noun in order for it to be modified by a relative clause, so ...
0 votes
1 answer
154 views

How to parse アニメが日本語に興味を持ったきっかけ

アニメが日本語に興味を持ったきっかけというのもあったし、普通にアニメも好きだったんです。 I don't understand how the part "アニメが日本語に興味を持った" can be a modifier for the noun きっかけ if I'm talking about myself. The way I would go about ...

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